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国家赔偿法
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中华人民共和国国家赔偿法

Law of the People's Republic of China on State Compensation

1994年5月12日第八届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第七次会议通过

(Adopted on May 12, 1994 at the Seventh Session of the Standing Committee of the Eighth National People's Congress and promulgated on the same day)

第一章 总 则

Chapter 1 General Principles

第一条 为保障公民、法人和其他组织享有依法取得国家赔偿的权利,促进国家机关依法行使职权,根据宪法,制定本法。

Article 1 In conformity with the Constitution, this Law is enacted to protect citizens, legal persons and other organizations to enjoy the right to compensation by the state and to promote the state organs to exercise their functions and powers in accordance with law.

第二条 国家机关和国家机关工作人员违法行使职权侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益造成损害的,受害人有依照本法取得国家赔偿的权利。

Article 2 If a state organ or a member of its personnel, when exercising functions and powers in violation of the law, infringes upon the lawful rights and interests of a citizen, legal person or other organization and causes damages the aggrieved person shall have the right to recover damages from the state in accordance with this Law.

国家赔偿由本法规定的赔偿义务机关履行赔偿义务。

The obligations of state compensation shall be performed by the organs under compensatory obligations stipulated by this Law.

第二章 行政赔偿

Chapter 2 Administrative Compensation

第一节 赔偿范围

Section 1: Scope of Compensation

第三条 行政机关及其工作人员在行使行政职权时有下列侵犯人身权情形之一的,受害人有取得赔偿的权利:

Article 3 The aggrieved person shall have the right to recover damages in one of the following circumstances where an administrative organ or its personnel infringes upon his personal rights when exercising functions and powers: 

(一)违法拘留或者违法采取限制公民人身自由的行政强制措施的;

(1) where there is unlawful detention or an unlawful compulsory administrative measure to restrict the personal freedom of a citizen;

(二)非法拘禁或者以其他方法非法剥夺公民人身自由的;

(2) where there is unlawful custody or otherwise unlawful deprivation of the personal freedom of a citizen; 

(三)以殴打等暴力行为或者唆使他人以殴打等暴力行为造成公民身体伤害或者死亡的;

(3) where such violent act as battery or abetting others in battery causes bodily injury to or decease of a citizen;

(四)违法使用武器、警械造成公民身体伤害或者死亡的;

 (4) where the use of weapon or police apparatus in violation of laws causes bodily injury to or decease of a citizen; 

(五)造成公民身体伤害或者死亡的其他违法行为。

or (5) other unlawful acts which cause bodily injury to or decease of a citizen.

第四条 行政机关及其工作人员在行使行政职权时有下列侵犯财产权情形之一的,受害人有取得赔偿的权利:

Article 4 The aggrieved person shall have the right to recover damages in one of the following circumstances where an administrative organ or its personnel infringes upon his property right when exercising its functions and powers:

(一)违法实施罚款、吊销许可证和执照、责令停产停业、没收财物等行政处罚的;

 (1) imposing an administrative punishment in violation of the law, such as fining, revocation of a permit or license, order to suspend production or business operation or confiscation of property and article;

(二)违法对财产采取查封、扣押、冻结等行政强制措施的;

 (2) taking a compulsory administrative measure in violation of the law such as sealing up, distraining or freezing of property; 

(三)违反国家规定征收财物、摊派费用的;

(3) expropriating property and article or apportioning expenses in violation of rules and regulations of the state; 

(四)造成财产损害的其他违法行为。

or (4) other unlawful acts which cause damage to property.

第五条 属于下列情形之一的,国家不承担赔偿责任:

Article 5 The state shall not be liable for compensation in one of the following circumstances: 

(一)行政机关工作人员与行使职权无关的个人行为;

(1) where the personal act by personnel of the state organ, which does not relate to his exercise of functions and powers;

(二)因公民、法人和其他组织自己的行为致使损害发生的;

 (2) where the act by a citizen, legal person or other organization itself causes damage;

(三)法律规定的其他情形。

 or (3) other situations as provided for by law.

