知识与资讯
专业词汇
 
采暖通风与空气调节术语标准英汉对照索引
发布时间:2011-7-20 16:19:00||  点击:2709次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


A

A-weighted sound pressure level||A声级

absolute humidity||绝对湿度

absolute roughness||绝对粗糙度

absorbate 吸收质

absorbent 吸收剂

absorbent||吸声材料

absorber||吸收器

absorptance for solar radiation||太阳辐射热吸收系数

absorption equipment||吸收装置

absorption of gas and vapor||气体吸收

absorptiong refrige rationg cycle||吸收式制冷循环

absorption-type refrigerating machine||吸收式制冷机

access door||检查门

acoustic absorptivity||吸声系数

actual density||真密度

actuating element||执行机构

actuator||执行机构

adaptive control system||自适应控制系统

additional factor for exterior door||外门附加率

additional factor for intermittent heating||间歇附加率

additional factor for wind force||高度附加率

additional heat loss||风力附加率

adiabatic humidification||附加耗热量

adiabatic humidiflcation||绝热加湿

adsorbate||吸附质

adsorbent||吸附剂

adsorber||吸附装置

adsorption equipment||吸附装置

adsorption of gas and vapor||气体吸附

aerodynamic noise||空气动力噪声

aerosol||气溶胶

air balance||风量平衡

air changes||换气次数

air channel||风道

air cleanliness||空气洁净度

air collector||集气罐

air conditioning||空气调节

air conditioning condition||空调工况

air conditioning equipment||空气调节设备

air conditioning machine room||空气调节机房

air conditioning system||空气调节系统

air conditioning system cooling load||空气调节系统冷负荷

air contaminant||空气污染物

air-cooled condenser||风冷式冷凝器

air cooler||空气冷却器

air curtain||空气幕

air cushion shock absorber||空气弹簧隔振器

air distribution||气流组织

air distributor||空气分布器

air-douche unit with water atomization||喷雾风扇

air duct||风管、风道

air filter||空气过滤器

air handling equipment||空气调节设备

air handling unit room||空气调节机房

air header||集合管

air humidity||空气湿度

air inlet||风口

air intake||进风口

air manifold||集合管

air opening||风口

air pollutant||空气污染物

air pollution||大气污染

air preheater||空气预热器

air return method||回风方式

air return mode||回风方式

air return through corridor||走廊回风

air space||空气间层

air supply method||送风方式

air supply mode||送风方式
||
air supply (suction) opening with slide plate||插板式送(吸)风口
||
air supply volume per unit area||单位面积送风量
||
air temperature||空气温度

air through tunnel||地道风
||
air-to-air total heat exchanger||全热换热器

air-to-cloth ratio||气布比

air velocity at work area||作业地带空气流速

air velocity at work place||工作地点空气流速

air vent||放气阀

air-water systen||空气—水系统

airborne particles||大气尘

air hater||空气加热器

airspace||空气间层

alarm signal||报警信号

ail-air system||全空气系统

all-water system||全水系统

allowed indoor fluctuation of temperature and relative humidity||室内温湿度允许波动范围

ambient noise||环境噪声

ammonia||氨

amplification factor of centrolled plant||调节对象放大系数

amplitude||振幅

anergy||@||

angle of repose||安息角

ange of slide||滑动角

angle scale||热湿比

angle valve||角阀

annual [value]||历年值

annual coldest month||历年最冷月

annual hottest month||历年最热月

anticorrosive||缓蚀剂

antifreeze agent||防冻剂

antifreeze agent||防冻剂

apparatus dew point||机器露点

apparent density||堆积密度

aqua-ammonia absorptiontype-refrigerating machine||氨—水吸收式制冷机

aspiation psychrometer||通风温湿度计

Assmann aspiration psychrometer||通风温湿度计

atmospheric condenser||淋激式冷凝器

atmospheric diffusion||大气扩散

atmospheric dust||大气尘

atmospheric pollution||大气污染

atmospheric pressure||大气压力(

atmospheric stability||大气稳定度

atmospheric transparency||大气透明度

atmospheric turblence||大气湍流

automatic control||自动控制

automatic roll filter||自动卷绕式过滤器

automatic vent||自动放气阀

available pressure||资用压力

average daily sol-air temperature||日平均综合温度

axial fan||轴流式通风机

azeotropic mixture refrigerant||共沸溶液制冷剂

B

back-flow preventer||防回流装置

back pressure of steam trap||凝结水背压力

back pressure return余压回水

background noise||背景噪声

back plate||挡风板

bag filler||袋式除尘器

baghouse||袋式除尘器

barometric pressure||大气压力

basic heat loss||基本耗热量

hend muffler||消声弯头

bimetallic thermometer||双金属温度计

black globe temperature||黑球温度

blow off pipe||排污管

blowdown||排污管

boiler||锅炉

boiller house||锅炉房

boiler plant||锅炉房

boiler room||锅炉房

booster||加压泵

branch||支管

branch duct||(通风) 支管

branch pipe||支管

building envelope||围护结构

building flow zones||建筑气流区

building heating entry||热力入口

bulk density||堆积密度

bushing||补心

butterfly damper||蝶阀

by-pass damper||空气加热器〕旁通阀

by-pass pipe||旁通管

C

canopy hood ||伞形罩

capillary tube||毛细管

capture velocity||控制风速

capture velocity||外部吸气罩

capturing hood ||卡诺循环

Carnot cycle||串级调节系统

cascade control system||铸铁散热器

cast iron radiator||催化燃烧

catalytic oxidation ||催化燃烧

ceilling fan||吊扇

ceiling panelheating||顶棚辐射采暖

center frequency||中心频率

central air conditionint system ||集中式空气调节系统

central heating||集中采暖

central ventilation system||新风系统

centralized control||集中控制

centrifugal compressor||离心式压缩机

entrifugal fan||离心式通风机
||
check damper||(通风〕止回阀
||
check valve||止回阀
||
chilled water||冷水

