知识与资讯
翻译案例
 
海洋环境保护法
发布时间:2011-8-31 11:51:00||  点击:1748次||  文章分类:翻译案例||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


中华人民共和国海洋环境保护法

Marine Environment Protection Law of the People's Republic of China

  第一条  为了保护海洋环境及资源,防止污染损害,保护生态平衡,保障人体健康,促进海洋事业的发展,特制定本法。

Article 1. This Law is formulated in order to protect the marine environment and resources, prevent pollution damage, maintain ecological balance, safeguard human health and promote the development of marine programmes.

  第二条  本法适用于中华人民共和国的内海、领海以及中华人民共和国管辖的一切其他海域。

Article 2. This Law shall apply to the internal seas and territorial seas of the People's Republic of China and all other sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.

  在中华人民共和国管辖海域内从事航行、勘探、开发、生产、科学研究及其他活动的任何船舶、平台、航空器、潜水器、企业事业单位和个人,都必须遵守本法。

All vessels, platforms, airborne vehicles and submersibles, as well as all enterprises, institutions and individuals engaged in navigation, exploration, exploitation, production, scientific research or other activities in the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China shall comply with this Law.

  在中华人民共和国管辖海域以外,排放有害物质,倾倒废弃物,造成中华人民共和国管辖海域污染损害的,也适用于本法。

This Law shall also apply to the discharge of harmful substances and the dumping of wastes done beyond the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China that cause pollution damage to sea areas within the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.

  第三条  进入中华人民共和国管辖海域的一切单位和个人,都有责任保护海洋环境,并有义务对污染损害海洋环境的行为进行监督和检举。

Article 3. All units and individuals entering the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China shall have the responsibility to protect the marine environment and shall have the obligation to watch for and report on actions causing pollution damage to the marine environment.

  第四条  国务院有关部门和沿海省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,可以根据海洋环境保护的需要,划出海洋特别保护区、海上自然保护区和海滨风景游览区,并采取相应的保护措施。海洋特别保护区、海上自然保护区的确定,须经国务院批准。

Article 4. The relevant departments under the State Council and the people's governments of the coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government may, as the need to protect the marine environment requires, establish special marine reserves, marine sanctuaries and seashore scenic and tourist areas and take corresponding measures to protect them. The designation of special marine reserves and marine sanctuaries shall be subject to the State Council for approval.

  第五条  国务院环境保护部门主管全国海洋环境保护工作。

Article 5. The environmental protection department under the State Council shall be in charge of the marine environmental protection of the whole country.

  国家海洋管理部门负责组织海洋环境的调查、监测、监视,开展科学研究,并主管防止海洋石油勘探开发和海洋倾废污染损害的环境保护工作。

The state administrative department of marine affairs shall be responsible for organizing investigations and monitoring of and exercising surveilance over the marine environment and conducting scientific research therein; it shall also be in charge of environmental protection against marine pollution damage caused by offshore oil exploration and exploitation and by the dumping of wastes into the sea.

  中华人民共和国港务监督负责船舶排污的监督和调查处理,以及港区水域的监视,并主管防止船舶污染损害的环境保护工作。

The Harbour Superintendency Administration of the People's Republic of China shall be responsible for supervising, investigating and dealing with the discharge of pollutants from vessels and for exercising surveillance over the waters of the port areas; it shall also be in charge of environmental protection against pollution damage caused by vessels.

  国家渔政渔港监督管理机构负责渔港船舶排污的监督和渔业港区水域的监视。

The state fisheries administration and fishing harbour superintendency agencies shall be responsible for supervising the discharge of pollutants by vessels in the fishing harbours and for exercising surveillance over the waters thereof.

  军队环境保护部门负责军用船舶排污的监督和军港水域的监视。

The environmental protection department of the armed forces shall be responsible for supervising the discharge of pollutants by military vessels and exercising surveillance over the waters of the naval ports.

  沿海省、自治区、直辖市环境保护部门负责组织协调、监督检查本行政区域的海洋环境保护工作,并主管防止海岸工程和陆源污染物污染损害的环境保护工作。

The environmental protection departments of the coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall be responsible for organizing, coordinating, supervising and inspecting the marine environmental protection work in their respective administrative areas and shall be in charge of environmental protection against pollution damage caused by coastal construction projects and land-sourced pollutants.

