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水土保持法
发布时间:2011-8-30 22:12:00||  点击:2154次||  文章分类:翻译案例||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


中华人民共和国水土保持法

Law of The People's Republic of China on Water and Soil Conservation

第一条为预防和治理水土流失,保护和合理利用水土资源,减轻水、旱、风沙灾害,改善生态环境,发展生产,制定本法。

Article 1 This Law is formulated for the purpose of the prevention and control of soil erosion, the protection and rational utilization of water and soil resources, the mitigation of disasters of flood, drought and sandstorm, the improvement of ecological environment and the development of production.

第二条本法所称水土保持,是指对自然因素和人为活动造成水土流失所采取的预防和治理措施。

Article 2 As used in this Law, the term "water and soil conservation" means preventive and rehabilitative measures taken against soil erosion which is caused by natural factors or human activities.

第三条一切单位和个人都有保护水土资源、防治水土流失的义务,并有权对破坏水土资源、造成水土流失的单位和个人进行检举。

Article 3 All units and individuals shall have the obligation to protect water and soil resources, prevent and control soil erosion, and also have the right to report against and unit or individual that damages water and soil resources and causes soil erosion.

第四条国家对水土保持工作实行预防为主,全面规划,综合防治,因地制宜,加强管理,注重效益的方针。

Article 4 The state shall, in relation to the work of water and soil conservation, implement the policy of prevention first, overall planning, comprehensive prevention and control, adoption of measures suited to local conditions, strengthening management and stress on beneficial results.

第五条国务院和地方人民政府应当将水土保持工作列为重要职责,采取措施做好水土流失防治工作。

Article 5 The state council and the local people's government at various levels shall regard the work of water and soil conservation as an important duty, and adopt measures to ensure the prevention and control of soil erosion.

第六条国务院水行政主管部门主管全国的水土保持工作。县级以上地方人民政府水行政主管部门,主管本辖区的水土保持工作。

Article 6 The department of water administration under the State Council shall be in charge of the work of water and soil conservation throughout the county. The departments of water administration under the local people' governments at or above the county level shall be in charge of the work of water and soil conservation in areas under their respective jurisdiction.

第七条国务院和县级以上地方人民政府的水行政主管部门,应当在调查评价水土资源的基础上,会同有关部门编制水土保持规划。

Article 7 The department of water administration under the State Council and those under the local people's governments at or above the county level shall, on the basis of investigation and assessment of water and soil resources, draw up water and soil conservation plans in conjunction with other departments concerned.

水土保持规划须经同级人民政府批准。

Such water and soil conservation plans shall be subject to the approval by the people' government at the corresponding levels.

县级以上地方人民政府批准的水土保持规划,须报上一级人民政府水行政主管部门备案。

Any water and soil conservation plan approved by the local people's government at or above the county level shall be submitted to the department of water administration under the people's government at the next higher level for the record.

水土保持规划的修改,须经原批准机关批准。

Any modification to be made to an approved water and soil conservation plan shall be re-submitted for approval to the original approving department.

县级以上人民政府应当将水土保持规划确定的任务,纳入国民经济和社会发展计划,安排专项资金,并组织实施。

The people's governments at or above the county level shall incorporate the tasks specified in the water and soil conservation plans into their respective plans for national economic and social development, allocate special funds therefor and organize the implementation thereof.

县级以上人民政府应当依据水土流失的具体情况,划定水土流失重点防治区,进行重点防治。

The people's government at or above the county level shall, in line with the actual conditions of soil erosion, designate key areas on which preventive and rehabilitative efforts against soil erosion shall be focused.

第八条从事可能引起水土流失的生产建设活动的单位和个人,必须采取措施保护水土资源,并负责治理因生产建设活动造成的水土流失。

Article 8 Units and individuals engaged in production and construction activities which may cause soil erosion must adopt measures, and construction activities which may cause soil erosion must adopt measures to protect the water and soil resources, and shall be responsible to take rehabilitative measures against the soil erosion resulted from their production and construction activities.

