发布时间:2011-8-30 21:13:00||  点击:3291次||  文章分类:翻译案例||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


State Council Provisional Regulations on Retirement and Resignation of Workers


Old workers and workers incapacitated at work or from illness have made their due contributions to the Socialist Revolution and Construction. To resettle them properly so that they may lead a happy life in their twilight years is a concrete demonstration of the superiority of the Socialist system. This is conducive to consolidating the contingent of workers, and is certainly helpful to the realization of the Four Modernizations. The following regulations are specially drawn up to deal with the problem in an appropriate way:

第一条 全民所有制企业、事业单位和党正机关、群众团体的工人,符合下列条件之一的,应该退休。

Article 1 Workers in State-owned enterprises and undertakings. Party and government institutions, and mass organizations who comply with one of the following conditions should retire.


(1)Males reaching the age of 60 and females 50 with a seniority of ten years of continuous service.


(2)Males reaching the age of 55. females females 45. with a seniority of ten years of continuous service underground, at high altitudes, at high temperatures, of specially heavy manual labour or in harmful jobs.


This provision also covers cadres at the grass-roots whose working conditions are similar to those of the workers.


(3)Males reaching the age of 50, females 45, with a seniority of ten years of continuous service, certified in hospital and confirmed by the labour appraisal committee as being completely incapacitated.


(4)Workers disabled in work accidents, certified in hospital and confirmed by the labour appraisal committee as hospital and confirmed by the labor appraisal committee as being completely incapacitated.

第二条 工人退休以后,每月按下列标准发给退休费,直至去世为止。

Article 2 After retirement, workers are provided with a monthly cash pension according to the following standards until their death.


(1)Workers, who comply with any one of the conditions listed in Article 1 (1), (2) and (3), and who joined revolutionary activities during the time of the Anti-Japanese War, are paid a cash pension equivalent to 90 per cent of their standard wage. Those who joined revolutionary activities during the time of the Liberation War are paid a cash pension equivalent to 80 per cent of their standard wage.


Those, who joined revolutionary activities after the founding of the People's Republic of China, and with a seniority of 20 years of continuous service, are paid a cash pension equivalent to 75 per cent of their standard wage. ,Those whose work seniority exceeds 15 years but does not reach 20 years are paid a cash pension equivalent to 70 per cent of their standard wage. Those whose seniority exceeds 10 years but does not reach 15 years are paid a cash pension equivalent to 60 per cent of their standard wage. If the calculated pension is less than 25 yuan, the actual amount paid shall be 25 yuan.


(2)Workers who comply with Article 1 (4), and who need assistance by other people in their daily life are paid a cash pension equivalent to 90 per cent of their standard wage, and in accordance with their real situation they may be paid a certain amount of nursing subsidy which in general should not exceed the wage of an average worker; those who do not need any assistance form other people in their daily life are paid a cash pension equivalent to 80 per cent of their standard wage.


 Those who simultaneously satisfy two or more retirement conditions should be paid whichever is the highest. If the calculated pension is less than 35 yuan, the actual amount paid shall be 35 yuan.

第三条 患二、三期矽肺病离职休养的工人,如果本人自愿,也可以退休。

Article 3 Workers who have been afflicted with secondary or tertiary silicosis and who have left their posts for rest and treatment , may retire of their own will.


A cash pension equivalent to 90 per cent of their standard wage should be paid and the same preferential treatment is given to them as to the colleagues in their work units on sick leave due to silicosis and taking a rest.


 This provision is also applicable to cadres afflicted with secondary or tertiary silicosis, on sick leave and taking a rest.

第四条 其退休费可以酌情高于本办法所定标准的百分之五至百分之十五,但提高标准后的退休费,不得超过本人原标准工资。

Article 4 Those who comply with the following conditions may, according to their specific situations, have their retirement pensions raised by 5 to 15 per cent above the rates specified in this provision, but the final amount should not exceed their original standard wage.


- Workers who were awarded the titles of natitional labor hero and labor model , and who retain their honour when they retire;


- Workers whom provincial, municipal and autonomous regional revolutionary committees consider as having made exemplary contributions to the revolution or construction;


- Armymen, demobilized or transferred to civilian work but who were awarded the title of combat hero by units above the army level and who retain their honour at retirement.

第五条 不具备退休条件,由医院证明,并经劳动鉴定委员会确认,完全丧失劳动能力的确工人,应该退职。

Article 5 Workers who are ineligible for retirement but are certified in hospital and confirmed by the labor appraisal committee as being completely incapacitated should resign.


After resignation, a monthly subsistence allowance equivalent to 40 per cent of their standard wage is payable. If the calculated allowance is less than 20 yuan, the actual amount paid shall be 20 yuan.

