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专业词汇
 
汽车词汇(2)
发布时间:2011-7-21 15:22:00||  点击:3498次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


中间齿轮
intermediate gear(counter gear)
副轴齿轮
counter shaft gear
副轴
counter shaft
变速器输入轴
transmission imput shaft
变速器输出轴
transmission output shaft
变速器主动齿轮轴
transmission drive gear shaft
变速器主轴
transmission main shaft
变速器中间轴
transmission countershaft
变速器轴的刚度
rigidity of shaft
变速齿轮比(变速比)
transmission gear ratio
传动比
gear ratio
主压力
line pressure
调制压力
modulated pressure
真空调制压力
vacuum modulator pressure
速控压力
governor pressure
缓冲压力
compensator or trimmer pressure
限档压力
hold presure
前油泵
front pump (input pump )
液力传动装置充油压力
hydrodynamic unit change pressure
后油泵
gear pump (output pump )
回油泵
scavenge oil pump
调压阀
pressure -regulator vavle
电磁阀调压阀
solenoid regulator valve
液力变矩器旁通阀
converter bypass valve
速控阀
governor valve
选档阀
selectro valve
换档阀
shift valve
信号阀
signal valve
继动阀
relay valve
换档指令发生器
shift pattern generator
档位指示器
shift indicator(shift torwer)
先导阀
priority valve
流量阀
flow valve
重迭阀
overlap valve
液力减速器控制阀
retarder control valve
液力起步
fluid start
零速起动
stall start
液力变矩器锁止
converter lockup
全液压自动换档系统
hydraulic automatic control system
电液式自动换档系统
electronic -hydraulic automatiec
换档
shift
升档
upshift
降档
downshift
动力换档
power shfit
单向离合器换档
freewheel shfit
人工换档
manual shfit
自动换档
automaitc shfit
抑制换档
inhibited shift
超限换档
overrun shift
强制换档
forced shift
换档点
shift point
叶片转位
blade angle shift
换档滞后
shift hysteresis
换档循环
shift schedule
换档规律
process of power shift
动力换档过程
timing
换档定时
property of automatic shift
换档品质
property of automatic shft
换档元件
engaging element
换档机构
gearshift
操纵杆
control lever
变速杆
stick shift(gear shift lever)
(副变速器)变速杆
range selector
变速叉
shifting fork (gear shift fork)
分动箱控制杆
transfer gear shift fork
变速踏板
gear shift pedal
变速轨(拨叉道轨)
shift rail
直接变速
direct change(direct control)
方向盘式变速
column shift (handle change)
按钮控制
finger-tip control
槽导变速
gate change
空档位置
neutral position
直接驱动
direct drive
高速档
top gear(high gear)
低速档
bottom gear(low speed gear)
第一档
first gear
第二档
second gear
超速档
overdirve gear
经济档
economic gear
倒档
reverse gear
爬行档
creeper gear
驱动特性
drive performance
反拖特性
coast performance
定输入扭矩特性
constant input torque performance
全油门特性
full throttle performance
寄生损失特性
no load (parasitic losses)performance
原始特性
primary characteristic
响应特性
response characteristic
吸收特性
absorption characteristic
全特性
total external characteristic
输入特性
characteristic of enhance
输出特性
characteristic of exit
力矩特性
torque factor(coefficient of moment)
过载系数
overloading ratio
变矩系数
torque ratio
能容系数
capacity factorr
几何相似
geometry similarity
运动相似
kinematic similarity
动力相似
dynamic similarity
透穿性
transparency
万向节和传动轴
universal joint and drive shaft
万向节
universal joint
非等速万向节
nonconstant velocity universal joint
等速万向节
constant velocity universal joint
准等速万向节
near constant velocity universal joint
自承式万向节
self-supporting universal joint
非自承式万各节
non self suporting universal joint
回转直径
swing diameter
等速平面
constant velocity plane
万向节夹角
true joint angle
十字轴式万向节
cardan (hookes)universal joint
万向节叉
yoke
突缘叉
flange york
滑动叉
slip yoke
滑动节,伸缩节
slip joint
花键轴叉
slip shaft yoke
轴管叉(焊接叉)
tube(weld yoke)
十字轴
cross(spider)
十字轴总成
cross assembly
挠性元件总成
flexible universal joint
球销式万向节
flexible member assembly
双柱槽壳
housing
球环
ball
球头轴
ball head
球头钉
button
中心球和座
centering ball and seat
球笼式万向节
rzeppa universal joint
钟形壳
outer race
星型套
inner race
保持架
cage
可轴向移动的球笼式万向节
plunging constant velocity joint
筒形壳
cylinder outer race
柱形滚道星形套
inner race withcylinder ball grooves
偏心保持架
non-concentric cage
滚动花键球笼式万向节
ball spline rzeppa universal joint
外壳
outer housing
内壳体
inner housing
球叉式万向节
weiss universal joint
球叉
ball yoke
定心钢球
centering ball
三球销万向节
tripod universal joint
三柱槽壳
housing
三销架
spider
双联万向节
double cardan universal joint
凸块式万向节
tracta universal joint
凸块叉
fork yoke
榫槽凸块
tongue and groove couplijng
凹槽凸块
groove coupling
传动轴
drive shaft(propeller shaft)
传动轴系
drive line
传动轴形式
drive shaft type
两万向节滑动的传动轴
two -joint inboard slip ddiveshaft
两万向节外侧滑动传动轴
two joint ouboard slip drive shaft
单万向节传动轴
single joint coupling shaft
组合式传动轴
unitized drive shaft
传动轴减振器
drive shaft absorber
传动轴中间轴承
drive shaft center bearing
传动轴管焊接合件
weld drive shaft tube assembly
传动轴特征长度
drive shaft length
传动轴谐振噪声
resonant noise of rive shaft
传动轴的临界转速
critical speed of drive shaft
传动轴总成的平衡
balance of drive shaft assembly
允许滑动量
slip
相位角
phase angle
传动轴安全圈
drive shaft safety strap
驱动桥
drive axle(driving axle)
类型
type
断开式驱动桥
divided axle
非独立悬架式驱动桥
rigid dirve axle
独立悬架式驱动桥
independent suspension drive axle
转向驱动桥
steering drive axle
贯通式驱动桥
tandem axles
“三速”贯通轴
"three-speed" tandem axles
单驱动桥
single drive axle
多桥驱动
multiaxle drive
减速器
reducer
主减速器
final drive
单级主减速器
single reduction final drive
双级主减速器
double reduction final drive
前置式双级主减速器
front mounted double reduction final drive
后置式双级主减速器
rear mounted double reduction final drive
上置式双级主减速器
top mounted double reducton final drive
行星齿轮式双级主减速器
planetary double reduction final drive
贯通式主减速器
thru-drive
双速主减速器
two speed final drive
行星齿轮式双速主减速器
two speed planetary final drive
双级双速主减速器
two speed double reduction final drive
轮边减速器
wheel reductor(hub reductro)
行星圆柱齿轮式轮边减速器
planetary wheel reductor
行星锥齿轮式轮边减速器
differential geared wheel reductor(bevelepicyclick hub reductor)
外啮合圆柱齿轮式轮边减速器
spur geared wheel reductor
差速器
differential
锥齿轮式差速器
bevel gear differential
圆柱齿轮式差速器
spur gear differential
防滑式差速器
limited -slip differential
磨擦片式自锁差速器
multi-disc self -locking differential
凸轮滑滑块自锁差速器
self-locking differential with side ring and radial cam plate
自动离合式自锁差速器
automotive positive locking differential
强制锁止式差速器
locking differential
液压差速器
hydraulic differential
轴间差速器
interaxial differential
差速器壳
differential carrieer(case)
主降速齿轮
final reduction gear
驱动轴减速比
axle ratio
总减速比
total reduction ratio
主降速齿轮减速比
final reduction gear ratio
双减速齿轮
double reduction gear
差速器主齿轮轴
differential pinion-shaft
差速器侧齿轮
differential side gear
行星齿轮
spider gear(planetary pinion)
螺旋锥齿轮
spiral bevel gear
双曲面齿轮
hypoid gear
格里林齿制
gleason tooth
奥林康型齿制
oerlikon tooth
锥齿轮齿数
number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears
锥齿轮齿宽
face width of tooth in bevel gears and hypoid gears
平面锥齿轮
plane bevel gear
奥克托齿形
octoid form
平顶锥齿轮
contrate gear
齿面接触区
circular tooth contact
齿侧间隙
backlash in circular tooth
差速器十字轴
differential spider
差速器锁止机构
differential locking -device
差速器锁止系数
differential locking factor
差速器壳轴承
carrier bearing
桥壳
axle housing
整体式桥壳
banjo housing
可分式桥壳
trumpet-type axle housing
组合式桥壳
unitized carrier-type axle housing
对分式桥壳
split housing
冲压焊接桥壳
press-welding axle housing
钢管扩张桥壳
expanded tube axle housing
锻压焊接桥壳
forge welding axle housing
整体铸造式桥壳
cast rigid axle housing
半轴
axle shaft
全浮式半轴
full-floating axle shaft
半浮式半轴
semi-floating axle shaft
四分之三浮式半轴
three-quarter floating axle shaft
驱动桥最大附着扭矩
slip torque
驱动桥额定桥荷能力
rating axle capactiy
驱动桥减速比
driveaxle ratio
驱动桥质量
drive axle mass
单铰接式摆动轴
single-joint swing axle
双铰接式摆动轴
double joint swig axle
悬架系
suspension system
悬架
suspension
类型
type
非独立悬架
rigid axle suspension
独立悬架
independent suspension
平衡悬架
equalizing type of suspension
组合式悬架
combination suspension
可变刚度悬架
variable rate suspension
纵置板簧式
parallel leaf spring type
上置板簧式
over slung type
下置板簧式
under slung type
双横臂式
double with-bone arm type
横置板簧式
transversal leaf spring type
双纵臂式
double trailing arm type
单横臂式
single transverse arm type
双横臂式
double -wishbone type
单横臂式
singe trailing arm type
双纵臂式
double-trailing arm type
单斜臂式
single oblique arm tyep
四连杆式
four link type
扭矩套管式
torque tube drive type
第迪安式
De Dion type
烛式
sliding pillar type
麦弗逊式
MacPherson type
金属弹簧式
metal spring type
空气弹簧式
air spring type
油气弹簧式
hydro-pneumatic spring type
橡胶液体弹簧式
hydro-rubber spring type
橡胶弹簧式
rubber spring type
液体弹簧式
hydraulic spring type
三点悬架
three-point suspension
四点悬架
four-point suspension
部件
assembly and parts
悬架臂
suspension arm
上悬架臂
upper suspension arm
控制臂
control arm
上控制臂
upper control arm
下控制臂
lower control arm
纵臂
trailing arm
横臂
transverse arm
斜臂
oblique arm
支撑梁
support beam
横向推力杆
lateral rod