chilled water system with primary-secondary pumps||一、二次泵冷水系统

chimney||(排气〕烟囱

circuit||环路

circulating fan||风扇

circulating pipe||循环管

circulating pump||循环泵

clean room||洁净室

cleaning hole||清扫孔

cleaning vacuum plant||真空吸尘装置

cleanout opening||清扫孔

clogging capacity||容尘量

close nipple||长丝

closed booth||大容积密闭罩

closed full flow return||闭式满管回水
closed loop control||闭环控制

closed return||闭式回水

closed shell and tube condenser||卧式壳管式冷凝器

closed shell and tube evaporator||卧式壳管式蒸发器

closed tank||闭式水箱

coefficient of accumulation of heat||蓄热系数

coefficient of atmospheric transpareney||大气透明度

coefficient of effective heat emission||散热量有效系数

coficient of effective heat emission||传热系数

coefficient of locall resistance||局部阻力系数

coefficient of thermal storage||蓄热系数

coefficient of vapor||蒸汽渗透系数

coefficient of vapor||蒸汽渗透系数

coil||盘管

collection efficiency||除尘效率

combustion of gas and vapor||气体燃烧

comfort air conditioning||舒适性空气调节

common section||共同段

compensator||补偿器

components||(通风〕部件

compression||压缩

compression-type refrigerating machine||压缩式制冷机

compression-type refrigerating system||压缩式制冷系统

compression-type refrigeration||压缩式制冷

compression-type refrigeration cycle||压缩式制冷循环

compression-type water chiller||压缩式冷水机组

concentratcd heating||集中采暖

concentration of narmful substance||有害物质浓度

condensate drain pan||凝结水盘

condensate pipe||凝结水管

condensate pump||凝缩水泵

condensate tank||凝结水箱

condensation||冷凝

condensation of vapor||气体冷凝

condenser||冷凝器

condensing pressure||冷凝压力

condensing temperature||冷凝温度

condensing unit||压缩冷凝机组

conditioned space||空气调节房间

conditioned zone||空气调节区

conical cowl||锥形风帽

constant humidity system||恒湿系统

constant temperature and humidity system||恒温恒湿系统

constant temperature system 恒温系统

constant value control 定值调节

constant volume air conditioning system||定风量空气调节系统

continuous dust dislodging||连续除灰

continuous dust dislodging||连续除灰

continuous heating||连续采暖

contour zone||稳定气流区

control device||控制装置

control panel||控制屏

control valve||调节阀

control velocity||控制风速

controlled natural ventilation||有组织自然通风

controlled plant||调节对象

controlled variable||被控参数

controller||调节器

convection heating||对流采暖

convector||对流散热器

cooling||降温、冷却(、)

