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专业词汇
 
体育英语词汇和术语
发布时间:2013-11-19 12:21:00||  点击:1857次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


体育英语词汇和术语
General Terms 一般词汇
Athletics 竞技
Individual Sports 体育项目
Games and Competitions 球类运动
Water Sports 水上运动
Bicycles and Motorcycles 自行车和摩托
Riding and Horse Races 赛马
Tennis 网球
Swimming 游泳
Football 足球
Baseball & Softball 棒球和垒球
Wrestling 搏击类竞技
Basketball 篮球
Boxing 拳击


  General Terms 一般词汇

  manager 经纪人
  instructor 教练,技术指导
  guide 领队
  trainer 助理教练
  referee, umpire (网球.棒球)裁判
  linesman, touch judge (橄榄球)裁判
  contestant, competitor, player 运动员
  professional 职业运动员
  amateur 业余运动员,爱好者
  enthusiast, fan 迷,爱好者
  favourite 可望取胜者 (美作:favorite)
  outsider 无取胜希望者
  championship 冠军赛,锦标赛
  champion 冠军
  record 纪录
  record holder 纪录创造者
  ace 网球赛中的一分
  Olympic Games, Olympics 奥林匹克运动会
  Winter Olympics 冬季奥林匹克运动会
  stadium 运动场
  track 跑道
  ring 圈
  ground, field 场地
  pitch (足球、橄榄球)场地
  court 网球场
  team, side 队
  竞技性运动competitive sport
  用粉笔记下(分数等);达到,得到 chalk up
  出名 make one's mark
  体育项目(尤指重要比赛) event
  体育 PE (Physical Education)
  体格、体质 physique
  培训 groom
  余的,带零头的 odd
  年少者 junior
  残疾人 the handicapped/disabled
  学龄前儿童 preschool
  全体;普通;一般 at large
  平均寿命 life expectancy
  复兴 revitalize
  使有系统;整理 systemize
  历史悠久的 time-honored
  跳板 spring-board
  秋千 swing
  石弓,弩 crossbow
  (比赛等的)观众 spectator
  取得进展 make headway
  体育大国/强国 sporting/sports power
  与...有关系,加入 be affiliated to/with
  落后 lag behind
  武术 martial arts
  五禽戏 five-animal exercises
  体育运动 physical culture and sports
  增强体质 to strengthen one's physique
  可喜的,令人满意的 gratifying
  称号,绰号 label
  涌现出来 to come to the fore
  源源不断 a steady flow of
  队伍 contingent
  又红又专/思想好,业务精 to be both socialist-minded and vocationally proficient
  体育界 sports circle(s)
  承担义务 to undertake obligation
  黑马 dark horse
  冷门 an unexpected winner; dark horse
  爆冷门 to produce an unexpected winner
  发展体育运动,增强人民体质 Promote physical culture and build up the people's health
  锻炼身体,保卫祖国 Build up a good physique to defend the country
  为祖国争光 to win honors for the motherland
  胜不骄,败不馁
  Do not become cocky/be dizzy with success, nor downcast over/discouraged by defeat.
  体育道德 sportsmanship
  打出水平,打出风格 up to one's best level in skill and style of play
  竞技状态好 in good form
  失常 to lose one's usual form
  比分领先 to outscore
  打成平局 to draw/to tie/to play even/to level the score
  失利 to lose
  中华人民共和国运动委员会(国家体委)
  Physical Culture and Sports Commission of the PRC (State Physical Culture and Sports Commission)
  中华全国体育总会 All-China Sports Federation
  国际奥林匹克委员会 International Olympic Committee
  少年业余体育学校 youth spare-time sports school, youth amateur athletic school
  辅导站 coaching center
  体育中心 sports center/complex
  竞赛信息中心 competition information center
  运动会 sports meet; athletic meeting; games
  全国运动会 National Games
  世界大学生运动会 World University Games; Universiade
  比赛地点 competition/sports venue(s)
  国际比赛 international tournament
  邀请赛 invitational/invitational tournament
  锦标赛 championship
  东道国 host country/nation
  体育场 stadium; sports field/ground
  体育馆 gymnasium, gym; indoor stadium