纵向推力杆
longitudinal rod
拉杆
tension rod
压杆
strut bar
支撑杆
strut bar
扭矩套管
torque tube
变截面弹簧
tapered spring
钢板弹簧
leaf spring(laminated spring)
副钢板弹簧
auxiliary spring
非对称钢板弹簧
unsymmetrical leaf spring
单片式钢板弹簧
single leaf spring
多片式钢板弹簧
muotileaved spring
纵向钢板弹簧
longitudinal leaf spring
螺旋弹簧
coil spring (helicalspring)
空气弹簧
air spring
囊式空气弹簧
bellow type air spring
膜式空气弹簧
diaphragm typeair spring
橡胶弹簧
rubber spring type
液体弹簧
hydraulic spring
油气弹簧
hydro-pneumatic spring type
单气室油气弹簧
single chamber hydragas spring
双气室油气弹簧
double chamber hydragas spring
液体弹簧
hydraulic spring
底盘弹簧
chassis spring
四分之一椭圆形弹簧
quarter elliptic spring
半椭圆形弹簧
half-elliptic spring(semi-elliptic spring)
四分之三椭圆形弹簧
three quarter elliptic spring
全椭圆形弹簧
full elliptic spring
悬臂弹簧
cantilever spring
簧上质量
sprung weight
簧下质量
unsprung weight
垫上弹簧载荷量
spring capacity at pad
地面弹簧载荷量
spring capacity at ground
弹簧静挠度
spring static deflection
弹簧跳动间隙
bump clearance of spring
弹簧中心距
distance between spring centers
减振器
shock absorber
筒式减振器
telescopic shock absorber
油压缓冲器
hydraulic buffer
负荷调平式减振器
load -levelling shock absorber
液压减振器
dydraulic shock absorber
可调减振器
adjustable shock absorber
摇臂式减振器
lever type shock absorber
磨擦式减振器
frictional shock absorber
充气减振器
gas-filled shock absorber
动力减振器
dynamic shock absorber
减振器卸荷阀
shock absorber relief valve
减振器进油阀
shock absorber intake valve
减振器示功图
damper indicator diagram
减振器液
damper fluid
横向稳定器
stabilizer anti-roll bar
滑动座
sliding seat
滑板
sliding plate
弹簧架
spring bracket
弹簧主片
spring leaf
钢板弹簧吊耳
leaf spring shackle
钢板弹簧衬套
leaf spring bushing
钢板弹簧销
leaf spring pin
弹簧卷耳
spring eye
U型螺栓
U bolt
钢板弹簧中心螺栓
leaf spring center bolt
橡胶衬套
rubber bushing
缓冲块
buffer stopper
限位块
limiting stopper
平衡轴
trunnion shaft
平衡轴支座
trunnion base
臂轴
arm shaft
平横臂
equalizer
螺纹衬套
screw bushing
(车身)高度阀
levelling valve
车架
auxiliary tank
整体车架
unitized frame
上弯式梁架
upswept frame (kick up frame)
短型车架
stub frame
发动机支架
engine mounting
半径杆
radius rod
平衡杆
stabilizer bar
制动反应杆
brake reaction rod
分开式车身和车架
separated body and frame
车轮
wheel
车轮尺寸名称
wheelsize designation
车轮类型
wheel type
单式车轮
single wheel
双式车轮
dual wheel
整体轮毂式车轮
wheel with integral hub
组装轮辋式车轮
demountable rim wheel
对开式车轮
divided wheel
可调车轮
adustable wheel
辐板式车轮
disc wheel
可反装式车轮
reversible wheel
辐条式车轮
wire wheel
安装面
attachment face
安装面直径
attachment face diameter
双轮中心距
dual spacing
半双轮中心距
half dual spacing
轮缘
flange
固定轮缘
fixed flange
轮缘规格代号
flange size disignation
轮缘高度
flange height
轮缘半径
flange radius
轮级端部半径
flange edge radius
轮级宽度
flange width
内轴承座肩
inner bearing cup shoulder
内移距
inset
横向跳动
lateral run-out
外移距
outset
径向跳动
radius run-out
轮辋
rim
轮辋尺寸名称
rim size disignation
轮辋宽度
rim width
标定轮辋宽度
specified rim width
轮辋直径
rim diameter
标定轮辋直径
specified rim diameter
轮辋类型
rim types
整体式(深槽式)
one-piece(drop -center DC)
半深槽式
semi-drop center (SDC)
二件式
two-piece
三件式
three-piece
四件式
four-piece
轮毂座
hub seat
五件式
five-piece
轮辋轮廓类型
rim contour classification
深槽轮辋
drop center rim(DC)
深槽宽轮辋
wide drop center rim(WDC)
半深槽轮辋
semi-drop center rim(SDC)
平底轮辋
flat base rim
平底宽轮辋
wide flat base rim (WFB)
全斜底轮辋
full tapered bead seat rim (TB)
可拆卸轮辋
demountable rim wheel
对开式轮辋
divided rim(DT)
轮辋基体
rim base
轮辋基体偏移距
rim base offset
轮辋偏移距
rim bevel distance
气门嘴孔
valve hole
气门嘴孔的位置
rim hole location
锁圈槽
gutter
锁圈槽沟
gutter groove
锁圈槽顶
gutter tip
隔圈
spaceband
隔圈宽度
spacerband width
标定轮辋直径
specified rim diameter
标定轮辋宽度
specified rim width
花键
spline
弹性锁圈
spring lock ring
辐条式车轮轮毂
shell (wire shell)
轮辋槽
well
槽角
well angle
槽深
well depth
槽底半径
well iner radius
槽的位置
well position
槽顶圆角半径
well radius top
槽宽度
well width
中心孔
center hole
中心线
center line
夹紧块
clamp
夹紧螺栓
clamping bolt
锥型座(螺帽定位用)
cone seat (for retaining nut)
可拆卸档圈
detachable endless flange
可拆卸弹簧档圈
detachable spring flange
可拆卸锥形座圈
detachable endless taper bead seat ring
轮辐
disc
辐条
wire spoke
零移距
zeroset
弯距
bending moment
动态径向疲劳试验
dynamic radial fatigue test
横向疲劳试验
cornering fatigue test
轴安装
axel mounting
轴颈安装
journal mounting
孔径
bore
轮胎
tyre (tire)
轮胎系列
tyre series
轮胎规格
tyre size
轮胎标志
tyre marking
速度符号
speed symbol
胎面磨耗标志
tread wear indicator
骨架材料
framework material
层数
number of plies
层级
ply rating
外胎
cover
内胎
inner tube
胀大轮胎
grown tyre
充气轮胎
pneumatic tyre
新胎
new tyre
有内胎轮胎
tubed tyre
无内胎轮胎
tubeless tyre
水胎
curing bag
保留生产轮胎
reserved old series of tyre
普通断面轮胎
conventional section tyre
低断面轮胎
low section tyre
超低断面轮胎
super low section tyre
宽基轮胎
wide base tyre
斜交轮胎
diagonal tyre
子午线轮胎
radial ply tyre
活胎面轮胎
removable tread tyre
越野轮胎
cross-country tyre
沙漠轮胎
sand tyre
浇注轮胎
cast tyre
调压轮胎
adjustable inflation tyre
海棉轮胎
foam filled tyre
常压轮胎
atomospheric pressure tyre
内支撑轮胎
internal supporter tyre
拱形轮胎
arch tyre
椭圆形轮胎
elliptical tyre
实心轮胎
solid tyre
粘结式实心轮胎
cured on solid tyre
非粘结式实心轮胎
pressed on solid tyre
圆柱实心轮胎
cylindrical base solid tyre
斜底实心轮胎
conical base solid tyre
抗静电实心轮胎
anti-static solid tyre
导电实心轮胎
conductive solid tyre
耐油实心轮胎
oil-resistance solid tyre
高负荷实心轮胎
high load capacity solid tyre
胎面花纹
treadpattern
纵向花纹
circumferetial pattern
横向花纹
transverse pattern
公路花纹
highway tread pattern
越野花纹
cross-country tread pattern
混合花纹
dual purpose tread pattern
定向花纹
directional tread pattern
雪泥花纹
mud and snow pattern
花纹细缝
pattern sipe
花纹块
pattern block
花纹条
pattern rib
花纹沟
groove
花纹加强盘
tie-bar of pattern
花纹角度
pattern angle
花纹纹深度
pattern depth
花纹展开图
patttern plan
光胎面
smooth tread
胎冠
crown
胎面
tread
胎面行驶面
tread cap
胎面基部
tread base
胎面基部胶
tread slab base
胎面过渡胶
transition rubber of tread
缓冲层
breaker
带束层
belt
缓冲胶片
breaker strip
包边胶
tie-in strip
完带层
cap ply
胎体
carcass
帘 面层
cord ply
隔离胶
insulation rubber
封口胶
sealing rubber
胎里
tyre cavity
内衬层
inside liner
气密层
innerliner
胎肩
shoulder
胎肩区
shoulder area
胎肩垫胶
shoulder wedge
胎侧
sidewall
屈挠区
flexing area
胎侧胶
sidewall rubber
装饰胎侧
decorative sidewall
装饰线
decorative rib
装配线
fitting line
防擦线
kerbing rib
胎圈
bead
钢丝圈
bead ring
钢丝包胶
wire covering
胎圈座
bead seat
胎圈座角度
beat seat angle
胎圈座圆角半径
bead seat radius
胎圈座宽度
bead seat width
可选择的胎圈座轮廓
bead seat optional contours
凹陷型
center-pente(CP)
平峰型
flat hump(FH)
凸峰型
round hump(RH)
特殊座架
special ledge(SL)
胎圈芯
bead core
三角胶
apex
胎圈补强带
bead reinforcing strip
胎圈包布
chafer
胎圈外护胶
bead filler rubber
胎踵
bead heel
胎趾
bead toe
胎圈底部
bead base
内胎胎身
tube body
断面宽度
section width
断面高度
section height
高宽比(H/S)
aspect ratio(H/S)
外直径
overall diameter
自由半径
free radius
转向系
steering system
类型
type
机械转向系
manual steering system
动力转向系
power steering system
转向操纵机构
steering control mechanism
直列式转向器
in-line steering gear
四边联杆式转向机构
parallelogram linkage steering
整体式动力转向机构
integral type power steering
总成和部件
assemblies and parts
转向万向节
steering universal joint
转向传动轴
steering inner articulated shaft
转向管柱
steering column
球轴承套管式转向管柱
tube and ball type steering column
可伸缩式转向管柱
telescopic steering column
折叠式转向管柱
collapsible steering column
倾斜和缩进式转向管柱
tilt and telescopic steering column
吸能式转向管柱
energy-absorbing steering column
网络状转向柱管
net type steering column
转向轴
steering shaft
转向横轴
cross shaft
转向盘
steering wheel
倾斜式方向盘
tilt steering wheel
机构转向器
manual steering gear
蜗杆滚轮式转向器
worm and roller steering gear
转向器盖
cover of steering gear
壳体
housing
转向蜗杆
steering worm
滚轮
roller
滚轮轴
roller shaft
侧盖
side cover
摇臂轴
pitman arm shaft
循环球式转向器
recirculating ball steering gear
循环球和螺母式转向器
recirculating ball and nut steering gear
循环球齿条齿扇式转向器
recirculating ball-rack and sector steering gear
转向螺母
steering nut
钢球
ball
转向螺杆
steering screw
循环球-曲柄销式转向器
recirculating ball-lever and peg steering gear
指销
stud
蜗杆指销式转向器
worm and peg steering gear
转向齿轮
steering pinion
转向齿条
steering rack
动力转向器
power steering stgear
整体式动力转向器
integral power steering gear
常压式液压动力转向器
constant pressure hydraulic power steering gear
常流式液压动力转向器
constant flow hydraulic power steering gear
螺杆螺线式转向器
screw and nut steering gear
蜗杆指销式转向器
worm and peg steering gear
齿轮齿条式转向器
rack and pinion steering gear
变传动比转向器
steering gear with variable ratio
转向控制阀
steering control valve
滑阀式转向控制器
spool valve type
阀体
valve housing
滑阀
valve spool
转阀式转向控制阀
rotary valve type
扭杆
torsion bar
转向动力缸
power cylinder
转向油泵
power steerig pump
转向油罐
oil reservoir
转向传动杆系
steering linkage
动力转向系布置
power steering system layout
