知识与资讯
专业词汇
 
世行、亚行项目词汇选
发布时间:2011-7-16 21:37:00||  点击:5038次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


   abatement technologies ,减排技术,减污技术 
   above quota, 超限额,超配额 
   above the line (item), 线上(条目) 
   absorption accounting; full cost accounting, 全额成本记帐法 
   accelerate a loan, 加速贷款准备工作 
   accelerated recall [MOV], 加速回收(货币) [ 保值 ] 
   accelerated recovery, 加速回收(货币) 
   acceleration of maturity (of a loan) [IBRD], 提 前 到 期 [ 国 际 复 兴 开 发 银 行 ] 
   acceptance, accepting house [UK], 承兑;票据承兑银行 [ 英国 ] 
   acceptance; bank acceptance; banker's acceptance, 承兑;银行承兑;银行承兑票据 
   acceptance rate (by beneficiaries of a project), (项目受益人的)受益率 
   accomodating policy, 融通政策 
   accommodation type, 融通类型 
   accountability, 会计责任,经营责任 
   accounting period, 会计期 ; 会计结算期 
   accounting practices, 会计业务,会计实务,核算惯例 
   accounting price, 会计价格,帐目价格 
   accounting procedure, 会计程序 
   accounting rate of interest - ARI, 会计利率(简写为 ARI ) 
   accounting rate of return, 会计收益率 
   accounting unit, 会计核算单位 
   accrual, 应计 
   accruals, 应记项目 ; 应计收支额 
   accrued depreciation, 应计折旧 
   accrued interest - AI, 应计利息,应收利息,累计利息 (简写为 AI ) 
   accrued loan commissions, 应计贷款佣金 
   acid deposition, 酸沉降 
   acid rain, 酸雨 
   act of state, 国家行为 
   action plan, 行动计划 
   active borrower, 当前借款国 
   active loan, 当前贷款 
   activity brief [EDI], 活动简报 [ 经济发展学院 ] 
   actual figures, 实际数字 
   actuarial lump sum, 精算总数 
   ad valorem (customs) duty 
   additionality, 额外贷款 
   additional facility [ICSID], 追加的融通资金 [ 解决投资争端国际中心 ] 
   Additional Facility Rules [ICSID], 融通资金追加条例 [ 解决投资争端国际中心 ] 
   adjective law; procedural law, 程序法 
   adjustable peg [foreign exchange], 可调整钉住汇率 [ 外汇 ] 
   adjustment, 调整 
   adjustment aid, 调整援助 
   administrative machinery, 行政机构 
   advance contracting, 先期合同 
   advance contribution scheme (for IDA-10), 先期提供捐款资金计划(国际开发协会第 10 次增 
   advance deposit, 预缴押金 
   advance payment, 预付款 
   advance payment security, 先期付款保证 
   advance repayment, 提前清偿,预付 
   advanced farmer, 技术先进农民 
   advanced studies, 高级研究 
   advanced training, 高级培训 
   affiliate, 附属公司,子公司,联营公司,联号 
   affiliate bank, 联营银行,分行,联属银行 
   affordability, 承担能力,承受能力 
   affordability ratio, 可承受比率 
   agency line; credit line on a agency basis [IFC], 代理机构信贷额度 [ 国际金融公司 ] 
   agency (line) subprojects, 代理机构(信贷额度)子项目 
   agency securities, obligations [U.S.], 政府机构证券,债务 [ 美国 ] 
   aggregate demand, 总需求 
   aggregative planning, 总体计划,宏观计划 
   aging schedule [accounts receivable], 帐龄分类表 [ 应收帐款 ] 
   agreement to reimburse, 支付协议 
   agro-economist, 农业经济学家 
   agroforestry, 农林业 
   agroindustries, 农工综合企业 
   agroprocessing, 农产品加工 
   agroprocessing industries, 农产品加工业 
   agrosupport industry, 支农工业 
   aid dependency, 援助依赖国 
   air dried ton, 风干吨 
   allocated costs, 调拨成本,已分摊成本 
   allocation of loan proceeds, 贷款资金的分配 
   allocation of net income, 净收入的分配 
   allocation of profits; appropriation of profits, 利润分配;利润拨付 
   allocation of resources, 资源分配,资源配置 
   allotment [budget], 分配,拨款(预算) 
   allowance for contingencies; reserve for 
   contingencies; contingency allowance, 应急筹备金,意外事件准备金 
   allowance for depreciation, 折旧备抵 
   alternative bid [procurement], 副标 [ 采购 ] 
   alternative energy, 代用能源 
   amendment; amending agreement, 修正案;修正协定 
   amortization schedule, 分期偿付计划 ; 分期偿付时间表 
   andropogon, 须芒草 
   annotated agenda, 注明的议程 ; 加注议程 
   announcement effect, 宣布效应 
   annualization, 年度化,年率化,按年计算 
   annuity bond, 年金债券 
   annuity system [debt service], 年金制 ; 年度还本付息制 [ 偿 债 ] 
   annuity-type repayment terms, 年金式偿付条件 
   anthracite; hard coal, 无烟煤;硬煤 
   anticipatory rate setting - ARS, 预期确定利率(简写为 ARS ) 
   application for withdrawal (from loan account or credit account), 
   (从贷款帐户或信贷帐户中)提款申请 
   application of funds, 资金申请 
   appraisal fee, 评估费 
   appraisal mission, 评估团 
   appraisal team, 评估小组 
   approach paper; issues paper, 探讨问题的文件 
   appropriation, 拨款 
   aqua privy, 蹲式冲水厕所 
   Arbitral Tribunal, 仲裁法庭 
   area specific project, 特定领域项目 
   arm's length contract, 公平合同 
   arrearage ; arrears, 欠款;(未付清款项的)尾数 
   articles of incorporation, 公司条例,公司章程 
   ash farming; burn-beating; burning, 刀耕火种 
   assessed income, 核定所得,估定所得 
   asset stripping, 资产流失 
   associated crops; cropping, 间种;套种 
   associated gas, 伴生天然气 
   attachment [legal], 扣押,查封财产 [ 法律 ] 
   Attitude Survey, 态度调查 
   attrition rate, 损耗率 
   audit report, 审计报告 
   auditor, 审计员 ; 审计师 
   authenticated specimen of signature, 经正式鉴定的签字样本 
   authorized positions [personnel], 预算内(编制内)职位 [ 人事 ] 
   authorized share capital, 法定股本 
   autoconsumption of food, 粮食生产者的自身消费 
   automatic resetting mechanism, 利率自动重新确定机制 
   availability fee, 有效费 
   average earning assets - AEA, 平均创收资产(简写为 AEA ) 
   average effective tax rate - AETR, 平均实际税率(简写为 AETR ) 
   average incremental cost - AIC, 平均增量成本(简写为 AIC ) 
   average loan life - ALL, 贷款平均偿付期限(简写为 ALL ) 
   avoidance, 逃税 
   award, 授标 
   award, 仲裁赔款 
   awarding committee, 评标委员会,授标委员会 [ 合 同 ] 
   back value, 回算值;倒求值 
   background paper, 背景文件、背景材料 
   backhaul traffic, 回运 
   backstopping, 技术援助 
   back-to-back credit, 背对背信用证 
   back-to-office report - BTO, 出差情况汇报(简写为 BTO ) 
   backup (underwriting) facility, 后备(保险)项目 
   backup (underwriting) facility fee, 后备(保险)项目费用 
   bad debt, 坏账,呆账 
   badly performing loan, 履行不佳的贷款 ; 不良贷款 
   bailout loan, 拯救性贷款 
   balance, to (an account), 轧平(帐户),平衡(帐目) 
   balance carried forward, 结转余额 
   balance of payments, 国际贸易差额 
   balance of payments position, 国际收支状况 
   balance-of-system costs, 系统配套费用 
   balance of trade, 国际贸易平衡 
   balances [cash], 余额 [ 现金 ] 
   balances held on a covered basis, 有变现资产作后备的余额(?) 