第二节 赔偿请求人和赔偿义务机关

Section 2: Claimant for Compensation and Organs for compensatory Obligations

第六条 受害的公民、法人或者其他组织有权要求赔偿。

Article 6 The aggrieved citizen, legal person or other organization shall have the right to claim compensation.

受害的公民死亡,其继承人和其他有扶养关系的亲属有权要求赔偿。

Where the aggrieved citizen is deceased, his successor or other relatives with maintenance relation shall have the right to claim compensation.

受害的法人或者其他组织终止,承受其权利的法人或者其他组织有权要求赔偿。

Where the aggrieved legal person or other organization has terminated, the legal person or other organization which succeeds its rights shall have the right to claim compensation.

第七条 行政机关及其工作人员行使行政职权侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益造成损害的,该行政机关为赔偿义务机关。

Article 7 Where an administrative organ and its personnel infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of a citizen, a legal person or other organization and cause damage when exercising its administrative functions and powers, the organ shall be responsible for fulfilling compensatory obligations.

两个以上行政机关共同行使行政职权时侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益造成损害的,共同行使行政职权的行政机关为共同赔偿义务机关。

Two administrative organs or more which infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of a citizen, legal person or other organization and cause damage when exercising their joint administrative functions and powers, shall be the organs under joint compensatory obligations.

法律、法规授权的组织在行使授予的行政权力时侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益造成损害的,被授权的组织为赔偿义务机关。

An organization authorized by law which infringes upon the lawful rights and interests of a citizen, legal person or other organization and causes damage when exercising its authorized administrative powers, shall be the organ under compensatory obligations.

受行政机关委托的组织或者个人在行使受委托的行政权力时侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益造成损害的,委托的行政机关为赔偿义务机关。

An organization or individual entrusted by an administrative organ infringes upon the lawful rights and interests of a citizen, legal person or other organization and causes damage when exercising the entrusted administrative powers, shall be the organ under compensatory obligations.

赔偿义务机关被撤销的,继续行使其职权的行政机关为赔偿义务机关;没有继续行使其职权的行政机关的,撤销该赔偿义务机关的行政机关为赔偿义务机关。

Where the organ for compensatory obligation has been abolished, the administrative organ that continues to exercise the abolished organ's functions and powers shall be the organ under compensatory obligation; where there is no such a continued administrative organ, the administrative organ that did the abolishment shall be the organ under compensatory obligations.

第八条 经复议机关复议的,最初造成侵权行为的行政机关为赔偿义务机关,但复议机关的复议决定加重损害的,复议机关对加重的部分履行赔偿义务。

Article 8 Where the case has been reconsidered by the organ under reconsideration, the administrative organ which caused the initial damage shall be the organ under compensatory obligations; where the reconsideration decision by the organ for reconsideration aggravates the damage, the organ for reconsideration shall be liable for the damage resulting from the aggravation part.

第三节 赔偿程序

Section 3: Procedure of Compensation

第九条 赔偿义务机关对依法确认有本法第三条、第四条规定的情形之一的,应当给予赔偿。

Article 9 The organ for compensatory obligations shall pay compensation in one of the circumstances as provided for in Article 3 and Article 4 of this Law once confirmed in accordance with law.

赔偿请求人要求赔偿应当先向赔偿义务机关提出,也可以在申请行政复议和提起行政诉讼时一并提出。

A claimant shall, first, file a claim for compensation with an organ under compensatory obligations and may, in the meantime, file a claim when applying for an administrative reconsideration and instituting an administrative procedure.

第十条 赔偿请求人可以向共同赔偿义务机关中的任何一个赔偿义务机关要求赔偿,该赔偿义务机关应当先予赔偿。

Article 10 A claimant may claim compensation from any one of the organs under joint compensatory obligations and the said organ under compensatory obligations shall pay compensation first.

第十一条 赔偿请求人根据受到的不同损害,可以同时提出数项赔偿要求。

Article 11 The claimant may, depending on different injuries suffered, file several claims for compensation.