反作用阀
reactive valve
梯形转向机构
ackerman steering
整体式转向梯形杆系
ackerman steering linkdage
分段式转向梯形杆系
divided ackerman steering linkage
中间转向杆
intermediate steering rod
转向摇臂
pitman arm
转向直拉杆
steering drag link
中间转向联杆
center steering linkdage
端部螺塞
end plug
球头销
ball stud
球头座
ball cup
压缩弹簧
compression spring
梯形机构
tie rod linkage
梯形臂
tie rod arm
转向横拉杆
steering tie rod
接头
socket
横拉杆端接头
tie rod end
分段式梯形机构
split tie rod type tie rod linkage
摆臂
swing arm
动力转向
power steering
气压式动力转向
air-power steering
液压式动力转向
hydraulic power steerig
液压常流式动力转向
hydraulic constant flow type power steering
液压储能式动力转向
hydraulic accumulator power steering
慢速转向
slow steeirng
快速转向
fast steering (quick steering)
过度转向
oversteering
转向不足
understeering
转向系刚度
steering system stiffness
转向盘自由行程
free play of steering wheel
转向器转动力矩
rotating torque of steering gear
转向力矩
steering mometn
转向阻力矩
steering resisting torque
转向力
steering force
转向传动比
steering gear ratio (steering ratio0
恒定转向传动比
constant ratio steering
可变转向传动比
variable ratio steering
转向系角传动比
steering system angle ratio
转向器角传动比
steering gear angle ratio
转向传动机构角传动比
steering linkage angle ratio
转向器传动效率
steerign gear efficiency
正效率
forward efficiency
逆效率
reverse efficiency
转向器扭转刚度
torsional stiffness of steering gear
转向盘总圈数
total number of steering wheel turns
转向器总圈数
total turns of steering gaer
转向器传动间隙
steering gar cleanrance
摇臂轴最大转角
max.rotating angle of pitman arm shaft
转向摇臂最大摆角
max. Swing angle of steering pitman arm
转向器反驱动力矩
reverse rotating torque of steering gear
转向器最大输出扭矩
steering gear max. Output torque
最大工作压力
max. Working pressure
额定工作压力
rated working pressure
转向油泵理论排量
theoretical displacement of pump
限制流量
limited flow
转向控制阀预开隙
pre-opened play of steering contol valve
转向控制阀全开隙
totally -opened play of steering control valve
转向控制阀内泄漏量
internal leakage in steering control valve
转向控制阀压力降
pressure loss in steering control valve
转向器角传动比特性
steering gear angle ratio characteristic
转向器传动间隙特性
steering gear clearance characterstic
转向器传动效率特性
steering gear efficeieny characteristic
转向力特性
steering force characteristic
动力转向系灵敏度特性
power steering systme response characteristic
转向控制阀压力降特性
steeirn gcontrol valve presrue loss characteristtic
前桥
front axle
工字梁
I-beam
双工字梁
twin I-beam
非驱动桥
dead axle
转向节
steering knuckle
挂车转向装置
steering system of trailer
中央主销式转向装置
central king pin type steering systme
无主销转向装置
no king pin type steering system
全杆式转向装置
all linkage tyep steering system
球销式转向节
ball and socket steering knuckle
转向节止推轴承
steering knuckle thrust bearing
前轮轴
front wheel spindle
转向盘轴
steering spindle
转向节轴
knuckle spindle
转向节臂
steering knuckle arm
(转向节)主销
knuckle pin(King pin)
反拳式前桥
reverse elliott axle
反拳式转向节
reverse elliott steering knuckle
叉式前桥
elliott type axle
叉式转向节
elliott steering knuckle
制动系
braking ssytem
类型
tyep
行车制动系统
service braking sytem
应急制动系统
secondary (emergency )braking sytem
驻车制动系统
parking braking system
辅助制动系统
auxiliary braking system
自动制动系统
automatic braking sytem
人力制动系统
muscular energy braking sytem
助力制动系统
energy assisted braking system
动力制动系统
non-muscular energy braking system
惯性制动系统
inertial braking styem
重力制动系统
gravity braking sytem
单回路制动系统
single-circuit braking system
双回路制动系统
dual -ciurcuit braking system
单管路制动系统
single-line braking system
双管路制动系统
dual braking sytem
多管路制动系统
multi-line braking sytem
连续制动系统
continuous braking sytem
半连续制动系统
semi-continuous braking sytemm
非连续制动系统
non-continuous braking system
伺服制动系统
servo braking system
液压制动系统
hydraulic braking sytem
电磁制动系统
electormagnetic braking sytem
机械制动系统
mechanical braking sytem
组合制动系统
combination braking sytem
基本术语
bsic terms
制动装备
braking equipment
组成部件
constituent elements
制动力学
braking mechanics
渐进制动
gradual braking
制动能源
braking energy source
制动力矩
braking torque
总制动力
total braking force
干扰后效制动力矩
distrubing residual braking torque
总制动距离
total braking distance
有效制动距离
active braking distance
制动力分配率
braking force distaribution rate
制动效能因素(制动强度)
braking efficiency factro
制动力
braking work
瞬时制动功率
instantaneous braking power
保护压力
rptection pressure
报警压力
alarm pressure
制动系滞后
braking system hysteresis
制动效果百分数
percentage of the braking efficiency
停车距离(制动距离)
stopping distance
充分发出的平均减速度
mean fully developed braking deceleration (MFDD)
制动反应时间
reaction time
促动时间
actuating time
初始反应时间
initial response time
制动力增长时间
build-up time of braking force
有效制动时间
active braking time
释放时间
release time
驾驶员反应时间
reaction time of driver
机构滞后时间
mechanism hysteresis time
增长时间
build-up time of braking force
主制动时间
main braking time
总制动时间
total braking tiem
停车时间
stopping tiem
开启行程
opening travel
空行程
spare travel
中间行程
mid-travel
制动储备行程
reserve brake travel
断油行程
cut-off travel
行程损失
loss of travel
缩小比(减压比)
reduction ratio
回缩
retraction
两片法
two-plate method
单片法
single-plate method
含水量
moistrue content
单轮控制
individual wheel control
多轮控制
multi wheel control
轴控制
axle control
边控制
side control
对角控制
diagonal control
组合多轴控制
combined multi-axle control
可变选择
variable selection
最低控制速度
minimum control speed
传感器信号选择
sensor signal
低选择
select -low
高选择
select-high
预定选择
predetermined selectin
车轮选择
selection by wheel
平均选择
average selecton
分辨率
resolution rate
控制周期
control cycle
控制频率
control frequency
控制力
control force
作用力
control froce
制动器效能因素
application force
制动器材的滞后
brake hysteresis
制动器输出力矩
brake output torque
制动器额定力矩
brake rating torque
制动蹄效能因素
brake shoe efficiency factro
制动蹄作用压力
application pressure of brake shoe assebmly
制动蹄释放压力
release pressure of brake shoe
最大制动蹄中心升程
maximum shoe centre lift
制动鼓直径
drum diameter
制动鼓宽度
drum width
制动鼓厚度
drum thickness
制动盘厚度
disc thickness
(鼓或盘)的摩擦面积
swept area
制动衬片吸收功率
power absorption of lining
制动衬片包角
lining arc
制动衬片单位面积制动力
lining drag
衬片摩擦系数
lining mu
衬片摩擦面积/每轴
lining area/axle
衬片摩擦面积/每个制动器
lining area/brake
踏板行程
pedal travel
踏板自由行程
free pedal travel
踏板最大行程
maximum pedal travel
踏板力
pedal effort
有效踏板长度
effective pedal length
踏板速比
pedal velocity ratio
踏板回位弹簧力
pedal return spring load
踏板回位弹簧刚度
pedal return spring rate
制动初速度
initial speed of braking
制动减速度
braking deceleration
瞬时制动减速度
instantaneous braking deceleration
平均制动减速度
mean braking deceleration
最大制动减速度
maximum braking deceleration
石油基制动液
petroleum base brake fluid
非石油基制动液
non-petroleum base brake fluid
最低湿沸点
minimum wet boiling point
防冻液
anti-freeze liquid
冷却液
cooling liquid
供能装置
energy supplying device
真空泵
vacuum pump
喷射器
ejector
真空罐(筒)
vacuum tank
空压机
air compressor
气缸盖
cylinder head
气缸体
cylinder block
活塞
piston
火塞环
piston ring
连杆
connecting rod
活塞销
piston pin
曲轴
crank shaft
进气阀
intake valve
排气阀
exhaust valve
储气罐(筒)
air storage reservoir
调压阀
pressure regulating valve
单向阀
single check valve
止回阀、单向阀
check valve
滤清器
filter
进气滤清器
air intake filter
排气滤清器
air exhaust filter
管路滤清器
line filter
滤网(芯)
strainer
油水分离器
oil and water seperator
防冻器
aiti-freezer
空气干燥器
air dryer
排放阀
drain valve
压力保护阀
pressrue protection valve
控制装置
control device
行车制动踏板装置
service braking pedal device
制动踏板
braking pedal
踏板护套
pedal pad
踏板支架
pedal brackeet
衬套
bushing
套管
collar
销轴
axis pin
回位弹簧
retruen spring
驻车制动操纵装置
parking brake control device
操纵杆
control lever
操纵杆支架
control lever bracket
操纵杆导套
control lever guide collar
齿杆(棘轮)
rod rack(ratchet)
棘抓
ratchet pawl
操纵揽绳
control cable
平衡臂
equalizer
拉杆(拉绳)
pull rod(pull wire)
拉杆导套
pull rod guide collar
制动杆
brake lever
手制动杆
hand lever
气制动阀
aire brake valve
单腔气制动阀
single-chamber air brake valve
推杆
plunger
气阀
air valve
平衡弹簧
equalizing spring
膜片
diaphragm
双腔气制动阀
dual-chamber air brake valve
串列式双腔气制动阀
series dual -chamber air brake valve
并列式双腔气制动阀
parallel dual-chamber air brake valve
三腔气制动阀
triple-chamber air brake valve
三通路控制阀
three way control valve
双向止回阀(双通单向阀)
dual way check valve
继动阀
relay valve
快放阀
quick release valve
继动快放阀
relay and quick release valve
挂车制动阀
trailer braking valve
挂车制动应急继动阀
trailer braking relay emergency valve
挂车制动保护阀
trailer braking protecton valve
挂车制动放松阀
trailer braking relax valve
手控制动阀
hand braking valve
传能装置
transmission device
制动主缸
brake master cylinder
有补偿孔式制动主缸
compensating brake master cylinder
无补偿孔式制动主缸
portless brake master cylinder
串列双腔式制动主缸
series dual chamber brake master cylinder
盘式制动器制动缸
disc brake cylinder