   balancing equipment, 辅助设备 
   balancing subsidy, 平衡补贴 
   balloon loan, 最后一次偿付的金额最大的贷款 
   balloon payment, 最后一笔为最大的分期付款 
   ballpark figure, 大约数字 
   bank examiner, 银行总监 
   bank exposure, 银行放款总额 
   "Bank first" principle, " 世界银行第一 " 原则 
   "Bank last" principle," 世界银行最后 " 原则 
   bank performance, 银行业绩 
   bank rate, 中央银行贴现率 
   banker's markup; banker's spread; gross margin; gross earnings margin 
   [banks], 银行利差;银行毛利 [ 银行 ] 
   bankable assurances, 银行可承兑的保险、保证 
   bankable project, 银行可担保的项目 
   bar chart, 柱形或条形统计图表 
   barefoot doctor, 赤脚医生 
   basal dressing; bottom dressing, 施底肥 
   base convention, 基本协议 
   base costs; baseline costs, 基本成本;基线成本 
   base (lending) program [IBRD], 基本(贷款)规划 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   base year, 基准年,基年 
   basic account, 基本帐户 
   basic education, 基础教育 
   basic health care, 基本卫生保健 
   basic research, 基础研究 
   basic skills, 基本技能 
   basic subjects, 基本科目 
   basis point, 基点 
   basket extractor, exit mechanism [GATT], " 出篮子 " 机制,退出机制 [ 关贸协定 ] 
   basket unit, 多种货币单位,复合货币单位 
   basket unit of account, 多种货币记帐单位,货币篮子记帐单位 
   bear market, 熊市,空头市场 
   bearer bond, 无记名债券 
   beggar-my-neighbor policy," 以邻为壑 " 政策 
   behest project, 指令性项目 
   bellwether (of economic trends), (经济趋势的)前导 
   benchmark jobs, 基准工作,基准职位 
   benchmark portfolio, 基准证券投资组合 
   benchmark spread, 基准利差 
   beneficial interest, 受益股权益 
   beneficiation [minerals], 提炼 [ 矿物 ] 
   benefit-cost ratio [US]; cost-benefit ratio [UK], 效益成本比率 [ 美 国 ] ;成本效益比率 [ 
   英 国 ] 
   benefit stream, 连续效益 
   best practice, 最佳方法 
   bid form, 标书 ; 投标表格 
   bid guarantee, 投标保证金 
   bid opening, 开标 
   bid package, 一揽子投标 
   bidding conditions, 招标条件 
   bill of quantities, 工程量清单;建筑工程清单;数量清单 
   billing agent, 托收人 
   biodiversity, 生物多样性 
   biogas plant, 生物气体工厂;沼气厂 
   biomass energy, 生物能源 
   biosphere reserve, 生物圈保护地 
   bisque clause, 修正条款 
   black economy;black market, 黑市 
   blanket effect, 覆盖效应;总括效应 
   blanket purchase order - BPO, 一揽子购货定单(简称 BPO ) 
   blanket release, 解除限制 
   blend country, 混合贷款国家 
   blend financing; mixed financing, 混合贷款 
   blending (of flows), 混合(资金流量) 
   blind trust, 保密委托,保密信托 
   block release, 离职培训 
   block tariff, 分段收费 
   block trading, 大宗证券交易 
   block train, 固定列车 
   blue chip; blue chip security, 蓝筹股;热门股票 
   blue stained cotton, 蓝色污染棉 
   Board of Governors, 理事会 
   Boards of the Bank and the Fund, 世界银行和国际货币基金组织理事会 
   body corporate; corporate body, institution, 法人团体;法人机构 
   Standard legal language used in legal documents, 标准法律语言 
   bonded area; free trade zone - FTZ, 保税区;自由贸易区(简写为 FTZ ) 
   bonded contractor, 取得履约保证的承包商 
   bonded industrial estate, 保税工业区 
   bonding company, 担保公司 
   bonus clause, 奖励条款 
   bonus issue, 发行红股 
   bonus share, 红利股 
   book value, 帐面价值 
   boomtown effect, 城市发展效应 
   booster pump, 升压泵;前置泵;增压泵;助水泵;接力泵 
   border bias, 地边偏差 
   border currency (unit), 边境货币(单位) 
   border ditch irrigation, 畦沟灌溉 
   border industry, 边境工业 
   border taxes, 边境税 
   borrower ownership, 借款人所有制 
   borrowing capacity, 借款能力 
   borrowing cost, 借款费用,借款成本 
   borrowing from the public, 向公众借款;公开销售债券 
   borrowing pool [IBRD], 借款总库 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   borrowing rate, 借款利率 
   bottom out (of a recession), (从经济衰退中)走出谷底 
   bottom up (approach) [projects], 自下而上的(做法) [ 项目 ] 
   bracketing, 限定说明 
   branch ministry, 专业部 
   brand name product, 名牌产品 
   bread grains, 用于制作面包的谷物 
   breadwinner, 挣钱养家的人 
   breakbulk, 杂件货物 
   break clause; escape clause; jeopardy clause, 中断条款;免责条款 
   breakdown, 细目,分类 
   breakeven analysis, 保本分析 ; 盈亏临界分析 ; 盈亏平衡分析 
   breakeven point, 盈亏临界点 ; 盈亏平衡点 ; 收支平衡点 
   bridge; bridging loan, 过渡 ; 过渡贷款 
   bridging facility, 过渡性融通资金 ; 应急融通资金 
   brief [project], 简介 [ 项目 ] 
   broad money, 广义货币 
   broken cross rates, 有差异的套汇汇率 
   brown projects, 棕色项目 : 指解决城市面临的最迫切和紧急的环境问题的 
   项目 
   Bruno ratio, 布鲁诺比率 
   bubble concept, 气泡观念 
   bubble-up effect, 冒泡效应 ; 上泛效应 
   bucket latrine, 马桶式厕所 
   budget closure, 预算关闭期 
   budget cuts, 预算削减 
   budget deficit; budgetary gap, 预算赤字;预算缺口 
   budget estimates, 概算,预算估计 
   budget neutral, 维持现状的预算;中性预算 
   buffer stock scheme, 缓冲存货制 ; 调节性库存制 
   build-own-operate-transfer - BOOT, 建造-所有-经营-移交制(简写为 BOOT ) 
   built-in evaluation, 内在评估 
   built-in tendency, 内在趋势 
   bull market, 多头市场 
   bullet issue, 一次性发售 
   bump integrator, 路面累计颠簸仪 
   bunching, 混合,归并 
   bunching of maturities, 到期归类 
   bund, 堤岸,码头 
   bunker; bunker oil, 船用油;燃料油 
   bunkering, 装入燃料 
   buoyant demand, 需求上扬,需求活跃 
   buoyant market, 活跃的市场 
   burn beating, 刀耕火种 
   business accounting, 企业会计 ; 经营核算 
   business community, 实业界,企业界 
   business cycle; trade cycle, 商业周期 ; 经济周期 
   buy-back agreement; take-out agreement, 回购协议;返销协议 
   buying rate of exchange, 买入汇率 
   call for capital; call of capital, 缴股通知 
   call in a loan, 收回贷款,催收贷款 
   call loan, 通知放款 ; 短期拆借 ; 活期放款 
   call money; day to day money; demand money; 
   money at call, 拆放款;日拆款;日用资金;短期放款;活期资 
   金 
   call option, 买入期权;购买期货权 
   call order contract, 活期雇佣合同 ; 活期订货合同 
   callable (capital; subscription), 通知即缴(资本 ; 认购资本) 
   called up (share) capital; paid in (share) capital, 实收(股本)资金;缴讫(股本)资金 
   calling in of a currency, 货币回收 
   calving rate, 产犊率 
   cap, 上限 
   capital account, 资本帐户 ; 资本项目 
   capital adequacy, 资本充足 
   capital assets; fixed assets; permanent assets; fixed 
   capital [accounting], 资本资产;固定资产;永久资产;固定资本 [ 会 计 ] 
   capital base, 自有资本 ; 资本基础 
   capital consumption allowance, 资本耗用备抵(即折旧备抵) ; 资本消耗扣除 
   capital deepening, 资本增密;资本深化 
   capital deepening investment, 资本增密投资 
   capital efficiency, 资本效益 
   capital endowment, 捐赠资本 
   capital equipment; capital goods, 资本设备;资本货物 
   capital expenditure; capital outlay, 资本支出;基本建设支出 
