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2012政府工作报告-02
发布时间:2012-3-22 13:56:00||  点击:1946次||  文章分类:翻译学习||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


二、2012年工作总体部署

II. Major Steps to Be Taken in Government Work in 2012

 

今年是“十二五”时期承前启后的重要一年,也是本届政府任期的最后一年。我们要恪尽职守、锐意进取、攻坚克难,决不懈怠,交出一份人民满意的答卷。

This year is an important year of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period, and the last year of the term of my government. We must dedicate ourselves to our duties, forge ahead with determination, tackle difficult problems directly, and work diligently to achieve results that satisfy the people.

 

我国发展仍处于重要战略机遇期,在较长时期内继续保持经济平稳较快发展具备不少有利条件。工业化、城镇化和农业现代化快速推进,消费结构和产业结构升级蕴藏着巨大的需求潜力;经过30多年改革开放,我国发展建立了良好的物质基础和体制条件,宏观调控经验不断丰富,企业竞争力和抗风险能力明显提高;东部地区创新发展能力增强,中西部地区和东北等老工业基地发展潜力不断释放;经济发展的传统优势依然存在,劳动力资源丰富、素质提高;财政收支状况良好,金融体系运行稳健,社会资金比较充裕。世界经济政治格局正在发生深刻变化,和平、发展、合作仍然是时代潮流,总体上有利于我国和平发展。我们要坚定信心,善于运用有利条件和积极因素,继续抓住和用好重要战略机遇期,推动经济平稳较快发展,不断增强我国的综合国力和国际影响力。

We are still in an important period of strategic opportunities for China's development, and there are a number of favorable conditions for us to maintain steady and robust economic development for a long time. Industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization are proceeding rapidly, and improvements in the consumption pattern and the industrial structure will create huge potential demand. In the course of over 30 years of reform and opening up, we have built a solid material foundation and institutional conditions for development and gained rich experience in macro-control. Our enterprises have become significantly more competitive and resilient. The eastern region has greater capacity for innovation and development, and the development potential of the central and western regions and the old industrial bases in northeast China is being constantly unleashed. We still have our traditional strengths in economic development, as well as rich human resources and a more skilled workforce. We have a good balance between government revenue and expenditures and a sound financial system, and there is ample nongovernmental capital. The global economic and political patterns are undergoing profound changes; peace, development, and cooperation remain the underlying trends of the times, and overall the situation is favorable for China's peaceful development. We need to have firm confidence, capitalize on favorable conditions and factors, and continue to grasp and make the most of this important period of strategic opportunities to promote steady and robust economic development, and continue to enhance China's overall strength and its international influence.


我们要高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想为指导,深入贯彻落实科学发展观,坚持稳中求进,加强和改善宏观调控,继续处理好保持经济平稳较快发展、调整经济结构和管理通胀预期的关系,加快推进经济发展方式转变和经济结构调整,着力扩大国内需求特别是消费需求,着力加强自主创新和节能减排,着力深化改革开放,着力保障和改善民生,全面推进社会主义经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设以及生态文明建设,努力实现经济平稳较快发展和物价总水平基本稳定,保持社会和谐稳定,以经济社会发展的优异成绩迎接党的十八大胜利召开。

We must hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, take Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents as our guide, thoroughly apply the Scientific Outlook on Development, make progress while maintaining stability, and strengthen and improve macro-control. We will continue to balance maintaining steady and robust economic development, adjusting the economic structure, and managing inflation expectations; accelerate the transformation of the pattern of economic development and adjustment of the economic structure; vigorously expand domestic demand, particularly consumer demand; make every effort to strengthen innovation, energy conservation, and emissions reduction; and strive to deepen reform and opening up and ensure and improve the people's wellbeing. We will comprehensively advance socialist economic development, political, cultural and social progress, and ecological awareness. We will strive to achieve steady and robust economic development and overall price stability, maintain social harmony and stability, and greet the coming Eighteenth National Congress of the CPC with outstanding achievements in economic and social development.

 

今年经济社会发展的主要预期目标是:国内生产总值增长7.5%;城镇新增就业900万人以上,城镇登记失业率控制在4.6%以内;居民消费价格涨幅控制在4%左右;进出口总额增长10%左右,国际收支状况继续改善。同时,要在产业结构调整、自主创新、节能减排等方面取得新进展,城乡居民收入实际增长和经济增长保持同步。The main targets for this year's economic and social development are as follows: to increase GDP by 7.5%, create more than 9 million new jobs in towns and cities, keep the registered urban unemployment rate at or below 4.6%, hold increases in the CPI to around 4%, increase the volume of total exports and imports by around 10%, and continue to improve our balance of payments. At the same time, we will make further progress in industrial restructuring, innovation, energy conservation, and emissions reduction, and ensure that both urban and rural residents' real incomes increase in line with economic growth.