双腔制动主缸
tandem master cylinder
主腔
primary chamber
应急腔
secondary chamber
膜片
diaphragm
主缸缸体
master cylinder body
皮碗防护垫
cup protector
主皮碗
primary cup
皮圈(副皮碗)
ring cup
副皮碗
secontary cup
弹簧座
spring seat
活塞挡圈
piston stopper
卡环
snap ring
主缸推杆
master cylinder push rod
连接叉
clevis
防尘罩(套)
boot
残留阀
residual valve
储液室
fluid reservoir
主缸储液室
master cylinder reservoir
储液室盖
fluid reservoir cap
进油阀
inlet valve
第一活塞
first piston
第二活塞
secondary piston
轮缸
wheel cylinder
伺服机构
servo mechanism
助力器
booster
真空助力器
vacuum booster
反馈杠杆
reaction lever
反馈盘
reaction plate
伺服阀
servo valve
反馈柱塞
reaction plunger
伺服活塞
servo piston
助力活塞
boosting piston
伺服膜片
servo diaphragm
助力膜片
boosting diaphragm
真空增压器
vacuum intensifier
控制阀体
control valve body
阀门弹簧
valve spring
控制膜片回位弹簧
control diaphragm return spring
控制膜片
control diaphragm
控制活塞
control piston
控制活塞皮碗
control piston cup
辅助缸缸体
auxiliary cylinder body
液压活塞
hydraulic piston
液压阀
hydraulic valve
端盖
end plate
气压助力器
air booster
气压-液压增压器
air over hydraulic intensifier
气顶油助力器
air over hydraulic booster
管件
pipe unit
管路
pipe-line
传能管路
energy transmission lines
供能管路
energy transmission lines
供给管路
feed pipe
控制管路
supply line
促动管路
control line
操纵管路
pilot line
共用管路
common line
应急管路
emergency line
制动管路
braking line
应急制动管路
secondary line
刚性件
rigid pipe
半刚性管
semi-rigid pipe
软管
flexible pipe
电缆或导线
cable or wire
制动软管总成
brake hose assemblies
制动软管
braking hose
液压软管
hydraulic hose
软管保护管
hose protector
气制动软管
airbrake hose
跨接软管
jumper hose
桥式管
bridge pipe
热塑管路
thermo-plastic tubing
软管卡子
hose clip
橡胶内衬
elastometric lining

layer(plie)
加强帘线编织层
textile reinforcing cord
层迭迭外层
outer cover
管接头
pipe fittings
制动软管管接头
btrake hose end fitting
挂车制动接头
coupling head
压力接头
compression fittings
接头体
fittings body
接头轴心
coupling axis
密封圈
sealing ring
压力环
pressure ring
管座
pipe seat
管螺母
pipe nut
推力接头
thrust fitting
内锥座接头体
fitting body with innerconical seat
快速接头
quick fitting
跨接软管连接器
jumper lose connection
气制动管连接器
pneumatic braking connection
制动气室
brake chamber
膜片式制动气室
diaphragm brake chamber
活塞式制动气室
piston brake chamber
储能弹簧制动气室
energy storage spring brake chamber
储能弹簧放松机构
energy storage spring release mechanism
随动件
follower
推杆
pusher
锁止式制动气室
lock brake chamber
锁止腔
lock chamber
琐止弹簧
lock spring
楔环
wedge ring
制动蹄促动器
brake shoe actuator
储能弹簧
energy storage spring
制动器
brake
摩擦式制动器
frictin braek
鼓式制动器
drum brake
盘式制动器
disc brake
多片盘式制动器
multiple disc brake
挂车制动器
trailer brake
超速制动器
overrun brake
液压制动器
hydraulic brake
内涨型鼓式制动器
internal expanding drum brake
双领蹄式制动器
two leading shoe brake
双从蹄式制动器
two trailing shoe brake
双向双领蹄式制动器
dual two leading shoe brake
双向双从蹄式制动器
dual two trailing shoe brake
领从蹄式制动器
leading trailing shoe brake
单向伺服式制动器
uni-servo brake
双向伺服式制动器
duo-servo brake
外收缩型鼓式制动器
external contracting drum brake
帘式制动器
band brake
钳盘式制动器
caliper disc brake
定钳盘式制动器
disc brake with fixed caliper
浮钳盘式制动器
disc brake with floating caliper
浮盘式制动器
floating disc brake
全盘式制动器
complete disc brake
凸轮张开式制动器
cam brake
楔式制动器
wedge brake
轮缸式制动器
wheel cylinder brake
刚性连接式制动器
positive engagement brake
驻车制动器
parking brake
盘式中央制动器
transmission disc brake
带式中央制动器
transmission band brake
手制动器
hand brake
冷制动器
cold brake
制动鼓
brake drum
双金属式制动鼓
bimetallic shoe brake drum
制动鼓衬里
brake drum liner
制动鼓缘圈
drum rim
制动鼓散热肋
brake drum cooling rib
制动底板
brake bottom plate
制动蹄
brake shoe
制动蹄总成
brake shoe assembly
领蹄(紧蹄)
primary shoe(leadijg shoe)
从蹄(松蹄)
secondary shoe(trailing shoe)
销式蹄
pivoted shoe
滑动式蹄
sliding shoe
铰接式蹄
articulated shoe
刚性蹄
rigid shoe
半刚性蹄
semi-flexible shoe
蹄跟部
heel
蹄前端部
toe
间隙调整装置
lash adjusting device
调整臂
adjusting arm
调整臂总成
adjusting arm assembly
制动凸轮轴
brake camshaft
制动蹄限位弹簧
brake shoe hold down spring
制动蹄回位弹簧
brake shoe return spring
制动蹄支承座
brake shoe abutment
支承销
anchor pin
支承块
anchor plate
制动蹄导板
brake shoe link
蹄片张开装置
shoe expander mechanism
蹄片(自动)调整装置
brake shoe(automatic )adjuster
制动蹄张开杠杆
expander lever
制动蹄张开凸轮
expander cam
驻车制动杠杆
parking brake lever
驻车制动推杆
parking brake push-rod
制动轮缸
brake cylinder
制动带
brake band
制动盘
brake disc
制动钳
brake caliper
制动钳板臂
brake caliper plate yoke
制动钳安装架
brake caliper mounting bracket
制动块总成
brake pad assembly
盘式制动衬块
disc brake pad
制动衬块背板
brake pad back plate
制动衬片
brake lining
缓冲器
retarder
发动机缓冲装置
retarder by combustion engine
电机缓冲装置
retarder by electric traction motor
液力缓冲器
hydro-dynamic retarder
气动缓冲器
aerodynamic retarder
电磁缓冲器
electromagnetic retarder
空气动力缓速装置
aerodynamic retarder
排气缓速器
exhaust retarder
排气节流器
exhaust shutter valve
进气消声器
intake silencer
控制缸
control cylinder
电磁缓速器
electromagnetic retarder
盘形转子
discal rotor
定子电磁铁组
stationary electromagner
环形定子
stationary torus
电磁铁心
electromagnet core
激磁线圈
field winding(field coil)
液力缓速器
hydrodynamic retarder
双叶片转子
double runner rotor
排液管
drain pipe
作动拉杆
actuating link
排气管
exhaust pipe
断油拉索
cut-off link
辅助装置
auxiliary device
保护压力装置
protection pressure device
制动力调节装置
device to apply correction to braking force
车轮防抱死装置
anti-lock device
传感器
sensor
控制器
controller
调节器
modulatro
限压阀
proessure limiting valve
比例阀
proportioning valve
异径活塞
different diameter piston
阀体
valve body
压力控制弹簧
pressure control spring
阀弹簧
valve spring

valve
惯性比例阀
inertia proportioning valve
惯性球
inertia ball
球阀座
ball valve seat
感载比例阀
loading sensing pressure proportoining valve
感载限压阀
loading sensing pressure limiting valve
惯性防抱死装置
inertia anti-lock device
电子防抱死装置
eoectro anti-lock device
报警装置
warning device
真空报警开关
vacuum warning switch
低压报警开关
low pressure warning switch
液面报警开关
level warning switch
作用机构
application mechanism
磨损补偿装置
wear compensation device
限位装置
inhibiting device
弹簧制动器的辅助放松装置
auxiliary release device for spring-brake actuator
防弯折装置
king protection device
托板
carrier
防铰接系统
anti-link system
附加装置
additional device
安全缸
safety cylinder
抑制螺拴
check bolt
抑制螺母
check nut
空气溢流阀
air bleed valve
安全阀
safety valve
压差控制阀(优先阀)
pressure-gradient control valve
十字单向阀
spider singe check valve
差压阀
defferential valve
气压制动阀
air brake valve
分立制动阀
dual air brake valve
继动阀
relay valve
快放阀
quick release valve
安全继动阀
safety relay valve
双进口单向阀
double way check valve
调压阀
pressure governor
保险阀
relief valve
继动应急阀
relay emergency valve
牵引车保护阀
tractor protection valve
液压继动阀
dydraulic relay valve
手制动阀
hand brake valve
制动灯开关
braking light switch
分离开关
shut-off switch
气压表
air gauge
试验
test
缩颈试验
constriction test
抖动试验
whip test
膨胀试验
expansion test
拉伸试验
tensile test
吸水试验
water absorpton test
冷弯实试验
cold bend test
耐臭氧试验
ozone resistance test
盐雾试验
salt spray test
中性盐雾试验
neutral salt spray test
鉴定试验
qualification test
成批验收试验
lot acceptance
热压反复试验
heat pressure stroking
张紧变形试验
tension set test
冷效应试验
cold effectiveness test
热衰退试验
fade test
预备试验
preliminary test
弧势试验

强度试验
strength test
静态驻坡试验
static hill-holding test
颜色耐久度试验
test for color fastness
冷弯试验
cold impact test
热弯试验
hot impact test
爆裂试验
burst test
试验设备(台)
test rig
塞规
gauge plug
防潮材料
moisture barrier material
滴定管
burette
添加剂
additve
空气游离
free of air
挠曲试验机
flexing machine
吸油绳
wick
加热罩
heating mantle
烧瓶
flask
沸腾石
boiling stone
玻璃仪器
glassware
冷凝器
condenser
环形夹子
ring clamp
硬石棉耐火垫
hard asbestos refractory
腐蚀试瓶
corrosion test jar
螺旋盖
screw-top
干燥器
desiccator
烘箱外罩
oven enclosure
金钢砂纸
silicon carbide paper
松节油
white spirit
钢丝棉
steel wool
钳子
forceps
软木塞
cork
培养皿
petri dish
离心试管
centrifuge tube
橡胶防护套
elastometric boot
臭氧箱
ozone chamber
冲程试验装置
stroking fixture
抛光机
polished machine
扩张芯轴
stretching mandrel
千分尺
micrometer
投影检测仪
shadowgraph
玻璃容器
glass container
镀锡钢盖
tinned steel lids
不起毛布
lint-free cloth
包装屑
packing debris
湿度箱
humidity cabinet
加热板
heating plate
载荷锤头
loading ram
拉力机
tensile machine
压力机
compression machine
夹具
fixture
拉头
block
导轨
guide
砂纸
emery paper
材料剪切试验台
material shear test rig
吸水石
absorbent paper
增湿
humidification
雾化
atomization
拉伸强度
tensile strength
屈服点
yield point
破坏时伸长量
elongation at break
化学试剂
reagent
盐溶液
salt solution
酒精-蒸馏水混合液
ethanol/distilled water mixture
玻璃电极
glass electrode
杂质
impurities
悬浮固体物
suspended solids
沉淀液
precipitaton number
不透明液
opaque transparent liquid
中和值
neutralization number
电位滴定法
potentiometric titration
平衡回流沸点
equilibrium reflux boiling point(ERBP
湿式平衡沸点
wet equilibrium reflux boiling point
PH值