   capital flight; flight of capital, 资本外逃;资本外流 
   capital formation, 资本形成 
   capital gain, 资本收益 
   capital grants, 资本赠与 
   capital impairment, 资本减损 
   capital inadequacy, 资本不足 
   capital intensity, 资本集约;资本密集 
   capital-intensive, 资本密集型;资本集约型 
   capital labor ratio, 资本劳动力比率 
   capital output ratio, 资本产出比率 
   capital position, 资本头寸 ; 资本拥有量 
   capital recovery factor - CRF, 资本回收系数(简写为 CRF ) 
   capital service ratio, 资本还本付息比率 
   capital stock, 股金;股本 
   capital widening, 资本扩张 
   capitalized expenses, 资本化费用 
   capitation tax; poll tax; head tax, 人头税 
   capture (e.g. of public services), 滥用(公共服务等) 
   capture fishery; harvest fishery, 捕渔业 
   career development, 事业发展;职业开发 
   carried interest [petroleum industry], 附带权益 ; 部分权益 [ 石油工业 ] 
   carrying loss, 结存亏损 
   carryover loan, 结转贷款 
   carryovers, 结转额 
   cascade tax, 汇积增值税 ; 多阶段征收的税款 
   cash crop, 经济作物 
   cash economy, 商品经济 
   cash holdings, 现金存量 
   cash inflows, 现金流入;现金注入 
   casual labor, 临时工 
   catch crop, 添闲作物 
   categorical grant; targeted grant, 专项赠款;定向赠款 
   cattle on the hoof; Live cattle, 未屠宰牲畜 ; 活牲畜。 
   center pivot sprinkle irrigation, 中心旋转喷灌 
   Central Bank Facility-CBF, 中央银行融通资金(简写为 CBF ) 
   centrally planned economy (country), 中央计划经济;实行中央计划经济的国家 
   central vice presidencies [IBRD], 中央副行长 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   certificate of deposit, 定期储蓄存单 
   certificate of payment, 支付凭证 
   chain index, 环比指数 
   chair; constituency of an Executive Director [World 
   Bank], 一个执行董事的选区、席位 [ 世界银行 ] 
   charge; lien [legal], 托管物,留置权(法律) 
   chargeback, 回索,结算 
   cherry picking, 选择最好的 
   chief economist, 首席经济学家 
   child mortality, 儿童死亡率 
   churn factor, 暂时租用的办公用房 
   cistern flush latrine, 水箱式冲洗厕所 
   civil service, 公务员 ; 官 
   civil works; public works, 土建工程;土木工程 
   clawback provision, 回补条款 
   club loan, 集团性贷款 
   cluster analysis, 归纳分析 
   cluster audit, 归并审计 
   cluster sampling, 整群抽样 
   coarse grain(s), 粗粮 
   collateral financing, 抵押贷款;抵押融资 
   collection of taxes, 收税 
   collective self-reliance, 集体自力更生 
   collegial management, 学院式管理制 
   collusive tendering, 共谋的投标(或报价) 
   day-to-day money, 日用资金 
   days receivable, 应收帐款平均拖延日期 回首页
   
  
  
  
   dead storage (capacity), 无效容量 ; 不能利用的容积 
   deadweight tonnage - DWT, 载重吨位(简写为 DWT ) 
   deadwood equities [IFC], 累赘股本 [ 国际金融公司 ] 
   debt bunching, 债务归集 
   debt burden ratio, 负债比率 
   debt carrying capacity, 债务承担能力 
   debt consolidation, 债务统一 
   debt conversion, 债务转化 
   debt creating, 债务生成,产生债务的 
   debt distressed country, 债务困扰国 
   debt due, 到期债务 
   debt enhancements, 债务组合的改善 
   debt equity conversion; debt equity swap, 债务股本转化;债务股本互换 
   debt equity conversion fund, 债务股本转化基金 
   debt equity swap; debt equity conversion, 债务股本互换;债务股本转化 
   debt financing, 举债筹资,举债融资 
   debt forgiveness, 债务豁免 
   debt-for-health swaps, 债务与卫生援助计划互换 
   debt funding, 债务融资 
   debt outstanding and disbursed - DOD, 已支付未偿还债务 ; 债务余额(简写为 DOD ) 
   debt overhang, 未偿债务 
   debt relief, 债务减免 
   debt rephasing; rescheduling of debt; rephasing of a 
   debt; debt rescheduling, 债务重组;重定偿债期限;调整偿债期限; 
   debt representation letter, 外债报告书 
   debt Restructuring Facility - DRF, 债务结构调整贷款(简写为 DRF ) 
   debt sales, 债务出售 
   debt-service ratio, 债务清偿率 
   debt service requirements, 债务清偿条件 
   debt service schedule, 偿债时间表 
   debt servicing capacity, 偿债能力 
   debt strategy, 债务战略 
   debt to capital ratio, 负债资本比率 
   debt workout program [World Bank], 债务解决方案 [ 世界银行 ] 
   Debtor Reporting System [World Bank], 债务人报告制度 [ 世界银行 ] 
   Decapitalize, 减低投资资本 ; 非资本化 
   decision maker, 决策人,决策者 
   decision making body, 决策机构 
   decision-making power, 决策权 
   deed of trust, 信托契约;委托书 
   deep market, 完全的市场 
   deepening of the industrial structure, 工业结构深化 
   default, 违约,拖欠 [ 解决投资争端国际中心 ] 
   default on obligations, 不履行义务 
   defensive expenditures, 国民帐户中的一个概念 
   deferrable participating loan, 可递延参与贷款 
   deferred charges; expenses, 待摊费用,递延费用,转结费用 
   deferred rate and currency setting, 递延利率和货币设定 
   deferred rate setting - DRS, 递延利率确定法,延期利率确定法 (简写为 DRS ) 
   deferred recovery, 延期回收 
   deficit country, 逆差国 
   deficit financing, 赤字融资 
   deflationary gap, 通货紧缩缺口 
   deflator, 减缩指数 
   degree of concessionality, 优惠程度 
   degressive scale, 递减率 
   delegation of authority, 权力下放 
   delinking [foreign exchange], 取消挂钩;脱钩 [ 外汇 ] 
   delinquent taxes, 滞纳税款 
   demand management, 需求调节;需求管理 
   demand money, 短期款 
   demand pull factors, 需求拉动因素 ; 吸引因素 
   demand pull inflation, 需求拉动型通货膨胀 
   demand shift, 需求变动 
   dematerialization of manufactures, 制成品物质成分减少 
   demerit goods, 无益货物 
   demographic transition; transition, 人口结构转型 
   demonstration activity, 示范活动 
   demonstration effect, 示范效应 
   demonstration plot, 示范田 
   demonstration school; laboratory school; model 
   school; practice school, 示范学校;实验学校; 模范学校;实习学校 
   dendrothermal power plant, 以木材为燃料的发电厂 
   departmental forces, 部门劳力 
   dependency allowance, 抚养津贴 ; 家属津贴 
   dependency ratio, 抚养率 
   dependent, 家属 
   deposit liabilities, 存款负债额 
   depository bank, 受托银行,存款银行 
   depreciation; straight-line depreciation; 
   depreciation allowance, 折旧被抵 ; 直线折旧法 
   Deputy Secretary General [ICSID], 副秘书长 [ 解决投资争端国际中心 ] 
   Deregulate, 取消管制 
   derivative instruments, 衍生金融工具 
   design capacity, 设计能力 
   design engineering, 设计工程 
   Designating Authority (of Panel Members) [ICSID], (小组委员会委员的)指定权利 [ 
   解决投资争端国际中心 ] 
   desk officer, 国别业务负责人 
   desk study, 案头研究 
   desktop publishing, 案头出版 
   deterrent, 阻挠力量;阻挠因素;威慑力量 
   development area, 开发区 
   development bank, 开发银行 
   development bond, 开发债券 
   Development Committee, 发展委员会 
   development credit agreement [IDA], 开发信贷协议 [ 国际开发协会 ] 
   development finance company - DFC, 开发金融公司(简写为 DFC ) 
