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2012政府工作报告-04
发布时间:2012-3-22 14:03:00||  点击:2130次||  文章分类:翻译学习||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


(六)切实保障和改善民生

6. Ensuring and improving the people's wellbeing

 

实现好、维护好、发展好最广大人民的根本利益是以人为本理念的具体体现。要把保障和改善民生作为政府工作的重要任务。

Putting people first is about realizing, upholding, and promoting their fundamental interests. We will make ensuring and improving their wellbeing an important task in the work of the government.

 

加快完善社会保障体系。今年年底前实现新型农村社会养老保险和城镇居民社会养老保险制度全覆盖。扩大各项社会保险覆盖面。增加企业退休人员基本养老金。加强城乡低保和社会救助工作,加快发展社会福利事业和慈善事业。加强各项社会保障制度衔接。多渠道增加社会保障基金,加强社会保险基金、社会保障基金投资监管,实现保值增值。加强社保服务能力建设,有条件的地方可对各类社保经办机构进行整合归并,有些服务可委托银行、商业保险机构代办。加快全国统一的社会保障卡发放。

 We will accelerate improvements to the social security system. By the end of the year, we will have achieved full coverage of the new old-age pension system for rural residents and the old-age pension system for non-working urban residents. We will expand coverage of all types of social insurance. We will raise the basic pension for enterprise retirees. We will increase urban and rural subsistence allowances and social aid, and accelerate development of social welfare programs and charities. We will better coordinate all aspects of the social safety net. We will increase the social security fund through a variety of channels, and strengthen oversight and supervision of investment from the social insurance fund and social security fund to increase their value. We will strengthen capacity building for social security services, allow localities where conditions permit to integrate and merge social security agencies, and entrust some services to banks or commercial insurance institutions. We will accelerate the work of introducing all-in-one national social security cards.


大力推进医药卫生事业改革发展。加快健全全民医保体系,巩固扩大基本医保覆盖面,提高基本医疗保障水平和管理服务水平。城镇居民医保和新农合补助标准提高到每人每年240元。全面推开尿毒症等8类大病保障,将肺癌等12类大病纳入保障和救助试点范围。巩固完善基本药物制度,加强基层医疗卫生服务体系建设。推进公立医院改革,实行医药分开、管办分开,破除以药补医机制。鼓励引导社会资本办医,加快形成对外开放的多元办医格局。充分调动医务工作者积极性,建立和谐的医患关系。加强公共卫生服务,预防控制严重威胁群众健康的重大传染病、慢性病、职业病。加强药品安全工作。扶持和促进中医药和民族医药事业发展。

We will vigorously promote the development and reform of medical and healthcare services. We will move faster to improve the medical insurance system covering the whole population, consolidate and expand the coverage of basic medical insurance, and enhance our capability to provide and manage basic medical services. We will raise subsidies for medical insurance for non-working urban residents and the new type of rural cooperative medical care system to 240 yuan per person per year. We will fully introduce social insurance against uraemia and seven other major diseases and include lung cancer and 11 other major diseases in the pilot program to provide insurance and aid for their treatment. We will consolidate and improve the system for basic drugs and improve the community-level medical and health care system. We will push forward reform of public hospitals, so that medical care is separated from pharmacy operations, government management is separated from hospital operations, and the practice of using pharmacy profits to subsidize medical services is ended. We will encourage and guide nongovernmental investment in hospitals, and speed up the creation of a system of hospitals with diversified ownership that is open to foreign participation. We will boost the morale of medical workers and build harmonious relations between doctors and patients. We will improve public health services and prevent and control major communicable, chronic and occupational diseases that pose a major health hazard. We will tighten control over drug safety. We will support and promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine and the medical practices of ethnic minorities.


全面做好人口和计划生育工作。继续稳定低生育水平,综合治理出生人口性别比偏高问题,提高出生人口质量。加快实现计划生育优质服务全覆盖,将免费孕前优生健康检查试点范围扩大到60%的县(市、区)。提高农村部分计划生育家庭奖励扶助、特殊扶助标准。加强流动人口计划生育服务管理。做好妇女儿童工作,扩大农村妇女宫颈癌、乳腺癌免费检查覆盖面,提高妇女儿童发展和权益保障水平。进一步完善残疾人社会保障体系和服务体系。积极发展老龄事业,加快建设社会养老服务体系,努力让城乡老年人都老有所养,幸福安度晚年。

We will comprehensively carry out work relating to population and family planning. We will continue to keep the birthrate low, redress gender imbalance through various means, and improve the health of infants. We will achieve full coverage of quality family planning services more quickly than planned and extend the trial program of free pre-pregnancy checkups to 60% of China's counties and county-level cities and districts. We will increase the rewards and special assistance to the rural families that observe the state's family planning policy. We will increase family planning services to the floating population and improve management of such services. We will do our work related to women and children well. We will extend free cervical cancer and breast cancer screening to more rural women, improve the wellbeing of women and children and better guarantee their rights and interests. We will further improve the social security system and the system of services for people with disabilities. We will actively develop programs for the elderly and accelerate development of a system of social services for urban and rural seniors so they can live their later years in contentment.