PH value
污斑
staining
变色
discoloration
胶状物
jelly
无结晶型沉淀物
no crystalline-type deposit
流动性
fluidity
遮盖力图
hiding power chart
黑白分辨线
black contrast lines
分层
stratification
沉淀
sedimentation
硬度
hardness
油泥
sludging
磨粒
abrasive grains
化学转化
chemical reversion
气候老化
weather ageing
变质
deterioration
报废
rejection
刀痕
cut
麻点
pit
针孔
pin-hole
凸起
protuberance
烘箱老化
oven ageing
冷放时间
soaking time
使用温差
service temperature
制动器失效
misfunctioning of brake
试验跑道
test track
路面
surface
弯道
bend
普通水泥混凝土
portland cement concrete
转弯
corner
坡度
gradient
路拱
camber
点刹
snub
过大跑偏
undue deviation
满载停车
laden stops
防水性
protection against ingress of water
防尘性
protection against dust
热衰退
heat fade
水衰退
water fade
恢复
recovery
过恢复
over recovery
增强(突升)
build up
制动气阻
braking vapor lock
龟裂
crack
热龟裂
heat crack
制动拖滞
braking drag
冷制动弊病
cold braking sickness
制动颤振
brake chatter
制动噪声
brake noise
车轮抱死
wheel lock
制动跑偏
braking deviation
制动甩尾
braking swerve
制动折叠
braking jack-knifing
制动跳动
braking hop
制动失效
braking failure
制动滑移
braking skid
制动点头
braking nose dive
电气设备和操纵件
electric equipment and controls
通用术语
general tems
要求电压
required voltage
标称电压
nominal voltage
外部电源
external power supply
外部稳压电源
external stabilized power
针式仪器
pointer instrument
测量电阻
measuring resistor
电阻值
resistance value
平均电力输入
mean electrical power input
串联电阻
series resistors
预热
warming up
电晕效应
corona effect
压痕
indentation
过热试验
thermal overload test
热收缩
shrinkage by heat
抗火焰传播性
resistance to flame propagation
本生灯
bunsen-burner
剥开绝缘
stripping of insulatin
热老化试验
heat ageing test
快速寿命试验
accelerated life test
卷绕试验
winding test
耐磨损性
abrasion test
擦刮磨损试验
scrape abrasion test
线层包覆层
strand coating
击穿
dielectric puncture
绝缘击穿
dielectric tracking
搭铁
ground (earth0
正极搭铁
plus earth
负极搭铁
minus earth
内搭铁
internal earth
外搭铁
external earth
火线
hot wire
电干扰
electrical distrubance
瞬变
transient
瞬变时间
transient duration
上升时间
rise time
下降时间
fall time
脉冲周期
pulse cycle time
失效程度的等级
failure mode severity classification
试验脉冲和试验方法
test pulse and method
试验脉冲强度
test pulse severity
耦合
coupling
耦合网络
coupling network
抗耦合网络
decoupling network
耦合夹钳
coupling clamp
电瞬变
electrical transients
瞬变传递
transient transmission
脉冲重复频率
pulse repetition rate
脉冲宽度
pulse width
模拟网络
artificial network
电磁环境
elecromagnetic environment
瞬变发射
transient emission
电压瞬变
voltage transient
并联电阻
shunt resistor
波形探测仪器
waveform acquisition equpment
电源切断
supply disconnecton
瞬变免疫性
transient immunity
脉冲发生器
pulse generator
线束阻抗
impedance of wiring harness
感应系数
inductance
线绕电阻
wire-wound resistor
内部电阻
internal resistance
浪涌电流
inrush current
附加波动电压
superimposed ripple voltage
频率宽度
band width
扫描速度
writing speed
输入灵敏度
input sensitivity
衰减精度
attenuation accuracy
接通转速
cut-in frequency
零电流转速
zero-amp frequency
使用转速
application frequency
空载转速
cut-in speed
负载转速
load speed
外部激励
external excitation
简化试验
short form test
预热试验
warm test
离散点法
discrete point method
连续测量法
continuous mode method
反电动势
back-electromotive force
磁通量
magnetic flux
磁场
magnetic field
磁场电流
field current
直流电压表
DC voltmeter
电流检测器
current probe
内装式传感器
built-in sensor
示波器
oscilloscope
负荷电容
load capacity
插入式传感器
plug-in sensor
负荷电阻
load resistor
发电机
generator(dynamo)
直流发电机
DC generator (dynamo)
前端盖
dirve end baring bracket
后端盖
commutator(slip ring )end bearing bracket
机壳
frame
定子总成
stator assembly (field frame assembly)
磁场绕组
field coil(excitation winding)
电枢总成
armature assembly
电枢绕组
armature winding
换向器
commutator
电刷
brush
电刷架
brush spring
电刷弹簧
brush spring
“A”接线柱
armature terminal (output terminal)
“F”接线柱
field terminal
“E”接线柱
earth terminal
交流发电机
alternator (AC generator)
无刷交流发电机
brushless alternator
整体式交流发电机
integrate alternator
转子总成
rotor assembly
定子铁芯
stator core
散热板
heat sink
爪极
claw pole
磁轭
yoke
滑环
slip ring(collector ring)
整流器
rectifier
二极管
diode
功率二极管
power diode
“B”接线柱
battery terminal
“N”接线柱
neutral terminal
输出特性曲线
output characteristic curve
最大输出电流
maximum current output
磁场电流
fiel current
直流发电机调节器
DC generator regulator
电压调节器
voltage regulator
电流限制器
current limiter
继电器
relay
截流继电器
cutout relay
交流发电机调节器
alternator regulator
磁场继电器
field relay
充电指示继电器
chaerge indicator relay
电磁振动式调节器
electromagnetic regulator (vibrating type regulator)
单级电磁振动式继电器
single stage voltage regulator
双节电磁振动式调节器
double stage voltage regulator
调节电阻
regulating resistor
加速电阻
accelerating resistor
铁芯
core
衔铁
armature
搭铁螺钉
eqrth screw
磁分路片
magnetic by-pass plate
晶体管调节器
transistor regulator
集成电路调节器
Ic regulator (solid state regulator)
内装式调节器
built-in voltage regulator
调节电压
regulating voltage
限制电流
limiting current
闭合电压
cut-in voltage
逆电流
reverse current
蓄电池
battery (accumulator)
镍-镉蓄电池
nickel-cadmuum battery
镍-铁蓄电池
nickel-iron battery
酸性蓄电池
acid battery
铅酸蓄电池
lead-acid battery
密封蓄电池
no-service battery
干蓄电池
dry -charged battery
免维护蓄电池
maintenance free battery
并联电池组
batttery in quantity
蓄电池外壳
battery jar(accumulator jar)
蓄电池壳体
battery case
蓄电池单元
battery cell
蓄电池盖
cell lid
蓄电池加电水口塞
cell filler plug
蓄电池联条
cell connector
穿通式联条
over-partition connector
蓄电池极板组
pass through partition connector
栅板
palte grid
负极板
negative plate
正极板
positive plate
沉淀物储存槽
sediment chamber
极板活性物质
plate active material
电解液
electrolyte (battery solution )
电界液液面高度
electrolyte level
蓄电池吊架
cell hanger
极性
polarity
蓄电池接柱
battery post
阳极接头
hot post
边接头
side post
正极接线柱
positive terminal
负极接线柱
negative terminal
绝缘层
insulating laminaiton
氢氧化镍
nickel hydroxide
起动机
starter(starting motor,cranking motor)
电磁开关
solenoid switch
吸引线圈
pull-in winding
保持线圈
holding winding
起动继电器
starter relay
机械啮合式起动机
mechanically engageddrive starter
预啮合式起动机
pre-engaged drive starter
电枢移动式起动机
sliding armature starter
齿轮移动式起动机
sliding gear starter
同轴式起动机
coaxial drive starter
惯性式起动机
inertial drive starter
预热器
intake air heater
电热塞
glow plug
热电丝式指示器
glow indicator
点火系统
ignition system
传统点火系统
conventional igniton system
半导体点火系统
semi-conductor ingnition sytem
电子点火系统
electronic ignitin system
电感点火系统
inductive ignitin system
电容放电点火系统
capacitor discharge ignition system
半导体辅助点火系统
semi-conductor assisted ignition system
触点式点火系统
contact-controlled ignition systme
无触点式点火系统
breakless ignition system
磁脉冲信号发生器
magnetic pulse generator
传感线圈
pick-up coil
光电信号发生器
photoelectric signal generator
点火脉冲信号放大器
ignition pulse amplifieer
无分电器点火系统
distributorless ignition sytem
离心提前机构
centrifugal advance mechanism
真空提前机构
vacuum advance mechanism
触点间隙
point gap
次级有效高压
secondary available voltage
火花塞需要电压
required spark plug voltage
点火电压储备
ignition voltage reserve
次级输出电压
secondary output voltage
次级电压上升时间
secondary voltage rise time
平均输入电流
average current input
峰值线圈电流
peak coil current
断电电流
interruption current
断电触点电流
contacet breaker current
初级供电电流
primary supply voltage
线圈初级感应电压
coil primary induced voltage
最低工作转速
minimum operating speed
储存能量
stored energy
励磁时间间隔
energizing interval (dwell angle)
最高连续发火转速
maximum continued sparking speed
最高断火转速
maximum misfire revolution
发火率
sparking rate
点火提前角
spark advance angle
离心提前角
centrifugal advance angle
分压器
voltage divider
放大器
amplifier
储存能量
stored energy
火花塞
spark plug
冷型火花塞
soft plug
中型火花塞
normal plug
热型火花塞
hard plug
前置火花塞
leading spark plug
后置火花塞
trail spark plug
长螺纹(长型)火花塞
long-reach plug
突出型火花塞
projectred nose type spark plug
锥座型火花塞
conical seat type spark plug
矮型火花塞
compact type spark plug
抑制型火花塞
seppresssed type spark plug
电阻型火花塞
resistor type spark plug
屏蔽型火花塞
screened spark plug
半导体火花塞
semiconductor spark plug
沿面间隙火花塞
surface gap spark plug
热值
heat rating
耐冷污值
cold fouling rating
电火花
electric spark
火花间隙
spark gap
电极间隙
electrode gap
火花电压
spark voltage
火花电流
spark current
火花持续时间
spark duration
点火次序
firing order
自点火
self-ignition
纯燃(后燃)
post-ignition
高压火花点火
jump-spark ignition
压电点火
piezoelectric ignition
封闭回路式点火
closed circuit ignition
电子点火
electronic ignition
点火正时
ignition timing
点火调节器
ignition governor
过热
overheating
油污
oiol fouling
积碳
carbon deposit
火花间隙接通
gap bridging
接线杆绝缘物(胶合物)
pin insulation (cement)
火花塞接线杆
spark plug terminal pin
火花塞绝缘体
spark plug insulator
火花塞体环
spark plug body rim
火花塞外壳六角螺母
spark plug bodyhexagon nut
火花塞外壳
spark plug body
中心电极
centre electrode
接地电极
ground electrode
火花塞螺纹
spark plug thread
点火迟后
timing lag
点火线圈