第二章 防止海岸工程对海洋环境的污染损害

CHAPTER II PREVENTION OF POLLUTION DAMAGE TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY COASTAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

  第六条  海岸工程建设项目的主管单位,必须在编报计划任务书前,对海洋环境进行科学调查,根据自然条件和社会条件,合理选址,并按照国家有关规定,编报环境影响报告书。

Article 6. Units in charge of coastal construction projects must, before drawing up and submitting their project plan descriptions, conduct scientific surveys of the marine environment, select suitable sites in the light of natural and social conditions and formulate and submit Environmental Impact Statements in accordance with relevant state regulations.

  第七条  建造港口、油码头,兴建入海河口水利和潮汐发电工程,必须采取措施,保护水产资源。在鱼蟹回游通道筑坝,要建造相应的过鱼设施。

Article 7. Measures must be taken to protect the aquatic resources when building harbours and oil terminals, as well as water conservancy facilities and tidal power stations in estuaries. Dams to be built across fish and crab migration routes shall be provided with appropriate fish passage facilities.

  第八条  港口和油码头应当设置残油、废油、含油污水和废弃物的接收和处理设施,配备必要的防污器材和监视、报警装置。

Article 8. Facilities to receive and treat residual and waste oils, oil-polluted water and other wastes, along with the necessary anti-pollution equipment and monitoring and alarm devices, shall be installed at ports and oil terminals.

  第九条  海涂的开发利用应当全面规划,加强管理。对围海造地或其他围海工程,以及采挖砂石,应当严格控制。确需进行的,必须在调查研究和经济效果对比的基础上,提出工程的环境影响报告书,报省、自治区、直辖市环境保护部门审批,大型围海工程并须报国务院环境保护部门审批。

Article 9. The development and utilization of tideland shall be subject to comprehensive planning and strict administration. The reclamation of land from the sea, or other projects to enclose sea areas, and the excavation of sand and gravel shall be strictly controlled. For projects that are definitely necessary, Environmental Impact Statements based on investigative research and comparison of economic results must be prepared and submitted for approval to the environmental protection departments of the relevant provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government. In the cases of large-scale projects to enclose sea areas, the statements must also be submitted to the environmental protection department under the State Council for examination and approval.

  禁止毁坏海岸防护林、风景林、风景石和红树林、珊瑚礁。

It is forbidden to destroy seashore shelter belts, scenic woods, scenic rocks, mangroves and coral reefs.

第三章 防止海洋石油勘探开发对海洋环境的污染损害

CHAPTER III PREVENTION OF POLLUTION DAMAGE TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY COASTAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS BY OFFSHORE OIL EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATION

  第十条  开发海洋石油的企业或其主管单位,在编报计划任务书前,应当提出海洋环境影响报告书,包括防止污染损害海洋环境的有效措施,并报国务院环境保护部门审批。

Article 10. Enterprises engaged in offshore oil exploitation or their competent authorities shall, before drawing up and submitting their project plan descriptions, prepare Environmental Impact Statements, which shall include effective measures for the prevention of pollution damage to the marine environment; the statements shall be submitted to the environmental protection department under the State Council for examination and approval.

  第十一条  海洋石油勘探和其他海上活动需要爆破作业时,应当采取有效措施,保护渔业资源。

Article 11. When offshore oil exploration and other offshore activities involve explosive operations, effective measures shall be taken to protect fishery resources.

  第十二条  对勘探开发过程中使用的油料,应当加强管理,防止发生漏油事故。残油、废油应当予以回收,不准排放入海。

Article 12. Oils used in the course of exploration and exploitation shall be put under strict control so as to prevent accidents from oil leakage. Residual and waste oils shall be recovered and must not be discharged into the sea.

  第十三条  海洋石油钻井船、钻井平台和采油平台的含油污水和油性混合物,不得直接排放;经回收处理后排放的,其含油量不得超过国家规定的标准。

Article 13. Oil-polluted water and oil mixtures from offshore oil rigs, drilling platforms and oil extraction platforms may not be directly discharged into the sea. When they are discharged after recovery treatment, the oil content of the discharges may not exceed the standards set by the state.

  第十四条  海洋石油钻井船、钻井平台和采油平台不得向海域处置含油的工业垃圾。处置其他工业垃圾不得对渔业水域、航道造成污染损害。

Article 14. Offshore oil rigs, drilling platforms and oil extraction platforms may not dispose oil-polluted industrial wastes into the sea. The disposal of other industrial wastes may not cause pollution damage to fishing areas and shipping channels.