 

继续搞好房地产市场调控和保障性安居工程建设。严格执行并逐步完善抑制投机、投资性需求的政策措施,进一步巩固调控成果,促进房价合理回归。继续推进保障性安居工程建设,在确保质量的前提下,基本建成500万套,新开工700万套以上。抓紧完善保障性住房建设、分配、管理、退出等制度。采取有效措施,增加普通商品住房供给。加快建设城镇住房信息系统,改革房地产税收制度,促进房地产市场长期平稳健康发展。

We will continue to regulate the real estate market and develop low-income housing. We will strictly implement and gradually improve policies and measures for discouraging speculative or investment-driven housing demand, build on progress made in regulating the real estate market, and bring property prices down to a reasonable level. We will continue to develop low-income housing, and basically complete five million units and start construction on over seven million units, ensuring they are built to a high standard. We will work speedily to improve the system for constructing, allocating, managing, and recalling low-income housing units. We will take effective measures to increase supply of regular commodity housing. We will accelerate development of an urban housing information system and reform the real estate tax system to promote long-term, steady, and sound growth of the real estate market.


加强和创新社会管理。加强社会矛盾化解、社会管理创新、公正廉洁执法。强化政府社会管理和公共服务职能。提高城乡基层群众性自治组织的自治能力。发挥社会组织在社会管理中的积极作用。积极稳妥推进户籍管理制度改革,推动实行居住证制度,为流动人口提供更好服务。以信息共享、互联互通为重点,加快建设国家电子政务网。大力推进政务诚信、商务诚信、社会诚信建设,构建覆盖全社会的征信系统。加强和改进互联网管理,营造健康的网络环境。健全重大决策社会稳定风险评估机制和突发事件应急管理机制。实施安全发展战略,加强安全生产监管,防止重特大事故发生。深入开展打击侵犯知识产权和制售假冒伪劣商品行动。增强食品安全监管能力,提高食品安全水平。加强和改进信访工作,健全群众利益诉求表达机制。加强法律服务和法律援助。严密防范和依法打击违法犯罪活动,保障人民群众生命财产安全。

We will strengthen and make innovations in social administration. We will work hard to resolve social conflicts, make innovations in social administration, and enforce the law impartially and with integrity. We will strengthen government functions for conducting social administration and providing public services. We will strengthen the self-governing capabilities of rural and urban community self-governing organizations. We will get social organizations to play an active role in social administration. We will actively yet prudently carry forward the reform of the household registration system, implement the residence permit system, and provide better services to the floating population. We will accelerate the development of a national e-government network, with the focus on sharing information and achieving national interconnectivity. We will vigorously give impetus to government, business, and public integrity, and create a credit information system for the whole society. We will strengthen and improve management of the Internet and foster a healthy cyberspace environment. We will improve the mechanism for assessing risks major policy decisions may pose for social stability and the mechanism for managing responses to emergencies. We will implement the strategy of ensuring safety in development, tighten oversight over workplace safety, and prevent the occurrence of serious and major accidents. We will carry out an intense crackdown on violations of intellectual property rights and the manufacture and sale of counterfeit or substandard goods. We will enhance our food safety oversight capability and raise the level of food safety. We will strengthen and improve the handling of public complaints made through letters and visits and improve the mechanism whereby the masses express appeals concerning matters affecting their interests. We will strengthen legal services and assistance. We will be on high alert for and crack down on crime in accordance with the law to protect people's lives and property.