第十二条 要求赔偿应当递交申请书,申请书应当载明下列事项:

Article 12 The claim for compensation shall be filed by presenting an application, which shall contain the following contents:

(一)受害人的姓名、性别、年龄、工作单位和住所,法人或者其他组织的名称、住所和法定代表人或者主要负责人的姓名、职务;

 (1) name, sex, age, employer and address of the claimant, name and address of the legal person or other organization and name and post of its legal representative or main person in charge;

(二)具体的要求、事实根据和理由;

 (2) the specific claim, factual basis and reasons; 

(三)申请的年、月、日。

and (3) the date of application.

赔偿请求人书写申请书确有困难的,可以委托他人代书;也可以口头申请,由赔偿义务机关记入笔录。

Where the claimant has difficulty in writing the application, the claimant may entrust it with other persons or file a verbal application, which shall be recorded in writing by the organ under compensatory obligations.

第十三条 赔偿义务机关应当自收到申请之日起两个月内依照本法第四章的规定给予赔偿;逾期不予赔偿或者赔偿请求人对赔偿数额有异议的,赔偿请求人可以自期间届满之日起三个月内向人民法院提起诉讼。

Article 13 The organ under compensatory obligations shall, within 2 months from the date of receipt of the application, pay compensation in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 4 of this Law; in case of failure by it to pay compensation within the specific period, or where the claimant is not satisfied with the amount of compensation, the claimant may, within 3 months from the date of expiration of the period, bring an action in a people's court.

第十四条 赔偿义务机关赔偿损失后,应当责令有故意或者重大过失的工作人员或者受委托的组织或者个人承担部分或者全部赔偿费用。

Article 14 After paying compensation, the organ under compensatory obligations shall instruct its personnel or the entrusted organization or person who has committed intentional or grave mistake in the case to bear part or all of the expenses for damage.

对有故意或者重大过失的责任人员,有关机关应当依法给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,应当依法追究刑事责任。

The competent authorities shall, in accordance with law, impose administrative sanctions on those responsible persons who have committed intentional or grave mistakes in the case; If the case constitutes a crime, the criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

第三章 刑事赔偿

Chapter 3 Criminal Compensation

第一节 赔偿范围

Section 1: Scope of Compensation

第十五条 行使侦查、检察、审判、监狱管理职权的机关及其工作人员在行使职权时有下列侵犯人身权情形之一的,受害人有取得赔偿的权利:

Article 15 Where organs and their personnel which exercise the functions and powers of detection, prosecution, adjudication and administration of prison cause any of the following infringements upon personal rights when exercising their functions and powers, the aggrieved person shall have the right to recover damages:

(一)对没有犯罪事实或者没有事实证明有犯罪重大嫌疑的人错误拘留的;

 (1) a wrong detention of a person without criminal facts or without facts evidencing the person with gross criminal suspicion;

(二)对没有犯罪事实的人错误逮捕的;

 (2) a wrong arrest of a person without criminal facts; 

(三)依照审判监督程序再审改判无罪,原判刑罚已经执行的;

(3) an adjudication of innocence is given to change an original sentence in the retrial according to the procedure for trial supervision, and the original sentence of penalty has been executed; 

(四)刑讯逼供或者以殴打等暴力行为或者唆使他人以殴打等暴力行为造成公民身体伤害或者死亡的;

(4) bodily injury to or death of a citizen caused by torture arrangement or such violent acts as battery or abetting others in battery; 

(五)违法使用武器、警械造成公民身体伤害或者死亡的。

(5) the bodily injury to or decease of a citizen caused by unlawful use of weapon or police apparatus.

第十六条 行使侦查、检察、审判、监狱管理职权的机关及其工作人员在行使职权时有下列侵犯财产权情形之一的,受害人有取得赔偿的权利:

Article 16 Organs and their personnel which exercise the functions and powers of detection, prosecution, adjudication and administration of prison cause one of the following infringements upon property rights when exercising their functions and powers, the aggrieved person shall have the right to recover damages:

(一)违法对财产采取查封、扣押、冻结、追缴等措施的;

(1) where there is a measure, such as sealing up, distraint, freezing or recovery of property in violation of law; 

(二)依照审判监督程序再审改判无罪,原判罚金、没收财产已经执行的。

or (2) where an adjudication of innocence is given to change an original sentence in the retrial in accordance with the procedure for retrial supervision, and the original court supervision of fine or confiscation of property has been executed.