ignition coil
并联线圈
shunt winding
串联线圈
series winding
加速线圈
acceleating winding
补偿线圈
compensating widning
无芯线圈
air-core winding
线圈体
coil case
(点火)线圈绝缘体
coiled insulator
线圈绝缘层
winding insulating layer
铁芯绝缘层
core , insulating tube
绝缘杯
core insulator
磁芯
magnetic core
隔磁套
magnetic shield
胶木盖
ignition coil head
高压接线柱
high tension terminal
初级绕组
primary winding
次级绕组
secondary wnding
平衡电阻
ballast resistor
低压接线柱
low tension ternminal
接触断电器
contact breaker
断电器触点臂
breaker cam
分电器
igniton distributor
集成分电器
unit distributor
分电器轴
distributor shaft
分电器外壳
distributor housing
分电器转子
distributor rotor
分电器盖
distributor cap
分电器盖塔
distributor cap tower
分火头
distributor track
电容器
condenser (capacitor)
高压线
coil high tension cable
低压线
cool low tension cable
高压阻尼线
anti-interference igniton cable(high resistance cable)
阻尼电阻
suppressor resistor
定时器转子
timer rotor
电气元件
electric elements
插头
plug
插座
socket
触头
contact
接线柱
terminal
螺纹拉线柱
threaded terminal
片状接线柱
blade terminal
双极插接器
double-pole connector
导线
conductro
防水盖
splash-proof cover
铰接盖
hinged cover
锁上凸块
locking lug
弹性管
spring tube
弹性销
resilient pin
触角标志
contact disignation
电源线
supply line
电缆
cable
电缆颜色
cable color
压接电线
fixed wiring
内部电线
internal cable
外部电线
external cable
多芯导线
multicore cable
双芯电线
twin-core cable
单芯电线
single-core cable
七芯连接电缆
seven-core connecting cable
无屏蔽高压点火线
unscreened high-tension igniton calbe
外皮
sheath
插片
male tab
插座孔
socket aperture
二极管
diode
稳压二极管
zener diode
变阻器
varistor
阻尼电阻
damping resistor
抑制滤波器
suppression filter
断开触点
break contact
闭合触点
make contact
转换触点
changeover contact
片式快速插接件
flat quick-connect termination
锁销
detent
自锁插座
positive locking female connector
无肩插座
tab without shoulder
有肩插座
tab with shoulder
卷压接头
crimped termination
变压器
transformer
整流器
rectifier
过载保护
over-current protection
保险丝
fuse
微型电路继电器
miniature circuit breaker
保险丝壳
fuse holder
保险丝盒
fuse box
片式插头
blade terminal
喇叭
horn
电喇叭
electric horn
盆形喇叭
disc type horn(high0frequency horn)
气动多音喇叭
windtorn horn(shell type horn)
筒形电喇叭
trumpet type horn
气喇叭
air horn(pneumatic horn)
电控喇叭
electrically controlled air horn
电动气喇叭
electropneumatic horn
晶体管电喇叭
transistor horn
单音喇叭
monotone horn
双音喇叭
bitone horn
三音喇叭
tritone horn
扬声筒
trumpet projector
共鸣板
resonator
膜片
diaphragm
支架
bracket
喇叭继电器
horn relay
倒车报警器
back-up buzze
蜂鸣器
buzzer
声频特性
acoustic properties
声能频谱分布
spectral distribution of acoustic energy
声压计
sound pressure level
声响讯号装置
sound signalling device
声级计
sound level meter
一音级
octave
半音级
half-octave
第三音级
third-octave
频带过滤器
band filter
无回音室
anechoic room
截止频率
cut-off frequency
拾音器
microphone
吸声屏
absorbing screen
环境噪声级
ambient noise level
复音声响讯号装置
multi-tone sound signalling device
信噪比
singla-to-noise ratio
闭合比例
dwell raito
噪声电平
noise level
小功率功率电动机
small power motor
刮水电动机
wiper motor
暖风电动机
heater motor
冷风电动机
cooling fan motor
燃油泵电动机
fuel pump motor
摇窗机构电动机
window lift motor
天线电动机
antenna motor(aerial motor)
座椅调节电动机
seat adjustment motor
洗涤泵
washer pump
洗涤电动机
washer motro
润滑泵电动机
lubricating motor
操纵件
controls
方向盘
steering control
变速杆
gear selector (transmission control)
加速踏板
accelerator pedal
手油门
manual accelerator control
离合器踏板
clutch pedal
行车制动器制动踏板
service braking control
应急制动器操纵件
secondary (emergency)braking conrol
驻车制动器操纵件
parking brake control
发动机冷起动操纵件
engine cold start control
风窗玻璃刮水器操纵件
windscreen wiper conrol
风窗玻璃洗涤器操纵件
windscreen washer control
门锁操纵件
door latch control
门锁止操纵件
door lock control
门窗玻璃升降器操纵件
window lift control
暖风操纵件
heater control
空调操纵件
air conditioning control
点火开关
ignition switch
灯光总开关
master lighting swithc
转向指示器操纵件
direction indicator control
危急信号操纵件
hazard warnig signal control
客厢顶灯开关
interior light switch
音响警告(喇叭)操纵件
audible wanring (horn)control
座椅调节操纵件
seat adjustment cntrol
动力输出操纵件
power-take-off control
翻倾操纵件
tilt control
发动机罩操纵件
front hood (bonnet)control
行李箱盖操纵件
real hood (boot )control
散热器百叶窗操纵件
radiator shutter control
外后视镜调节操纵件
outside rear-view mirror adjustment control
车灯开关
lighting switch
制动灯开关
stop lamp switch
手制动灯开关
hand brake indicator switch
变光开关
dimmer switch
转向灯开关
turn signal swich
倒车灯开关
back-up lamp siwthc
停车灯开关
parking lamp swich
仪表灯开关
instrument lamp switch
门灯开关
door lamp switch
阅读灯开关
reading lamp switch
刮水器开关
wiper switch
洗涤器开关
washer switch
暖风开关
heater switch
雾灯开关
fog lamp swtich
防空灯开关
black-out lamp swtich
起动开关
starting switch
发动机预热起动开关
engine start preheating switch
蓄电池总开关
battery main swtich
起动转换开关
battery change -over switch
摇压开关
rocker switch
按钮开关
push button switch
扳扭开关
toggle switch
顶杆开关
plunger switch
推拉开关
push pull switch
旋转开关
rotary switch
组合开关
multi-function switch
活动车顶操纵件
sliding roof control
自动天线操纵件
automatic antenna control
收音机操纵件
radio receiver contols
柴油机停机操纵件
diesel engine cut-off control
起动机操纵件
startercontrol
前照灯光束对光操纵件
headlight beam aiming control
前照灯刮水器操纵件
headlight wiper control
前照灯清洗器操纵件
headlight cleaner control
蓄电池断路器操纵件
battery isolating switch control
光警告操纵件
optical warning control
转向盘调节装置操纵件
steering wheels adjustment control
(下坡)缓速器操纵件
retarder control
附加驱动车轮的操纵件
additional wheel drive control
差速锁操纵件
differential lock control
水箱面罩操纵件
radiator grill control
档位变换操纵件
range shift control
指示器
indicator
电流表
ammeter
燃油表
fuel gauge
(发动机)冷却液温度表
coolant thermometer
(发动机)机油温度表
oil thermometer
发动机油压表
engine oil pressue indicator
气制动贮气筒压力表
air brake reservoir pressrue indicator
车速里程表
speedometer
里程表
odometer
短程里程表
trip odometer(counter)
速度纪录仪
tachograph
转速表
tachometer
转速累计表
total revolution counter
集中润滑系统油压表
cetnralized lubrication pressure indicator
自动变速器指示器
automatic gearbox indicator
磁感应式车速里程表
magnetic inductive speedometer
里程计数器
mileage counter
数字轮
digit wheel
标度盘
scale(dial)
调零机构
null setting
电子车速里程表
electronic spedometer
磁感应式转速表
magnetic inductive tachometer
电子转速表
electronic tachometer
油压表
oil pressure gauge
双金属式机油压力传感器
bimetallic oil pressure snesor
双金属式机油压力表
bimetalic oil pressure indicator
电磁式机油压力表
electromagnetic oil pressure indicator
动磁式机油压力表
moving magnet oil pressrue indicator
可变电阻式压力表
variable reistance oil pressure sensor
波登管式压力表
bourdon tube pressure gauge
机油油量报警传感器
oil level warning sensor
压力报警传感器
pressure warning sensor
空气滤清器堵塞报警传感器
air filter clog warning sensor
温度表
temperature gauge
双金属式温度传感器
bimetallic temperature sensor
电磁式温度计
electromagnetic temperature indicator
热敏电阻式温度传感器
thermistor temperature sensor
波登管式温度表
bourdon tube temperature gauge
温度报警传感器
temperature warning sensor
双金属式油量表
bimetallic fuel indicator
电磁式油量表
eelctromagnetic fuel indicator
动磁式油量表
moving magnet fuel indicator
可变电阻式燃油储量传感器
variable resistance fuel level sensor
燃油储量报警传感器
fuel level warning sensor
极化电磁式电流表
polarized electromagnetic ammeter
动磁式电流表
moving magnet ammeter
电压表
voltmeter
软轴
flexible shaft
组合仪表
combination instrument
气压表
air pressure gauge
自记式转速计
tachograph
发动机工作小时表
engine hour meter
信号装置
tell-tales
远光信号灯
driving(upper)(high)beam tell-tale
近光信号灯
pasing (dipped )(low)beam tell-tale
雾灯信号灯
fog light tell-tale
转向信号灯
direction indicator tell-tale
危急报警信号灯
hazard warning system tell-tale
行车制动系警报灯
service braking system warning tell-tale
轮胎充气压力警报灯
tyre inflation pressure warning tell-tale
安全带警报灯
seat belt warning tell-tale
门开警报灯
automatic door warning tell-tale
机油压力警报灯
oil prssure warning tell-tale
机油油面警报灯
oil level warnig tell-tall
温度警报灯
temperature warnig tell-tale
蓄电池充电状况警报灯
battery charging condition tell-tale
燃油油面警报
fuel level tell-tale
挡风玻璃电加热器信号灯
windscreen eletric heater tell-tale
驻车制动系警报灯
parking braking sytem warning tell-tale
被动式乘员安全警报灯
passive restraint tell-tale
乘客与驾驶员联系信号灯
passenger-driver communication tell-tale
无线电话信号灯
radio communication sytem tell-tale
空气滤清器警报灯
air filter tell-tale
机油滤清器警报灯
oil filter tell-tale
驾驶室锁止警告灯
cab lock tell-tale
灯光和照明系统
light and lighting sytem
通用术语
general terms
照明
lighting
灯光
light
光源
light source
灯具的几何可见度角
angles of geometric visibility of a lamp
外表面
apparent surface
基准轴线
reference axis
基准中心
reference center
发光面
light-emitting surface
照明装置的光照面
illuminating sruface of a lighting device
反射镜的光照面
illuminating surface of a reflex reflextor
信号装置的光照面
illuminating surface of a signalling device
灯组的调整
adjustment of setting
对中
alignment
光色特性
colorimetric characteristics