 

(七)促进文化大发展大繁荣

 7. Promoting the great development and flourishing of culture


文化是人类的精神家园,优秀文化传承是一个民族生生不息的血脉。要提供优质丰富的文化产品,不断满足人民群众的精神文化需求。深入推进社会主义核心价值体系建设。加强社会公德、职业道德、家庭美德和个人品德教育,做好青少年思想道德教育工作,努力形成知荣辱、讲正气、守诚信、作奉献、促和谐的良好风尚。大力发展公益性文化事业。以农村和中西部地区为重点,加强基层文化设施建设。推动哲学社会科学繁荣发展,积极发展新闻出版、广播影视、文学艺术和档案事业。加强文化遗产保护,繁荣发展少数民族文化事业。深化文化体制改革,继续推动经营性文化单位转企改制。提高文化产业规模化、集约化、专业化水平,推动文化产业成为国民经济支柱性产业。深入开展对外人文交流,促进中外文化相互借鉴。广泛开展全民健身活动,增强人民体质,促进体育事业和体育产业协调发展。中华文化具有强大的向心力和震撼力,当代中华儿女一定要肩负起弘扬中华文化的历史重任。

Culture gives human beings a sense of belonging, and passing on fine culture is essential in maintaining the everlasting vitality of a nation. We will provide a large quantity of high-quality cultural products to meet people's demand for culture. We will intensively promote development of the system of core socialist values. We will strengthen education with regard to social codes of conduct, professional ethics, family virtues, and individual integrity. We will educate children and young people about values and strive to create a social atmosphere that promotes morality, integrity, dedication, and harmony. We will vigorously promote nonprofit cultural services and strengthen cultural infrastructure in communities, particularly in rural areas and the central and western regions. We will promote the flourishing of philosophy and the social sciences, and actively develop the press, publishing, radio, film, television, literature, art, and archives. We will better protect our cultural heritage and foster the flourishing of ethnic minority cultures. We will deepen reform of the cultural system and continue to transform for-profit cultural institutions into enterprises. We will make the cultural industry larger, more intensive, and more specialized; and turn it into a pillar of the economy. We will intensify cultural and people-to-people exchanges with other countries so that we learn from each other's strengths. We will extensively carry out public fitness activities to make the people healthier, and promote the balanced development of sports activities and the sports industry. Chinese culture is highly cohesive and inspiring, and we Chinese today must shoulder the historic duty of advancing it.

 

(八)深入推进重点领域改革

 8. Deepening reforms in key areas


改革开放是决定中国前途命运的正确抉择。必须按照科学发展观要求,尊重群众首创精神,大胆探索,以更大决心和勇气继续全面推进经济体制、政治体制等各项改革,破解发展难题。当前和今后一段时期,改革的重点领域和关键环节是:进一步转变政府职能,完善宏观调控体系,理顺政府与市场的关系,更好地发挥市场配置资源的基础性作用;推进财税体制改革,理顺中央与地方及地方各级政府间财政分配关系,更好地调动中央和地方两个积极性;深化土地、户籍、公共服务改革,理顺城市与农村的关系,推动工业化、城镇化和农业现代化协调发展;推进社会事业、收入分配等改革,理顺经济与社会发展的关系,有效保障社会公平正义;推进依法行政和社会管理创新,理顺政府与公民和社会组织的关系,建设服务、责任、法治、廉洁政府。今年改革的重点任务是:

Reform and opening up are the right choice we made for China's destiny and future. We must respect the people's creativity; boldly explore new ways; continue to promote all reforms, including the reform of China's economic and political systems, with greater resolve and courage; and solve complex issues in development in line with the requirements of the Scientific Outlook on Development. Now and for some time to come, reform will be focused on the following key areas and crucial links. We will further transform government functions, improve macro-controls, balance the relationship between government and the market, and make better use of the basic role of the market in allocating resources. We will advance reform of the fiscal and taxation systems, better balance the distribution of fiscal resources between the central and local governments and between all levels of local governments, and better arouse the initiative of both the central and local governments. We will deepen reforms of land, household registration and public services; balance the relationship between urban and rural areas; and promote coordinated development of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization. We will carry forward reforms in social programs and income distribution, strike a balance between economic and social development, and effectively safeguard social fairness and justice. We will run the government in accordance with the law and promote innovation in social administration, properly handle the relationship among the government, citizens and social organizations, and build a service-oriented, responsible, law-based and clean government. The major tasks for reform this year are as follows:

 

深化财税金融体制改革。完善分税制,健全转移支付制度,提高一般性转移支付规模和比例。

We will deepen reform of the fiscal, taxation and financial systems. We will improve the revenue-sharing system and the system of transfer payments, and increase the scale and proportion of general transfer payments.