第九条各级人民政府应当加强水土保持的宣传教育工作,普及水土保持科学知识。

Article 9 The people's government at various levels shall intensify the publicity of and education in water and soil conservation, and popularize scientific knowledge concerning water and soil conservation.

第十条国家鼓励开展水土保持科学技术研究,提高水土保持科学技术水平,推广水土保持的先进技术,有计划地培养水土保持的科学技术人才。

Article 10 The state shall encourage the research in and raise the level of science and technology of water and soil conservation, popularize the advanced technological personnel in the field of water and soil conservation.

第十一条在防治水土流失工作中成绩显著的单位和个人,由人民政府给予奖励。

Article 11 Units and individuals that have made outstanding achievements in the prevention and control of soil erosion shall be awarded by the people's government.

第二章预防

Chapter II Prevention

第十二条各级人民政府应当组织全民植树造林,鼓励种草,扩大森林覆盖面积,增加植被。

Article 12 The people's governments at various levels shall organize every citizen to engage in afforestation and encourage the p1anting of grass, thereby enlarging forest-covered areas and increasing vegetation.

第十三条各级地方人民政府应当根据当地情况,组织农业集体经济组织和国营农、林、牧场,种植薪炭林和饲草、绿肥植物,有计划地进行封山育林育草、轮封轮牧,防风固沙,保护植被。

Article 13 The local people's governments at various levels shall, in light of respective actual conditions, organize agricultural collective economic organizations as well as state-owned agricultural, forest, and livestock farms to plant firewood forests, forage and green manure crops, and to conduct in a planned way the closing of hillsides for facilitating afforestation and growing grass and the rotation of closing and grazing periods, so as to checked winds, fix drifting sand and preserve vegetation.

禁止毁林开荒、烧山开荒和在陡坡地、干旱地区铲草皮、挖树兜。

Destroying forest or burning vegetation for land reclamation and stripping vegetation and digging up tree stumps on steep hill slopes or in arid regions shall be prohibited.

第十四条禁止在二十五度以上陡坡地开垦种植农作物。

Article 14 Article 14 Reclamation of hillsides with a slope of over 25 degrees for cultivation of crops shall be prohibited.

省、自治区、直辖市人民政府可以根据本辖区的实际情况,规定小于二十五度的禁止开垦坡度。

The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government may, in line with the actual conditions of the areas under their respective jurisdiction, prescribe the reclamation-forbidden slope of below 25 degrees.

禁止开垦的陡坡地的具体范围由当地县级人民政府划定并公告。

The specific area of the reclamation-forbidden slope shal1 be determined and announced by the local people's government at the county leve1.

本法施行前已在禁止开垦的陡坡地上开垦种植农作物的,应当在建设基本农田的基础上,根据实际情况,逐步退耕,植树种草,恢复植被,或者修建梯田。

Anyone who has conducted reclamation for cultivation of crops on the reclamation-forbidden slopes before the entry into force of this Law shall, on the basis of capital farming construction and in the light of the actua1 conditions, gradually stop the cultivation and, instead, plant trees, grow grass and restore the vegetation, or build terraced fields thereon.

第十五条开垦禁止开垦坡度以下、五度以上的荒坡地,必须经县级人民政府水行政主管部门批准;开垦国有荒坡地,经县级人民政府水行政主管部门批准后,方可向县级以上人民政府申请办理土地开垦手续。

Article 15 Anyone who reclaims waste hillsides with a slope of above 5 degrees but under the prescribed reclamation -- forbidden degrees must obtain prior approval from the department of water administration under the people's government at the county level1 anyone who intends to reclaim waste hill slopes owned by the state may apply to the people's government at or above the county level for going through the procedures for land reclamation on1y after obtaining approval from the department of water administration under the people's government at the county level.

第十六条采伐林木必须因地制宜地采用合理采伐方式,严格控制皆伐,对采伐区和集材道采取防止水土流失的措施,并在采伐后及时完成更新造林任务。

Article 16 Felling of forest trees must be carried out in a rational manner and in line with the local conditions, and clear felling shall be strictly controlled. Preventive measures against soil erosion f shall be adopted in the felling areas and on skid trai1s, and reforestation shall be accomplished in good time after the felling. 