  比赛场馆 competition gymnasiums and stadiums
  练习场馆 training gymnasiums
  操场 playground; sports ground; drill ground
  体育活动 sports/sporting activities
  体育锻炼 physical training
  体育锻炼标准 standard for physical training
  体育疗法 physical exercise therapy; sports therapy
  广播操 setting-up exercises to music
  课/工间操 physical exercises during breaks
  体育工作者 physical culture workers, sports organizer
  运动爱好者 sports fan/enthusiast
  观众 spectator
  啦啦队 cheering-section
  啦啦队长 cheer-leader
  国家队 national team
  种子队 seeded team
  主队 home team
  客队 visiting team
  教练员 coach
  裁判员 referee, umpire
  裁判长 chief referee
  团体项目 team event
  单项 individual event
  男子项目 men's event
  女子项目 women's event
  冠军 champion; gold medalist
  全能冠军 all-round champion
  亚军 running-up; second; silver medalist
  第三名 third; bronze medalist
  世界纪录保持者 world-record holder
  运动员 athlete; sportsman
  种子选手 seeded player; seed
  优秀选手 top-ranking/topnotch athlete
  田径运动 track and field; athletics
  田赛 field events
  竞赛 track events
  跳高 high jump
  撑杆跳高 pole jump; polevault
  跳远 long/broad jump
  三级跳远 hop, step and jump; triple jump
  标枪 javelin throw
  铅球 shot put
  铁饼 discus throw
  链球 hammer throw
  马拉松赛跑 Marathon (race)
  接力 relay race; relay
  跨栏比赛 hurdles; hurdle race
  竞走 walking; walking race
  体操 gymnastics
  自由体操 floor/free exercises
  技巧运动 acrobatic gymnastics
  垫上运动 mat exercises
  单杠 horizontal bar
  双杠 parallel bars
高低杠 uneven bars; high-low bars
  吊环 rings
  跳马 vaulting horse
  鞍马 pommel horse
  平衡木 balance beam
  球类运动 ball games
  足球 football; soccer
  足球场 field; pitch
  篮球 basketball
  篮球场 basketball court
  排球 volleyball
  乒乓球 table tennis; ping pong
  乒乓球拍 racket; bat
  羽毛球运动 badminton
  羽毛球 shuttlecock; shuttle
  球拍 racket
  网球 tennis
  棒球 baseball
  垒球 softball
  棒/垒球场 baseball(soft ball)field/ground
  手球 handball
  手球场 handball field
  曲棍球 hockey; field hockey
  冰上运动 ice sports
  冰球运动 ice hockey
  冰球场 rink
  冰球 puck; rubber
  速度滑冰 speed skating
  花样滑冰 figure skating
  冰场 skating rink; ice rink
  人工冰场 artificial ice stadium
  滑雪 skiing
  速度滑雪 cross country ski racing
  高山滑雪 alpine skiing
  水上运动 water/acquatic sports
  水上运动中心 aquatic sports center
  水球(运动)water polo
  水球场 playing pool
  滑水 water-skiing
  冲浪 surfing
  游泳 swimming
  游泳池 swimming pool
  游泳馆 natatorium
  自由泳 freestyle; crawl (stroke)
  蛙泳 breaststroke
  侧泳 sidestroke
  蝶泳 butterfly (stroke)
  海豚式 dolphin stroke/kick
  蹼泳 fin swimming
  跳水 diving
  跳台跳水 platform diving
  跳板跳水 springboard diving
  赛艇运动 rowing
  滑艇/皮艇 canoeing
  帆船运动 yachting; sailing
  赛龙船 dragon-boat racing
  室内运动 indoor sports
  举重 weightlifting
  重量级 heavyweight
  中量级 middleweight
  轻量级 lightweight
  拳击 boxing
  摔交 wresting
  击剑 fencing
  射击 shooting
  靶场 shooting range
  射箭 archery
  拳术 quanshu; barehanded exercise; Chinese boxing
  气功 qigong; breathing exercises
  自行车运动 cycling; cycle racing
  赛车场(自行车等的)倾斜赛车场 cycling track
  室内自行车赛场 indoor velodrome
  摩托运动 motorcycling
  登山运动 mountaineering; mountain-climbing
  骑术 horsemanship
  赛马场 equestrian park
  国际象棋 (international) chess
  特级大师 grandmaster
  象棋 xiangqi; Chinese chess

