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专业词汇
 
测绘学名词(1)
发布时间:2011-7-16 21:58:00||  点击:3030次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


  Chapter 1 01.总 类

  序码     汉文名        英文名        注 释 

  01.001  测绘学       surveying and mapping, SM      

  01.002  中华人民共和国测绘法    Law of Surveying and Mapping of the Peopleˊs Republic of China        

  01.003  测绘标准    standards of surveying and mapping     

  01.004  测量规范     specifications of surveys       

  01.005  地形图图式        topographic map symbols     

  01.006  大地测量学        geodesy         

  01.007  地球形状     earth shape, figure of the earth     

  01.008  重力基准网        gravity standard network      

  01.009  重力场        gravity field          

  01.010  地心坐标系        geocentric coordinate system        

  01.011  地球椭球     earth ellipsoid        

  01.012  大地原点     geodetic origin      

  01.013  水准原点     leveling origin       

  01.014  测量标志     survey mark          

  01.015  测量觇标     observation target         

  01.016  高程基准     height datum         

  01.017  1954年北京坐标系    Beijing geodetic coordinate system1954      

  01.018  高程系统     height system        

  01.019  平均海[体]面      mean sea level       

  01.020  黄海平均海[水]面      Huanghai mean sea level       

  01.021  海拔     height above sea level    

  01.022  海军导航卫星系统     Navy Navigation Satellite System,NNSS         

  01.023        NAVSTAR全球定位系统  NAVSTAR global positioning System, NAVSTAR GPS         

  01.024  惯性测量系统     inertial surveying system,ISS     

  01.025  摄影测量与遥感学     photogrammetry and remote sensing

  01.026  航空摄影测量     aerophotogrammetry, aerial photogrammetry      

  01.027  航天摄影测量     space photogrammetry       又称“太空摄影测量”。 

  01.028  非地形摄影测量  non-topographic photogrammetry        

  01.029  水下摄影测量     underwater photogrammetry        

  01.030  航空航天摄影     aero—space photogrammetry       

  01.031  航空遥感     aerial remote sensing     

  01.032  航天遥感     space remote sensing     

  01.033  图象     image     

  01.034  影象     image,imagery       

  01.035  图形     Graphics        

  01.036  判读     interpretation  又称“判释”、“解译”。 

  01.037  模拟摄影测量     analog photogrammetry        

  01.038  解析摄影测量     analytical photogrammetry,numerical photogrammetry    

  01.039  数字摄影测量     digital photogrammetry        

  01.040  数字地图模型     digital derrain model,DTM 又称“数值地型”。 

  01.041  遥感图象处理     image processing of remote sensing     

  01.042  遥感模式识别     pattern recognition of remote sensing          

  01.043  地图制图学        cartography  又称“地图学”。 

  01.044  地理坐标网        geographic gratitude      

  01.045  经纬网        fictitious gratitude         

  01.046  方里网        kilometer grid       

  01.047  邻带方里网        grid of neighboring zone      

  01.048  坐标格网     coordinate grid      

  01.049  地理坐标参考系  geographical reference system,GEOREF          

  01.050  地图     map        

  01.051  地形图        topographic map    

  01.052  平面图        plan        

  01.053  普通地图     general map          

  01.054  专题地图     thematic map         

  01.055  地图集        atlas       

  01.056  地球仪        globe      

  01.057  地图规范     map specifications         

  01.058  地图生产     map production     

  01.059  地图投影     map projection      

  01.060  地图编制     Map compilation 又称“编图”。 

  01.061  地图复制     map reproduction          

  01.062  地图印刷     map printing         

  01.063  地图利用     map use         

  01.064  地图量算     cartometry     

  01.065  机助地图制图     computer-aided cartography, computer—assisted  cartography,CAC         