对水源涵养林、水土保持林、防风固沙林等防护林只准进行抚育和更新性质的采伐。

With respect to protective forests such as those for water supply conservation, water and soil conservation, windbreak and sand -- fixation, felling shall only be permitted for tending and regeneration of forests.

在林区采伐林木的,采伐方案中必须有按照前款规定制定的采伐区水土保持措施。

For any felling in a forest area, water and soil conservation measures, for the fel1ing area, worked out in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, must be inc1uded in the felling p1an thereof.

采伐方案经林业行政主管部门批准后,采伐区水土保持措施由水行政主管部门和林业行政主管部门监督实施。

After the felling plan is approved by the department of forestry administration, the water and soil conservation measures for the fel1ing area shall be implemented under the supervision of the departments of water administration and forestry administration.

第十七条在五度以上坡地上整地造林,抚育幼林,垦复油茶、油桐等经济林木,必须采取水土保持措施,防止水土流失。

Article 17 Water and soil conservation measures must be adopted to prevent soil erosion when preparations for afforestation, tending of young growth, and cultivation of commodity trees such as oil-tea camellia and tung tree are done on hillsides with a slope of above 5 degrees.

第十八条修建铁路、公路和水工程,应当尽量减少破坏植被;

Article 18 In the construction of a rai1way, highway or water project, the disturbance of vegetation shall be minimized;

废弃的砂、石、土必须运至规定的专门存放地堆放,不得向江河、湖泊、水库和专门存放地以外的沟渠倾倒;

waste sand, rocks and earth thus created must be disposed of in an area specially designated for the purpose, and shall not be dumped out into any river, lake, reservoir or any ditch or canal other than the specially designated area;

在铁路、公路两侧地界以内的山坡地,必须修建护坡或者采取其他土地整治措施;

slope protection must be built or other land management measures adopted on hill slopes within the frontage of the railway and highway;

工程竣工后,取土场、开挖面和废弃的砂、石、土存放地的裸露土地,必须植树种草,防止水土流失。

after the project is completed, trees must be planted and grass grown on the earth-fetching area, excavated land surface and the exposed land surface for the disposition of waste sand, rock and earth, in order to prevent soil erosion.

开办矿山企业、电力企业和其他大中型工业企业,排弃的剥离表土、矸石、尾矿、废渣等必须堆放在规定的专门存放地,不得向江河、湖泊、水库和专门存放地以外的沟渠倾倒;

In the establishment of a mining or electrical power enterprise or any other large or medium-sized industrial enterprise the abandoned stripped topsoil, waste rock, tailings and residues must be disposed of in a specially designated area, and shall not be dumped out into any river, lake, reservoir or any ditch or canal other than the specially designated area.

因采矿和建设使植被受到破坏的,必须采取措施恢复表土层和植被,防止水土流失。

If the vegetation is damaged on account of the mining or construction, measures must be taken to rehabilitate the topsoil and vegetation, thereby preventing soil erosion.

第十九条在山区、丘陵区、风沙区修建铁路、公路、水工程,开办矿山企业、电力企业和其他大中型工业企业,在建设项目环境影响报告书中,必须有水行政主管部门同意的水土保持方案。

Article 19 When the construction of a railway, highway or a water project is carried out, a mining or electrical power enterprise or any other large or medium-sized industria1; enterprise is established in a mountainous, hilly or sandstorm area, the environmental impact statement for the project must include a water and soil conservation programme approved by the department of water administration.

水土保持方案应当按照本法第十八条的规定制定。

The water and soil conservation programme shall be drawn up in accordance with the provisions of Article 18 of this Law.

