知识与资讯
专业词汇
 
建筑工程专业词汇
发布时间:2011-7-20 13:33:00||  点击:2018次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


建设,建筑,修建 to build, to construct
建筑学 architecture
修筑,建筑物 building
房子 house
摩天大楼 skyscraper
公寓楼 block of flats (美作:apartment block)
纪念碑 monument
宫殿 palace
庙宇 temple
皇宫,教堂 basilica
大教堂 cathedral
教堂 church
塔,塔楼 tower
十层办公大楼 ten-storey office block
柱 column
柱列 colonnade
拱 arch
市政 town planning (美作:city planning)
营建许可证,建筑开工许可证 building permission
绿地 greenbelt
建筑物的三面图 elevation
设计图 plan
比例尺 scale
预制 to prefabricate
挖土,掘土 excavation
基 foundations, base, subgrade
打地基 to lay the foundations
砌好的砖列 course of bricks
脚手架 scaffold, scaffolding

质量合格证书 certification of fitness
原材料 raw material
底板 bottom plate
垫层 cushion
侧壁 sidewall
中心线 center line
条形基础 strip footing
附件 accessories
型钢 profile steel
钢板 steel plate
熔渣 slag
飞溅 welding spatter
定位焊 tacking
引弧 generating of arc
熄弧 quenching of arc
焊道 welding bead
坡口 beveled edges
外观检查 visual inspection
重皮 double-skin
水平方向弧度 radian in horizontal direction
成型 molding
直线度 straightness accuracy
焊缝角变形 welding line angular distortion
水平度 levelness
铅垂度 verticality
翘曲变形 buckling deformation
角尺 angle square
对接焊缝 butt weld
母材 parent metal
法兰密封面 flange sealing surface
夹层 interlayer
表面锈蚀浓度 surface corrosion concentration
挠曲变 bending deformation
超声波探伤 ultrasonic testing/ ultrasonic examination
压力容器 pressure vessel
预制下料 prefabrication baiting
排版直径 set-type diameter
焊缝 welding line
中幅板 center plate
测量方法 measuring method
基准点 datum mark
跳焊 skip welding
允许偏差 allowable variation
补强板 stiffening plate
开孔 tapping
对接接头 banjo fixing butt jointing
角钢 angle iron
安装基准圆 installation fundamental circle
吊装立柱 hoisting upright column
焊接钢管 welded steel pipe
向心斜拉筋 centripetal canting pull rope
带板 band plate
槽钢胀圈 channel steel expansion ring
环口 collar extension
局部变形 local distortion
环缝 circumferential weld
顶板 top plate
拱顶 vault
顶板加强肋 stiffening rib
对接 butt joint
胎具 clamping fixture
卷板机 plate bending rolls
中心支架 center bearing bracket
椭圆度 ovality
等分线 bisectrix
搭接宽度 lap width
点焊 spot welding
搭接焊 overlap welding
对称 symmetrically
螺旋爬梯 cockle stairs
放料阀 baiting valve
液位计 content gauge