完善县级基本财力保障机制。稳步推进地方财政预算、决算公开。深化国库集中收付、政府采购及国债管理制度改革。健全消费税制度。全面深化资源税改革,扩大从价计征范围。深入推进国有控股大型金融机构改革,规范发展小型金融机构,健全服务小型微型企业和“三农”的体制机制。推动实施银行业新监管标准。推进建立存款保险制度。深化政策性金融机构改革。健全完善新股发行制度和退市制度,强化投资者回报和权益保护。积极发展债券市场。推进保险业改革发展。深化利率市场化改革。稳步推进人民币资本项目可兑换,扩大人民币在跨境贸易和投资中的使用。

We will improve the mechanism for ensuring basic funding for county-level governments, and make the budgets and final accounts of local governments more transparent. We will deepen reform of the systems for treasury's centralized revenue collection and expenditure payments, government procurement, and central government debt management. We will improve the excise tax system, comprehensively deepen the reform of resource taxes, and set taxes on more commodities on the basis of their prices. We will thoroughly carry out reform of large financial institutions in which the state holds the controlling stake, ensure orderly development of small financial institutions, and improve the systems and mechanisms that serve small and micro businesses as well as agriculture, rural areas and farmers. We will implement new oversight and supervision standards for the banking industry, work toward establishing a deposit insurance system, and deepen the reform of policy-based financial institutions. We will improve both initial public offerings and delistings, and ensure better protection of returns on investors' money and their rights and interests. We will actively develop the bond market, accelerate reform and development of the insurance industry, and make interest rates more market based. We will work steadily to make the RMB convertible under capital accounts and expand the use of RMB in cross-border trade and investment.

 

推动多种所有制经济共同发展。毫不动摇地巩固和发展公有制经济,毫不动摇地鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展。深入推进国有经济战略性调整,完善国有资本有进有退、合理流动机制。研究推进铁路、电力等行业改革。完善和落实促进非公有制经济发展的各项政策措施,打破垄断,放宽准入,鼓励民间资本进入铁路、市政、金融、能源、电信、教育、医疗等领域,营造各类所有制经济公平竞争、共同发展的环境。

We will promote the common development of economic entities under diverse forms of ownership. We will unwaveringly consolidate and develop the public sector and encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector. We will thoroughly carry out strategic adjustment of the state sector, and improve the mechanism for increasing investment of state capital in some sectors while reducing it in others to ensure its sound flow. We will promote reform of the railway and power industries. We will improve and implement policies and measures for developing the non-public sector; break up monopolies and relax restrictions on market access; encourage nongovernmental investment in railways, public utilities, finance, energy, telecommunications, education, and medical care; and create a fair environment in which economic entities under all forms of ownership can compete and develop together.


深化价格改革。稳妥推进电价改革,实施居民阶梯电价改革方案,完善水电、核电及可再生能源定价机制。逐步理顺煤电价格关系。完善成品油价格改革,推进天然气价格改革。实行最严格的水资源管理制度,合理制定和调整各地水资源费征收标准,推进农业水价综合改革。开展碳排放和排污权交易试点。

We will deepen price reforms. We will prudently carry out reform of electricity prices by implementing progressive pricing for household electricity consumption and improving pricing mechanisms for nuclear power, hydropower, and power generated from other renewable energy sources. We will make the price of electricity better reflect the price of coal. We will reform the prices of refined oil products and proceed with the price reform of natural gas. We will impose the strictest control over water resources, rationally set and adjust water resource fees in different localities, and carry out integrated price reform of water used for agricultural purposes. We will start trials of trading carbon emissions and the cap-and-trade scheme for pollution rights.

 

深化收入分配制度改革。抓紧制定收入分配体制改革总体方案。努力提高居民收入在国民收入分配中的比重,提高劳动报酬在初次分配中的比重。完善工资制度,建立工资正常增长机制,稳步提高最低工资标准。创造条件增加居民财产性收入。建立公共资源出让收益的全民共享机制。加大对高收入者的税收调节力度,严格规范国有企业、金融机构高管人员薪酬管理,扩大中等收入者比重,提高低收入者的收入,促进机会公平。规范收入分配秩序,有效保护合法收入,坚决取缔非法收入,尽快扭转收入差距扩大的趋势。

 We will deepen reform of the income distribution system. We will promptly formulate a master plan for reforming the income distribution system, strive to raise the proportion of individual income in national income, and raise the proportion of remuneration in the primary distribution. We will improve the salary system, put in place a mechanism for regular salary increases, and steadily raise the minimum wage. We will create conditions to increase people's income from property. We will establish a mechanism whereby the public share the proceeds from the sale of public resources. We will take further steps to adjust taxes for high-income groups, strictly standardize supervision of pay and bonuses for senior management in state-owned enterprises and financial institutions, expand the proportion of middle-income groups, raise the incomes of low-income groups, and promote equal opportunity. We will ensure that income distribution is governed by proper standards, effectively protect lawful income, and resolutely ban illegal income. We will quickly reverse the trend of a widening income gap.

