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口语:生活宽裕的小猪
发布时间:2012-5-2 14:58:00||  点击:1387次||  文章分类:口译专题||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


今天我们要讲的习惯用语里都有这样一个关键词汇:hog。美国人常用hog代替pig这个词来指猪。据说猪是最聪明的飞禽走兽之一,然而它们在人们 心目中却形象欠佳,人们往往觉得hog肮脏,贪馋,而且坏脾性。比方说,你说某人是hog,那你就是在嘲笑他的吃相难看,或者长相粗俗,举止不雅。然而并 不是所有带有hog这个词的短语都有负面的意思。

例如我们要学的第一个习惯用语的含义就是正面的:live high off the hog,这个习惯用语起源于美国南方。本意是上好的肉类食品(像火腿,排骨之类,都来自猪身的上半部分),引申为生活过得很宽裕。

例句-1:Green has never been able to hold a job more than six months. But he's been living high off the hog ever since his rich aunt died and left him all her money.

格林从没有过一份工作能做满六个月的。但是他那有钱的姑妈去世后把全部钱财都留给了格林,所以他日子过得还挺舒服。

例句-2:With the kids out of the nest, at long last they can live high off the hog. First they'll take a long tour around the world and then buy a house in Florida near the beach.

孩子们都离家独立后,他俩终于可以过上宽裕舒心的日子了。首先他们打算来个环球旅行,然后再在佛罗里达海滨买栋房子。

第二个带有hog这个词的习惯用语是go whole hog,意为“竭尽全力干到底”。关于这个习惯用语的出典众说不一。有一种讲法是很久前在爱尔兰俚语中hog是最大最重的钱币,就是大洋。在当时也算是一大笔钱了,而go whole hog就是把整块大洋一下子花完。

例句-3:Sure, it's expensive but I decided to go whole hog. We ate in the best places and saw the top Broadway Shows. Okay, I spent all my money but the family had a wonderful time!

那次度假花费很大,但是我决定干脆彻底地玩一次:我们在最豪华的饭馆吃饭,还看了一流的百老汇歌舞剧。我的确把钱都花了个精光,但是全家玩儿得可真痛快。

例句-4:Yes, I went whole hog and bought the big set. My wife was pretty upset when she saw the bill. So I had to take her out to a fancy restaurant for an evening of dining and dancing.

我真是不惜倾囊地买下了那台大电视机。我妻子看到帐单时很不高兴,所以我晚上不得不请她出去吃了顿大餐,跳了跳舞。



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