 

  Athletics 竞技

 

  race 跑
  middle-distance race 中长跑
  long-distance runner 长跑运动员
  sprint 短跑 (美作:dash)
  the 400 metre hurdles 400米栏
  marathon 马拉松
  decathlon 十项
  cross-country race 越野跑
  jump 跳跃
  jumping 跳跃运动
  high jump 跳高
  long jump 跳远 (美作:broad jump)
  triple jump, hop step and jump 三级跳
  pole vault 撑竿跳
  throw 投掷
throwing 投掷运动
  putting the shot, shot put 推铅球
  throwing the discus 掷铁饼
  throwing the hammer 掷链锤
  throwing the javelin 掷标枪
  walk 竞走

 

  Individual Sports 体育项目

 

  gymnastics 体操
  gymnastic apparatus 体操器械
  horizontal bar 单杠
  parallel bars 双杠
  rings 吊环
  trapeze 秋千
  wall bars 肋木
  side horse, pommelled horse 鞍马
  weight-lifting 举重
  weights 重量级
  boxing 拳击
  Greece-Roman wrestling 古典式摔跤
  hold, lock 揪钮
  judo 柔道
  fencing 击剑
  winter sports 冬季运动
  skiing 滑雪
  ski 滑雪板
  downhill race 速降滑雪赛,滑降
  slalom 障碍滑雪
  ski jumping competition 跳高滑雪比赛
  ski jump 跳高滑雪
  ice skating 滑冰
  figure skating 花样滑冰
  roller skating 滑旱冰
  bobsleigh, bobsled 雪橇

  Games and Competitions 球类运动

 

  football 足球
  rugby 橄榄球
  basketball 篮球
  volleyball 排球
  tennis 网球
  baseball 垒球
  handball 手球
  hockey 曲棍球
  golf 高尔夫球
  cricket 板球
  ice hockey 冰球
  goalkeeper 球门员
  centre kick 中线发球
  goal kick 球门发球
  throw in, line-out 边线发球
  to score a goal 射门得分
  to convert a try 对方球门线后触地得分
  batsman 板球运动员
  batter 击球运动员
  men's singles 单打运动员
  in the mixed doubles 混合双打

  Water Sports 水上运动

 

  swimming pool 游泳池
  swimming 游泳
  medley relay 混合泳
  crawl 爬泳
  breaststroke 蛙式
  backstroke 仰式
  freestyle 自由式
  butterfly (stroke) 蝶泳
  diving competition 跳水
  water polo 水球
  water skiing 水橇
  rowing 划船
  canoe 划艇
  boat race 赛艇
  yacht 游艇
  kayak 皮船
  sailing 帆船运动
  outboard boat 船外马达

  Bicycles and Motorcycles 自行车和摩托车

 

  car 车类运动
  velodrome, cycling stadium 自行车赛车场
  road race 公路赛
  race 计时赛
  chase 追逐赛
  motorcycle, motorbike 摩托车
  racing car 赛车
  racing driver 赛车驾驶员
  rally 汽车拉力赛

 

  Riding and Horse Races 赛马

 
  riding 骑马
  racecourse, racetrack 跑马场,赛马场
  jockey, polo 马球
  rider 马球运动员
  show jumping competition 跳跃赛
  steeplechase 障碍赛
  fence 障碍
  trotter 快跑的马

 