第十七条 属于下列情形之一的,国家不承担赔偿责任:

Article 17 The state shall not be responsible for compensation in any of the following circumstances:

(一)因公民自己故意作虚伪供述,或者伪造其他有罪证据被羁押或者被判处刑罚的;

(1) where a citizen was put into custody or was sentenced criminal penalty because of his intentionally false confession or falsification of other evidence of guilt; 

(二)依照刑法第十四条、第十五条规定不负刑事责任的人被羁押的;

(2) where a person, who shall not bear criminal responsibility in accordance with Article 14 and Article 15 of the Criminal Law, was put into custody; 

(三)依照刑事诉讼法第十一条规定不追究刑事责任的人被羁押的;

(3) where a person, who shall not be prosecuted for criminal responsibility in accordance with Article 11 of the Criminal procedure Law, was put into custody;

(四)行使国家侦查、检察、审判、监狱管理职权的机关的工作人员与行使职权无关的个人行为;

(4) personal act by the personnel of the organs that exercise the functions and powers of detection, prosecution, adjudication and administration of prison, which does not relate to his exercise of the said functions and powers;

(五)因公民自伤、自残等故意行为致使损害发生的;

(5) where the damage was caused by such intentional acts as self-injuring or self-disabling; or (6) other situations as provided for by law.

(六)法律规定的其他情形。

Section 2: Claimant for Compensation and Organ for Compensatory Obligations

第二节 赔偿请求人和赔偿义务机关

Article 18 The claimant for compensation shall be determined in accordance with

第十八条 赔偿请求人的确定依照本法第六条的规定。

Article 6 of this Law.

第十九条 行使国家侦查、检察、审判、监狱管理职权的机关及其工作人员在行使职权时侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益造成损害的,该机关为赔偿义务机关。

Article 19 Where organs and their personnel which exercise the functions and powers of detection, prosecution, adjudication and administration of prison infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of a citizen, legal person or other organization when exercising their functions and powers, the organs shall be responsible for fulfilling compensatory obligations.

对没有犯罪事实或者没有事实证明有犯罪重大嫌疑的人错误拘留的,作出拘留决定的机关为赔偿义务机关。

The organ which makes a wrong decision to detain a person without criminal facts or a person without facts evidencing gross criminal suspicion shall be the organ for compensatory obligations.

对没有犯罪事实的人错误逮捕的,作出逮捕决定的机关为赔偿义务机关。

The organ which makes a wrong decision to arrest a person without criminal facts shall be the organ for compensatory obligations.

再审改判无罪的,作出原生效判决的人民法院为赔偿义务机关。二审改判无罪的,作出一审判决的人民法院和作出逮捕决定的机关为共同赔偿义务机关。

Where a sentence is given to change an original judgment in the retrial, the people's court which made the original effective judgment shall be the organ for compensatory obligations. Where an adjudication of innocence is given to change an original judgment in the second instance, the people's court which made the judgment of first instance and the organ which made the decision of arrest shall be the organ for compensatory obligations.

第三节 赔偿程序

Section 3: Procedures of Compensation

第二十条 赔偿义务机关对依法确认有本法第十五条、第十六条规定的情形之一的,应当给予赔偿。

Article 20 The organ for compensatory obligations shall pay compensation in any of the circumstances as provided for in Article 15 and Article 16 of this Law when confirmed in accordance with law.

赔偿请求人要求确认有本法第十五条、第十六条规定情形之一的,被要求的机关不予确认的,赔偿请求人有权申诉。

Where the claimant for compensation demands the confirmation of one of the circumstances as provided for in Article 15 and Article 16 of this Law and the demanded organ refuses to make the confirmation, the claimant shall have the right to lodge a complaint.