 

积极稳妥推进事业单位分类改革。科学划分事业单位类别,分类指导、分业推进、分级组织、分步实施,深化事业单位管理体制和人事、收入分配、社会保障制度改革。

We will actively yet prudently carry out reform of public institutions based on their classification. We will classify public institutions scientifically, provide targeted guidance to each class, and phase in reforms sector by sector, level by level, and step by step to deepen reform of the systems of management, personnel, income distribution, and social security for public institutions.


加快推进政府改革。扩大社会主义民主,依法实行民主选举、民主决策、民主管理、民主监督,保障人民的知情权、参与权、表达权和监督权。全面贯彻依法治国基本方略,尊重和维护宪法和法律的权威,严格依法行政,坚决纠正有法不依、执法不严、违法不究、粗暴执法、渎职失职和执法腐败等行为。加强廉政建设,深入开展反腐败斗争,扎实推进惩治和预防腐败体系建设的各项长期性、基础性工作,着力解决人民群众反映强烈的突出问题。严格依法设定、实施、清理、规范行政审批事项。严禁领导干部插手政府采购、工程招标、土地矿业权拍卖等经济活动。严格执行领导干部廉洁从政各项规定。加强行政监督、民主监督、舆论监督。坚决查处各类违纪违法案件,严厉惩治腐败分子。

We will accelerate government reform. We will expand socialist democracy; conduct democratic election, decision making, administration and oversight in accordance with the law; and protect people's rights to stay informed about, participate in, express views on, and oversee government affairs. We will implement the basic strategy of enforcing the law in both letter and spirit, respect and uphold the sanctity of the Constitution and laws, and govern in strict accordance with the law. We will resolutely rectify the problems of laws not being abided by or fully enforced, lawbreakers not being prosecuted, uncivilized law enforcement, dereliction and neglect of duty, and corrupt practices in law enforcement. We will work harder to build clean government. To do so, we will fight corruption, effectively carry out the long-term and basic work needed to improve the system of preventing and punishing corruption, and give high priority to solving serious problems that the people are resentful about. We will identify, handle, review and standardize matters subject to administrative approval in strict accordance with the law. Leading officials are strictly forbidden to interfere in economic activities such as government procurement, project tendering and the auctioning of land-use and mining rights. We will strictly implement all regulations which require leading officials to uphold integrity in the performance of their official duties. We will strengthen administrative and democratic oversight and oversight through public opinion, resolutely investigate and prosecute violations of the law or discipline, and severely punish corruptionists.

 

(九)努力提高对外开放的质量和水平

 9. Striving to improve the opening up policy

 

我国对外开放已进入新的阶段,进出口贸易、双向投资的地位和作用发生了深刻变化。必须适应新的形势,创新对外经济工作思路,转变对外经济发展方式,提升开放型经济水平,形成开放型经济新格局。

China has entered a new stage of opening up in which the position and role of imports and exports as well as two-way investment have profoundly changed. We must adapt to changing circumstances, adopt new ways of thinking about our external economic work, change the mode of China's external economic growth, open China's economy wider and bring about a new phase in China's open economy.


保持对外贸易稳定发展。我们强调扩大内需,但决不能忽视外需对我国经济发展的重要作用。要保持外贸政策基本稳定。稳定出口退税政策,扩大贸易融资和信用保险,改进海关、质检、外汇等方面的监管和服务,帮助企业克服订单不足、成本升高、摩擦增多等多重困难和压力。要加快转变外贸发展方式。深入实施科技兴贸、以质取胜和市场多元化战略,支持企业培育自主品牌、营销网络和研发中心,引导加工贸易向产业链高端延伸、向中西部转移。巩固美日欧传统市场,开拓新兴市场。稳定劳动密集型产品出口,扩大高技术、高附加值产品出口,控制高耗能、高污染产品出口。大力发展服务贸易,承接服务外包。制定加强进口、促进贸易平衡的指导意见,完善进口政策,搭建更多的进口促进平台,推动进出口平衡发展。