cooling air curtain||冷风幕

cooling coil||冷盘管

cooling coil section||冷却段

cooling load from heat||传热冷负荷

cooling load from outdoor air||新风冷负荷

cooling load from ventilation||新风冷负荷

cooling load temperature||冷负荷温度

cooling system||降温系统

cooling tower||冷却塔

cooling unit||冷风机组

cooling water||冷却水

correcting element||调节机构

correcting unit||执行器

correction factor for orientaion||朝向修正率

corrosion inhibitor||缓蚀剂

coupling||管接头

cowl||伞形风帽

criteria for noise control cross||噪声控频标准

cross fan||四通

crross-flow fan||贯流式通风机

cross-ventilation||穿堂风

cut diameter||分割粒径

cyclone||旋风除尘器

cyclone dust separator||旋风除尘器

cylindrical ventilator||筒形风帽

D

daily range||日较差

damping factot||衰减倍数

data scaning||巡回检测

days of heating period||采暖期天数

deafener||消声器

decibel(dB)||分贝

degree-days of heating period||采暖期度日数

degree of subcooling||过冷度

degree of superheat||过热度

dehumidification||减湿

dehumidifying cooling||减湿冷却

density of dust particle||真密度

derivative time||微分时间

design conditions||计算参数

desorption||解吸

detecting element||检测元件

detention period||延迟时间

deviation||偏差

dew-point temperature||露点温度

dimond-shaped damper||菱形叶片调节阀

differential pressure type flowmeter||差压流量计

diffuser air supply||散流器

diffuser air supply||散流器送风

direct air conditioning system 直流式空气调节系统

direct combustion 直接燃烧

direct-contact heat exchanger 汽水混合式换热器

direct digital control (DDC) system 直接数字控制系统

direct evaporator 直接式蒸发器

direct-fired lithiumbromide absorption-type refrigerating machine 直燃式溴化锂吸收式制冷机

direct refrigerating system 直接制冷系统

direct return system 异程式系统

direct solar radiation 太阳直接辐射

discharge pressure 排气压力
||
discharge temperature 排气温度

dispersion 大气扩散

district heat supply 区域供热

district heating 区域供热

disturbance frequency 扰动频率

dominant wind direction 最多风向

double-effect lithium-bromide absorption-type refigerating machine 双效溴化锂吸收式制冷机

double pipe condenser 套管式冷凝器

down draft 倒灌

downfeed system 上分式系统

downstream spray pattern 顺喷

drain pipe 泄水管

drain pipe 排污管

droplet 液滴

drv air 干空气

dry-and-wet-bulb thermometer 干湿球温度表

dry-bulb temperature 干球温度

dry cooling condition 干工况

dry dust separator 干式除尘器

dry expansion evaporator 干式蒸发器

dry return pipe 干式凝结水管

dry steam humidifler 干蒸汽加湿器

dualductairconing ition 双风管空气调节系统

dual duct system 双风管空气调节系统

duct 风管、风道

dust 粉尘

dust capacity 容尘量

dust collector 除尘器

dust concentration 含尘浓度

dust control 除尘

dust-holding capacity 容尘量

dust removal 除尘

dust removing system 除尘系统

dust sampler 粉尘采样仪

dust sampling meter 粉尘采样仪

dust separation 除尘

dust separator 除尘器

dust source 尘源

dynamic deviation||动态偏差

E

economic resistance of heat transfer||经济传热阻

economic velocity||经济流速

efective coefficient of local resistance||折算局部阻力系数

effective legth||折算长度

effective stack height||烟囱有效高度

effective temperature difference||送风温差

ejector||喷射器

ejetor||弯头

elbow||电加热器

electric heater||电加热段

electric panel heating||电热辐射采暖

electric precipitator||电除尘器

electricradian theating 电热辐射采暖

electricresistance hu-midkfier||电阻式加湿器

electro-pneumatic convertor||电—气转换器

electrode humidifler||电极式加湿器

electrostatic precipi-tator||电除尘器

eliminator||挡水板

emergency ventilation||事故通风

emergency ventilation system||事故通风系统

emission concentration||排放浓度

enclosed hood||密闭罩

enthalpy||焓

enthalpy control system||新风〕焓值控制系统

enthalpy entropy chart||焓熵图

entirely ventilation||全面通风

entropy||熵

environmental noise||环境噪声

equal percentage flow characteristic||等百分比流量特性

equivalent coefficient of local resistance||当量局部阻力系数

equivalent length||当量长度

equivalent[continuous A] sound level||等效〔连续A〕声级

evaporating pressure||蒸发压力

evaporating temperature||蒸发温度

evaporative condenser||蒸发式冷凝器
||
evaporator||蒸发器

excess heat||余热

excess pressure||余压

excessive heat ||余热

cxergy||@

exhaust air rate||排风量

exhaust fan||排风机

exhaust fan room||排风机室

exhaust hood||局部排风罩

exhaust inlet||吸风口

exhaust opening||吸风口

exhaust opening orinlet||风口
exhaust outlet||排风口

exaust vertical pipe||排气〕烟囱

exhausted enclosure||密闭罩

exit||排风口

expansion||膨胀

expansion pipe||膨胀管

explosion proofing||防爆

expansion steam trap||恒温式疏水器

expansion tank||膨胀水箱

extreme maximum temperature||极端最高温度

extreme minimum temperature||极端最低温度

F

fabric collector||袋式除尘器

face tube||皮托管

face velocity||罩口风速

fan||通风机

fan-coil air-conditioning system||风机盘管空气调节系统

fan-coil system||风机盘管空气调节系统

fan-coil unit||风机盘管机组

fan house||通风机室

fan room||通风机室

fan section||风机段

feed-forward control||前馈控制

feedback||反馈

feeding branch tlo radiator||散热器供热支管

fibrous dust||纤维性粉尘

fillter cylinder for sampling||滤筒采样管

fillter efficiency||过滤效率

fillter section||过滤段

filltration velocity||过滤速度

final resistance of filter||过滤器终阻力

fire damper||防火阀

fire prevention||防火

fire protection||防火

fire-resisting damper||防火阀

fittings||(通风〕配件

fixed set-point control||定值调节

fixed support||固定支架

fixed time temperature (humidity)||定时温(湿)度

flame combustion||热力燃烧

flash gas||闪发气体

flash steam||二次蒸汽

flexible duct||软管

flexible joint||柔性接头

float type steam trap||浮球式疏水器

float valve||浮球阀

floating control||无定位调节

flooded evaporator||满液式蒸发器

floor panel heating||地板辐射采暖

flow capacity of control valve||调节阀流通能力

flow characteristic of control valve||调节阀流量特性

foam dust separator||泡沫除尘器

follow-up control system||随动系统

forced ventilation||机械通风

forward flow zone||射流区

foul gas||不凝性气体

four-pipe water system||四管制水系统

fractional separation efficiency||分级除尘效率

free jet||自由射流

free sillica||游离二氧化硅

free silicon dioxide||游离二氧化硅

freon||氟利昂

frequency interval||频程

frequency of wind direction||风向频率

fresh air handling unit||新风机组

resh air requirement||新风量

friction factor||摩擦系数

friction loss||摩擦阻力

frictional resistance||摩擦阻力

fume||烟〔雾〕

fumehood||排风柜

fumes||烟气

G

gas-fired infrared heating 煤气红外线辐射采暖

gas-fired unit heater 燃气热风器

gas purger 不凝性气体分离器

gate valve 闸阀

general air change 全面通风

general exhaust ventilation (GEV) 全面排风

general ventilation 全面通风

generator 发生器

global radiation||总辐射

grade efficiency||分级除尘效率
granular bed filter||颗粒层除尘器

granulometric distribution||粒径分布

gravel bed filter||颗粒层除尘器

gravity separator||沉降室

ground-level concentration||落地浓度

guide vane||导流板

H

hair hygrometor||毛发湿度计

hand pump||手摇泵

harmful gas andvapo||有害气体

harmful substance||有害物质

header||分水器、集水器(、)