赔偿请求人要求赔偿,应当先向赔偿义务机关提出。

Where the claimant claims compensation, the claim shall, first, be lodged to the organ for compensatory obligations.

赔偿程序适用本法第十条、第十一条、第十二条的规定。

The procedures of compensation shall apply to the provisions ofArticle 10, Article 11 and Article 12 of this Law.

第二十一条 赔偿义务机关应当自收到申请之日起两个月内依照本法第四章的规定给予赔偿;逾期不予赔偿或者赔偿请求人对赔偿数额有异议的,赔偿请求人可以自期间届满之日起三十日内向其上一级机关申请复议。

Article 21 The organ for compensatory obligations shall, within 2 months from the date of receipt of the application, pay compensation in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 4 of this Law; in case of failure by it to pay compensation within the period specified or where the claimant is not satisfied with the amount of compensation, the claimant may, within 30 days from the date of expiration of the time limit, apply for reconsideration by an organ at the next higher level.

赔偿义务机关是人民法院的,赔偿请求人可以依照前款规定向其上一级人民法院赔偿委员会申请作出赔偿决定。

Where the organ under compensatory obligations is a people's court, the claimant for compensation may, pursuant to the provisions of preceding paragraph, apply to the compensation commission of the people's court at the next higher level for a decision of compensation.

第二十二条 复议机关应当自收到申请之日起两个月内作出决定。

Article 22 The organ for reconsideration shall, within 2 months from the date of receipt of the application, make a decision.

赔偿请求人不服复议决定的,可以在收到复议决定之日起三十日内向复议机关所在地的同级人民法院赔偿委员会申请作出赔偿决定;复议机关逾期不作决定的,赔偿请求人可以自期间届满之日起三十日内向复议机关所在地的同级人民法院赔偿委员会申请作出赔偿决定。

Where the claimant for compensation is not satisfied with the reconsideration decision, he or she may, within 30 days from the date of receipt of reconsideration decision, apply for a decision of compensation to the compensation commission of the people's court at the same level at the place where the organ for reconsideration is located; Failure by the organ for reconsideration to make a decision within the period specified, the claimant for compensation may, within 30 days from the date of expiration of the time period, apply for a decision of compensation to the compensation commission of the people's court at the same level at the place where the organ for reconsideration is located.

第二十三条 中级以上的人民法院设立赔偿委员会,由人民法院三名至七名审判员组成。

Article 23 An intermediate people's court or the people's court above the intermediate level shall set up a compensation commission, which shall consist of 3 to 7 judges.

赔偿委员会作赔偿决定,实行少数服从多数的原则。

The compensation commission shall make a decision of compensation on the principle of the minority subordinate to the majority.

赔偿委员会作出的赔偿决定,是发生法律效力的决定,必须执行。

Where the decision of compensation by the compensation commission is of validity of law, it must be executed.

第二十四条 赔偿义务机关赔偿损失后,应当向有下列情形之一的工作人员追偿部分或者全部赔偿费用:

Article 24 Having paid compensation, the organ under compensatory obligations shall recover part or all of the damages from its personnel in any of the following circumstances:

(一)有本法第十五条第(四)、(五)项规定情形的;

 (1) the circumstances as provided for in Article 15 (4), (5) of this Law; 

(二)在处理案件中有贪污受贿,徇私舞弊,枉法裁判行为的。

or (2) where its personnel embezzle or take bribery and embezzlement or act wrongly out of personal considerations or commit fraudulent act or bring in judgment by perverting the law.

对有前款(一)、(二)项规定情形的责任人员,有关机关应当依法给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,应当依法追究刑事责任。

The competent authorities shall, in accordance with law, impose administrative sanctions on those responsible persons who fall in one of the circumstances as provided for in (1) and (2) of the proceeding paragraph; If the case constitute a crime, the criminal responsibility shall be investigated in accordance with law.

第四章 赔偿方式和计算标准

Chapter 4 Methods of Compensation and Calculation Standards

第二十五条 国家赔偿以支付赔偿金为主要方式。

Article 25 The main method of state compensation shall be the payment of damages.