We will maintain steady growth in foreign trade. While expanding domestic demand is crucial, we can never overlook the importance of external demand in China's economic development. We will maintain general continuity in China's foreign trade policy. We will continue to implement the export tax rebate policy; increase trade financing and credit insurance; ensure that customs, quality inspectors, and foreign exchange authorities improve their supervision and services; and help enterprises overcome difficulties and pressures resulting from falling orders, rising costs, and increasing trade friction. We will speed up transformation of the way we develop foreign trade. We will fully implement the strategy of boosting trade through upgrading technologies, improving quality, and diversifying markets. We will support enterprises in building their own brands, marketing networks, and R&D centers, and guide our processing trade to move up the industrial chain and shift to the central and western regions. We will consolidate traditional markets in the United States, Japan, and Europe and open up emerging markets. We will keep labor-intensive exports stable, expand the export of high-tech and high-value-added products, and limit the export of goods whose production is energy intensive and highly polluting. We will work hard to promote trade in services and undertake more services outsourced by other countries. We will adopt guidelines to increase imports and promote trade balance, improve import policies, build more platforms to promote imports, and work for balanced growth of exports and imports.

 

提高利用外资质量。坚持积极有效利用外资的方针,更加注重优化结构和提高质量。实施新修订的外商投资产业指导目录,引导外资更多投向先进制造业、高新技术产业、节能环保产业、现代服务业和中西部地区。

We will improve the use of foreign capital. We will adhere to the policy of actively and effectively utilizing foreign capital and give greater importance to optimizing its structure and raising its quality. We will implement the newly revised Proposed List of Industries for Foreign Investment, and encourage more foreign investment in advanced manufacturing, new and high technologies, energy conservation, environmental protection, new service industries, and the central and western regions.

 

实施“走出去”战略。我国正处于对外投资加快发展的重要阶段,要加强宏观指导,强化政策支持,简化审批手续,健全服务保障。

We will implement the "go global" strategy. With China's outward investment in an important stage of accelerated development, we will enhance macro-guidance, increase policy support, streamline approval procedures, and improve services for Chinese investors.


引导各类所有制企业有序开展境外能源、原材料、农业、制造业、服务业、基础设施等领域投资合作和跨国并购。创新境外经贸合作区发展模式,支持“走出去”的企业相互协同、集群发展。规范发展对外劳务合作。放宽居民境外投资限制。加强对外投资风险管理,维护我境外企业人员和资产安全。

We will guide Chinese enterprises under various forms of ownership in making overseas investments, mergers and acquisitions in energy, raw materials, agriculture, manufacturing, service industries, and infrastructure in an orderly manner. We will explore new models for overseas economic and trade cooperation zones, and support companies making overseas investments in coordinating their growth and forming clusters. We will standardize development of cooperative overseas labor services. Restrictions on individuals investing overseas will be relaxed. We will strengthen risk management of overseas investments and protect the safety of employees and assets of Chinese enterprises operating overseas.

 

参与全球经济治理和区域合作。努力保持与发达国家经贸关系稳定发展,全面深化与发展中国家的互利合作。继续推进自贸区建设和区域经济一体化进程。积极参与二十国集团等全球经济治理机制建设,加强与主要经济体宏观经济政策协调,反对各种形式的保护主义,继续在多哈回合谈判、国际金融体系改革中发挥建设性作用。

We will participate in global economic governance and regional cooperation. We will strive to maintain steady growth of China's economic and trade relations with developed countries and comprehensively deepen mutually beneficial cooperation with developing countries. We will continue to promote development of free trade zones and regional economic integration. We will actively participate in building mechanisms for global economic governance such as the G20, strengthen coordination with major economies on macroeconomic policy, oppose protectionism in all its forms, and continue to play a constructive role in the Doha Round of trade talks and the reform of the international financial system.

 

各位代表!

我国是统一的多民族国家,各民族共同团结奋斗、共同繁荣发展,国家才能兴旺发达。要坚持和完善民族区域自治制度,认真贯彻落实中央支持少数民族和民族地区发展的政策措施,大力实施扶持人口较少民族发展、推进兴边富民行动和发展少数民族事业规划。坚定不移地巩固和发展平等团结互助和谐的社会主义民族关系。

 Fellow Deputies,

China is a unified, multiethnic country. Only when its ethnic groups are united as one and work for the development of all can China achieve prosperity. We will adhere to and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, fully implement the central leadership's policies and measures for supporting the development of ethnic minorities and ethnic minority areas, and energetically implement plans to support development of ethnic groups with small populations, projects to bring prosperity to border areas and residents there, and services for ethnic minorities. We will unwaveringly consolidate and develop socialist ethnic relations of equality, solidarity, mutual assistance, and harmony.