heat and moisture||热湿交换

transfer||热平衡

heat conduction coefficient||导热系数

heat conductivity||导热系数

heat distributing network||热网

heat emitter||散热器

heat endurance||热稳定性

heat exchanger||换热器

heat flowmeter||热流计

heat flow rate||热流量

heat gain from lighting||设备散热量

heat gain from lighting||照明散热量

heat gain from occupant||人体散热量

heat insulating window||保温窗

heat(thermal)insuation||隔热

heat(thermal)lag||延迟时间

heat loss||耗热量

heat loss by infiltration||冷风渗透耗热量

heat-operated refrigerating system||热力制冷系统

heat-operated refrigetation||热力制冷

heat pipe||热管

heat pump||热泵

heat pump air conditioner||热泵式空气调节器

heat release||散热量

heat resistance||热阻

heat screen||隔热屏

heat shield||隔热屏

heat source||热源

heat storage||蓄热

heat storage capacity||蓄热特性

heat supply||供热

heat supply network||热网

heat transfer||传热

heat transmission||传热

heat wheel||转轮式换热器

heated thermometer anemometer||热风速仪

heating||采暖、供热、加热(、、)

heating appliance||采暖设备

heating coil||热盘管

heating coil section||加热段

heating equipment||采暖设备

heating load||热负荷

heating medium||热媒

heating medium parameter||热媒参数

heating pipeline||采暖管道

heating system||采暖系统

heavy work||重作业

high-frequency noise||高频噪声

high-pressure ho twater heating||高温热水采暖

high-pressure steam heating||高压蒸汽采暖

high temperature water heating||高温热水采暖

hood||局部排风罩

horizontal water-film syclonet||卧式旋风水膜除尘器

hot air heating||热风采暖

hot air heating system||热风采暖系统

hot shop||热车间

hot water boiler||热水锅炉

hot water heating||热水采暖

hot water system||热水采暖系统

hot water pipe||热水管

hot workshop||热车间

hourly cooling load||逐时冷负荷

hourly sol-air temperature||逐时综合温度

humidification||加湿

humidifier||加湿器

humididier section||加湿段

humidistat||恒湿器

humidity ratio||含湿量

hydraulic calculation||水力计算

hydraulic disordeer||水力失调

hydraulic dust removal||水力除尘

hydraulic resistance balance||阻力平衡

hydraulicity||水硬性

hydrophilic dust||亲水性粉尘

hydrophobic dust||疏水性粉尘

I

impact dust collector||冲激式除尘器

impact tube||皮托管

impedance muffler||阻抗复合消声器

inclined damper||斜插板阀

index circuit||最不利环路

indec of thermal inertia (valueD)||热惰性指标(D值)