   development finance institution - DFI, 发展金融机构(简写为 DFI ) 
   dietary energy supply - DES, 食物能量供应(简写为 DES ) 
   diminishing returns, 收益递减 
   directed credit, 定向信贷 
   directed economy, 指令性经济 
   direction of lending, 贷款方向 
   directly unproductive profit seeking (DUP) 
   activities, 直接谋求非生产性利润的活动(简写为 DUP ) 
   direct overhead budget, 直接管理的间接费用预算 
   disbursement deflator, 支付缩减系数 
   disbursement letter, 支付信 
   disbursement officer, 支付官员 
   disclaimer, 放弃权利声明 ; 不表示意见 
   disclosure of information, 信息披露 
   discontinuance [ICSID], 中断诉讼 [ 解决投资争端国际中心 ] 
   discount rate, 贴现率 
   discretionary expense budget, 可支配费用的预算 
   discretionary income, 可支配收入 
   discretionary liquidity, 可支配流动资金 
   discretionary spending, 机动开支 ; 可支配开支 
   discussion paper, 供讨论使用的文件 ; 讨论文件 
   diseconomies, 不经济 ; 成本费用增加 
   disguised unemployment; concealed; covert; hidden 
   unemployment, 隐性失业;变相失业;潜在失业 
   disincentive, 消极刺激 ; 反激励 
   disinvestment, 资本投资减损 ; 投资减少 ; 反投资 
   dislocated worker, 离岗工人 ; 下岗工人 
   disposable income, 可支配收入 
   dissever, 提取储蓄存款者 ; 超支者 
   distance learning/teaching, 远程学习、教学 
   distress borrowing, 急用借款 
   distressed loan, 还本付息有困难的贷款 
   distress price, 急售价格 ; 廉价 
   distress sale\ selling, 廉价抛售 ; 出售查封的货物 
   distributional weight, 分配权数 
   disutility, 反效用 ; 负效用 
   ditch rider; waterman, 灌区管理员 
   diversion dam, 分洪坝 
   divestiture; divestment, 售让资产;处置资产 
   divestment, 售让 
   documentary evidence, 证明文件 ; 书面证明;单据 
   dollar budgeting, 美元预算 
   dollar gap, 美元差额;美元缺口 
   domestic asset formation; domestic capital 
   formation, 国内资产形成;国内资本形成 
   domestic content, 国产成分 
   domestic currency, 本币 
   domestic economy, 本国经济 
   domestic finance studies, 国内金融研究 
   domestic preference, 国内优先;优先幅度 [ 采购 ] 
   domestic resource cost - DRC, 国内资源成本(简写为 DRC ) 
   domestic value added, 国内附加值 
   donor country, 捐助国 ; 捐款国 
   dose response relationships, 投配 - 反应关系 
   double entry accounting, 复式会计,复式簿记 
   double factorial terms of trade, 双要素贸易条件 
   double shift teaching system, 二部制教学体制 
   double taxation, 双重征税 
   double weighted borrowing cost [IBRD], 双重加权借款费用 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   doubtful debt, 可疑债务 
   down time, 停工期;停机时间 
   downstream effect/benefit, 下游效应 / 下游收益 
   downstream innovations, 下游革新 
   downstream plant/ facilities, 后处理厂、设施 
   drawback [customs], 退税(海关) 
   drawdown, 提款;提取信贷 
   drawdown of equity, 提用股本 
   dressing, 铺设,修饰 
   drift fishing, 漂移捕渔 
   droppage [IFC], 取消借款(国际金融公司) 
   drop out [education], 退学 [ 教育 ] 
   dropout rate [education], 退学率 [ 教育 ] 
   drought stress, 干旱损害 
   dry process [cement manufacture], 干法 [ 水泥制造 ] 
   dual executive director, 兼任执行董事 
   dual purpose cattle, 肉奶两用牛 
   dummy variable, 虚变量 
   dung cake, 压实的牛粪肥 
   durable goods; durables, 耐用品 / 耐用消费品 
   dutiable, 应征关税的 
   duty free, 免关税的 
   duty station, 工作地点 
   dwelling core, 最基本住房 
   dynamic life index [commodities], 多年动态指数
  early intensive adjustment lending (EIAL) country, 早期密集型调整借款(简写为 EIAL )国家 
   early retirement scheme, 提前退休计划 
   early warning system, 预警系统 
   to earmark (funds), 指定用途 ; 专款 
   earmarked account, 专款帐户 
   earmarked tax, 专用税款 
   earned income, 已实现收入 ; 经营收入 
   earned surplus, 已实现盈余 ; 经营盈余 
   earning assets 、 Loans and investments, 有收益资产、盈利资产、即贷款和投资 
   earning power, 收益能力 ; 盈利能力 
   earnings, 收益 ; 盈利 
   earthfill dam 
   earth road, 土路 
   monetary ease, 银根松动 ; 放松银根 
   easy money, 银根松动 ; 低息借款 
   economic and sector work - ESW, 经济与部门调研(简写为 ESW ) 
   economic hardship, 经济困难 
   economic indicator, 经济指标 
   economic internal rate of return, 经济内部收益率 
   economic life, 经济寿命 
   economic man, 经济人 
   economic management, 经济管理 
   economic performance, 经济运行情况 
   economic policy note [EDI], 经济政策文件 [ 经济发展学院 ] 
   economic price; efficiency price, 经济价格;效率益价格 
   econ, omic rate of return - ERR; economic internal 
   rate of return - EIRR, 经济收益率 ; 经济回报率(简写为 ERR );经济 
   内部收益率 ; 经济内部回报率(简写为 EIRR ) 
   economic recovery loan - ERL [World Bank], 经济复苏贷款(简写为 ERL ) [ 世界银行 ] 
   economic rent, 经济租金 ; 经济纯利 ; 经济报酬 
   economic soundness, 经济健全性 
   economics of regress, 倒退经济学 
   economies of scale, 规模经济 
   economies of scope, 范围经济 
   edge bias, 边缘偏差 ; 边角偏倚 
   effective demand, 实际需求 ; 有效需求 
   edited by, 编者 ; 校订者 ; 由……校订 
   editor, 编辑 ; 编者 
   educational achievements, 教育成就 
   educational background, 学历 
   educational material, 教学材料 ; 教材 
   effective; cost effective; effective cut-off; operational cut-off 
   effective exchange rate, 有效汇率 ; 实际汇率 
   effective interest rate, 有效利率 ; 实际利率 
   effective protection coefficient - EPC, 有效保护系数(简写为 EPC ) 
   effective subsidy, 实际补贴率 ; 有效补贴率 
   effectiveness of an agreement, 协议的有效性 
   effects method [project appraisal], 效果法 [ 项目评估 ] 
   efficiency cost of taxation; excess burden of taxation, 征税的效率成本;超额税负 
   efficiency unit, 效率单位 
   efficiency wage, 效率工资 
   effluent charges, 排污税 ; 排污费 
   effluent sewerage; solids-free sewerage; small-bore sewerage, 
   出流排污;固体物过滤排污;小口径管排污 
   18% currency out on loan [IBRD maintenance of value],18% 贷款货币 [ 国际复兴开发银行保值 
   ] 
   elasticity of demand, 需求弹性 
   elasticity of substitution, 替代弹性 
   elastic money, 弹性货币 
   electronic funds transfer - EFT, 电子资金转帐(简写为 EFT ) 
   eligibility; eligibility conditions, 合格;合格条件 
   eligibility ceiling, 最高合格限度 
   eligibility to bid, 投标资格 
   eligibility threshold, 合格限度 
   eligible currency, 合格货币 
   eligible expenses, 合格的费用 
   eligible host country, 合格的东道国 
   eligible investment, 合格的投资 
   eligible paper, 合格票据 
   eligible risk, 可接受的风险 ; 合格的风险 
   eligible source country, 合格的来源国 
   embodiment hypothesis, 体现假设论 
   emergency reconstruction loan - ERL, 紧急复兴贷款 ; 紧急重建贷款(简写为 ERL ) 
   emergency recovery loan - ERL, 紧急恢复贷款(简写为 ERL ) 