认真贯彻党的宗教工作基本方针。维护宗教团体、宗教界人士和信教群众的合法权益,充分发挥他们在促进经济发展、文化繁荣、社会和谐中的积极作用。

We will actively implement the Party's basic policy on work related to religion, protect the lawful rights and interests of religious groups, religious figures, and believers, and give full play to their positive role in promoting economic development, cultural prosperity, and social harmony.

 

全面贯彻党的侨务政策。维护海外侨胞和归侨侨眷合法权益,支持他们积极参与祖国现代化建设与和平统一大业。

We will fully implement the Party's policy on overseas Chinese affairs, protect the lawful rights and interests of overseas Chinese and returned overseas Chinese and their relatives, and support them in taking an active part in the endeavor to modernize China and in advancing the great cause of China's peaceful reunification.

 

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

 

巩固的国防和强大的军队,是维护国家主权、安全和发展利益的坚强后盾。要着眼全面履行新世纪新阶段军队历史使命,全面加强军队革命化现代化正规化建设,不断提高以打赢信息化条件下局部战争能力为核心的完成多样化军事任务的能力。加强思想政治建设,坚持党对军队绝对领导的根本原则和人民军队的根本宗旨。积极开展信息化条件下军事训练。加快全面建设现代后勤步伐。大力提高国防科技和武器装备自主创新能力。着力培养高素质新型军事人才。积极稳妥地实施国防和军队改革。坚持依法治军、从严治军。全面建设现代化武装警察力量。加强国防动员和后备力量建设。

Strong national defense and powerful armed forces provide a firm guarantee for safeguarding China's sovereignty, security, and development interests. We will make the armed forces more revolutionary, modern, and standardized in all respects so they can comprehensively accomplish their historic mission at the new stage in the new century. We will enhance the armed forces' capability to accomplish a wide range of military tasks, the most important of which is to win local wars under information-age conditions. We will strengthen their ideological and political standards, and adhere to the fundamental principle of the Party having absolute leadership over the armed forces, and we should maintain the Chinese armed forces' fundamental purpose of being an army of the people. We will vigorously carry out military training under information-age conditions. We will accelerate the modernization of the logistics support system, and vigorously enhance our capacity for making innovations in defense-related science and technology and in weapons and equipment development. We will focus on training a new type of highly competent military personnel. We will actively yet prudently carry out reform of national defense and the armed forces. We will run the armed forces with strict discipline and in accordance with the law. We will comprehensively modernize the armed police force. We will strengthen national defense mobilization and improve our reserves.

 

 

 

坚决完成反恐维稳、处置突发事件、抢险救灾等任务。坚持军民结合、寓军于民,走中国特色军民融合式发展路子。巩固发展军政军民团结。

We will ensure the armed forces resolutely accomplish the tasks of combating terrorism, maintaining stability, handling emergencies, and relieving disasters. We will follow the path of integrated military and civilian development with Chinese characteristics by unifying military and civilian industries and embedding military programs in civilian industries. We will consolidate and develop solidarity between the military and the government and between the military and the people.

 

各位代表!

香港、澳门与祖国休戚相关、荣辱与共。我们将坚定不移地贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,全力支持香港、澳门发展经济,改善民生,推进民主。支持特区政府积极应对国际经济风险挑战,维护经济金融稳定和长期繁荣发展。衔接和落实好支持港澳经济社会发展的系列政策措施,大幅提升内地对港澳服务贸易开放水平,加快推进港珠澳大桥等基础设施建设和对接,深化合作,支持港澳参与国际和区域经济合作。支持香港巩固和提升国际金融、贸易、航运中心地位,建设离岸人民币业务中心。支持澳门建设世界旅游休闲中心,推进横琴新区建设,促进经济适度多元发展。我们相信,有伟大祖国作为坚强后盾,香港、澳门同胞一定能够把自己的家园建设得更加美好!

Fellow Deputies,

Hong Kong and Macao are closely bound with the mainland of China and we share a common destiny. We will unwaveringly implement the principle of "one country, two systems" under which the people of Hong Kong govern Hong Kong and the people of Macao govern Macao and both regions enjoy a high degree of autonomy, and we will fully support the two regions in growing their economies, improving the people's wellbeing and promoting democracy. We support the governments of the two special administrative regions in meeting the challenges of international economic risks and in upholding economic and financial stability and ensuring long-term prosperity and development. We will implement coordinated policies and measures for supporting the economic and social development of Hong Kong and Macao, open the mainland much wider to trade in services with the two regions, accelerate the construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge and other shared infrastructure projects, and deepen cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao to support them in participating in international and regional economic cooperation. We support Hong Kong in consolidating and elevating its position as an international financial, trade, and shipping center, and in becoming a center of offshore RMB transactions. We support Macao in becoming a world center of tourism and leisure, building the Hengqin New Area, and diversifying Macao's economy as necessary. We believe that with the staunch support of the great motherland, our compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao will certainly create an even brighter future for themselves.