  Tennis 网球

 

  tennis 网球运动
  lawn tennis 草地网球运动
  grass court 草地网球场
  racket 球拍
  racket press 球拍夹
  gut, string (球拍的)弦
  line ball 触线球
  baseline ball 底线球
  sideline ball 边线球
  straight ball 直线球
  down-the-line shot 边线直线球
  crosscourt 斜线球
  high ball, lob 高球
  low ball 低球
  long shot 长球
  short shot 短球
  cut 削球
  smash 抽球
  jump smash 跃起抽球
  spin 旋转球
  low drive 抽低球
  volley 截击空中球
  low volley 低截球
  deep ball 深球
  heavy ball 重球
  net 落网球
  flat stroke 平击球
  flat drive 平抽球
  let 重发球
  fluke, set-up, easy 机会球
  ground stroke 击触地球
  wide 打出边线的球
  overhead smash, overhand smash 高球扣杀
  game 局
  set 盘
  fifteen all 一平
  thirty all 二平
  forty all 三平
  deuce 局末平分, 盘末平局
  love game 一方得零分的一局
  double fault 双误, 两次发球失误
  ‘not up’, 两跳,还击前球着地两次
  service line 发球线
  fore court 前场
  back court 后场
  centre mark 中点
  server 发球员
  receiver 接球员

 

  Swimming 游泳

 

  swimming pool 游泳池
  changing room 更衣室
shower 淋浴
  diving platform 跳台
  ten-meter platform 10米跳台
  five-meter platform 5米跳台
  three-meter springboard 3米跳板
  one-meter springboard 1米跳板
  diving pool 跳水池
  non-swimmer's pool 浅水池
  swimmer's pool 深水池
  starting block 出发台
  starting dive 出发起跳
  rope with cork floats 水线
  swimming lane 泳道
  touching the finishing line 终点触线
  timekeeper 计时员
  lifesaver, lifeguard 救生员
  land drill 陆上练习
  breaststroke 蛙泳
  crawl stroke 爬泳
  back stroke 仰泳
  side stroke 侧泳
  butterfly stroke 蝶泳
  dolphin butterfly stroke 海豚式蝶泳
  treading water 踩水
  underwater swimming 潜泳
  swimming pool with artificial waves 人工海浪泳池
  artificial waves 人工海浪
  swimming trunks 泳裤
  swimsuit, swimming suit 泳衣
  swimming cap 泳帽
  bikini 比基尼泳衣
  bikini top 比基尼乳罩
  bikini bottom 比基尼式泳裤
  surfing 冲浪
  surfboard 冲浪板
  water ski 滑水橇

 

  Football 足球

 

  football, soccer, Association football 足球
  field, pitch 足球场
  midfield 中场
  kick-off circle 中圈
  half-way line 中线
  football, eleven 足球队
  football player 足球运动员
  goalkeeper, goaltender, goalie 守门员
  back 后卫
  left 左后卫
  right back 右后卫
  centre half back 中卫
  half back 前卫
  left half back 左前卫
  right half back 右前卫
  forward 前锋
  centre forward, centre 中锋
  inside left forward, inside left 左内锋
  inside right forward, inside right 右内锋
  outside left forward, outside left 左边锋
  outside right forward, outside right 右边锋
  kickoff 开球
  bicycle kick, overhead kick 倒钩球
  chest-high ball 平胸球
  corner ball, corner 角球
  goal kick 球门球
  ground ball, grounder 地面球
  hand ball 手触球
  header 头球
  penalty kick 点球
  spot kick 罚点球
  free kick 罚任意球
  throw-in 掷界外球
  ball handling 控制球
  block tackle 正面抢截
  body check 身体阻挡
  bullt 球门前混战
  fair charge 合理冲撞
  chesting 胸部挡球
  close-marking defence 钉人防守
  close pass, short pass 短传
  consecutive passes 连续传球
  deceptive movement 假动作
  diving header 鱼跃顶球
  flying headar 跳起顶球
  dribbling 盘球
  finger-tip save (守门员)托救球
  clean catching (守门员)跳球抓好
  flank pass 边线传球
  high lobbing pass 高吊传球
  scissor pass 交叉传球
  volley pass 凌空传球
  triangular pass 三角传球
  rolling pass, ground pass 滚地传球
  slide tackle 铲球
  clearance kick 解除危险的球
  to shoot 射门
  grazing shot 贴地射门
  close-range shot 近射
  long drive 远射
  mishit 未射中
  offside 越位
  to pass the ball 传球
  to take a pass 接球
  spot pass 球传到位
  to trap 脚底停球
  to intercept 截球
  to break through, to beat 带球过人
  to break loose 摆脱
  to control the midfield 控制中场
  to disorganize the defence 破坏防守
  to fall back 退回
  to set a wall 筑人墙
  to set the pace 掌握进攻节奏
  to ward off an assault 击退一次攻势
  to break up an attack 破坏一次攻势
  ball playing skill 控球技术
  total football 全攻全守足球战术
  open football 拉开的足球战术
  off-side trap 越位战术
  wing play 边锋战术
  shoot-on-sight tactics 积极的抢射战术
  time wasting tactics 拖延战术
  Brazilian formation 巴西阵式, 4-2-4 阵式
  four backs system 四后卫制
  four-three-three formation 4-3-3 阵式
  four-two-four formation 4-2-4 阵式
  red card 红牌(表示判罚出场)
  yellow card 黄牌(表示警告)