能够返还财产或者恢复原状的,予以返还财产或者恢复原状。

Where the property can be returned or can be restored to the original state, it shall be returned or made restoration to the original state.

第二十六条 侵犯公民人身自由的,每日的赔偿金按照国家上年度职工日平均工资计算。

Article 26 Where the personal rights of a citizen are infringed upon, the amount of money for compensation per day shall be calculated according to the average salary per day of the staff of the state in the preceding year.

第二十七条 侵犯公民生命健康权的,赔偿金按照下列规定计算:

Article 27 Where the rights of life and health of a citizen are infringed upon, the amount of money for compensation per day shall be calculated according to the following provisions: 

(一)造成身体伤害的,应当支付医疗费,以及赔偿因误工减少的收入。减少的收入每日的赔偿金按照国家上年度职工日平均工资计算,最高额为国家上年度职工年平均工资的五倍;

(1) Where bodily injury is caused, medical expenses and compensation for losses of income for absence from work shall be paid. The amount of money for compensation per day for losses of income shall be calculated according to the average salary per day of the staff of the state in the preceding year. The maximum amount shall be five times as much as the annual average salary of the staff of the state in the preceding year.

(二)造成部分或者全部丧失劳动能力的,应当支付医疗费,以及残疾赔偿金,残疾赔偿金根据丧失劳动能力的程度确定,部分丧失劳动能力的最高额为国家上年度职工年平均工资的十倍,全部丧失劳动能力的为国家上年度职工年平均工资的二十倍。造成全部丧失劳动能力的,对其扶养的无劳动能力的人,还应当支付生活费;

(2) Where partial or total loss of the ability to work is caused, medical expenses and compensation money for disablement shall be paid. The amount of money for compensation for disablement shall be calculated according to the seriousness of loss of the ability to work. The maximum amount of compensation money for partial loss of ability to work shall be ten times as much as the annual average salary of the staff of the state in the preceding year. The maximum amount of compensation money for total loss of ability to work shall be twenty times as much as the annual average salary of the staff of the state in the preceding year. In case of total loss of ability to work, living expenses shall be paid to the person who is maintained by the aggrieved and without ability to work. 

(三)造成死亡的,应当支付死亡赔偿金、丧葬费,总额为国家上年度职工年平均工资的二十倍。

and (3) Where decease is caused, compensation money and funeral expenses shall be paid, the total amount of which shall be twenty times as much as the annual average salary of the staff of the state in the preceding year.

对死者生前扶养的无劳动能力的人,还应当支付生活费。

Living expenses shall be paid to the person who is maintained by the aggrieved before his or her decease and without ability to work.

前款第(二)、(三)项规定的生活费的发放标准参照当地民政部门有关生活救济的规定办理。被扶养的人是未成年人的,生活费给付至十八周岁止;其他无劳动能力的人,生活费给付至死亡时止。

The granting of living expenses mentioned in (2) and (3) of the preceding paragraph shall be made in light of the relevant provisions concerning subsistence relief promulgated by the local civil administration department. Should the person maintained be a juvenile, the living expenses shall be paid until the juvenile reaches the age of 18; Should the person be of no ability to work, the living expenses shall be paid until his decease.

第二十八条 侵犯公民、法人和其他组织的财产权造成损害的,按照下列规定处理:

Article 28 Where the property rights of a citizen, legal person or other organization are infringed upon and damage is caused, it shall be dealt with according to the following provisions:

(一)处罚款、罚金、追缴、没收财产或者违反国家规定征收财物、摊派费用的,返还财产;

 (1) in case of imposition of a fine or penalty, recovery or confiscation of property, or expropriation of property and article, or appointment of expenses in violation of the provisions of the state, the property shall be returned;

(二)查封、扣押、冻结财产的,解除对财产的查封、扣押、冻结,造成财产损坏或者灭失的,依照本条第(三)、(四)项的规定赔偿;

 (2) in case of sealing up, distraint and freezing of property and causing damage or destruction to the property, compensation shall be paid according to the provisions of (3) and (4) of this Article; 