   emerging markets, 新兴市场 
   Emerging Markets Growth Fund, 新兴市场发展基金 
   eminent domain, 征用权 
   emissions trading, 排放量交易 
   empower, 授权 
   empowerment, 给予权利,赋予权利 
   enabling environment, 有利的环境 
   enabling legislation, 实施性法案 
   encashment, 兑现 
   enclave project, 飞地项目 
   end-of-mission document, 出差总结报告 
   end of pipe pollution control, 排放口污染控制 
   end use (of a commodity), (商品的)最终用途 
   end use (energy) efficiency, (能源的)最终使用效率 
   end use tax, 最终使用税 
   energy balance, 能源平衡法 
   energy affiliate, 能源附属机构 
   energy assessment, 能源评估 
   energy audit, 能源审计 
   energy cascading, 能源分级利用法 
   energy conservation, 能源节约 ; 节能 
   energy cropping, 能源作物 
   energy-efficient, 有效使用能源的 
   energy-intensive, 能源密集型 
   energy lending, 能源贷款 
   engender, 社会性别观点 
   engineered road, 规划修筑的土路 
   engineering consultant, 工程顾问 ; 工程咨询顾问 
   engineering design, 工程设计 
   engineering development, 工程开发 
   engineering industry, 工程工业 
   preliminary engineering, 前期工程 ; 预备工程 
   engineering related technical assistance; hard technical assistance, 
   与工程有关的技术援助;硬技术援助 
   engineering studies, 工程研究 
   to enhance new debt, 增加新债 
   enhanced recovery, 强化采集 ; 强化回收 
   enrollment ratio, 入学率 
   entrep?t trade, 转口贸易 ; 中转贸易 
   entrepreneurial benefit-cost ratio - EBC, 企业家的效益 - 成本比率(简写为 EBC ) 
   entrepreneurship, 企业家精神 
   entries, 账目 
   entry level, 起始级别 
   environment satellite accounts, 环境卫星帐户 
   environmental action plan - EAP, 环境行动计划(简写为 EAP ) 
   environmental (advisory) panel, 环境(顾问)小组 
   environmental assessment - EA, 环境评价,环境评估(简写为 EA ) 
   environmental audit, 环境审计 
   environmental degradation, 环境降级 
   environmental engineering, 环境工程 
   environmental enhancement, 环境改善 
   environmental goods and services, 环境货物和服务 
   environmental health/sanitation ,环境保健、卫生 
   environmental hotspot ,环境热点 
   environmental impact assessment - EIA ,环境影响评估(简写为 EIA ) 
   environmental management plan ,环境管理方案 
   environmental reconnaissance ,环境考察 
   face value ,票面价值 
   facility ,资金便利;资金融通;贷款基金;设施;设备 
   fact sheet ,情况说明书;基本情况介绍 
   factor cost ,要素成本 
   factor income ,要素收入 
   factor income payments ,要素收益付款 
   factor price ,要素价格 
   factoring ,代理融通;贷款保收;应收帐款让售;购买贸易债务;通常无追索权 
   factory farming ,工厂化农业 
   factory gate price ; ex factory price 出厂价格 
   fair market value ,公平市价;公允市价;议价 
   fair price shop ,平价商店 
   fallacy of composition, 推论的谬误 
   family planning, 计划生育 
   FAO/IBRD Cooperative Program, 联合国粮农组织与国际复兴开发银行合作计划 
   FAO/UNIDO/World Bank Working Group on Fertilizers, 联合国粮农组织、工发组织与世界银行肥料工作组 
   Farm, 农场 
   farm budget, 农场预算 
   farm forestry, 农田林业 
   farm gate price, 农场交货价格 
   farm income, 农场收入 
   farmer-pull innovations, 农民拉动的革新 
   farming system, 农作制度 
   farming systems research - FSR, 农作制度研究(简写为 FSR ) 
   farming techniques, 农业技术 ; 耕作技术 ; 农场经营技术 
   farming unit, 农作单位 
   fast disbursing (loan); quick disbursing (loan), 快速支付(贷款) 
   fast-track procedures, 快速通道程序 
   fecundity, 肥沃、多产、生育力 
   Federal funds, 联邦资金 
   fee-based service [IFC], 收费服务 [ 国际金融公司 ] 
   fee for lodging requests, 调解请求费 
   fee-for-services basis, 收费服务基础 
   feed balance; feed estimate, 饲料平衡;饲料估计 
   feed conversion ratio, 饲料转化率 
   feed grains, 饲料粮 
   feed unit, 饲料单位 
   feedback (of information), (信息)反馈 
   feedback loop, 反馈回路 ; 反馈环路 
   feeder road, 支路 ; 公路支线 
   feeder school; contributory school; preparatory school, 补习学校;先修学校;预科 
   feedlot, 牧场 ; 肥育地 
   feedstock, 原料、给料 
   fellow, 研究员 
   fertility rate, 生育率 
   fiber crop, 纤维作物 
   field agent, 现场代理人 ; 驻地代理人 
   field assignment/mission, 外勤任务 ; 外勤工作团 
   field crop, 大田作物 
   field-level extension worker, 现场推广员 ; 实地推广员 
   field office, 驻外办事处 ; 驻外代表处 
   field seeds, 大田作物种子 
   field staff, 外勤人员 ; 驻外人员 ; 现场工作人员 
   field trip, 实地考察 ; 现场考察 ; 出差 
   field unit 现场工作组 ; 实地工作组 [ 农业推广 ] 
   field work, 野外工作 ; 现场工作 ; 实地工作 
   Fifth Dimension Program, 第五方面(信贷)计划 
   filing of claims, 提出索赔 
   fill ratio [staff], (人员编制)满员率 [ 人员 ] 
   final design, 最终设计 
   final design quantities, 最终设计数量 
   final energy; secondary energy, 最终能源;二次能源 
   financial claim, 金融债权 ; 财务索赔 
   financial claims of government, 政府债权 ; 政府征税权 
   financial contingency, 不可预见费用 ; 财政应急预备费 
   financial deepening, 金融深化 
   financial distress, 财政困难 ; 资金困难 
   financial expenses coverage ratio, 财务费用偿付率 
   financial flows, 资金流量 ; 资金流动 
   financial futures, 金融期货 
   financial intermediary loan - FIL, 金融中介机构贷款(简写为 FIL ) 
   financial internal rate of return, 财政内部收益率 
   financial intrinsics, 财务实况 
   financial lease, 金融租赁 
   financial leverage, 金融杠杆 
   financial package, 一揽子财务计划 
   financial paper, 金融票据 
   financial performance, 财务业绩 
   financial ratios, 财务比率 
   financial replicability, 财务可回收性 
   financial repression, 金融抑制 
   financial restraint; stringency, 金融紧缩 ; 收紧银根 
   financial spread, 财务利差 
   financial standing, 财务状况、资产状况、信用状况 
   financial year; fiscal year, 财政年度;会计年度 
   financialization, 金融化 
   financing gap, 筹资缺口 ; 资金缺口 ; 财政缺口 
   fineness (of a precious metal), (贵金属的)纯度 
   fine tuning (of the economy), (经济的)微调 
   firm bid rule, 递实盘规则 
   first in 、 first out - FIFO ,先进先出法(简写为 FIFO ) 
   first-loss deductible ,第一损失免赔额 [ 保险 ] 
   first ranking security ,一等证券;头等证券 
   first refusal right; preemptive right ,优先取舍权;优先购买权 
   first year rule ,首年规则 
   fiscal agent ,财政代理人 
   fiscal drag ,财政拖累 
   fiscal revenue ,财政收入 
   fiscal transparency ,财政透明度 
   fishing by lamplight; lamplight fishing ,灯光捕鱼 
   five day biochemical oxygen demand ( BOD5 )生化物五天需氧量 
   fixed assets ,固定资产 
   fixed capital ,固定资本 
   fixed charge coverage ,固定支出范围;固定支出类别 
   fixed investment ,固定资产投资 
   fixed-rate financing ,固定利率融资 
   fixed rate matched funding loan ,固定利率匹配融资贷款 
   fixed term appointment ,固定期任用 
   fixed term contract ,定期合同 