indirect heat exchanger||表面式换热器

indirect refrigerating sys||间接制冷系统

indoor air design conditions||室内在气计算参数

indoor air velocity||室内空气流速

indoor and outdoor design conditions||室内外计算参数

indoor reference for air temperature and relative humidity||室内温湿度基数

indoor temperature (humidity)||室内温(湿)度

induction air-conditioning system||诱导式空气调节系统

induction unit||诱导器

inductive ventilation||诱导通风

industral air conditioning||工艺性空气调节

industrial ventilation||工业通风

inertial dust separator||惯性除尘器

infiltration heat loss||冷风渗透耗热量

infrared humidifier||红外线加湿器

infrared radiant heater||红外线辐射器

inherent regulation of controlled plant||调节对象自平衡

initial concentration of dust||初始浓度

initial resistance of filter||过滤器初阻力

imput variable||输入量

insulating layer||保温层

integral enclosure||整体密闭罩

integral time||积分时间

interlock protection||联锁保护

intermittent dust removal||定期除灰

intermittent heating||间歇采暖

inversion layer||逆温层

inverted bucket type steam trap||倒吊桶式疏水器

irradiance||辐射照度

isoenthalpy||等焓线

isobume||等湿线

isolator||隔振器

isotherm||等温线

isothermal humidification||等温加湿

isothermal jet||等温射流

J

jet||射流

jet axial velocity||射流轴心速度

jet divergence angle||射流扩散角

jet in a confined space||受限射流

K

katathermometer||卡他温度计

L

laboratory hood||排风柜

lag of controlled plant||调节对象滞后

large space enclosure||大容积密闭罩

latent heat||潜热

lateral exhaust at the edge of a bath||槽边排风罩

lateral hoodlength of pipe section||侧吸罩

length of pipe section||管段长度

light work||轻作业

limit deflection||极限压缩量

limit switch||限位开关

limiting velocity||极限流速

linear flow characteristic||线性流量特性

liquid-level gage||液位计

liquid receiver||贮液器

lithium bromide||溴化锂

lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine||溴化锂吸收式制冷机

lithium chloride resistance hygrometer||氯化锂电阻湿度计

load pattern||负荷特性

local air conditioning||局部区域空气调节

local air suppiy system||局部送风系统

local exhaustventilation (LEV)||局部排风

local exhaust system||局部排风系统

local heating||局部采暖

local relief||局部送风

local relief system||局部送风系统

local resistance||局部阻力

local solartime||地方太阳时

local ventilation||局部通风
||
local izedairsupply for air-heating||集中送风采暖

local ized air control||就地控制

loop||环路

louver||百叶窗

low-frequencynoise||低频噪声

low-pressure steam heating||低压蒸汽采暖

lyophilic dust||亲水性粉尘

lyophobic dust||疏水性粉尘

M

main ||总管、干管

main duct||通风〕总管、〔通风〕干管

main pipe||总管、干管

make-up water pump||补给水泵

manual control||手动控制

mass concentration||质量浓度

maximum allowable concentration (MAC)||最高容许浓度

maximum coefficient of heat transfer||最大传热系数

maximum depth of frozen ground||最大冻土深度

maximum sum of hourly colling load||逐时冷负荷综合最大值

mean annual temperature (humidity)||年平均温(湿)度

mean annual temperature (humidity)||日平均温(湿)度

mean daily temperature (humidity)||旬平均温(湿)度

mean dekad temperature (humidity)||月平均最高温度

mean monthly maximum temperature||月平均最低温度

mean monthly minimum temperature||月平均湿(湿)度

mean monthly temperature (humidity)||平均相对湿度

mean relative humidity||平均风速

emchanical air supply system||机械送风系统

mechanical and hydraulic||联合除尘

combined dust removal||机械式风速仪

mechanical anemometer||机械除尘

mechanical cleaning off dust||机械除尘

mechanical dust removal||机械排风系统

mechanical exhaust system||机械通风系统

mechanical ventilation||机械通风

media velocity||过滤速度

metal radiant panel||金属辐射板

metal radiant panel heating||金属辐射板采暖

micromanometer||微压计

micropunch plate muffler||微穿孔板消声器

mid-frequency noise||中频噪声

middle work||中作业

midfeed system||中分式系统

minimum fresh air requirmente||最小新风量

minimum resistance of heat transfer||最小传热阻

mist||雾

mixing box section||混合段

modular air handling unit||组合式空气调节机组

moist air||湿空气
||
moisture excess||余湿

moisure gain||散湿量

moisture gain from appliance and equipment||设备散湿量
||
moisturegain from occupant||人体散湿量

motorized valve||电动调节阀

motorized (pneumatic)||电(气)动两通阀

-way valvemotorized (pneumatic)-way valve||电(气)动三通阀

movable support||活动支架

muffler||消声器

muffler section||消声段

multi-operating mode automtic conversion||工况自动转换

multi-operating mode control system||多工况控制系统

multiclone||多管〔旋风〕除尘器

multicyclone||多管〔旋风〕除尘器

multishell condenser||组合式冷凝器
N

natural and mechanical combined ventilation||联合通风

natural attenuation quantity of noise||噪声自然衰减量

natural exhaust system||自然排风系统

natural freguency||固有频率

natural ventilation||自然通风

NC-curve[s]||噪声评价NC曲线

negative freedback||负反馈

neutral level||中和界

neutral pressure level||中和界

neutral zone||中和界

noise||噪声

noise control||噪声控制

noise criter ioncurve(s)||噪声评价NC曲线

noisc rating number||噪声评价NR曲线

noise reduction||消声
non azeotropic mixture refragerant||非共沸溶液制冷剂

non-commonsection||非共同段

non condensable gas ||不凝性气体

non condensable gas purger||不凝性气体分离器

non-isothermal jet||非等温射流

nonreturn valve||通风〕止回阀

normal coldest month||止回阀

normal coldest month||累年最冷月

normal coldest -month period||累年最冷三个月

normal hottest month||累年最热月(3)

normal hottest month period||累年最热三个月

normal three summer months||累年最热三个月

normal three winter months||累年最冷三个月

normals||累年值

nozzle outlet air suppluy||喷口送风

number concentration||计数浓度

number of degree-day of heating period||采暖期度日数

O

octave||倍频程

/ octave||倍频程

octave band||倍频程

oil cooler||油冷却器

oill-fired unit heater||燃油热风器

one-and-two pipe combined heating system||单双管混合式采暖系统

one (single)-pipe circuit (cross-over) heating system||单管跨越式采暖系统

one(single)-pipe heating system||单管采暖系统

pne(single)-pipe loop circuit heating system||水平单管采暖系统

one(single)-pipe seriesloop heating system||单管顺序式采暖系统

one-third octave band||倍频程

on-of control||双位调节

open loop control||开环控制

open return||开式回水

open shell and tube condenser||立式壳管式冷凝器

open tank||开式水箱

operating pressure||工作压力

operating range||作用半径

opposed multiblade damper||对开式多叶阀

organized air supply||有组织进风

organized exhaust||有组织排风

organized natural ventilation||有组织自然通风

outdoor air design conditions||室外空气计算参数

outdoor ctitcal air temperature for heating||采暖室外临界温度

outdoor design dry-bulb temperature for summer air conlitioning||夏季空气调节室外计算干球温度

outdoor design hourly temperature for summer air conditioning||夏季空气调节室外计算逐时温度

outdoor design mean daily temperature for summer air conditioning||夏季空气调节室外计算日平均温度