在山区、丘陵区、风沙区依照矿产资源法的规定开办乡镇集体矿山企业和个体申请采矿,必须持有县级以上地方人民政府水行政主管部门同意的水土保持方案,方可申请办理采矿批准手续。

Where a township col1ective mining enterprise is to be set up or an individua1 is to apply for mining, in accordance with the provisions of the Law on Mineral Resources, in a mountainous, hilly or sandstorm area, a water and soil conservation programme approved by the department of water administration under the people's government at or above the county level must be submitted before the app1ication for going through the approving procedures for mining operation is made.

建设项目中的水土保持设施,必须与主体工程同时设计、同时施工、同时投产使用。

Water and soil conservation facilities in a construction project must be designed, constructed and put into operation simultaneously with the principal part of the project. participating.

建设工程竣工验收时,应当同时验收水土保持设施,并有水行政主管部门参加。

When a construction project is completed and checked for acceptance, the water and soi1 conservation facilities shal1 be checked for acceptance at the same time, with personnel from the department of water administration

第二十条各级地方人民政府应当采取措施,加强对采矿、取土、挖砂、采石等生产活动的管理,防止水土流失。

Article 20 The local people's governments at various levels shall take measures to strengthen the control over such production activities as mining, earth-fetching, sand-digging and quarrying, so as to prevent soil erosion.

在崩塌滑坡危险区和泥石流易发区禁止取土、挖砂、采石。崩塌滑坡危险区和泥石流易发区的范围,由县级以上地方人民政府划定并公告。

Earth-fetching, sand-digging and quarrying shall be prohibited in areas in danger of land-collapsing or land-sliding or where mudrock flow is liable to occur. The scope of such areas shall be determined and announced by the local peop1e's governments at or above the county level.

第三章治理

Chapter III Rehabilitation

第二十一条县级以上人民政府应当根据水土保持规划,组织有关行政主管部门和单位有计划地对水土流失进行治理。

Article 21 The people's governments at or above the county level shall, in accordance with the water and soil conservation plans, organize competent administrative departments and units concerned to engage in a planned way in the rehabilitation of soil erosion.

第二十二条在水力侵蚀地区,应当以天然沟壑及其两侧山坡地形成的小流域为单元,实行全面规划,综合治理,建立水土流失综合防治体系。

Article 22 In a water-eroded region, by taking a small river basin comprising the natural ravines and flanking hill slopes as a unit, a comprehensive system for the prevention and control of soil erosion shall be set up on the basis of overall planning and comprehensive rehabilitation.

在风力侵蚀地区,应当采取开发水源、引水拉沙、植树种草、设置人工沙障和网格林带等措施,建立防风固沙防护体系,控制风沙危害。

In a wind-eroded region, such measures as exploitation of water resources, water diversion for sand removal, planting of trees and growing of grass, installation of artificial sand-break and forest network shall be adopted to build a protective system for windbreak and sand-fixation, thereby controlling hazards of sand storms.

第二十三条国家鼓励水土流失地区的农业集体经济组织和农民对水土流失进行治理,并在资金、能源、粮食、税收等方面实行扶持政策,具体办法由国务院规定。

Article 23 The state shall encourage the agricultural collective economic organizations and farmers in soil-eroded regions to carry out rehabilitation of soil erosion, and shall also practice a policy of giving support as to fund, energy, grain, taxation, etc.; the specific measures thereof shall be prescribed by the State Council.

第二十四条各级地方人民政府应当组织农业集体经济组织和农民,有计划地对禁止开垦坡度以下、五度以上的耕地进行治理,根据不同情况,采取整治排水系统、修建梯田、蓄水保土耕作等水土保持措施。

Article 24 The local people's governments at various levels sha1l organize agricultura1 collective economic organizations and farmers to manage in a planned way the cultivated land with a slope of above 5 degrees but under the reclamation-forbidden degrees, by taking in line with different conditions such water and soil conservation measures as regulating drainage systems, building terraced fields, and practicing a method of cultivation conducive to water and soi1 conservation.

第二十五条水土流失地区的集体所有的土地承包给个人使用的,应当将治理水土流失的责任列入承包合同。

Article 25 In soil-eroded regions, any individual who contracts for the use of land owned by the collective shall include the responsibility of rehabilitating soil erosion in the contract.