充水试验 filling water test
错边量 unfitness of butt joint
底圈 foundation ring
真空度检漏 vacuum degree leak test
丁字焊缝 tee welding
渗透探伤 oil whiting test
充水试验 filling water test
内侧角焊缝接头 interior angle welding line joint
基础沉降 foundation settlement
测量基准点 datum mark
稳定性试验 stability test
排气阀 outlet valve
角钢 angle steel
构件 component part
机械损伤 mechanical damage
缩孔 shrinkage cavity
折迭 enfoldment
碳钢管 carbon steel tube
公称直径 nominal diameter
预埋件 embedded part
轴测图 axonometric drawing
布置图 arrangement diagram
氧乙炔气割 oxyacetylene gas cutting
低合金钢管 low alloy steel
热影响区 heat affected area
修磨 polish
砂轮片 grinding wheel
等离子 plasma panel
重皮 coldlap
凹凸 unevenness
缩口 necking down
端面 head face
倾斜偏差 dip deviation
外径 external diameter
砂轮 grinding wheel
管件 pipe casting
单线图 single line drawing
平齐 parallel and level
两端 two terminals
满扣 buckle
螺栓紧固 bolton
周边 periphery
附加应力 additional stress
同轴度 axiality
平行度 parallelism
随机 stochastic
允许偏差 allowable variation
重直度verticality
水平度 levelness
隔离盲板 blind plate
氩弧焊argon arc welding
压盖螺栓 gland bolt
间距 spacing
有效期 period of validity
担任 take charge of undertake
焊条 welding rod
碳钢焊条 carbon steel
焊丝 welding wire
熔化焊 melting
钢丝 steel wire
气体保护焊 gas shielded arc welding
烘干 drying
清洗 ablution
制度s ystem
焊接工艺 welding procedure
相应 corresponding
手工电弧焊 manual electric arc welding
手工钨极 manual tungsten electrode
打底 render
电源 power source
交流 alternating current
焊件 weldment
管壁厚度 pipe thickness
对接焊缝 butt weld
工件壁厚 workpiece
飞溅物 splash
沾污 smirch
油污 oil stain
细锉 smooth file
铣刀 milling cutter
氧化膜 oxide film
脱脂处理 ungrease treatment]
棉质纤维 cotton fibre
丙酮 acetone
硫 sulfur
焊剂 welding flux
钢板 steel plate
纵向焊缝 longitudinal weld longitudinal seam
筒节 shell ring
封头 end socket
卷管 reelpipe
强度试验 strength test
起弧 arc starting
穿堂风 draught
熔合 fusion
反面 reverse side
整体 integral
封堵 block up
焊口 weld bond
医用胶布 medical proof fabric
高频 high frequency
焊炬 welding torch

