知识与资讯
专业词汇
 
自行车专业词汇
发布时间:2014-4-8 16:43:00||  点击:21099次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


1.

自行车运动:cycling; biking

 

2.

山地自行车运动:mountain biking [cycling]

 

3.

自行车竞赛:bicycle racing; bike grind

 

4.

赛车场自行车竞赛:track [velodrome] race

 

5.

争先赛:sprint

 

6.

追逐赛:pursuit [chase] race

 

7.

个人追逐赛:individual pursuit race

 

8.

团体追逐赛:team pursuit race

 

9.

双人赛:paired race

 

10.

记分赛:points race

 

11.

计时赛:time trial; race against the watch

 

12.

单人出发比赛:unpaced competition

 

13.

公路自行车竞赛:road cycling

 

14.

个人公路赛:individual road race

 

15.

团体公路赛:team road race

 

16.

短距离公路赛:sprint road race

 

17.

环行赛:circuit race

 

18.

环行公路赛:criterium

 

19.

每圈淘汰赛(最后到达终点者出局):miss and out; devil-take-the-hindmost

 

20.

往返赛:out and home race

21.

速降赛:downhill race

 

22.

爬坡赛:hill climb

 

23.

摩托车领先赛:motor-paced race

 

24.

短距离赛:short-distance race; sprint

 

25.

长距离赛:long-distance [staying; endurance] race

 

26.

自行车越野赛:cycle-cross; cross-country [off-road; point-to-point] cycling

 

27.

小轮车赛:bicycle motocross(BMX)

 

28.

山地自行车赛:mountain bike race

 

29.

环程越野赛(3-5英里):kermesse

 

30.

分段赛:stage racing

31.

凯林赛(赛车场内由摩托车牵引一定圈数后再进行冲刺):keirin race

 

32.

麦迪逊赛(赛车场内两人交替接力,赛程为50公里):Madison race

 

33.

一日赛:one-day race

 

34.

多日赛:race of several days

 

35.

环法公路赛:Tour de France

 

 

人员

36.

自行车运动员:cyclist; rider; biker; bicycler; bicyclist; pedal-pusher

 

37.

场地自行车运动员:track rider

 

38.

公路自行车运动员:road racer [rider]

 

39.

计圈裁判员:lap judge

 

40.

弯道裁判员:corner [turn] judge; judge in curve

 

41.

折返点裁判员:turnback judge

 

42.

计圈员:lap scorer

 

43.

车辆检察员:machine examiner

 

 

规则

44.

集合地点:assembling place

 

45.

原地出发:standing start

 

46.

行进出发:flying start

 

47.

推车出发:pushing start

 

48.

单独出发:individual start

 

49.

单骑:isolated riding

 

50.

成组到达:bunch finish

 

51.

交通规则:traffic regulations

 

52.

禁止通行:closed to traffic

 

53.

靠右骑行:keep to the right

 

54.

不合法骑乘:illegal riding

 

55.

机械事故:mechanical trouble

 

56.

断链:chain fracture [rupture]

 

57.

车胎扎破:puncture of tire

 

58.

爆胎:tire burst

 

59.

换车:bicycle change

 

60.

车轮打滑:skid

 

61.

换车轮:wheel change

 

62.

多人摔倒:mass fall [tumble]

 

 

技术

63.

蹬车:pedal

 

64.

倒蹬:back-pedal

 

65.

离座骑行:standing on pedals

 

66.

骑行姿势:riding posture

 

67.

领骑:pace

 

68.

无人领骑的:unpaced

 

69.

领骑者:leader; pacemaker

 

70.

开路先锋:trail breaker

 

71.

领先运动员的替换:leader’s changer

 

72.

尾随:support

 

73.

尾随者:supporting member; domestique

 

74.

滑流:slipstream

 

75.

梯形队形:echelon

 

76.

主车群:bunch; pack; peloton

 

77.

摆脱:breakaway; runaway

 

78.

超过:overtake; pass; outdistance; drop

 

79.

超越:attack from the rear

 

80.

从前面跑开:go off from the front

 

81.

车速调整:pace changing

 

82.

冲刺:spurt

 

83.

假冲刺:feinted spurt

 

84.

弯道冲刺:bank dash

 

85.

骑上跑道边缘:border climbing

 

86.

上坡:ascend

 

87.

下坡:descend

 

88.

滑行下坡:coast

 

89.

侧逆风:side headwind

 

90.

侧顺风:leading side wind

 

91.

空气阻力:air resistance

 

92.

撒把骑车:freehand cycling

 

93.

后轮平衡特技:wheelie

 

 

自行车

94.

自行车:bicycle; bike; roadster

 

95.

赛车:racer; racing bicycle

 

96.

公路赛车:road racer

 

97.

场地赛车:track racer

 

98. BMX

赛车:BMX bike

 

99.

山地自行车:mountain bike

 

100.

双人自行车:tandem bicycle

 

101.

车架:frame

 

102.

车叉:fork

 

103.

立叉:rear [seat] stays

 

104.

平叉:bottom forks; chain stays

 

105.

立管:seat tube

 

106.

下管:down tube

 

107.

横梁:crossbar; top tube

 

108.

车把:handlebar

 

109.

赛车车把:drop [racing] handlebar; Sacchi stem

 

110.

反光镜:reflector

 

111.

[]座:saddle; seat

 

112.

前轮:front wheel

 

113.

后轮:hind [rear] wheel

 

114.

轮圈:rim

 

115.

[封闭]轮:disk wheel

 

116.

辐条:spoke

 

117.

车胎:tire; tyre

 

118.

备用车胎:spare tire

 

119.

外胎:outer casing [cover]

 

120.

内胎:inner tube

 

121.

管式车胎:tubular tube

 

122.

气门心:valve core

 

123.

挡泥板:mudguard; fender

 

124.

气筒:pump; inflator

 

125.

踏板;脚蹬:pedal 

 



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