光度特性
photometric characteristics
光束亮度
beam intensity
光束中心
beam center
远光束
main beam
近光束
dipped beam
远光
high beam
近光
lower eam
对称光
symmetrical beam
非对称光
asymmetrical beam
眩目
dazzle
眩光
glare
认视距离
bright viewing distance
配光
luminous intensity distribution
透光直径
transmission diameter
灯光颜色
lamp colr
兰色
blue
红色
red
局部黄色
selective yellow
绿色
green
琥珀色
amber
紫色
purple
谱值
spectral value
CIE光色三角区
zone of te CIE color triangle
断路
break
阻抗
impedance
短路
short circuit
瓦数
wattage
“切断”电路
"off"circuit
线路图
wiring diagram
电压波纹
ripple voltage
起动电流
inrush currant
绝缘强度
dielectric strength
闪频
flash rate
瞬间超电压强度
transient overvoltage strength
通电时间
current"on"time
直流电
direct current
交流电
alternating current
会车光束倾斜角
dipped beam inclinatin
灯光明暗截止线
"cut-off"line
初始倾斜角
initial inclination
封闭式灯光组
sealed beam unit
半封闭式灯光组
semi-sealed beam unit
配光镜
lens(glass lens)
反射镜`
reflector
配光屏
filament shield
定焦盘
prefocus plate
等照度曲线
isolux curve
等光强曲线
isocandela curve
信号系统
signal sytem
闪光频率
flash rate
起动时间
starting tiem
光度仪器
photometric device
光学设备
optical device
校准器
aimer
光束轴
beam axle
校准屏幕
aiming screen
聚光装置
optical block
对光装置
alignment device
投影设备
projection equipment
远距离屏幕
distant screen
照明系统
lighting system
照明设备
lightig equipmetn
灯具
lamp
等效灯具
equivalent lamps
成对灯具
lamps constituting a pair
偶数灯
even number of lamps
操作指示灯
operational tell-tale
倒车灯
backup(reversing)lamp
车宽示廓灯
clearance lamp
复合灯
combined lamps
内藏灯(暗灯)
concealable lamp
反射发光装置
reflex reflexting device
回射装置
retro0reflecting device
放电灯
discharge lamp
雾灯
fog lamp
组合灯
grouped lamps
危险警告灯
hazard warning lamp
近光前照灯
lower-beam (dipped beam)headlamp
远光前照灯
upper-beam(main beam headlamp)
前照灯水平调整装置
headlamp levelling device
识别灯
identification lamp
外形示廓灯
end outline marker lamp
牌照灯
license plate lamp
后牌照灯
rear registration plate lamp
可伸缩灯
retractable lamp
封闭式灯
sealed -beam lamp
搜索灯
search lamp
侧示廓灯
side marker lamp
单灯
single lamp
专用警告灯
special warning lamp
制动灯
stop lamp
工作灯
working lamp
混合灯
reciprocally incorporated lamp
停车灯
parking lamp
示廓灯
position lamp
转向信号灯
trun signal lamp
前照灯
headlamp
封闭式前照灯
sealed beam headlamp
半封闭式前照灯
semi-sealed beam headlamp
外装式前照灯
external mounted headlamp
内装式前照灯
flush mounted headlamp
辅助前照灯
auxiliary headlamp
组合前灯
comination headlamp
信号灯
signal lamp(indicator)
尾灯
tail lamp
组合尾灯
combination tail lamp
示宽灯
width lamp
示高灯
height lamp
警告灯
emergency warning lamp
门灯
door lock warning lamp
转向指示灯
turn light indicator(direction indicator lamp)
反射器
reflex reflector
“回路接通”指示灯
"circuit closed" tell-tale
信号灯
pilot lamp
壁灯
bracket lamp
顶灯
ceiling lamp
阅读灯
reading lamp
踏步灯
step lamp (courtesy light)
仪表板照明灯
instrument panel lamp
携带式手提灯
portable lamp
防空灯
black-out lamp
发动机室照明灯
engine compartment lamp
行李箱照明灯
luggage boot lamp
前照灯清洁器
headlamp cleaner
放电灯泡
discharge bulb
白炽灯泡
filament bulb
白炽灯
filament lamp
斜度计
inclinometer
灯泡接头
bulb adaptor
管状灯泡
tubular bulb
小型灯泡
miniature bulb
卤素灯泡
halogen bulb
石英碘灯泡
quartz iodine bulb
闪光器
flasher
电容式闪光器
capacitor type flasher
热丝式闪光器
hot wire type flasher
翼片式闪光器
vane type flasher
晶体管闪光器
transistor flasher
危险报警闪光器
hazard warning signal flasher
卡口插座
bayonet socket
灯丝
filament
灯泡接电触点
bulb contact
灯泡灯座片
bulb socket tag
灯泡灯座
contact holder
灯座
lamp seat
调光座盘
beam adjusting disc plate
灯圈
lamp ring
装饰圈
ornament
灯壳
lamp housing
遮光罩
light shield
分流器
shunt
光电管
photelectric cell
高级轿车车身
limousine body
四门轿车车身
sedan body,saloon body
二门轿车车身
coupe body
活顶轿车车身
cabriolet body
硬顶轿车车身
hardtop body
活顶跑车车身
roadster body, sports car body
四门活顶旅游车车身
phaeton body
活动硬顶轿车车身
hardtop -cabriolet body
旅行轿车或客货两用轿车车身
station wagon body, estate car body
小型货车车身
pick-up body
家庭用旅行车车身
family wagon body
整体车身
unit body (unitized body)
封闭式车身
enclosed body
折背式车身
notch back body
直背式车身
fast back body
半直背式车身
semi-fast back body
舱背式车身
hatch bock body
短背式车身
cut-off type body
方背式车身
square back body
鸭尾式车身
duck tail body
鱼雷形车身
torpedo body
结构
structure
楔形造型
wedge style
车身外壳
body shell
空间薄壁结构
space thin0walled construction
车身骨架
body frame
副车架
subframe
边框式车架
perimeter frame
平台式车架
platform frame
尾部降低式车架
step-down frame
车身蒙皮
skin
车身结构件
body structural member
承载式车身
unitary construction body (panel structure body, unitized body, integral body)
非承载式车身
body chassis frame construction (separate frame construction )
半承载式车身
semi-integral body
骨架式车身
sleleton-type body
半骨架式车身
half-skeleton-type body
无骨架式车身
skeletonless body
车身机构
mechanical hardware of body
折叠式车顶
drop head
天窗车顶
sunshine roof
驾驶区
driver's compartment
乘客区
passenger zone
工具箱
tool box
蓄电池箱
battery comaprtment
行李架
luggage rack
行李架入口高
rack entrance height
行李梯
luggage ladder
座椅
seat
单人座椅
individual seat
双人座椅
double seat(dual seat)
长座椅
bench seat
高靠背座椅
high back seat
U型座位
U-arranged seat
座椅高
seat height
座垫
seat cushion
座垫静变形量
amount of static cushion deformation
座垫至顶盖高
height from seat to roof
靠背
backrest
肘靠
seat armrest
车身裙部
body skirt
轮口
wheel-arch
开缝线
opening line
通道
gangway(aisle)
通道宽
gangway width
内饰
interior trimming
外饰
exterior trimming
车身附件
body accessories
浮筒式
pontoon type
脚部空间
foot well
板件
panel
蒙皮
outer panel skin(skin)
护板
fender (shield)
挡板
baffle(guard)
连接板
connecting panel
导流板
flowguide(air deflector)
衬板
patch
加强件
reinforcement (stiffenner)
固定件
stay (retainer)
支承件
brace
装饰件
trimming (garnish)
密封件
weather strip(sealing)
支架
support(bracket)
衬垫
pad (packing)
扶手
assist grip(hnadrail)
扶手空间
handrail space
铰链
hinge
立柱
pillar

rail(beam)

housing

lid(cap)

guide(groove)
前围
FRONT WALL
前围骨架
front wall frame
前围立柱
front wall pillar
前围搁梁
front wall shelf beam
前围裙边梁
front skirt rail
前围蒙皮
front wall outer panel
前围护板(栏)
front wall inner shield
前面罩
radiator grille
风窗框架
windshield frame
风窗中立柱
windshield central post
风窗框上横梁
windshield header crossbar
风窗框下横梁
windshield cross sill
风窗玻璃
windscreen (windshield)
三角窗
quarter window
仪表板
instrument panel(dash board)
副仪表板
auxiliary fascia console
仪表板护面
dash board facing
气囊
air bag
保险杠
bumper
刮水器
wiper
风窗洗涤器
washer
后视镜
rear view mirror
电子后视镜
electronic mirror
防眩后视镜
glare-proof mirror
遮阳板(帘)
sun visor
烟灰盒
ash try(ash pan)
点烟器
cigar lighter
除霜器
defroster
防雾装置
demister
发动机罩
engine hood
后围
back wall
后围骨架
rear wall frame
后围立柱
rear wall pillar
后围搁梁
rear wall shelf rail
后围裙边梁
rear skirt rail
后围蒙皮
rear wall outer panel
后围护板
rear wall inner shield
后窗框架
rear window frame
后窗中立柱
rear window central pillar
后窗框上横梁
rear window header crossbar
后窗框下横梁
rear window cross sill
后窗玻璃
rear window glass
助力撑杆
power-assisted brace gas spring
侧围
side wall
侧围骨架
side wall frame
侧围立柱
side wall pillar
侧窗立柱
side window pillar
腰立柱
waist pillar
门立柱
side wall outer panel
侧围护板
side wall inner shield
侧窗
side window
侧窗锁
side window lock
上边梁
roof side rail(cantrail)
腰梁
waist rail
侧围搁梁
side wall sheilf rail
侧围裙边梁
side skirt rail
斜撑
bracing piece
轮罩
wheelhouse(wheel arch)
翼板
wing(fender)
挡泥板
madguard(fender apron)
踏步板
step plate
一级踏步高
first step height
踏步深
step depth
流水槽
roof drip
驾驶员门
driver door
乘客门净宽
service door clear width
安全门
emergency door
发动机舱门
engine compartment door
行李舱门
luggage compartment door
蓄电池箱门
battery compartment door
售票台
conductor table
售票员座椅
conductor seat
乘客座椅
passenger seat
导游座椅
guide seat
加座
additional seat9folding seat)
衬靠
armrst
安全带
seat belt(safety belt)
门锁
door lock
门内手柄
indide door handle
玻璃升降器
window regulator(window lifter)
压条
trim strip
压条封盖
trim strip cap
顶盖
roof
顶盖骨架
roof frame
顶盖纵梁
roof rai
顶盖横梁
roof crossrail
顶盖蒙皮
roof outer panel
顶盖护板
roof inner shield
顶窗
sky-light window
地板
floor
地板护面
floor carpet
底架
foundation
空调装置
air conditiner
暖风装置
heater
冷气装置
cooler
除霜装置
defroster
通风装置
ventilator
自动调温装置
automatic temperature control
吸入节流阀
suction throttling valve
吸进口
suction side
排放口
discharge side
蒸发器
evaporator
蒸发分离器
vapor seperator
蒸发气体回收管
vapor return line
标牌
name plate
路牌
guide board
伸缩蓬
telescopic tarpaulin
中间框架
central frame
梭梁
stabilizing beam
蓬杆
tarpaulin rod
驾驶室
cab
平头驾驶室
forward control cab(cab over engine)
长头驾驶室
conventional cab
侧置驾驶室
offset cab
双排座驾驶室
crew cab (double cab)
有卧铺的驾驶室
SLLEPER CAB
翻转式驾驶室
tilt cab
右侧驾驶
right-hand drive
左侧驾驶
left-hand drive
角撑件
guesset

rib
杂物箱
glove box
内锁手柄
inside door knob
汽车商标
emblem (mark)
货箱
cargo body
厢式货箱
van body
低台货箱
low deck body