(三)应当返还的财产损坏的,能够恢复原状的恢复原状,不能恢复原状的,按照损害程度给付相应的赔偿金;

(3) in case of damage to the property which should be returned, the original state shall be restored if it can be done. If the original state can not be restored, corresponding compensation money shall be paid according to the seriousness of the damage; 

(四)应当返还的财产灭失的,给付相应的赔偿金;

(4) in case of destruction of the property which should be returned, corresponding compensation money shall be paid;

(五)财产已经拍卖的,给付拍卖所得的价款;

 (5) in case the property has been auctioned, proceeds from the auction shall be paid; 

(六)吊销许可证和执照、责令停产停业的,赔偿停产停业期间必要的经常性费用开支;

(6) in case of rescission of a permit or license, order to suspend production or business operation, compensation shall be paid to cover the necessary current expenses incurred during the suspension period;

(七)对财产权造成其他损害的,按照直接损失给予赔偿。

 or (7) in case of other damages caused to the property, compensation shall be made in light of direct loss of the property.

第二十九条 赔偿费用,列入各级财政预算,具体办法由国务院规定。

Article 29 The expenses for compensation shall be listed in the fiscal budget of governments at all levels, the detailed rules of which shall be formulated by the State Council.

第五章 其他规定

Chapter 5 Other Provisions

第三十条 赔偿义务机关对依法确认有本法第三条第(一)、(二)项、第十五条第(一)、(二)、(三)项情形之一,并造成受害人名誉权、荣誉权损害的,应当在侵权行为影响的范围内,为受害人消除影响,恢复名誉,赔礼道歉。

Article 30 Where any of the circumstances as provided for in Article 3 (1) and (2) and Article 15 (1), (2) and (3) of this Law, is confirmed according to law and causes infringement upon the rights of reputation and honor of the aggrieved person, the organ compensatory obligations shall eliminate the bad effect, rehabilitate the reputation of and make an apology to the aggrieved person to the extent of the infringing acts affected.

第三十一条 人民法院在民事诉讼、行政诉讼过程中,违法采取对妨害诉讼的强制措施、保全措施或者对判决、裁定及其他生效法律文书执行错误,造成损害的,赔偿请求人要求赔偿的程序,适用本法刑事赔偿程序的规定。

Article 31 Where a people's court, in the course of a civil or administrative procedure, illegally undertakes compulsory measures against impairment of action, preservative measures or wrongfully executes the judgment or award or other legal effective documents and which causes damages, the procedure for the claim of compensation by the claimant shall apply to the provisions of this Law concerning the procedures of criminal compensation.

第三十二条 赔偿请求人请求国家赔偿的时效为两年,自国家机关及其工作人员行使职权时的行为被依法确认为违法之日起计算,但被羁押期间不计算在内。

Article 32 The prescription of claim for state compensation by the claimant shall be 2 years, which shall be calculated from the day on which the act of exercising the functions and powers by the State organ and its personnel was confirmed unlawful according to law, but the period of custody shall be excluded from the limitation of time.

赔偿请求人在赔偿请求时效的最后六个月内,因不可抗力或者其他障碍不能行使请求权的,时效中止。从中止时效的原因消除之日起,赔偿请求时效期间继续计算。

Where the claimant for compensation can not exercise his or her right of claim due to force majeure or other obstacles during the last 6 months of the prescription of claim for compensation, the limitation of time shall be suspended. The time of prescription of claim for compensation shall resume from the day when the grounds for the suspension are eliminated.

第三十三条 外国人、外国企业和组织在中华人民共和国领域内要求中华人民共和国国家赔偿的,适用本法。

Article 33 This Law shall be applicable to such cases as claiming by a foreigner, foreign enterprise or organization in the territory of the People's Republic of China upon the People's Republic of China for state compensation.