   fixed term staff ,根据固定任期合同聘用的工作人员 
   flag of convenience; open registry flag ,权宜船籍;方便旗 
   flagship product ,旗帜作品 
   flagship project ,旗帜项目 
   flat budget ,无增长的预算 
   flat rate ,统一费率;均一费率;标准价格 
   flattening out ,拉平;平稳化 
   flexibility quotient ,灵活(调配)份额 
   flexitime; flextime ,弹性工作时间 
   flight capital ,外流资本 
   flight of capital; capital flight ,资本外逃 
   flip chart ,翻动图表 
   to float a loan, 发行债券;借入贷款 
   floating capital ,流动资本;游资 
   floating cash reserve ,流动现金储备 
   floating rate ,浮动利率;浮动汇率 
   floating rate bond ,浮动利率债券 
   floating rate note ,浮动利率票据 
   floating rice ,浮动水稻 
   flock management; herd management ,牧群管理 
   flood control irrigation ,控制漫灌 
   flooded rice ,水稻;遭洪水的水稻 
   flood irrigation; spate irrigation ,漫灌 
   flooding ,洪泛;漫灌 
   floodplain ,洪泛区 
   floodplain agriculture ; cultivation, 洪泛区农业 ; 耕作 
   flood recession crop, 洪涝退后的作物 
   floodway; high-flow diversion, 泄洪道 ; 分洪道 ; 溢流槽 
   floor price, 底价 ; 最低限价 
   floor rate of exchange, 最低汇率 
   floor return, 最低收益 
   flotation, 发行 [ 债券 ] 
   flotation costs , 发行费用 [ 债券 ] 
   focus group, 重点群体 
   focusing effect, 聚焦效应 
   follow-up, 后续的 
   follow-up financing, 后续融资 
   follow-up project, 后续项目 
   food crop, 粮食作物 
   food demand program, 食品需求计划 
   food-for-work programme, 以工代赈方案 
   food grains, 食品粮 
   food import dependency ratio, 食物进口依赖率 
   food intake, 食物摄取量 
   food plant, 粮食作物 
   Food Price Index [IBRD], 食品价格指数 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   food processing industry, 食品加工业 
   food production, 食品生产 
   food security, 食物安全 ; 粮食安全 
   foodstuffs, 食品 
   footloose industry, 可移动工业 ; 可迁移工业 ; 流动工业 
   forage tree, 木本饲料作物 
   forage unit, 饲料单位 
   force account; by/on [US]; direct labour [UK]; direct work; departmental 
   forces, (采取 / 使用)自营工程 [ 美国 ] ;直接用工工程 [ 英国 ] 
   forced investment, 强制投资 
   forced sale, 强制出售 
   forced savings, 强制储蓄 
   foreclosure, 取消抵押品赎回权 
   foregone output, 放弃的产出 
   foreign assets, 国外资产 
   foreign borrowing, 国外借款 
   foreign exchange auction, 公开标售外汇 ; 外汇拍卖 
   foreign exchange component, 构成外汇部分 
   foreign exchange cost, 外汇成本 
   foreign exchange coverage fund, 外汇风险保证基金 
   foreign exchange market, 外汇市场 
   foreign exchange position, 外汇头寸 
   foreign exchange reserves, 外汇储备 
   foreign exchange resources, 外汇资源 
   foreign exchange risk, 外汇风险 
   foreign Investment Advisory Service, 外国投资咨询服务 [ 国际金融公司 ] 
   foreign-owned, 外国所有的 
   foreign tax credit, 国外税额减免 
   forest canopy, 森林树冠层 
   forest fallow, 休耕林 ; 轮耕林 
   forest mining, 林区开采 
   forfeiting, 中期票据贴现 
   forgiveness (of a debt), (债务)免除 
   forgone output; foregone output, 放弃的产出 
   forgone revenues, 放弃的收入 
   form of bid/tender, 标书范本 ; 标准投标格式 
   form of contract, 标准合同 
   formal adherence, 正式同意,正式执行 
   formal credit, 正规信贷 
   formal education, 正规教育 
   formal sector, 正式部门 
   formal suspension of disbursements [IBRD], 正式暂停支付 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   formal vote, 正式表决 
   formation expenses; organization expenses, 开办费 
   forward budgeting, 预期预算 
   forward cover, 远期抛补 ; 远期保护 
   forward exchange market, 外汇期货市场 
   forward exchange rate, 期货汇率 ; 远期汇率 
   forward integration, 前向一体化 ; 前向结合 
   forward linkage of an industry, 产业的前向联系 
   forward-looking, 向前看 ; 有远见 
   foundation seed, 基础种子 ; 第一代种子 
   frame agreement [IBRD], 框架协议 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   framework cooperative arrangement [MIGA], 合作安排框架 [ 多边投资担保机构 ] 
   franchise, 特许权 
   franchising agreement, 特许权协议 
   free alongside ship - FAS, (启运地)船边交货价格 ; 靠船价格(简写为 
   FAS ) 
   free carrier (named point) - FRC, (指定地点)承运人交货价(简写为 FRC ) 
   free-enterprise economy; free market economy, 自由企业经济;自由市场经济 
   free (foreign) exchange, 自由外汇 
   free funds [IDA], 自由资金 [ 国际开发协会 ] 
   free in and out - fio, 船方不负担装卸费用(简写为 fio ) 
   free limit [IBRD], 自由限额 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   free-limit loan [DFCs], 自由限额内转贷贷款 [ 开发金融公司 ] 
   free limit of loan [DFCs], 自由贷款限额 [ 开发金融公司 ] 
   free-limit subloan, 自由限额内的分贷款 ; 不超过限额的分贷款 ; 超过限额的转贷须经世界银行审查。 
   free market economy; free-enterprise economy, 自由市场经济;自由企业经济 
   free of particular average - FPA, 平安险 ; 单损不赔(简写为 FPA ) 
   free on board - FOB, 离岸价格 ; (启运地)船上交货价格(简写为 
   FOB ) 
   free on quay - FOQ; free on wharf - FOW, 码头交货价(简写为 FOQ 或 FOW ) 
   与船边交货价(简写为 FAS )相同 
   free on rail - FOR, 铁路交货价或火车交货价(简写为 FOR ) 
   free port, 自由港 ; 无税港 
   free reserves, 自由储备金 ; 自由准备金 
   free resource ratio, 自有资产与借入资产搭配率 
   free rider [economics], 无本获利者 ; 不担风险的取利者 [ 经济学 ] 
   free-standing; self-contained, 独立的 ; 自给自足的;自我配套齐全的 
   free-standing loan, 独立的贷款 
   free-standing project, 全套项目 ; 独立项目 
   free-standing technical assistance - FSTA, 独立的技术援助(简写为 FSTA ) 
   free trade zone - FTZ; bonded area, 自由贸易区(简写为 FTZ );保税区 
   freely convertible currency, 可自由兑换的货币 
   freely usable currency, 可自由使用的货币 
   freeze drying, 冷冻干燥 
   fresh fruit bunch, 鲜果束 
   frictional unemployment, 摩擦性失业 ; 短期失业 
   fringe benefits, 附加利益 ; 小额优惠 
   front-end cost, 先期费用 
   front-end fee, 先征手续费 [ 世界银行 ] 
   frontier technology, 尖端技术 
   front-loaded spending, 前紧后松的经费开支安排 
   front loading, 前重后轻 ; 前紧后松 
   front loading of the subscription [IBRD], 认缴股份的前重后轻 [ 国际复兴开发银行 ] 
   front office, 主管办公室 
   frozen capital, 冻结资本 
   fruit vegetable, 果类蔬菜 
   fuel cell, 燃料箱;电池 
   fuel efficiency, 燃料效率 
   fuel oil, 燃料油 
   full budgeting, 全面预算法 
   full cost accounting, (会计)全部成本法;成本分摊法 
   full cost pricing, 全部成本定价法 
   full member, 正式成员 ; 正式会员 
   full development, 全面执行 [ 项目 ] 
   full mission, 综合工作团 
   full pay out lease, 费用全付租赁 
   fully allocated cost, 全部成本分摊 
   fully funded system, 全积累制 
   fully paid stock, 已缴清的股份 
   functional literacy, 粗识文字能力 
   funded debt, outstanding bonds and other long-term notes. 