outdoor design relative humidityu for summer ventilation||夏季通风室外计算相对湿度

outdoor design relative humidity for winter air conditioning||冬季空气调节室外计算相对湿度

outdoor design temperature ture for calculated envelope in winter冬季围护结构室外计算温度

outdoor design temperature ture for heating||采暖室外计算温度

outdoor design temperature for summer ventilation||夏季通风室外计算温度

outdoor design temperature for winter air conditioning||冬季空气调节室外计算温度

outdoor design temperature for winter vemtilation||冬季通风室外计算温度

outdoor designwet-bulb temperature for summer air conditioning夏季空气调节室外计算湿球温度

outdoor mean air temperature during heating period||采暖期室外平均温度

outdoor temperature(humidity)||室外温(湿)度

outlet air velocity||出口风速

out put variable||输出量

overall efficiency of separation||除尘效率

overall heat transmission coefficient||传热系数

ouvrflow pipe||溢流管

overheat steam||过热蒸汽

overlapping averages||滑动平均

overshoot||超调量

P

packaged air conditioner||整体式空气调节器

packaged heat pump||热泵式空气调节器

packed column||填料塔

packed tower||填料塔

panel heating||辐射采暖

parabolic flow character||抛物线流量特性

isticparallel multiblade damperin||平行式多叶阀

parameter detection||参数检测

part||通风〕部件

partial enclosure||局部密闭罩

partial pressure of water vapor||水蒸汽分压力

particle||粒子

particle counter||粒子计数器

particle number concentration||计数浓度

particle size||粒径

particle size distribution||粒径分布

particulate||粒子

particulate collector||除尘器

particulates||大气尘

passage ventilating duct||通过式风管

penetration rate||穿透率

percentage of men,women and children||群集系数

and childrenpercentage of possible sunshine||日照率

percentage of return air ||回风百分比

cerforated ceiling air suppyl||孔板送风

perforated plate tower||筛板塔

periodic dust dislodging||定期除灰

piece||(通风〕部件

pipe fittings||管道配件

pipe radiator||光面管散热器

pipe section||管段

pipe coil||光面管放热器

pitot tube||皮托管

plate heat exchanger||板式换热器

plenum chamber||静压箱

plenum space||稳压层

plug||丝堵

plume||烟羽

plume rise height||烟羽抬升高度

PNC-curve[s]||噪声评价PNC曲线

pneumatic conveying||气力输送

pueumatic transport||气力输送

pneumatic valve||气动调节阀

pneumo-electrical convertor||气-电转换器

positioner||定位器

positive feedback||正反馈

powerroof ventilator||屋顶通风机

preferred noise criteria curve[s]||噪声评价PNC曲线

pressure drop||压力损失

pressure enthalpy chart||压焓图

pressure gage||压力表

pressure of steam supply||供汽压力

pressure reducing valve||减压阀

pressure relief device||泄压装置

pressure relief valve||安全阀

pressure thermometer||压力式温度计

pressure volume chart||压容图

primary air fan-coil system||风机盘管加新风系统

primary air system||新风系统

primary retirn air||一次回风

process air conditioning||工艺性空气调节

program control||程序控制

proportional band||比例带

proportional control||比例调节

proportional-integral (PI)control||比例积分调节

proportional-integralderivative(PID)control||比例积分微分调节

protected(roof)monitor||避风天窗

psychrometric chart||声级计

pulvation action||干湿球温度表

push-pull hood||焓湿图

pulvation action||尘化作用

push-pull hood||吹吸式排风罩

Q

quick open flow characteristic||快开流量特性

R

radiant heating||辐射采暖

radiant intensity||辐射强度

sadiation intensity||辐射强度

radiator||散热器

radiator heating||散热器采暖

radiator heating system||散热器采暖系统

radiator valve||散热器调节阀

rating under air conditioning condition||空调工况制冷量

rcactive muffler||抗性消声器

receiver||贮液器

receiving hood||接受式排风罩

reciprocating compressor||活塞式压缩机

recirculation cavety||空气动力阴影区

recording thermometer||自记温度计

reducing coupling||异径管接头

reducing valve||减压阀

reentrainment of dust ||二次扬尘

refrigerant||制冷剂

[refrigerating] coefficient of performance (COP)||(制冷〕性能系数

refrigerating compressor||制冷压缩机

refrigerating cycle||制冷循环

refrigerating effect||制冷量

refrigerating engineering||制冷工程

refrigerating machine||制冷机

refrigerating medium||载冷剂

refrigerating planttoom||制冷机房

refrigerating station||制冷机房

refrigerating system||制冷系统

refrigeration ||制冷

regenerative noise||再生噪声

register||百叶型风口

regulator||调节器

reheat air conditioning system||再热式空气调节系统

relative humidity||相对湿度

relay||继电器

remote control||遥控

resistance of heat transfer||传热阻

resistance thermometer||电阻温度计

resistance to water vapor permeability蒸汽渗透阻

resistance to water vapor permeation||蒸汽渗透阻

resistive muffler||阻性消声器

resistivity||比电阻

resonance||共振

resonant frequency||共振频率

response curve of controlled plant||调节对象正升曲线

teturn air||回风

return air inlet||回风口

return branch of radiator||散热器回水支管

return fan||回风机

return flow zone||回流区

return water temperataure||回水温度

reverse Carnot cycle||逆卡诺循环
reversed return system||同程式系统

reversible cycle||可逆循环

rim exhaust||槽边排风罩