  第十五条  海上试油时,油和油性混合物不得排放入海,并应当确保油气充分燃烧,防止污染海洋。

Article 15. When testing offshore wells, oils and oil mixtures may not be discharged into the sea, and the gas and oil shall be thoroughly flared so as to prevent pollution of the sea.

  第十六条  海上输油管线,储油设施,应当符合防渗、防漏、防腐蚀的要求,经常保持良好状态,防止漏油事故。

Article 16. Offshore oil pipelines and oil-storage installations shall always be kept in good condition, as required for the prevention of seepage, leakage and corrosion, so as to prevent oil leakage accidents.

  第十七条  勘探开发海洋石油, 必须配备相应的防污设施和器材, 采取有效的技术措施,防止井喷和漏油事故的发生。

Article 17. In exploring and exploiting offshore oil resources, appropriate anti-pollution facilities and equipment shall be made available, and effective technical measures shall be taken to prevent blowouts or accidents from oil leakage.

  发生井喷、漏油事故的,应当立即向国家海洋管理部门报告,并采取有效措施,控制和消除油污染,接受国家海洋管理部门的调查处理。

Once a blowout or oil leakage accident occurs, the unit concerned shall immediately report it to the state administrative department of marine affairs, take effective measures to control and eliminate oil pollution and accept the investigation and handling of the case by the department.

第四章 防止陆源污染物对海洋环境的污染损害

CHAPTER IV PREVENTION OF POLLUTION DAMAGE TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY LAND-SOURCED POLLUTANTS

  第十八条  沿海单位向海域排放有害物质,必须严格执行国家或省、自治区、直辖市人民政府颁布的排放标准和有关规定。

Article 18. The discharge of harmful substances into the sea by coastal units must be conducted in strict compliance with the standards for discharge and the relevant regulations promulgated by the state or the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

  在海上自然保护区、水产养殖场、海滨风景游览区内,不得新建排污口。本法公布前已有的排污口排放污染物不符合国家排放标准的,应当限期治理。

No additional outlet for discharging sewage shall be allowed within marine sanctuaries, aquacultural grounds and seashore scenic and tourist areas. Those outlets already in existence before the promulgation of this Law, where the discharge of pollutants is not in conformity with the state standards, shall be improved within a prescribed period of time.

  第十九条  含强放射性物质的废水,禁止向海域排放。

Article 19. It is prohibited to discharge waste water containing high-level radioactive matter into the sea.

  含弱放射性物质的废水,确需向海域排放的,必须执行国家放射防护的规定和标准。

Any discharge of waste water containing low-level radioactive matter into the sea, when really necessary, shall be carried out in strict compliance with the state provisions and standards concerning radioactive protection.

  第二十条  含传染病原体的医疗污水和工业废水,必须经过处理和严格消毒,消灭病原体后,方能排入海域。

Article 20. No medical sewage or industrial waste water carrying infectious pathogens may be discharged into the sea before it has been properly treated and strictly sterilized, with the pathogens therein exterminated.

  第二十一条  含有机物和营养物质的工业废水、生活污水,应当控制向海湾、半封闭海及其他自净能力较差的海域排放,防止海水富营养化。

Article 21. The discharge of industrial waste water and domestic sewage containing organic and nutrient matter into bays, semi-closed seas and other sea areas with low capacities of self-purification shall be controlled so as to prevent eutrophication of the sea water.

  第二十二条  向海域排放含热废水,应当采取措施,保证邻近的渔业水域的水温符合国家水质标准,避免热污染对水产资源的危害。

Article 22. When discharging heated waste water into the sea, measures shall be taken to ensure that the water temperature in the adjacent fishing areas is kept within state water quality standards in order to avoid damage to the aquatic resources by heat pollution.

  第二十三条  沿海农田施用化学农药,应当执行国家农药安全使用的规定和标准。

Article 23. The use of chemical pesticides in coastal farmlands shall conform to the state provisions and standards for the safe use of pesticides.

  第二十四条  任何单位不经沿海省、自治区、直辖市环境保护部门批准,不得在岸滩弃置、堆放尾矿、矿渣、煤灰渣、垃圾和其他废弃物。依法被批准在岸滩设置废弃物堆放场和处理场的,应当建造防护堤,防止废弃物流失入海。

Article 24. No unit may discard or pile up tailings, slags, cinders, garbage and other wastes along seashores and beaches without the approval of the environmental protection departments of the coastal provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government. Those who have been approved by law to set up waste yards and treatment facilities along seashores and beaches shall build dikes to prevent the wastes from entering the sea.