 

  Baseball & Softball 棒球和垒球

 

  baseball 棒球
  baseball field, baseball ground 棒球场
  softball 垒球
  softball field, softball ground 垒球场
  infield,diamond 内场
  outfield 外场
  fair territory 界内地区
  foul territory 界外地区
  foul line 边线
  base line 垒间线
  base 垒
  bag 垒垫, 垒包
  home base 本垒
  first base 一垒
  second base 二垒
  third base 三垒
  home plate 本垒板
  pitcher's plate 投手板
  pitcher's mound (棒球)投手土墩
  pitcher's circle (垒球)投手圈
  batter's box 击球员区
  on deck circle 击球员准备区
  catcher's box 接手区
  coacher's box 跑垒指导员区
  bench, dug-out 队员席
  bull-pen 候补投手练习区
  glove 手套, 分指手套
  milt 合指手套
  bat 球棒
  mask 护面
  chest protector 护胸
  leg protector 护腿
  supporter 护裆
  helmet 护帽
  baseball player 棒球运动员
  softball player 垒球运动员
  pitcher 投手
  catcher 接手
  fielder 守场员
  baseman 守垒员
  infielder 内场手
  first baseman 一垒手
  second baseman 二垒手
  third baseman 三垒手
  shortstop 游击手
  outfielder 外场手
  batter, hitter 击球员
  base-runner 跑垒员
  batter-runner 击跑员
  relief pitcher 候援投手
designated hitter (DH) 指名击球员
  coacher 跑垒指导员
  manager 总教练
  plate umpire 司球裁判员
  base umpire 司垒裁判员
  inning 局次
  visiting team 先攻队
  home team 后攻队
  offensive team 攻队
  defensive team 守队
  pitching 投手投球
  windup position (棒球投手)正面投球法
  set up position (棒球投手)侧身投球法
  sling shot (垒球投手)后摆投球法
  wind mill (垒球投手)绕环投球法
  8 figure (垒球投手)8字投球法
  throwing 传球
  catching 接球
  fielding 防守
  batting, hitting 击球
  base running 跑垒
  stealing 偷垒
  sliding 滑垒
  strike zone 好球区
  fair ball 界内球
  foul ball 界外球
  illegal pitch 不合法投球
  illegally batted ball 不合法击球
  bunt 触击球
  foul tip 擦棒球
  bunting 触击
  swing 挥击
  ground ball, grounder 地滚球
  liner, line drive 平直球
  fly ball 腾空球
  hit, safety hit 安全打
  one base hit 一垒打
  two base hit 二垒打
  three base hit 三垒打
  home run, homer 本垒打
  sacrifice hit 牺牲打
  sacrifice bunt 牺牲触击
  sacrifice fly 牺牲腾空球
  squeeze bunt 抢分触击
  run and hit, hit and run 击跑配合战术
  safe 安全上垒
  base on balls 四球安全上垒
  struck-out 三击出局
  run,score 得分
  batting order 击球次序
  wild pitch (投手)暴投
  pick-off (投手)牵制跑垒员的传球
  balk (棒球)投手犯规
  put-out 接杀
  out, down, away 出局
  touch out 触杀
  force out 封杀
  assist 助杀
  run down 夹杀
  double play, double kill 双杀
  triple play, triple kill 三杀
  wild throw 野传球
  passed ball 接手漏接球
  ball in play, live ball 继续比赛, 活球
  ball not in play, dead ball 死球
  cover 补位
  back up 策应
  cut-off 拦接
  play shallow 近迫防守
  play deep 後撤防守
  appeal play 申诉行为
  called game 有效比赛
  forfeited game 比赛弃权
  batting average 安打率
  fielding average 防守率
  earned run 投手责任失分
  complete game 无安打无得分获胜的比赛