rim ventilation||槽边通风

riser||立管

roof ventilator||筒形风帽

room absorption||房间吸声量

room air conditioner||房间空气调节器

rotameter||转子流量计

rotary dehumidifier||转轮除湿机

rotary heat exchanger||转轮式换热器

rotary supply outlet||旋转送风口

rotating air outlet with movable guide vanes||旋转送风口

roughness factor||相对粗糙度

rubber shock absorber||橡胶隔振器

running means||滑动平均

S

safety valve||安全阀

samling hole||测孔

sampling port||测孔

saturated steam||饱和蒸汽

saturation humidity ratio||饱和含湿量

screw compressor||螺杆式压缩机

screwnipple||丝对

screwed plug||丝堵

scondary refrigerant||载冷剂

secondary return air||二次回风

selective control system||选择控制系统

selector||选择器

self-contained cooling unit||冷风机组

self learning system||自学习系统

sensible cooling||等湿冷却

sensible heat||显热

sensible heating||等湿加热

sensing element||敏感元件

sensor||传感器

sequence control||程序控制

set point||给定值

settling chamber||沉降室

setting velocity||沉降速度

shading coefficient||遮阳系数

shell and coil condenser||壳管式冷凝器

shell and tube condenser ||壳管式冷凝器

shell and tube evaporator||壳管式蒸发器

sholder nipple||长丝

shutter||百叶窗

sidehood||侧吸罩

sidewall air supply||侧面送风

sieve-plate column||筛板塔

single duct air conditioning system||单风管空气调节系统

single duct system||单风管空气调节系统

single-effect lithiumbromide absorption-type refrigerating machine||单效溴化锂吸收式制冷机

sky radiation||天空散射辐射

slide damper||插板阀

sling psychrometer||通风温湿度计

slip rate||穿透率

slip diffuser||条缝型风口

slip exhaust hood||槽边排风罩

slot exhaust on edges of tanks||槽边通风

slot outlet||条缝型风口

sludge handling||泥浆处理

smoke||烟〔尘〕

smoke control||防烟

smoke damper||防烟阀

smoke exhaust damper||排烟阀

smoke extraction||排烟

smoke plume||烟羽

smokeproof damper||防烟阀

sol-air temperature||综合温度

solar altitude||太阳高度角

solar azimuth||太阳方位角

solar constant||太阳常数

solar declination||太阳赤纬

solar heating||太阳能采暖

solar irradiance||太阳辐射照度

solar radiant heat||太阳辐射热

solar radiation||太阳辐射

solenoid valve||电磁阀

sound absorber||消声器

sound absorption||吸声

sound absorption coefficient||吸声系数

sound absorption material||吸声材料

sound attenuation||消声

sound deadening||消声

sound deadening capacity||消声量

sound insulation||隔声

sound intensity level||声强级

sound level||声级

sound level meter||声级计

sound power level||声功率级

sound pressure level||声压级

sound source||声源

source of heat release||散热源

space air diffusion||气流组织

space cooling load||房间冷负荷

space heat gain||房间得热量

space heating||采暖

space moisture load||房间湿负荷

space temperature variation||区域温差

specific enthalpy||比焓

specific frictional resistance||比摩阻

specific gas flow rate||气布比

specific heat load||散热强度
||
specific resistance||比电阻

spinning disk humidifier||离心式加湿器

split air conditioning system||分体式空气调节器

split ranging control control||分程控制

splitter||导流板

spot temperature||工作地点温度

spray chamber||喷水段

spray fan||喷雾风扇

spray nozzle||喷嘴

spray nozzle density||喷嘴密度

spray-type air washer section||喷水段

spray-type evaporator||喷淋式蒸发器

spread||射流扩散角

spring shock absorber||弹簧隔振器

stability||稳定性

stack||(排气〕烦囱

stack effect pressure||热压

standard condition||标准工况

standard rating[of refrigerating machine]||标准制冷量

standby heating||值班采暖

static deflection||静态压缩量

static deflection||静态偏差

static pressure||静压

steady-state heat transfer||稳态传热

steam boiler||蒸汽锅炉

steame ejector||蒸汽喷射器

steam header||分汽缸

steam heating||蒸汽采暖

steam heating system||蒸汽采暖系统

steam-jet xot water heating system||蒸汽喷射热水采暖系统

steam jet refrigerating||蒸汽喷射式制冷机

machinesteam jet refrigeration cycle||蒸汽喷射式制冷循环

steam manifold||分汽缸

steam pipe||蒸汽管

steam trap||疏水器

steam-water mixed heat exchanger||汽-水混合式换热器

steam water mixture||汽水混合物

steam-water type heat exchanger||汽-水式换热器

steel radiator||钢制散热器

stop valve||截止阀

stove heating||火炉采暖

strainer||除污器

strantiicated air conditioning||分层空气调节

strip radiant panel||带状辐射板

strong liquor||浓溶液

strong solution||浓溶液

subcooling||过冷

sub-duct assembly||防回流装置

suction pressure||吸气压力

suction pressure||吸气温度

suction temperature||回风口吸风速度
||
sun's altitude||太阳高度角

sun's azimuth||太阳方位角

saperheat||过热

superheated steam||过热蒸汽

supervisory computer control(SCC)system||监督控制系统

supply air||送风

supply air rate||进风量

supply air temperaturd difference||送风温差

supply fan||送风机

supply fan room||送风机室

supply water temperature||供水温度

suppot(hanger)of duct||风管支(吊)架

surface coefficient of heat transfer||表面换热系数

surface[film]resistance of heat (thermal)transfer||表面换热阻

surface(film)thermal conductance ||表面换热系数

surface-type heat exchanger||表面式换热器

suspended velocity||悬浮速度

swirl diffuser||旋流风口