   长期债务 
   funding latter maturities, 后到期贷款融资 
   funding pro rata, 按比例筹资 
   funds-in-trust, 信托基金 
   funds statement, 资金报表 
   fungible funds, 可代替资金 
   fungible goods, 可替代货物 
   funk money [UK], 垄沟灌溉 
   futures, 期货 ; 期票 
   futures market, 期货市场 
  galloping inflation,奔腾的通货膨胀;急剧的通货膨胀
   game,战略
   gap theory,缺口原理
   gas flaring,天然气燃烧
   gazetted (protected) public forest,公告的(保护的)公共森林
   gearing [UK]; leverage,齿轮作用 [英国];杠杆作用
   gearing ratio; free resource ratio; capital gearing 
   ratio,搭配率;自有资金与借入资金比率;资本搭配率
   gearing ratio [IFC],资本搭配比率 [国际金融公司]
   gender issues,社会性别问题
   gene bank [plants],基因银行[植物]
   gene pool,基因库
   General Algebraic Modeling System - GAMS,通用代数模型系统(简写为GAMS)
   General Capital Increase - GCI,普遍增资(简写为GCI)
   general cargo,杂货
   general conditions of contract,合同的总则
   general contractor,普通承包商
   general equilibrium analysis,全面均衡分析;综合平衡分析
   general equilibrium model,总量平衡模型
   general government [national accounts],政府一般帐项[国民核算帐户]
   General Loss Reserve [IFC],一般损失准备金[国际金融公司]
   general price level accounting; price level accounting,综合物价水平核算;物价水平核算
   general procurement notice,总采购公告;总招标通告
   General Reserve(s) [IBRD],总储备金[国际复兴开发银行]
   Generalized System of Preferences - GSP,普通优惠制;普惠制(简写为GSP)
   generated traffic,新增交通量
   generic drug,不注册的药品;不受注册商标保护的药品
   geothermal deposit,地热储量
   germplasm,种质
   gestation period,酝酿阶段
   ghost fishing,幻影捕鱼
   ghost worker,影子工人
   gill fishing,刺网捕鱼;粘网捕鱼
   gilt-edged securities,金边证券;金边债券
   ginning [cotton],轧花 [棉花]
   Global Cap Authority [IFC],全球性利率限额合同购买权[国际金融公司]
   global commons,全球共同财产
   global depositary receipt - GDR,全球股票代存收据(简写为GDR)
   Global Swap Authority [IFC],全球互换权[国际金融公司]
   global warming,全球变暖
   global warming potential - GWP,全球变暖的潜能(简写为GWP)
   globalization,全球化;全球性
   glued-together household,(由共同利益)粘合起来的家庭
   GNP price deflator,国民生产总值物价缩减指数
   going concern,经营中的企业;现时问题
   going price,通行价格;现行价格
   gold content (e.g. of US dollar),含金量(例如美元的含金量)
   gold holdings,黄金持有量
   gold-pegged currency,与黄金挂钩的货币
   gold value,黄金价值
   golden share,金股
   good practice project,使用"好经验"的项目
   goods and services,货物和服务
   goodwill,商誉;信誉
   goodwill clause,友善条款;善意条款
   governance,管理;控制
   governing law,管理法;控制法
   government bond,政府债券;公债;国库券
   government expenditure,政府财政支出;国家开支
   government-owned programs,政府承认的规划;政府视为己出的规划;政府同
   意的规划
   government paper,政府发行的有价证券;政府债券
   government receipts, revenues,政府收入;政府财政收入;岁入
   government securities,政府债券
   government services,政府提供的服务
   grace period,宽限期
   grade creep,逐步升级
   grade ratio; retention rate [education],升级比率[教育]
   grading,定级
   graduated tax,累进税
   graduation [IBRD],毕业[国际复兴开发银行]
   graduation mission [IBRD],毕业检查团[国际复兴开发银行]
   grandfather clause,不追溯条款
   grant basis,按赠款执行
   grant element,赠与成分
   grant equivalent,赠款等额
   grant-in-aid,援助性捐赠
   grant-like contribution,捐赠性资助
   graphical user interface - GUI,(计算机)图形用户界面(简写为GUI)
   grass root plant; greenfield plant,首建工厂;新建工厂
   grass root(s) level,基层
   grass roots organization,基层组织
   graveling; regraveling,铺砾石;重铺砾石
   gravel road,砾石路
   gravity check irrigation,自流畦沟灌溉;自流灌溉
   gray cotton; light gray cotton; blue stained cotton,灰色棉花;浅灰色棉花;兰色玷污棉花
   gray market,灰市
   green projects,绿色项目
   greenfield investment,在某一领域做首次投资 
   greenfield plant; grass root plant,首建工厂;新建工厂
   greenfield project,首建项目;新建项目
   greenhouse effect,温室效应
   greenhouse gas - GHG,温室气体(简写为GHG)
   greenhouse index,温室指标
   green labeling,绿色标签
   green manure,绿肥
   grey market; gray market,灰市
   gross budget,总预算
   gross calorific value - GCV; gross heating value -GHV; higher heating 
   value,总产热值(简写为 GCV);总热值(简写为GHV);高热值
   gross disposable income ,可支配收入总额
   gross domestic income - GDY,国内总收入(简写为GDY);来自国内的总收入;与来自国外的相区别。
   gross domestic investment - GDI,国内投资总额(简写为GDI)
   gross domestic product - GDP,国内生产总值(简写为GDP)
   gross domestic product at factor cost,按要素成本计算的国内生产总值
   gross domestic product at market prices,按市场价格计算的国内生产总值
   hairy cotton; upland cotton,茸棉;旱地棉
   halfway country,半发达国家;半工业化国家
   handles,手段;能力
   handling charges,手续费;搬运费
   harbor dues/fees; port dues,港务费;入港税
   hard-blend countries,硬贷款比重大的国家
   hard coal; anthracite,硬煤;无烟煤
   hard component [projects],硬件成分 [项目]
   hard copy,打印出的文本
   hard core [projects],实质;核心[项目]
   hard currency; strong currency,硬通货
   hard loan,硬贷款;国际复兴开发银行的贷款
   hard loan window,硬贷款窗口
   hardening of loan terms,提高贷款条件;贷款条件的苛刻化
   hardship allowance,艰苦地区补贴
   hardware,硬件
   harmonic mean [statistics],调和平均数;倒数平均数[统计]
   harnessing,治理;利用
   harvest fishery,捕鱼业 
   hardwood forest,硬木林;阔叶树林
   head gate structure [irrigation],渠首闸门;总水闸门[灌溉]
   head hunting,物色人才;猎头
   head tax; poll tax; capitation tax,人头税
   headcount index (measure) of poverty; headcount ratio - 
   HCR,贫困人口(衡量)指标;贫困人口比(简写为HCR)
   headroom [World Bank],净空
   health delivery system,医疗保健制度;医疗保健系统
   health maintenance organization - HMO,医疗保健组织(简写为 HMO)
   health post,保健站
   health screening,健康检查;体检
   heating oil,取暖用油;供暖用油
   heat rate,热耗率;热容量
   heat trapping,保温
   heat trapping gas,保温气体
   heat value,热值
   heavy commodities,重型货物;重型商品
   heavy engineering industry,重型机械工业
   heavy fuel oil,重燃料油
   heavy industry,重工业
   heavy oil,重油
   hedge [securities market],套头交易;套期保值;套购保值 [证券市场]
   hedge buying,买进保值期货;买期保值
   hedge clause,避责条款;套头交易条款;套头保值条款
   hedge selling,卖出保值期货;卖期保值
   hedging,套头交易;套期保值;套购保值; 对冲买卖
   hedonic price analysis,愉悦价格分析法
   held protfolio [IFC],持有的投资总额[国际金融公司]
   herbaceous cotton; Levant cotton; American short;staple cotton; Arabian 