  第二十五条  沿海省、自治区、直辖市环境保护部门和水系管理部门,应当加强入海河流的管理,防治污染,使入海河口处的水质处于良好状态。

Article 25. The environmental protection departments of the coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government and the river system administrative departments shall strengthen their control over rivers that empty into the sea to prevent them from being polluted and ensure the quality of the water in the estuaries.

第五章 防止船舶对海洋环境的污染损害

CHAPTER V PREVENTION OF POLLUTION DAMAGE TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY VESSELS

  第二十六条  在中华人民共和国管辖海域,禁止任何船舶违反本法规定排放油类、油性混合物、废弃物和其他有害物质。

Article 26. No vessel may, in violation of the provisions of this Law, discharge oils, oil mixtures, wastes and other harmful substances into the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.

  第二十七条  150总吨以上的油轮和400总吨以上的非油轮,应当设有相应的防污设备和器材。

Article 27. Any oil tanker with a gross tonnage of 150 tons or more or any other vessel with a gross tonnage of 400 tons or more shall be fitted with appropriate anti-pollution equipment and facilities.

  不足150总吨的油轮和不足400总吨的非油轮,应当设有专用容器,回收残油、废油。

Any oil tanker with a gross tonnage of less than 150 tons and any other vessel with a gross tonnage of less than 400 tons shall be fitted with special containers for recovery of residual and waste oils.

  第二十八条  150总吨以上的油轮和 400总吨以上的非油轮, 应当备有油类记录簿。

Article 28. Any oil tanker with a gross tonnage of 150 tons or more or any other vessel with a gross tonnage of 400 tons or more shall carry on board an Oil Record Book.

  载运2,000吨以上的散装货油的船舶,应当持有有效的《油污损害民事责任保险或其他财务保证证书》,或《油污损害民事责任信用证书》,或提供其他财务信用保证。

Any vessels carrying more than 2,000 tons of oil in bulk as cargo shall hold a valid "insurance or other financial security certificate for civil liability against oil pollution damage," or a "credit certificate for civil liability against oil pollution damage, " or furnish other financial credit guarantees.

  第二十九条  150总吨以上的油轮和400总吨以上的非油轮,排放含油污水,必须按照国家有关船舶污水的排放标准和规定进行,并如实地记入油类记录簿。

Article 29. The discharge of oil-polluted water from an oil tanker with a gross tonnage of 150 tons or more or any other vessel with a gross tonnage of 400 tons or more must be conducted in compliance with the state standards and provisions for vessel sewage discharge and shall be truthfully recorded in the Oil Record Book.

  第三十条  载运有毒、含腐蚀性货物的船舶,排放洗仓水和其他残余物,必须按照国家有关船舶污水排放的规定进行,并如实地记入航海日志。

Article 30. The discharge of hold-washings and other residues by vessels carrying noxious or corrosive goods must be conducted in compliance with the state provisions for vessel sewage discharge and shall be truthfully recorded in the Logbook.

  第三十一条  核动力船舶和载运放射物质的船舶,排放放射性物质,必须遵守本法第十九条的规定。

Article 31. The discharge of radioactive substances from nuclear-powered vessels or vessels carrying such substances must be conducted in compliance with the provisions of Article 19 of this Law.

  第三十二条  船舶进行加油和装卸油作业时, 必须遵守操作规程, 采取有效的预防措施,防止发生漏油事故。

Article 32. Vessels, when bunkering or loading and unloading oil, must observe operating instructions and take effective measures to prevent oil spills.

  第三十三条  造船、修船、拆船和打捞船单位,均应备有防止污染器材和设备。进行作业时,应当采取预防措施,防止油类、油性混合物和废弃物污染海域。

Article 33. Shipbuilders and ship repairing, scrapping and salvaging units shall be provided with anti-pollution equipment and facilities. During operations, preventive measures shall be taken against pollution of the sea by oils, oil mixtures and other wastes.

  第三十四条  船舶非正常排放油类、油性混合物和其他有害物质,或有毒、含腐蚀性货物落水造成污染时,应当立即采取措施,控制和消除污染,并向就近的港务监督报告,接受调查处理。

Article 34. In case pollution has resulted from an abnormal discharge of oils, oil mixtures or other harmful substances, or from the spilling overboard of noxious or corrosive goods, the vessel concerned shall immediately take measures to control and eliminate such pollution and shall report the matter to the nearest harbour superintendency administration for investigation and settlement.