这里要着重说明,国内生产总值增长目标略微调低,主要是要与“十二五”规划目标逐步衔接,引导各方面把工作着力点放到加快转变经济发展方式、切实提高经济发展质量和效益上来,以利于实现更长时期、更高水平、更好质量发展。提出居民消费价格涨幅控制在4%左右,综合考虑了输入性通胀因素、要素成本上升影响以及居民承受能力,也为价格改革预留一定空间。

Here I wish to stress that in setting a slightly lower GDP growth rate, we hope to make it fit with targets in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan, and to guide people in all sectors to focus their work on accelerating the transformation of the pattern of economic development and making economic development more sustainable and efficient, so as to achieve higher-level, higher-quality development over a longer period of time. In projecting a CPI increase of around 4%, we have taken into account imported inflation, rising costs of factors of production, and people's ability to absorb the impact of price increases, while leaving room for the effect of price reforms.

 

综合考虑各方面情况,要继续实施积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策,根据形势变化适时适度预调微调,进一步提高政策的针对性、灵活性和前瞻性。

Taking into consideration all relevant factors, we will continue to follow a proactive fiscal policy and a prudent monetary policy, carry out timely and appropriate anticipatory adjustments and fine-tuning, and make our policies more targeted, flexible, and anticipatory.

 

继续实施积极的财政政策。保持适度的财政赤字和国债规模。今年拟安排财政赤字8000亿元,赤字率下降到1.5%左右,其中中央财政赤字5500亿元,代发地方债2500亿元。优化财政支出结构、突出重点,更加注重向民生领域倾斜,加大对教育、文化、医疗卫生、就业、社会保障、保障性安居工程等方面的投入。更加注重加强薄弱环节,加大对“三农”、欠发达地区、科技创新和节能环保、水利、地质找矿等的支持。更加注重勤俭节约,严格控制“三公经费”,大力精简会议和文件,深化公务用车制度改革,进一步降低行政成本。

We will continue to implement a proactive fiscal policy. We will keep the deficit and government debt at appropriate levels. This year, we are projecting a deficit of 800 billion yuan, a decrease to around 1.5% of GDP, which consists of a 550 billion yuan central government deficit and 250 billion yuan of bonds issued on behalf of local governments. We will improve the structure of expenditures and give priority to spending in key areas. We will increase spending on areas which are important to the people's wellbeing, such as education, culture, medical and health care, employment, social security, and low-income housing projects. We will pay greater attention to strengthening weak links, and increase funding for agriculture, rural areas, farmers, underdeveloped areas, scientific and technological innovation, energy conservation, environmental protection, water conservancy, and geological prospecting. We will be more economical; strictly restrict spending on official overseas trips, vehicles for official use, and official hospitality; greatly reduce meetings and documents; deepen reform of the system for the use of official cars; and further reduce administrative costs.


实施结构性减税。认真落实和完善支持小型微型企业和个体工商户发展的各项税收优惠政策,开展营业税改征增值税试点。继续对行政事业性收费和政府性基金进行清理、整合和规范。加强地方政府性债务管理和风险防范。按照分类管理、区别对待、逐步化解的原则,继续妥善处理存量债务。进一步清理规范地方政府融资平台公司。坚决禁止各级政府以各种形式违规担保、承诺。同时,把短期应对措施和长期制度建设结合起来,严格控制地方政府新增债务,将地方政府债务收支分类纳入预算管理。继续控制楼堂馆所建设规模和标准,压缩大型运动会场馆建设投入。全面加强对重点领域、重点部门和重点资金的审计。

We will introduce structural tax reductions. We will fully implement and improve all preferential tax policies to support the development of small, micro and individually owned businesses, and carry out pilot projects to replace business tax with VAT. We will continue to investigate the collection and use of administrative fees and operations of government-managed funds, merge them where necessary, and ensure fees are collected and government-managed funds are operated in a standardized way. We will strengthen supervision of local government debt and guard against risks. We will continue to deal with outstanding debts properly by classifying them into different categories and managing them accordingly, dealing with different situations differently, and resolving problems gradually. We will further investigate and standardize financing companies run by local governments. Governments at all levels are prohibited from making guarantees and promises in this respect in violation of laws and regulations. At the same time, we will both take short-term measures and build permanent systems, strictly limit new local government debt, and place revenue and expenditures of local government debt under budgetary management on the basis of their type. We will continue to restrict the construction of office buildings in terms of both size and grades, and reduce spending on building large gymnasiums and stadiums. We will also comprehensively strengthen auditing of key areas, sectors, and funds.