system resistance||系统坐力

T

tangential fan||贯流式通风机

tapered cowl||锥形风帽

tree ||三通

temperature at work area||作业地带温度

temperature at work place||工作地点温度

temperature difference between supply and return water||供回水温差

temperature difference correction factor of envelope||围护结构温差修正系数

temperature field||温度场

temperature gradient||温度梯度

temperature inversion||逆温
temperature of outgoing air||排风温度

temperature recorder||自记温度计

tem-days average temperature(humidity)||旬平均温(湿)度

thermal anemometer||热风速仪

thermal buoyancy||热压

thermal conductivity[coefficient]||导热系数

thermal diffusivity||导温系数

thermal insulation||保温

thermal insulation material||保温材料

thermal inversion layer||逆温层

thermal oxidation||热力燃烧

thermal pressure||热压

thermal resistance||热阻

thermalstability||热稳定性

thermal storage characteristic||蓄热特性

thermal storage effect||蓄热

thermal storage tank||蓄冷水池

thermistor thermometer||热敏电阻温度计

thermodynamic cycle||热力循环

thermodynamic type steam trap||热动力式疏水器

thermostat||恒温器

thermostaticexpansion valve||热力膨胀阀

thermostatic steam trap||恒温式疏水器

three-pipe water system||三管制水系统

throttling expansion||节流膨胀

through air duct||通过式风管

through-draught||穿堂风

through flow||穿堂风

throw||射程

time constant of controlled plant||调节对象时间常数

total heat||全热(

total pressure||全压

total scparation efficlency||除尘效率

transducer||传感器

transient||过渡过程

transmissibility||传递率

transmitter||变送器

trunk duct||递风〕总管

trunk pipe||总管、干管

tube-in-tube condenser||套管式冷凝器

turning vane||涡轮流量计

turning vane||导流板

twist outlet||旋流风口

two banks opposing spray pattern||对喷

two-pipe heating system||双管采暖系统

two-pipe water system||两管制水系统

two-position control||双位调节

U

ultrasonic humidifier||超声波加湿器

unconditioned zone||非空气调节区

uncontrolled natural ventilation||无组织自然通风

unidirectional flow ventilation||单向流通风

union||活接头

unit heater||暖风机

unit heater with axial fan||轴流式暖风机

unitheater with centrifugal fan||离心式暖风机

unit radiant panel||块状辐射板

unorganized air supply||无组织进风

unorganized exhaust||无组织排风

unorganized natural ventilation||无组织自然通风

unsteady-state heat transfer||非稳态传热

upfeed system||下分式系统

upright bucket type steam trap||浮桶式疏水器

upstream syray pattern||逆喷

V

vacuum cleaner||真空吸尘装置

vacuum cleaning installation||真空吸尘装置

vacuum heating||真空采暖

vacuum heating system||真空采暖系统

vacuum pump||真空泵

vacuum return-line heating system||真空采暖系统

valve anthority||阀权度

vapor||蒸气

variable air volume(VAV)air conditioning system||变风量空气调节系统

variable air volume (VAV) terminal device||变风量末端装置

variable airea flowmeter||转子流量计

velocity field||速度场

relocity pressure||动压

vent||排气管、放气阀(、)

vent pipe||排气管

ventilated roof||通风屋顶

ventilating duct||通风管道

ventilating rate||换气次数

ventilation||通风

ventilation equipment||通风设备

ventilation heat loss||通风设备

ventilation rate||通风耗热量

ventilation rate||通风量

Venturi scrubber||文丘里除尘器

vertical on(single) pipe heating system||垂直单管采暖系统

vertical-type evaporator||直立管式蒸发器

vertical zoningof water||水系统竖向分区

vibration||振动

vibration isolation||隔振

vibration isolator||隔振器

vibration meter||振动计

vibration pick-up||拾振器

volume density||堆积密度

volumteric concentration||体积浓度

vortex scrubber||冲激式除尘器

W

wall attachment jet||贴附射流

wall panel heating||墙壁辐射采暖

warm air curtain||热风幕

warm-air heating||热风采暖

warm-air heating system||热风采暖系统

water-air ratio||水气比

water as refrigerant||冷剂水

water-cooled absorptive hielding||

shielding||隔热水箱

water-cooled condenser||水冷式冷凝器

water curtain||水幕

water film cyclone||水膜除尘器

water-film separator||水膜除尘器

water screen||水幕

water system||水系统

water tank for heat(thermal)insulation||隔热水箱

water-water jet||混水器

water-water type heat exchanger||水-水式换热器

weak solution||稀溶液

wather acp||伞形风帽

wet-bulb temperature||湿球温度

wet cooling condition||湿工况

wet cooling condition||湿法除尘

wet dust collector||湿式除尘器

wet dust extraction||湿法除尘

wet flushing||湿法冲洗

wet method operation||湿式作业

wet return pipe||湿式凝结水管

wet scrubber||湿式除尘器

wet separator||湿式除尘器

wettability||可湿性

wind blow in||倒灌

wind direction||风向

wind pressure||风压

wind-proofed monitor||避风天窗

wind shield||挡风板

wind speed||风速

window air conditioner||窗式空气调节器

work area||作业地带

work place||工作地点

working area||作业地带

working place||工作地点

working pressure||工作压力

working wubstance||工质

Z

zone of aerodynamic shadow||空气动力阴影区

zone of negative pressure||负压区

zone of positive pressure||正压区

zone of recirculating low||空气动力阴影区

zone of wake||尾流区



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