第二十六条荒山、荒沟、荒丘、荒滩可以由农业集体经济组织、农民个人或者联户承包水土流失的治理。

Article 26 The rehabilitation of soil erosion on barren hills, waste valleys, barren hillocks and desolated beaches may be contracted to agricultural collective economic organizations, individual farmers or lease-holding household groups.

对荒山、荒沟、荒丘、荒滩水土流失的治理实行承包的,应当按照谁承包治理谁受益的原则,签订水土保持承包治理合同。

Where the rehabilitation of soil erosion on barren hills, waste valleys, barren hillocks or desolated beaches are contracted out, contracts for the rehabilitation of soil erosion shall be concluded according to the principle of the benefits derived there from to be enjoyed by the contractors for the rehabilitation.

承包治理所种植的林木及其果实,归承包者所有,因承包治理而新增加的土地,由承包者使用。

The trees planted on account of the contracted rehabilitation and the fruits yielded therefrom shall belong to the contractors; and the land expanded as a result of the contracted rehabilitation shal1 be used by the contractors.

国家保护承包治理合同当事人的合法权益。在承包治理合同有效期内,承包人死亡时,继承人可以依照承包治理合同的约定继续承包。

The state shall protect the lawful rights and interests of the parties to a contract for rehabilitation. Within the term of the contracted rehabilitation, if a contractor dies, his or her successor(s) may, in accordance with the agreements stipulated in the contract, continue to undertake the contract.

第二十七条企业事业单位在建设和生产过程中必须采取水土保持措施,对造成的水土流失负责治理。

Article 27 Any enterprise or institution must, in the course of construction or production, adopt water and soil conservation measures, and shall be responsible for the rehabilitation of the soil eroded.

本单位无力治理的,由水行政主管部门治理,治理费用由造成水土流失的企业事业单位负担。

If an enterprise or institution is unable to carry out the rehabilitation, the department of water administration sha1l undertake the task, and the cost thus entailed shall be borne by the enterprise or institution that has caused the soil erosion.

建设过程中发生的水土流失防治费用,从基本建设投资中列支;

The expenses for the prevention and control of soil erosion arising in the course of construction shall be allocated from the capital construction investment;

生产过程中发生的水土流失防治费用,从生产费用中列支。

the expenses for the prevention and control of soil erosion arising in the course of production shall be allocated from the production cost.

第二十八条在水土流失地区建设的水土保持设施和种植的林草,由县级以上人民政府组织有关部门检查验收。

Article 28 The people's governments at or above the county level shall organize departments concerned to inspect for acceptance the water and soil conservation facilities bui1t and the trees and grass planted in soil-eroded regions.

对水土保持设施、试验场地、种植的林草和其他治理成果,应当加强管理和保护。

The management and protection of water and soil conservation facilities, experimental sites, trees and grass planted and other rehabilitation achievements shall be strengthened.

第四章监督

Chapter IV Supervision

第二十九条国务院水行政主管部门建立水土保持监测网络,对全国水土流失动态进行监测预报,并予以公告。

Article 29 The department of water administration under the State Council shall establish a monitoring network for water and soil conservation, so as to conduct monitoring and prediction of the nation-wide soil erosion developments and publicly announce the results thereof.

第三十条县级以上地方人民政府水行政主管部门的水土保持监督人员,有权对本辖区的水土流失及其防治情况进行现场检查。

Article 30 Personnel in charge of supervision over water and soil conservation in the departments of water administration under the people's governments at or above the county level shall have the right to carry out on-the-spot inspection on the situations of soil erosion and the prevention and control thereof in areas under their respective jurisdiction.

被检查单位和个人必须如实报告情况,提供必要的工作条件。

Units and individuals that are being inspected must truth-fu1ly report the situations and provide necessary working conditions for the inspection.

第三十一条地区之间发生的水土流失防治的纠纷,应当协商解决;协商不成的,由上一级人民政府处理。

Article 31 Any dispute arising among regions over the prevention and control of soil erosion sha1l be solved through consultation; if no settlement is reached through consultation, the cases shall be handled by the people's government at the next higher level.