高栏板货箱
high gate cargo body
货箱底板
cargo floor

sill
纵梁
main sill
纵梁垫木
wood filler block
靠枕
head rest
底板边梁
floor frame
底板面板
floor board
底板压条
floor strip
绳钩
rope hook
货架
front guard frame
货架边柱
guard frame ouside post
货架横梁
guard frame rail
货架上角板
guard frame upper gusset
货加立柱
guard frame inside post
货架横挡
guard frame horizontal cleat
货架立挡
guard frame vertical clear
边柱上挡
guard fame upper side stopper
边柱下角板
guard frame lower gusset plate
前板
header board
包边
board edge iron
货箱栏板
gate
栏板上梁
gate top rial
栏板下梁
gate bottom rial
栏板铰链
gate hinge
栏板立柱
support post
边板
side gate
后板
rear gate
后板侧柱
rear gate side post
栏板链条
gate chain
护套
sleeve
缓冲垫
cushion rubber
板件
pressing panel
骨架件
member
发动机罩安全拉钩
hood safety lock
背门
back door
地板通道
floor tunnel
保险杠防撞块
bumper guard
保险杠托架
bumper stay
脚凳
foot rest
车轮装饰罩
wheel disc (rim embelisher)
轮毂装饰罩
hub embelisher
车身设计
body design
车身总布置图
body layout
车身主模型
master model
车身主图板
full scale draft
油泥模型
clay model (plasticine model)
全尺寸造型模型
full scale styling representation mock-up
造型
styling
原型车
prototype vehicle
彩色效果图
color picture
黑板图
black-board draft
车身制图
body drawing
车身制表面
body surface development
样板
template
车身分块
body division
车身坐标轴线
body coordinate axis
三向坐标测量装置
three coordinates measuring equipment
非接触仿形测量
non-contact copying measurement
计算机辅助几何设计
computer aided geometric design(CAGD)
车身机助设计制造一体化
computer aided design/computer aided manufacture (CAD/CAM)
计算机辅助工程
computer aided engineering (CAE)
贝齐尔曲线
bezier curve
高光线
high-light line
通用驾驶室系统
versatile cab system
有限元法
finite-element method(FEM)
模态分析法
modal analysis method
车身制造
body manufacturing
车身装焊流水线
body assembly line
车身主装配台
main assembling jig of body
大型装焊架
large-scale jig
低溶点合金模
low melting point alloy die
经济模
economic die
临时冲模
temporary die
拉深
drawing
拉深系数
drawing coefficient
电泳涂漆
elecrophoretic coating
静电喷漆
electrostatic spray paining
脱式浸涂
slipper dip
全浸涂
full dip
转动浸涂
rotodip
车身油漆
body paint
车身表面处理
body surface treatment
磷化处理
phosphating
远红外线烘干
far-infrared ays drying
白车身
body in white
剥裂试验
peel test
屈强比
yield limit/strength limit
定制车身
custom-built body
回弹
rebound
冲模的楔形机构
wedged mechanism of die
二氧化碳气体保护焊
CO2 gas shield welding
车身试验
body test
车身寿命(疲劳)试验
body durability test
车身密封试验
body sealing test
淋雨试验
rain test
粉尘试验
dust test
车身振动试验
body vibration test
空调试验
air conditioning test
热线风速计
hot wire anemometer
车身表面压力分布试验
body surface pressure distribution test
风洞试验
wind tunnel test
整车风洞或全尺寸风洞
full scale wind tunnel
开式风洞
open wind turnnel
闭式风洞
closed wind tunnel
阻塞效应
blockage effect
阻塞面积比
blockage area ratio
表面丝线法
surface tuft method
流线图
flow pattern
颜料流线
paint streaming
车身材料
body materials
高强度低合金钢
high strength low alloy steel (HSLA)
镀锌钢板
zinc coating steel plate
密封剂和粘接剂
sealer and adhesive
模压塑料板材
sheet moulding compound (SMC)
纤维
fiber
填料
filler
聚氨脂泡沫(塑料)
polyurethane foam (urethane foam)
安全玻璃
safety glass
后窗玻璃(后挡玻璃)
backlight(backlite)
防弹玻璃
bullet0resisting glass
复合曲面玻璃
complex-curved glass
单曲面玻璃
cylindrically curved glass(single curved glass)
双层中空玻璃
bouble glazed unit
电热安全玻璃
electric heating safety glass
增反射安全玻璃
enhanced reflecting safety glazing material
玻璃-塑料安全材料
glass-plastic glazing material
屏显风窗玻璃
head-up display windscreen
夹层玻璃
laminated-glass
A类夹层玻璃
laminated-glass A
B类夹层玻璃
laminated-glass B
安全玻璃材料
safety glazing material
侧窗玻璃
side window glass
钢化玻璃
tempered glass
前风窗玻璃(前风挡玻璃)
windscreen
无雨刷玻璃
wipeless windscreen
区域钢化玻璃
zone-tempered glass
钢化彩虹
trising from tempering float glass
缺角
broken corner
胶合层气泡
bubble in the interlayer
爆边
chip
粗磨边
rude edge-arrissing
吻合度
curvature tolerance
深弯
deep bending
脱胶
delamination
胶合层变色
discoloration
细磨边
smoothed edge-arrissing
胶合层杂质
interlayer dirt
节瘤
knot
绒毛
fine hair
叠差
dislocation
模具痕迹
mold mark
划伤
scratch
浅弯
shallow bending
磨边残留
edge-arrissing residue
挂钩印迹
tong mark
波筋
wave
发霉
weathering
视区
vision area
光学偏移
optical deviation
不平行度
wedge
平行度
parallelism
透光率
light transmittance
副像
secondary image
光学畸变
optical distortion
钢球冲击试验
ball impact test
淬火钢球
hardened steel ball
支承夹具
supporting fixture
耐磨试验
abrasion test
磨损仪
abrading instrument
旋转台
turntable
中心夹具
centre clamp
砂轮
abrasive wheel
光学系统
optical system
白炽灯
incandescent lamp
焦距
focal length
色差
chromatic aberration
光圈
clear aperture
散射光
scattered light
测定散色光的设备
hazemeter
光颈
light trap
碎片试验
fragmentation test
光雾
haze
自动冲头
automatic punch
曲面玻璃
curved glass
人头模型冲击试验
head form impact test
人头模型重块
head form weight
夹层
interlayer
光谱灵敏度
spectral sensitivity
光谱发光效率
spectral luminous efficiency
国际照明委员会1931
CIE 1931 standard photometric observer
标准色度观测者

白昼视觉
photopic vision
光通路
light patch
次生影像分离试验
secondary image separation test
靶标试验
target test
瞄准望远镜试验
collimation telescope test
单筒望远镜
monocular
气泡
bulb
聚光镜
condenser
毛玻璃屏
ground-glass screen
滤色片
color filter
极座标片
polar co-ordinate plate
无色透镜
achromatic lens
黑点
black spot
幻灯片
slide
光珊
grating
幻灯机
projector
显示屏
display screen
辉纹技术
stration technique
国际照明委员会标准
CIE standard illuminant A
施照体A

色度施照体
colorimetric illuminant values
反射率
reflectance
正规反射率
regular reflectance
扩散反射率
diffused reflectance
反射仪
reflectrometer
光检测器
photodetector
外来光
extraneous light
稳压器
voltage stabilizer
落箭试验
falling dart test
展开面积
developed area
拱高
height of segment
颜色识别试验
identification of color test
前风窗玻璃的安装角
inclination angle of a windscreen
光反射率
luninous reflectance
光透射率
luminous transmittance
给定方向的光畸变
optical distortion in a given direction
抛光面
polished edge
主视区
primary vision area
制品
product
倒圆
round edge arrissing
曲率半径
radius of curvature
抗磨性试验
resistance-to-abrasion test
耐烘烤性试验
resistance-to-bake test
耐化学侵蚀性试验
resistance-to=fire test
耐燃烧性试验
resistance-to-fire test
耐热性试验
resistance-to-high temperature test
耐湿性试验
resistance-to-humidity test
抗穿透性试验
resistance-to-penetration test
耐辐照性试验
resistance-to-radiation test
耐模拟气候试验
resistance-to-simulated weathering test
耐温度变化性试验
resistance-to-temperature change test
霰弹袋试验
shot-bag test
试样
specimens
结石
stone
应力斑
stress pattern
线道
string
试验片
test piece
破碎后的能见度试验
visibility-after -fracture test
翘曲度
warpage
汽车的制造工艺
manufacturing process of automobile
铸造
casting
汽车的生产过程
production process of automobile
定位
locating
工件的六点定位原理
theory of six-point locating of workpiece
加工精度
accuracy of working
尺寸链
dimension chain
铸造工艺
foundry technique(casting technique)
造型工艺
molding process
结构工艺性
structural machinability
有箱造型
tight-flask molding
无箱造型
flaskless mold
地面造型
floor mold
地坑造型
pit molding
高压造型
high pressure molding
树脂砂造型
phenolic and molding
叠箱造型
stack molding
制芯工序
coremaking operation
烘干工序
baking operation
铸造厂
foundry plant
铸件
casting
为清理铸件
undressed casting
为经热处理铸件
green casting
薄壁铸件
light casting
厚壁铸件
heavy section casting
铸钢
cast steel
铸钢件
steel casting
装配
assembly
复型铸造法
double mould casting(dual type casting)
粉未冶金
powder metallurgy
干砂型
dry sand mold
湿砂型
green sand mold
制型材料
molding material
制型芯材料
core molding material
砂芯涂料
core coating
薄壳砂芯
shell core
吹芯
core blowing
挤芯
core extrusion
离心铸造
centrifugal casting
手工造型
hand molding (hand moulding)
机器造型
machine molding (machine moulding)
木模造型
wood pattern molding
金属造型
metal pattern molding
压力铸造
pressure casting (die casting)
熔模铸造
hot investment casting
壳型铸造
shell mould casting
硬模铸造
metal mold casting
挤压铸造
extrusion casting
低压铸造
low-pressure casting
电磁压铸
electromagnetic propulsion
失蜡铸造
dewaxing casting
精密铸造
precision casting
双金属铸造
bimetal casting
实型铸造
full-mold casting
湿型铸造
green sand casting
加压铸造
compresson casting
机械化铸造
machining casting
砂箱
casting box
下箱
drag (lower box)
下砂箱
drg falsk (drag box)
上砂箱
cope box (cope flask)
下压式造型机
molding machine with down sand frame
上压式造型机
molding machine with top sand frame
震实造型机
bumping molding machine
烘炉
baking oven
高频烘干炉
dielectric drying stove
松砂机
aerator(fluffer)
烘芯炉
core stove
高频烘芯炉
dielectric core oven
落砂机
shakeout device (sand shakout,flask shaker)
制芯机
core-making machine
出芯机
core knock-out machine(core breaker0
射芯机
shoot core machine (core shooter)
壳芯机
shell core machine
无芯高频感应炉
high frequency coreless induction furnace
无芯工频感应电炉
main frequency coreless inductio furnace
造型机
molding machine
压实式造型机
squeeze molding machine


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