过去的一年,两岸关系经受了严峻考验,取得了积极进展。反对“台独”、认同“九二共识”,巩固交流合作成果,促进两岸关系和平发展,日益成为两岸同胞的共同意愿。新的一年,我们要继续坚持中央对台工作的大政方针,增强两岸关系发展的政治、经济、文化和民意基础,拓展两岸关系和平发展新局面。要全面深化经济金融合作,推动两岸经济合作框架协议后续商谈取得新进展。加快海峡西岸经济区建设。积极扩大各界往来,开展文化、教育等交流,使两岸同胞联系更紧密,感情更贴近,利益更融合。全体中华儿女要更加紧密地团结起来,为完成祖国统一大业、实现中华民族伟大复兴而努力奋斗!

Last year, relations across the Taiwan Straits withstood serious tests and improved considerably. Opposing Taiwan independence, accepting the 1992 Consensus, consolidating achievements in exchanges and cooperation, and promoting peaceful development of cross-Straits relations have increasingly become shared aspirations of the people on both sides of the Straits. In 2012, we will adhere to the central leadership's policies on work related to Taiwan; strengthen the political, economic, and cultural foundation and public support for growing cross-Straits relations; and make further progress in promoting their peaceful development. We will deepen all-around cross-Straits economic and financial cooperation, and strive to make new progress in the follow-up talks on the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement. We will accelerate development of the Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone. We will energetically expand cross-Straits exchanges between people from all walks of life and carry out cultural, educational and other exchanges to forge a closer bond and increase mutual attachment and common interests between the two sides. All Chinese people should unite more closely and endeavor to accomplish the great cause of China's reunification and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

 

新的一年,外交工作要更好地服务于改革开放和社会主义现代化建设大局,为促进世界经济增长、维护和平稳定作出更大贡献。我们将继续深化同周边国家的睦邻友好关系,积极参与周边各种合作机制,推动区域合作深入发展,共同营造和平稳定、平等互信、合作共赢的地区环境。我们将与广大发展中国家加强团结合作,深化传统友谊,扩大互利合作,推动实现联合国千年发展目标,维护发展中国家的正当权益和共同利益。我们将加强与各大国的战略对话,增进战略互信,拓展合作领域,推进相互关系长期稳定健康发展。In the new year, China's diplomacy should better promote the country's over-arching goal of promoting reform, opening up, and socialist modernization; and make greater contributions to global economic growth and world peace and stability. We will continue to deepen friendly relations with our neighbors; actively participate in cooperation mechanisms with them; deepen regional cooperation; and work with them in creating a regional environment of peace, stability, equality, mutual trust, cooperation, and mutual benefit. We will enhance unity and cooperation with other developing countries, deepen traditional friendships, expand mutually beneficial cooperation, help achieve the UN Millennium Development Goals, and uphold the legitimate rights and interests as well as the common interests of developing countries. We will increase strategic dialogue with other major countries to promote strategic mutual trust, broaden areas of cooperation, and promote the long-term, steady, and sound growth of our relations with them.

我们将积极参与多边事务和全球治理,推动国际秩序朝着更加公正合理的方向发展。我们将坚定不移地走和平发展道路,坚持独立自主的和平外交政策,奉行互利共赢的开放战略,同世界各国一道,为促进人类文明进步,增进各国人民的福祉和建设一个持久和平、共同繁荣的和谐世界而不懈努力!

We will actively participate in multilateral affairs and global governance and contribute to making the international political and economic order more just and equitable. We will adhere to the path of peaceful development, continue to pursue an independent foreign policy of peace, and follow an open strategy of mutual benefit. We will work tirelessly with other countries to advance human civilization, improve the wellbeing of people in all countries, and build a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity.

 

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

 

回顾过去,我们拼搏奋进,取得显著成就;展望未来,我们任重道远,仍须不懈努力。让我们紧密团结在以胡锦涛同志为总书记的党中央周围,解放思想,开拓创新,扎实工作,奋力开创社会主义现代化建设新局面!

In the past, we have achieved remarkable progress through hard work. In the future, we must continue to work tirelessly to accomplish the important tasks on the road ahead. Let all of us rally closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Hu Jintao as General Secretary, free our minds, forge ahead in the spirit of innovation, make solid progress in our work, and strive to further advance socialist modernization.



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