第五章法律责任

Chapter V Legal Responsibility

第三十二条违反本法第十四条规定,在禁止开垦的陡坡地开垦种植农作物的,由县级人民政府水行政主管部门责令停止开垦、采取补救措施,可以处以罚款。

Article 32 In the case of any violation of the provisions in Article l4 of this Law by cultivating crops on reclamation-forbidden hill slopes, the department of water administration under the people's government at the county level shall order the cessation of the reclamation and the adoption of remedial measures, and may also impose a fine.

第三十三条企业事业单位、农业集体经济组织未经县级人民政府水行政主管部门批准,擅自开垦禁止开垦坡度以下、五度以上的荒坡地的,由县级人民政府水行政主管部门责令停止开垦、采取补救措施,可以处以罚款。

Article 33 Where any enterprise, institution, or agricultural collective economic organization, without approva1 of the department of water administration under the people's government at the county leve1, reclaims waste hillsides with a slope of above 5 degrees but under the reclamation-forbidden degrees, the department of water administration under the people's government at the county level shal1order the cessation of the reclamation and the adoption of remedial measures, and may also impose a fine.

第三十四条在县级以上地方人民政府划定的崩塌滑坡危险区、泥石流易发区范围内取土、挖砂或者采石的,由县级以上地方人民政府水行政主管部门责令停止上述违法行为、采取补救措施,处以罚款。

Article 34 In the case of earth-fetching, sand-digging or quarrying in areas in danger of land-collapsing or land-sliding or where mud-rock flow is liable to occur, as designated by the local people's government at or above the county level, the department of water administration under the people's government at or above the county level shall order the cessation of the above law-breaking acts and the adoption of remedial measures, and shall also impose a fine.

第三十五条在林区采伐林木,不采取水土保持措施,造成严重水土流失的,由水行政主管部门报请县级以上人民政府决定责令限期改正、采取补救措施,处以罚款。

Article 35 In the case of tree-felling in forest areas without adopting water and soil conservation measures, thus causing serious soil erosion, the department of water administration shall report thereon to the people's government at or above the county level for a decision to order a rectification within a fixed period of time and the adoption of remedial measures, and shall also impose a fine.

第三十六条企业事业单位在建设和生产过程中造成水土流失,不进行治理的,可以根据所造成的危害后果处以罚款,或者责令停业治理;对有关责任人员由其所在单位或者上级主管机关给予行政处分。

Article 36 Any enterprise or institution that causes soil erosion in the course of construction or production and fails to carry out rehabilitation may, in light of the harmful consequences thus entailed, be punishable with a fine or be instructed to suspend its business for rehabilitation; the responsible persons concerned sha1l be subjected to administrative sanctions by the unit where they work or by the competent departments at higher levels.

罚款由县级人民政府水行政主管部门报请县级人民政府决定。责令停业治理由市、县人民政府决定;中央或者省级人民政府直接管辖的企业事业单位的停业治理,须报请国务院或者省级人民政府批准。

The imposition of a fine shall be subject to a decision by the people's government at the county level on a report submitted by the department of water administration under the people's government at the county level. The decision on ordering the suspension of business for rehabi1itation shal1 be made by the people's government at the municipal or county level; the suspension of business for rehabilitation for an enterprise or institution directly under the Central Government or a people's government at the provincial level shall be reported to the State Council or the provincial people's government for approval.

个体采矿造成水土流失,不进行治理的,按照前两款的规定处罚。

Any individual who engages in mining causes soil erosion and fails to carry out rehabilitation shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the preceding two paragraphs.

第三十七条以暴力、威胁方法阻碍水土保持监督人员依法执行职务的,依法追究刑事责任;

Article 37 Whoever hinders, by use of violence or threat, the performance of duty according to Law by personnel in charge of supervision over water and soil conservation shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law;

拒绝、阻碍水土保持监督人员执行职务未使用暴力、威胁方法的,由公安机关依照治安管理处罚条例的规定处罚。

those who refuse to accept or hinders the performance of duty by personnel in charge of supervision over water and soil conservation, but without resorting to violence or use of threat, shall be punished by the public security organ in accordance with the Regulations on Administrative Penalties for Public Security.