 

继续实施稳健的货币政策。按照总量适度、审慎灵活的要求,兼顾促进经济平稳较快发展、保持物价稳定和防范金融风险。综合运用各种货币政策工具,调节好货币信贷供求,保持社会融资规模合理增长。

We will continue to implement a prudent monetary policy. We aim to promote steady and robust economic development, keep prices stable, and guard against financial risks by keeping the total money and credit supply at an appropriate level, and taking a cautious yet flexible approach. We will employ a full range of monetary policy tools, appropriately adjust the supply and demand of money and credit, and maintain proper growth of financing from nongovernment sources.
广义货币预期增长14%。优化信贷结构,支持国家重点在建、续建项目和保障性安居工程建设,加强对符合产业政策、有市场需求的企业特别是小型微型企业的信贷支持,切实降低实体经济融资成本。继续严格控制对高耗能、高污染和产能过剩行业的贷款。完善人民币汇率形成机制,增强人民币汇率双向浮动弹性,保持人民币汇率在合理均衡水平上的基本稳定。大力发展外汇市场,丰富外汇产品,为市场主体提供更多的汇率避险工具,管好用好外汇储备。建立健全系统性金融风险防范和监管协调机制,增强抵御风险能力。加强跨境资本流动监控。规范各类借贷行为,引导民间融资健康发展。

The broad money supply is projected to increase by 14%. We will improve the credit structure, support key state projects that are under construction or expansion and low-income housing projects, and increase credit support to enterprises, especially small and micro businesses, whose operations are in accordance with industrial policies and whose products have market demand. We will effectively reduce the financing costs of the real economy, and continue to strictly restrict loans to industries that are energy intensive, have high emissions or possess excess production capacity. We will improve the mechanism for setting the RMB exchange rate, make the floating exchange rate regime more flexible, and keep the RMB exchange rate basically stable at an appropriate and balanced level. We will vigorously develop the foreign exchange market, diversify foreign exchange products, and provide more tools for market participants to hedge foreign exchange risks. We will manage and utilize our foreign exchange reserves well. We will set up a sound mechanism for preventing systemic financial risks and for coordinating financial oversight and supervision to strengthen our ability to withstand risks. We will tighten oversight on cross-border flows of capital, standardize all types of lending activities, and guide the sound development of private financing.


全面做好今年的工作,必须坚持突出主题、贯穿主线、统筹兼顾、协调推进,把稳增长、控物价、调结构、惠民生、抓改革、促和谐更好地结合起来。稳增长,就是要坚持扩大内需、稳定外需,大力发展实体经济,努力克服国内外各种不稳定不确定因素的影响,及时解决苗头性、倾向性问题,保持经济平稳运行。控物价,就是要继续采取综合措施,保持物价总水平基本稳定,防止价格走势反弹。调结构,就是要有扶有控,提高经济增长质量和效益,增强发展的协调性和可持续性。惠民生,就是要坚持把保障改善民生作为工作的根本出发点和落脚点,把促进社会公平正义放在更加突出的位置,切实办成一些让人民群众得实惠的好事实事。抓改革,就是要以更大的决心和气力推进改革开放,着力解决影响经济社会长期健康发展的体制性、结构性矛盾,在一些重点领域和关键环节取得新突破。以开放促改革、促发展、促创新。促和谐,就是要正确处理改革、发展、稳定三者关系,积极有效化解各种矛盾和风险隐患,防止局部性问题演变成全局性问题,促进社会和谐稳定。

To ensure success in all our work this year, we must uphold the theme of scientific development, take transforming the pattern of economic development as the main thread, adopt a holistic approach, and coordinate all our work. We must coordinate efforts to achieve steady growth, control prices, adjust the economic structure, improve the people's wellbeing, implement reform, and promote harmony. To achieve steady growth, we will continue to expand domestic demand and keep foreign demand stable, vigorously develop the real economy, work hard to counter the impact of various factors of instability and uncertainty at home and abroad, promptly resolve emerging issues that signal unfavorable trends, and maintain stable economic performance. To control prices, we will continue to take comprehensive measures to maintain basic overall price stability and prevent a rebound of inflation. To adjust the economic structure, we will support development in some areas while limiting growth in others, improve the quality and efficiency of economic growth, and make development more coordinated and sustainable. To improve the people's wellbeing, we will continue to take ensuring and improving the people's wellbeing as the fundamental starting point and goal of our work, give higher priority to promoting social fairness and justice, and take a number of initiatives that will bring substantive benefits to the people. To implement reform, we will carry out reform and opening up with greater determination and effort, solve institutional and structural problems that hinder long-term sound economic and social development, and make breakthroughs in key areas and crucial links. We will spur reform, development and innovation through opening up. To promote harmony, we will properly balance reform, development, and stability; effectively defuse various types of conflicts, risks, and dangers; prevent isolated problems from growing into major ones; and promote social harmony and stability.




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