 

  Wrestling 搏击类竞技

 

  Greek-Roman wrestling 古典式摔跤
  wrestler 摔跤运动员
  standing wrestling 站立摔
  on-the-ground wrestling 跪撑摔
  bridge 角力桥
  free style wrestling 自由式摔跤
  bar arm with grapevine 锁臂缠腿
  double leg lock 抱单腿拦腿摔

 

  Basketball 篮球

 

  球场-court
  前锋-forwards
  后卫-guards
  中锋-center
  后场-backcourt
  前场-frontcourt
  得分后卫-point guard
  组织后卫-shooting guard
  大前锋-power forward
  小前锋-small forward
  篮框-rim,basket
  争球-jump ball
  攻方-offense
  守方-defence
  计时器-shot clock
  打成平分-tie
  加时赛-overtime(OT)
  运球-dribbling
  身前快速运球-speed
  双手交替运球-crossover
  身后运球-behind-the-back
  腿间运球-between-the-leg
  转身运球-spin
  传球-pass
  胸部传球-chest
  反弹传球-bounce
  过顶传球-overhead
  大力传球-baseball-type
  身后传球-behind-the-back
  投篮方式-shooting form
  直接篮下得分-layup
  大力灌篮-the dunk shot
  跳投-jump shot
  勾手投篮-hook shot
  投篮命中率-field goalds(FGs)
  三分球命中率-3-point FGs
  罚球-foul shot
  罚球线-free throw line
  篮板-rebound
  攻方篮板-off.rebounds
  守方篮板-def.rebounds
  助攻-assists
  内线得分-points in paint
  暂停-time-out
  卡位-screens
  人盯人-men-to- men defense
  区域防守-zone defense
  盖帽-blocking
  失误-turnovers
  撞人犯规-charging
  阻挡犯规-holding
  推人犯规-pushing
  技术犯规-technical offence(fouls)
  常规赛-regular season
  季后赛-playoff

 

  Boxing 拳击

 

  boxer 拳击运动员
  boxing glove 拳击手套
  boxing shoe 拳击鞋
  infighting 近战
  straight punch 直拳
  uppercut 上钩拳
  right hook 右钩拳
  foul 犯规
  punch bag 沙袋
  punch ball 沙球
  boxing match 拳击比赛
  referee 裁判员
  boxing ring 拳击台
  rope 围绳
  winner 胜利者
  loser by a knockout 被击败出局者
  timekeeper 计时员
  boxing weights 拳击体重级别
  light flyweight 48公斤级, 次特轻量级
  flyweight 51公斤级, 特轻量级
  bantamweight 54公斤级, 最轻量级
  featherweight 57公斤级, 次轻量级
  lightweight 60公斤级, 轻量级
  light welterweight 63.5公斤级, 轻中量级
  welterweight 67公斤级, 次中量级
  light middleweight 71公斤级, 中量级
  middleweight 75公斤级, 次重量级
  light heavyweight 81公斤级, 重量级
  heavyweight 81以上公斤级, 最重量级



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