第六条 退休工人易地安家的,一般由原单位一次发给一百五十元的安家补助费。从大中城市到农村安家的,发给三百元。

Article 6 Retired workers, who resettle elsewhere, are in general paid a lump sum of 150 yuan by their former units as resettlement subsidy, and those who move from large and medium-sized cities to resettle in the rural areas are paid 300 yuan.


Resigned workers who resettle elsewhere may be paid a resettlement subsidy in a lump sum equivalent to two months their standard wage.

第七条 工人退休、退职的时候,本人及其供养的直系亲属前往居住地点途中所需的车船费、旅馆费、行李搬运费和伙食补助费,都按照现行的规定办理。

Article 7 When workers retire or resign, their travelling expenses, hotel accommodation on the way to their new residence, transportation of their personal effects and food subsidies as well as those of their lineal dependents are paid according to regulations in force.

第八条 退休、退职工人本人,可以继续享受公费医疗待遇。

Article 8 Workers who retire or resign may themselves continue to enjoy free medical care.

第九条 工人的退休费、退职生活费,企业单位,由企业行政支付;党政机关、群众团体和事业单位,由退休、退职工人居住地方的县级民政部门另列预算支付。

Article 9 Retirement pension and subsistence allowance for workers are paid by the management of their former enterprises; for Party and government organs, mass organizations and public institutions, the county level civil affairs departments of their abode should be responsible for such payments from separate budgets.

第十条 工人退休、退职后,家庭生活确实困难的,或多子女上山下乡、子女就业少的,原则上可以招收其一名符合招工条件的子女参加工作。

Article 10 After retirement or resignation, when workers truly have financial difficulties in their livelihood, or many of their children have been sent working in the rural or mountainous areas, or few of their children are employed , in principle one of their children may be employed as worker.


The new recruit may be an educated youth permitted to stay in the urban area as defined by relevant policy, or an educated youth working in the rural or mountainous area, or a secondary school graduate.


As the level of agricultural production in our country is father low, and as there is not enough foodgrains for the whole population, it is necessary to strictly control increases in the urban population and those who live on grains sold on the market.


Therefore, retired or resigned workers who reside in the rural areas should as far as possible resettle in their home-village; for those who change their registration of permanent domicile back to the rural area, one of their eligible rural-based children may be employed as worker; the grain ration for such retirees and resigned workers shall be supplied by the production brigades after their return.


Recruitment of children of retired or resigned workers should be handled by the local labor departments in a unified way. the recruitment procedures should be worked out by the provincial, municipal or autonomous regions themselves in line with the above-mentioned principles and with the actual local situation.

第十一条 工人退休、退职后,不要继续留在全民所有制单位。

Article 11 Workers, having retired or resigned, should not remain in units of public ownership.


 The urban neighbourhood organizations, or rural communes or production brigades to whom they are attached after their return , should strengthen their administration and education, take good care of their livelihood, and encourage them to display their initiative.


In the event of need for retired workers to take up work within their capabilities, a certain amount of remuneration is payable. However , together with their pension or allowance, their total income should not exceed their standard wage at their former workpost.


Those, who live alone away from their hometown and who, after retirement of resignation, apply for returning to the place of abode of their family, should be approved to move back and become registered residents.

第十二条 各地区、各部门、各单位要切实加强对工人退休、退职工作的领导。对应该退休、退职的工人,要做好深入细致的思想政治工作,动员他们退休、退职。退休、退职工作要分期分批进行。

Article 12 All districts, departments and units should earnestly provide more effective guidance to the work of resettling the retired and resigned workers. Penetrating and painstaking ideological work should be taken up among those who ought to retire or resign by persuading them to do so. Such work should be carried out in stages and in groups.


Strict control should be imposed on the conditions for retirement, resignation or recruitment , guarding against any indiscriminate extension of retirement coverage or lowering of recruitment requirements.

第十三条 集体所有制企业、事业单位工人的退休、退职,由省、市、自治区革命委员会参照本办法,结合本地区集体所有制单位的实际情况,自行制定具体办法,其各项待遇,不得高于本办法所定的标准。

Article 13 Retirement or resignation of workers in collectively-owned enterprises or undertakings is taken care of by provincial, municipal or autonomous regional revolutionary committees, which in accordance with the actual conditions of collective units in the area should themselves work out the procedures. However, the benefits should not exceed those specified in the present regulations.

第十四条 过去有关工人退休、退职的规定与本办法不一致的,按本办法执行。

Article 14 In the event of discrepancies between the past and the present stipulations, the present regulations should prevail.


Workers who have already retired according to previous regulations and whose pension is below the norms set in the present regulations, should be changed accordingly from the month when the present regulations come into force. But for those, who joined revolutionary activities in the period of the Liberation War. and whose seniority of continuous service is less than 20 years, a cash pension equivalent to only 75 per cent of their standard wage shall be paid.


Workers shall not be eligible for repayment of any discrepancies due to the change of rates. Workers who have already resigned according to relevant regulations shall not have their benefits changed.