第三十八条当事人对行政处罚决定不服的,可以在接到处罚通知之日起十五日内向作出处罚决定的机关的上一级机关申请复议;

Article 38 If any party is not satisfied with the decision on administrative sanctions, it may, within l5 days after the receipt of the notice of sanctions, apply for reconsideration to the organ at the next higher level over the one that has made the decision.

如当事人也可以在接到处罚通知之日起十五日内直接向人民法院起诉。

 The party may also directly bring a suit in a people's court withinl5 days after the receipt of the said notice.

复议机关应当在接到复议申请之日起六十日内作出复议决定。

The reconsideration organ shall, within 60 days after the receipt of the application for reconsideration, make a reconsideration decision.

当事人对复议决定不服的,可以在接到复议决定之日起十五日内向人民法院起诉。

If the party concerned is not satisfied with the reconsideration decision, it may, within 15 days after the receipt of the reconsideration decision, bring a suit in a people's court.

如复议机关逾期不作出复议决定的,当事人可以在复议期满之日起十五日内向人民法院起诉。

 If the reconsideration organ fails to make a reconsideration decision within the time limit, the party may, within 15 days after the expiration of the term for reconsideration, bring a suit in a people's court.

如当事人逾期不申请复议也不向人民法院起诉、又不履行处罚决定的,作出处罚决定的机关可以申请人民法院强制执行。

If a party neither applies for reconsideration, nor brings a suit in a people's court within the time limit, nor complies with the decision on sanctions, the organ that has made the decision may apply to a people's court for compulsory execution.

第三十九条造成水土流失危害的,有责任排除危害,并对直接受到损害的单位和个人赔偿损失。

Article 39 Any individual or unit that causes damage from soil erosion shall bear the responsibility of removing the damage, and shall compensate the units and individuals that have directly suffered the damage.

赔偿责任和赔偿金额的纠纷,可以根据当事人的请求,由水行政主管部门处理;当事人对处理决定不服的,可以向人民法院起诉。当事人也可以直接向人民法院起诉。

Any dispute over the liability or amount of compensation may, upon the request by a party, be dealt with by the department of water administration; if the party is not satisfied with the decision thus made, it may bring a suit in a people's court. The party may also directly bring a suit in a people's court.

由于不可抗拒的自然灾害,并经及时采取合理措施,仍然不能避免造成水土流失危害的,免予承担责任。

In case of irresistible natural disasters, if damage from soil erosion cannot be avoided despite of taking reasonable measures promptly, the individual or unit concerned shall be exempted from responsibility.

第四十条水土保持监督人员玩忽职守、滥用职权给公共财产、国家和人民利益造成损失的,由其所在单位或者上级主管机关给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

Article 40 In case a person in charge of supervision over water and soil conservation derelicts his or her duty or abuses his or her power and thus brings losses to the public property or the interests of the state and the people, administrative sanctions shall be enforced by the unit to which the offender belongs or by the competent department at a higher level; if the offence constitutes a crime, the offender shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law.

第六章附则

Chapter VI Supplementary Provisions

第四十一条国务院根据本法制定实施条例。

Article 41 The State Council shall formulate the implementing regulations in accordance with this Law.

省、自治区、直辖市人民代表大会常务委员会,可以根据本法和本地区的实际情况制定实施办法。

The standing committees of the people's congresses of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government may, in accordance with this Law and in the light of the respective actual conditions, formulate measures of implementation.

第四十二条本法自公布之日起施行。1982年6月30日国务院发布的《水土保持工作条例》同时废止。

Article 42 This Law shall enter into force as of the date of promulgation. The Regulations on the Work of Water and Soil Conservation promulgated by the State Council on June 30, 1982 shall be annulled on the same date.




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