  第三十五条  船舶发生海损事故造成或者可能造成海洋环境重大污染损害的,中华人民共和国港务监督有权强制采取避免或减少这种污染损害的措施。

Article 35. If a vessel is involved in a marine accident which has caused, or is likely to cause, a serious pollution damage to the marine environment, the Harbour Superintendency Administration of the People's Republic of China shall have the power to compel action to avoid or minimize such a pollution damage.

  第三十六条  所有船舶均有监视海上污染的义务,如发现违章行为和污染情事,应当立即向就近的港务监报告,渔船也可以向就近的渔政渔港监督管理机构报告。

Article 36. All vessels have the obligation to guard against pollution of the sea. Upon discovering violations of regulations or occurrences of pollution, they shall immediately report them to the nearest harbour superintendency administration; fishing boats may also report such occurrences to the nearest fisheries administration and fishing harbour superintendency agency.

  第三十七条  在中华人民共和国管辖海域航行、停泊和作业的船舶,发生污染情事的,由中华人民共和国港务监督登轮检查处理。经港务监督授权的政府有关机关的公务人员也可以登轮检查,并将检查结果报告港务监督处理。

Article 37. In the event of pollution caused by a vessel navigating, berthing or operating in a sea area under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, officers from the Harbour Superintendency Administration of the People's Republic of China shall board the vessel in question to examine and handle the case. Officers from relevant government departments authorized by the Harbour Superintendency Administration may also board the vessel to conduct examinations and report the results thereof to the Administration for settlement.

第六章 防止倾倒废弃物对海洋环境的污染损害

CHAPTER VI PREVENTION OF POLLUTION DAMAGE TO THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY DUMPING OF WASTES

  第三十八条  任何单位未经国家海洋管理部门批准,不得向中华人民共和国管辖海域倾倒任何废弃物。

Article 38. No unit may dump any kind of waste into the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China without the permission of the state administrative department of marine affairs.

  需要倾倒废弃物的单位,必须向国家海洋管理部门提出申请,经国家海洋管理部门审批,发给许可证后,方可倾倒。

Units that need to dump wastes must file an application with the state administrative department of marine affairs and the dumping may be carried out only after a permit has been granted by the department.

  第三十九条  获准倾倒废弃物的单位,应当按许可证注明的期限及条件,到指定的区域进行倾倒。废弃物装载之后,批准部门应予核实。利用船舶倾倒废弃物的,由驶出港的港务监督核实。

Article 39. Units that have obtained permits for dumping wastes shall dump wastes at the designated place, within the time limit and in accordance with the conditions specified in the permit. Wastes to be dumped shall be verified by the approving department after their loading. Wastes to be dumped by means of vessels shall be supervised and verified by the harbour superintendency administration at the port of departure.

  第四十条  获准倾倒废弃物的单位,应当详细记录倾倒的情况,并在倾倒后向批准部门作出书面报告。倾倒废弃物的船舶须向驶出港的港务监督作出书面报告。

Article 40. Units that have obtained permits for dumping wastes shall make a detailed record of such operations and present a written report to the approving department thereafter. Vessels that have finished the said dumping must present a written report to the harbour superintendency administration at the port of departure.

第七章 法律责任

CHAPTER VII LEGAL LIABILITIES

  第四十一条  凡违反本法,造成或者可能造成海洋环境污染损害的,本法第五条规定的有关主管部门可以责令限期治理,缴纳排污费,支付消除污染费用,赔偿国家损失;并可以给予警告或者罚款。当事人不服的,可以在收到决定书之日起十五日内,向人民法院起诉;期满不起诉又不履行的,由有关主管部门申请人民法院强制执行。

Article 41. In the case of a violation of this Law that has caused or is likely to cause pollution damage to the marine environment, the competent authorities prescribed in Article 5 of this Law may order the violator to remedy the pollution damage within a definite time, pay a pollutant discharge fee, pay the cost for eliminating the pollution and compensate for the losses sustained by the state; they may also give the violator a warning or impose a fine. An involved party contesting the decision may file a suit in a people's court within 15 days after it has received the written decision. If a suit has not been filed and the decision has not been carried out upon the expiration of that period, the competent authorities shall request the people's court to enforce the decision in accordance with the law.

  第四十二条  因海洋环境污染受到损害的单位和个人,有权要求造成污染损害的一方赔偿损失。赔偿责任和赔偿金额纠纷,可以由有关主管部门处理,当事人不服的,依照《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法(试行)》规定的程序解决;也可以直接向人民法院起诉。

Article 42. Units or individuals who have suffered damage caused by marine environmental pollution shall be entitled to claim compensation from the party which caused the pollution damage. Disputes over the compensation liability and the amount of compensation may be settled by the competent authorities. If a party contests the decision, the matter may be settled either by resorting to the procedures specified in the Civil Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China or by filing a suit directly with the people's court.