送气 air supply
电流衰减装置 current attenuation
气体延时保护装置 time delay
熄弧 quenching of arc
成型 molding
钢印代号 steel seal
质量分析 quality analysis
负责人 principal
审批 examine and approve
补焊工艺 repair welding
压缩机 compression pump
平焊法兰 welded flange
测试流程图 test flow chart
加固措施 reinforcement measure
校验 verify
升压 boost pressure
读数 off scale reading
满刻度值 full-scale value
盲板 blind plate
压力表 pressure meter
强度 intensity
目测 eye survey, visiual inspection
半径 radius
公式 formula
管路 pipeline
严密性 leakproofness
导电膏 conductive paste
压接 compression joint
地上连接 overground
埋深 buried depth
接地线 earth wire
说明 description
分线盒 junction box
接地装置 earthing deivce
交叉across
塑料保护管 protection tube
塑料带 plastic tape
防腐处理 preservative treatment
接地极 earthing pole
接地电阻测试 earth resistance
防雷接地 lightning protection
遵守 comply with
避雷网 lightning conduction
引下线 down lead
搭接焊 overlap welding
避雷针 lightning rod
镀锌制品 zinc coating
断接卡 breaking of contact
电阻 resistance
配电装置 power distribution equipment
集中接地装置 centralized
串联 cascade connection
干线联接 main line
并列 paratactic
单独 solely
机组 machine set
电力复合脂 electric force compounded grease
电缆敷设 cable laying
电缆槽架 cable channel
主干线 trunk line
弯头 angle fitting
剥落处 exfoliation
银粉 aluminum powder
支持点 support point
拆装 disassembly and assembly
畅通 smooth
电压等级 electric pressure
通断实验 onoff
终端头 terminals
余度 remaining
标记牌 notice plate
表册 statistical forms
电缆桥架 cable testing bridge
电机 electric machine
相对湿度 relative humidity
杂物 sundries
耐压试验 withstand voltage test
照明器具 ligthing paraphernalia
铭牌 nameplate
验收规范 acceptance specification
接线 wire splice
试运 test run
进线口 incoming line
带电 electrified
盘车转子 jigger rotor
二次回路 secondary circuit
中心线 center line
触头 contactor
配电 power distribution
成套 whole set
楼板 floor slab
备件 duplicate part, spare part
包装 packing
器材 equipment
导线 conducting wire
脱落 fall off
规范 specification
电器 electrical appliance
断路器 line breaker
机械联锁 mechanical interlocking
碰撞 collision
轻便 portable
综合分析判断 comprehensive analysis and judgement
变压器 transformer
抽芯loose core
过道 aisle
三相电容 three phase capacitance
芯棒 core rod
都市规划与土地开发 Urban g and Land Development
社区开发及工业区开发
Community Development and Industry Park Development
开发许可申请 Development Permit
土地使用变更计划 Land Use Rezoning Plan
主要计划及细部计划 Master Plan and Detail Plan
都市计划更新计划 Urban Renewal Plan
都市设施 Urban Design
建筑设施 Architecture Design
大地工程 Geotechnical Engineering
工址调查 Site Investigation
现地试验与室内试验 In-Situ and Laboratory Test
基础工程 Foundation Design
深开挖工程及建物保护 Deep Excavation and Building Protection
新生地及软弱地层改良
Reclamation and Soft Ground Improvement
山坡地开发与水土保持
Slope land Development, Soil and Water Conservation
潜盾隧道与岩石隧道 Shield Tunnel and Rock Tunnel
大地工程施工顾问 Geotechnical Construction Consultant
土壤材料试验 Soil and Material
结构工程 Structural Engineering
各类钢筋混凝土、预力混凝土、钢结构及钢骨钢筋混凝土结构 Structures of R.C., Prestressed Concrete, Steel, and SRC
桥梁、高层建筑、地下结构物、隧道、深开挖挡土结构
Bridges, High-Rise Buildings, Underground Structures, Tunnels, Retaining Structures for Deep Excavations
桥梁安全检测、评估及维修补强
Bridge Inspection, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
钢结构细部设计及制造图
Steel Structural Detail Design and Shop Drawings
厂房工程 Industrial Plant
工业厂房--石化工厂、钢厂、电厂、气体厂、科技工业厂房、一般性厂房 Industrial Plants--Petroleum and Chemical, Steel, Power, Gas, High-Technical and General Plants
环保设施工厂--垃圾焚化厂、垃圾掩埋场、污水处理厂及相关管线 Environment Protecting Plants--Incineration Plants, Garbage Disposal Plants, Waste Water Treatment Plants and Piping System
设备支撑结构、管架、操作平台
Equipment Supporting Structures, Pipe Racks, Operating Platforms
设备基础 Equipment Foundations
厂区一般土木及公共设施
General Civil Works and Utilities of Plants
运输工程 Transportation Engineering
运输规划 Transportation Planning
停车场设施工程规划、设计
Engineering Planning & Design for Parking Facilities
建筑交通维持计划
Traffic Control & Management during Construction
水利及港湾工程 Hydraulic and Harbor Engineering
营建管理 Construction Management
估价及工程预算制作 Estimates and Engineering Budget Works
营建管理 Construction Management
工程监造 Construction Supervision
施工计划 Construction Plan
工程进度控管 Schedule Control during Construction
施工规划 Construction Specifications
环境工程 Environmental Engineering
环境影响评估 Environment Impact Assessment
环境监测 Environmental Monitoring
地下水监测系统 Groundwater Monitoring
污水处理厂 Wastewater Treatment Plant
污水下水道 Sewage System
噪音振动防治 Noise and Vibration
垃圾焚化厂兴建工程 Waste Incinerator
废弃物处理系统工程 Waste Treatment & Disposal
共同管道 Common Ducts
管道及附属设施之规划设计
Planning and Design of Common Ducts Structures and Subsidiary Facilities
经济效益分析 Economic and Efficiency Analysis
财务评估 Financial Evaluation
管理维护办法及组织订定
Regulation for the Management, Maintenance and Organization

MetroG
评:引弧应译为arc striking



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