外国人、外国企业和组织的所属国对中华人民共和国公民、法人和其他组织要求该国国家赔偿的权利不予保护或者限制的,中华人民共和国与该外国人、外国企业和组织的所属国实行对等原则。

If the mother state of a foreigner, foreign enterprise or organization does not protect or imposes restrictions upon the right of claiming for state compensation from that state by a Chinese citizen, legal entity or other organization, the People's Republic of China shall follow the principle of reciprocity with regard to such mother state of the said foreigner, foreign enterprise or organization.

第六章 附 则

Chapter 6 Supplementary Provisions

第三十四条 赔偿请求人要求国家赔偿的,赔偿义务机关、复议机关和人民法院不得向赔偿请求人收取任何费用。

Article 34 Where the claimant claims for state compensation, the organ under compensatory obligations, the organ for reconsideration and the people's court shall not charge anything to the claimant.

对赔偿请求人取得的赔偿金不予征税。

Taxes shall not be levied upon the compensation money obtained by claimant for compensation.

第三十五条 本法自1995年1月1日起施行。

Article 35 This Law shall enter into force as of January 1, 1995.

附:法律有关条文

Appendix:Related Articles of Laws 1. 

一、刑法

Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China

第十四条 已满十六岁的人犯罪,应当负刑事责任。

Article 14 Any person who has reached the age of 16 and who commits a crime shall bear criminal responsibility.

已满十四岁不满十六岁的人,犯杀人、重伤、抢劫、放火、惯窃罪或者其他严重破坏社会秩序罪,应当负刑事责任。

Any person who has reached the age of 14 but not the age of 16 and who commits a homicide, inflicting serious bodily injury, robbery, arson, habitual theft or any other crime seriously undermining social order shall bear criminal responsibility.

已满十四岁不满十八岁的人犯罪,应当从轻或者减轻处罚。

Any person who has reached the age of 14 but not the age of 18 and who commits a crime shall be given a lighter or mitigated punishment.

因不满十六岁不处罚的,责令他的家长或者监护人加以管教;在必要的时候,也可以由政府收容教养。

If a person is not punished because he has not reached the age of 16, the head of his or her family or his or her guardian shall be ordered to discipline and educate him or her. When necessary, he or she may also be taken in by the government for reeducation.

第十五条 精神病人在不能辨认或者不能控制自己行为的时候造成危害结果的,不负刑事责任;但是应当责令他的家属或者监护人严加看管和医疗。

Article 15 If a mental patient causes dangerous consequences at a time when he or she is unable to recognize or control his or her own conduct, he or she shall not bear criminal responsibility, however, his or her family or guardian shall be ordered to make him or her under strict custody and give medical treatment.

间歇性的精神病人在精神正常的时候犯罪,应当负刑事责任。

Any person whose mental illness is of an intermittent nature shall bear criminal responsibility if he or she commits a crime when he or she is in a normal mental state.

醉酒的人犯罪,应当负刑事责任。

Any intoxicated person who commits a crime shall bear criminal responsibility.

二、刑事诉讼法

2. Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China

第十一条 有下列情形之一的,不追究刑事责任,已经追究的,应当撤销案件,或者不起诉,或者宣告无罪:

Article 11 In any of the following circumstances, no criminal responsibility shall be investigated; if investigation has already been undertaken, the case shall be dismissed, or prosecution shall not be initiated, or innocence shall be declared:

(一)情节显著轻微、危害不大,不认为是犯罪的;

 (1) if an act is obviously of minor importance, causing no serious harm, and is therefore not deemed as a crime;

(二)犯罪已过追诉时效期限的;

 (2) if the limitation period for criminal prosecution has expired;

(三)经特赦令免除刑罚的;

 (3) if an exemption of criminal punishment has been granted in a special amnesty decree;

(四)依照刑法告诉才处理的犯罪,没有告诉或者撤回告诉的;

 (4) if the crime is to be handled only upon complaint according to the Criminal Law, but there has been no complaint or the complaint has been withdrawn;

(五)被告人死亡的;

 (5) if the defendant is deceased; 

(六)其他法律、法令规定免予追究刑事责任的。

or (6) if other laws or decrees provide an exemption from investigation of criminal responsibility. 




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