  第四十三条  完全属于下列情形之一,经过及时采取合理措施仍然不能避免对海洋环境造成污染损害的,免予承担赔偿责任:

Article 43. Compensation liability may be exempted if pollution damage to the marine environment cannot be avoided, despite prompt and reasonable measures taken, when the pollution damage is caused by any of the following circumstances:

  (1)战争行为;

(1) acts of war;

  (2)不可抗拒的自然灾害;

(2) irresistible natural calamities; or

  (3)负责灯塔或者其他助航设备的主管部门在执行职责时的疏忽或者其他过失行为。

(3) negligence or other wrongful acts in the exercise of the functions of departments responsible for the maintenance of beacons or other navigational aids.

  完全是由于第三者的故意或者过失造成污染损害海洋环境的 , 由第三者承但赔偿责任。

In the case of pollution damage to the marine environment resulting entirely from the intentional or wrongful act of a third party, that party shall be liable for compensation.

  第四十四条  凡违反本法污染损害海洋环境,造成公私财产重大损失或者致人伤亡的,对直接责任人员可以由司法机关依法追究刑事责任。

Article 44. In cases where violations of this Law result in pollution damage to the marine environment and cause heavy losses to public or private property or deaths or injuries to persons, those who are directly responsible may be prosecuted for criminal responsibility by judicial organs in accordance with the law.

  第四十五条  本法中下列用语的含义是:

Article 45. For the purpose of this Law, the definitions of the following terms are:

  (一)“海洋环境污染损害”是指直接或间接地把物质或能量引入海洋环境,产生损害海洋生物资源、危害人体健康、妨碍渔业和海上其他合法活动、损坏海水使用素质和减损环境质量等有害影响。

(1) " Pollution damage to the marine environment " means any direct or indirect introduction of substances or energy into the marine environment which results in deleterious effects such as harm to marine living resources, hazards to human health, hindrance to fishing and other legitimate activities at sea, impairment of the useful quality of sea water and degradation of environmental quality.

  (二)“渔业水域”是指鱼虾类的产卵场、索饵场、越冬场、回游通道和鱼虾贝藻类的养殖场。

(2) " Fishing areas " means spawning grounds, feeding grounds, wintering grounds and migration channels of fish and shrimp as well as aquacultural grounds of fish, shrimp, shellfish and aquatic plants.

  (三)“油类”是指任何类型的油及其炼制品。

(3) " Oils " means any kind of oil and its refined products.

  (四)“油性混合物”是指任何含有油份的混合物。

(4) " Oil mixtures " means any mixtures containing oil.

  (五)“排放”是指把污染物排入海洋的行为,包括泵出、溢出、泄出、喷出和倒出。

(5) " To discharge " means to drain pollutants into the sea, including pumping, spilling, releasing, gushing and pouring.

  (六) “倾倒”是指通过船舶、航空器、平台或其他载运工具,向海洋处置废弃物或其他有害物质的行为,包括弃置船舶、航空器、平台和其他浮动工具的行为。

(6) " To dump " means to dispose of wastes or other harmful substances into the sea from vessels, airborne vehicles, platforms or other means of transport, including the abandonment of vessels, airborne vehicles, platforms and other floating apparatus.

  第四十六条  现行的有关海洋环境保护的规定,凡与本法抵触的,均以本法为准。

Article 46. Where existing provisions concerning marine environmental protection contradict this Law, this Law shall prevail.

  第四十七条  国务院环境保护部门可根据本法制订实施细则,报国务院批准施行。

Article 47. The environmental protection department under the State Council may, in accordance with this Law, formulate rules for its implementation, which shall be put into effect after being submitted to and approved by the State Council.

  国务院有关部门和沿海省、自治区、直辖市人民代表大会常务委员会、人民政府可根据本法,结合本部门、本地区的实际,制订具体实施办法。

The relevant departments under the State Council and the standing committees of the people's congresses and people's governments of the coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government may, in accordance with this Law, work out concrete measures for its implementation, taking into consideration the actual conditions prevailing at the departments or localities concerned.

  第四十八条  本法自一九八三年三月一日起生效。

Article 48. This Law shall come into force as of March 1, 1983.




  更多文章