   cotton,草本棉;黎凡特棉;美国短绒棉;阿拉伯棉
   hidden hunger,隐性饥饿
   hidden inflation,隐性通货膨胀
   hidden profits,隐性利润
   hidden reserves,帐外物资;隐匿资产;隐蔽储备
   hidden unemployment; concealed; covert; disguised unemployment,隐性失业;变相失业
   high absorber [oil exporter],吸收能力强的国家 [石油输出国]
   high-flow diversion,分洪道
   high fructose corn syrup - HFCS,高果糖玉米糖浆(简写为HFCS)
   high income countries,高收入国家
   high performing economy,业绩好的经济
   high school,高中
   high-power(ed) money,高能货币
   higher heating value; gross heating value - GHV; gross calorific value - 
   GCV,高热值;总热值(简写为GHV;GCV)
   higher income brackets,高收入档次
   higher level staff,高级职员
   higher training,高级培训
   highest bidder,出价最高的投标人
   highland rice; upland rice; mountain rice,旱稻、高原稻;山地稻
   highly indebted country,高债务国
   highly leveraged,杠杆作用大的;负债对资产比率高的
   Highways Design and Maintenance Model - HDM,公路设计和养护模型(简写为 HDM)
   hillside farming,坡地农业;梯田农业
   hire purchase [UK],租购;分期付款购货 [英]
   historical cost,历史成本;原购入成本
   historically valued assets,按原价计值的资产;按历史成本计值的资产
   hit-and-run project,游击项目
   holding company,控股公司
   holdings ,持有额
   home country,当事国;所在国
   home leave allowance,回国探亲津贴 
   horizontal equity,横向均等
   horizontal integration,横向联合;横向一体化
   host country ,东道国
   Host Organization,东道组织 
   hot money; funk money [UK],游资;外逃资金[英国]
   house connection,居民住宅管道连接
   household expenditure survey - HES,家庭开支调查(简写为HES)
   household goods,家用货品
   household survey,家计调查
   household waste collection charge,住户垃圾收集费
   housing expenses/income ratio; affordability ratio,住房支出/收入比率;承受率
   housing stock,房产
   hub and spoke system,辐射状交通系统
   human immunodeficiency virus - HIV,人体免疫缺乏病毒;艾滋病病毒(简写为HIV)
   human resource development,人力资源开发
   human settlements,人类居住区
   hurdle rate,临界获利率;最低预期资本回收率
   husbandry,牧业
   hybrid capital base,混合资本基础
   hydrant; standpipe; standpost,消防龙头;竖立水管;消防栓
   hydrocracking,氢化裂解;加氢裂化
   hydrodevelopment,水利开发;水电开发
   hydroelectric power; hydropower,水利发电
   hydrofluoroalkane - HFA,氢氯烃(简写为 HFA)
   hydrochlorofluorocarbon - HCFC,氢氯氟烃(简写为HCFC)
   hydrofluorocarbon - HFC,氢氯烃(简写为HFC)
   hydropower; hydroelectric power,水力发电
   ICSID clauses,解决投资争端国际中心条款
   IDA-eligible country,符合国际开发协会信贷条件的国家
   IDA flows,国际开发协会资金流动
   IDA management fee,国际开发协会管理费
   IDA recipient,国际开发协会受援国
   IDA reflows,国际开发协会资金回流
   IDA "free-funds",国际开发协会"自由资金"
   idle cash,闲置现金、游资
   IFC Global Indexes (IFCG Indexes),国际金融公司全球指数(简写为IFCG Indexes)
   IFC Investable Indexes (IFCI Indexes),国际金融公司可投资指数(简写为IFCI Indexes)
   IFC risk assets-equity ratio,国际金融公司风险资产-股本比率
   IFC service and support fee,国际金融公司劳务和支持费
   illegal housing,非法住房、违章住房建筑
   illegality clause,不合法(或违约)条款
   illiteracy rate,文盲率
   immunity from taxation,免税
   impact (evaluation) report,效果(评价)报告
   Implementation Completion Report - ICR,项目竣工报告(简写为 ICR)
   implementation review,执行情况检查
   implementing agency,执行机构;实施机构
   implementing agreement,执行协议;实施协议
   implicit deflator,隐性物价缩减指数
   implicit gross domestic product deflator,隐性国内生产总值缩减指数
   implied money control theory,隐性货币控制论
   import coefficient,进口系数
   import component,进口构成部分
   import coverage index,进口覆盖指数
   import coverage ratio,进出覆盖比率
   import growth rate,进口增长率
   import-intensive,进口密集
   import levy,进口税收、征收进口税
   import licensing,进口许可证制度
   import parity price,进口平价;进口等值价格
   import penetration ratio,进口渗入率
   import substitution industries,进口替代工业
   import quota,进口配额
   import subsidy,进口补贴
   import substitution,进口替代
   import surcharge,进口附加税(费)
   importing power of exports,由于出口而取得的进口能力
   imprest account,预支帐户
   imputed costs,估算成本;理论成本;应计成本
   imputed value,估算价值;应计价值
   in and out expenses,杂项费用
   inactive borrower;nonactive borrower,静止借款国
   inactive loan,静止贷款
   Inaugural Meeting ,成立会
   in-bond industries,保税工业;关栈交货工业
   incentive,激励;奖励 
   incentive goods,奖励性物资
   incentive payment,激励性报酬;奖金
   incentive price,激励性价格
   inception report,最初报告
   incidence,影响范围;发生率
   incidental services,附带服务
   income and outlay accounts [national accounts],收支帐户[国民核算]
   income bracket,收入等级
   income effect,收入效应;收入影响
   income elasticity,收入弹性
   income elasticity of demand,需求的收入弹性
   income note,收益票据
   income shortfall,收入短缺额
   income statement [US]; profit and loss account [UK],收益表、损益表(美国)、损益表(英国)
   income tax,所得税
   income tax [corporations],所得税[公司]
   income tax return,所得税申报书(表)
   income terms of trade,收入贸易条件
   incremental benefits,新增收益;增量收益
   incremental budgeting,增量预算法
   incremental building,添加建筑;新增房屋
   incremental capital-output ratio - ICOR,资本产出增长比率(简写为ICOR)
   incremental cost,增量成本;边际成本、新增成本
   incremental housing,增长的住房;增长的建筑
   incremental rate of return,增量收益率;新增收益率
   indefinite quantity contract,不定量合同
   independent variable; predictor,自变量
   Indicative Planning Figures ,指导性计划数字署]
   indifference curve,无差异曲线
   indigenization,当地化;国产化
   indigenous,本国的非政府组织;当地的非政府组织
   indirect costs; on-costs [UK],间接成本 [英国]
   induced-by benefit,引发效益
   induced development effect; boomtown effect,引发发展效应;繁荣城镇效应
   industrial and trade policy adjustment ,工业和贸易政策调整
   industrial and trade policy adjustment loan ,工业和贸易政策调整贷款
   industrial deepening,工业深化
   industrial estate [UK]/park [USA],工业区[英国];工业园[美国]
   industrial goods,工业品
   industrial market economy,工业化市场经济
   industrial relations; labor-management relations; labor relations,劳资关系
   ineligible,不合格的
   inertial inflation,惯性通货膨胀
   infant industry,新生工业;幼稚工业
   infant mortality,婴儿死亡率
   infected area,受感染地区;受影响地区
   inflation accounting,通货膨胀会计


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