  01.066  自动化制图        automatic cartography          

  01.067  自动绘图     automatic plotting         

  01.068  图形显示     graphic display      

  01.069  遥感制图     remote sensing mapping       

  01.070  地名学        toponomastics, toponymy     

  01.071  地名     geographical name, place name    

  01.072  工程测量学        engineering surveying          

  01.073  比例尺        scale       

  01.074  基本比例尺        basic scale      

  01.075  等高线        contour          

  01.076  等高距        contour interval     

  01.077  测量平差     survey adjustment, adjustment of observations        

  01.078  精度估计     precision estimation      

  01.079  精[密]度        precision        

  01.080  准确度        accuracy        

  01.081  偶然误差     accident error        

  01.082  系统误差     systematic error     

  01.083  粗差     gross error     

  01.084  常差     constant error        

  01.085  多余观测     redundant observation          

  01.086  闭合差        closing error, closure     

  01.087  限差     tolerance        

  01.088  相对误差     relative error         

  01.089  绝对误差     absolute error        

  01.090  中误差        mean square error         

  01.091  误差椭圆     error ellipse    

  01.092  边长中误差        mean square error of side length          

  01.093  测角中误差        mean square error of angle

  

  observation    

  01.094  方位角中误差     mean square error of azimuth       

  01.095  坐标中误差        mean square error of coordinate          

  01.096  点位中误差        mean square error of a point        

  01.097  高程中误差        mean square error of height         

  01.098   国土基础信息系统    land base information system       

  01.099  大地控制数据库  geodetic data base         

  01.100  重力数据库        gravimetric data base     

  01.101  地形数据库        topographic data base    

  01.102  地理信息系统     geographical information system,GIS       

  01.103  地图数据库        map data base        

  01.104  地图数据库管理系统  cartographic data base management system         

  01.105  地名数据库        place-name data base          

  01.106  地籍信息系统     cadastral information system        

  01.107  土地信息系统     land information system,LIS      

  01.108  制图专家系统     cartographic expert system    

  01.109  海洋测绘     hydrographic surveying and

  

  charting         

  01.110  测绘仪器     instrument of surveying and mapping          

  01.111  大地测量仪器     geodetic instrument       

  01.112  测距仪        distance measuring instrument,rangefinder       

  01.113  重力仪        gravimeter     

  01.114  定位系统     positioning system        

  01.115  摄影测量仪器     photogrammetric instrument        

  01.116  立体测图仪        stereoplotter          

  01.117  数字摄影测量工作站       digital photogrammetric station    

  01.118  全数字化自测图系统       full digital automatic mapping system         

  01.119  图形输入设备     graphic input unit         

  01.120  图形输出设备     graphic output unit        

  01.121  中国测绘学会     Chinese Society of Surveying and Mapping, CSSM        

  01.122  国际测绘联合会        International Union of Surveying and Mapping, IUSM          

  01.123  国际测量师联合会     Federation Internationale des Geometres,FIG(法)       

  01.124  国际大地测量学与地球物理学       International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, IUGG         

  01.125  国际大地测量学协会       International Association of Geodesy IAG          

  01.126  国际摄影测量与遥感学会  International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,ISPRS         

  01.127  国际地图学协会 International Cartographic Association,ICA        

  01.128  国际海道测量组织     International Hydrography Organization, IHO    

  

  Chapter 2 02.大地测量学

  02.001 大地测量 geodetic surveying

  02.002 几何大地测量学geometric geodesy

  02.003 椭球面大地测量学ellipsoidal geodesy

  02.004 大地天文学geodetic astronomy

  02.005 物理大地测量学(又称“大地重力学”) physical geodesy

  02.006 空间大地测量学space geodesy

  02.007 卫星大地测量学satellite geodesy

  02.008 动力大地测量学dynamic geodesy

  02.009 海洋大地测量学marine geodesy

  02.010 月面测量学lunar geodesy,selenodesy

  02.011 行星测量学planetary geodesy

  02.012 天文大地网(又称“国家大地网”)astro--geodetic network

  02.013 参考椭球reference ellipsoid

  02.014 贝塞尔椭球Bessel ellipsoid

  02.015 海福德椭球Hayford ellipsoid

  02.016 克拉索夫斯基椭球Krasovsky ellipsoid

  02.017 参考椭球定位orientation of reference ellipsoid

  02.018 大地基准geodetic datum

  02.019 大地坐标系geodetic coordinate system

  02.020 弧度测量arc measurement

  02.021 拉普拉斯方位角Laplace azimuth

  02.022 拉普拉斯点Laplace point

  02.023 三角测量triangulation

  02.024 三角点triangulation point

  02.025 三角锁triangulation chain

  02.026 三角网triangulation network

  02.027 图形权倒数weight reciprocal of figure

  02.028 菲列罗公式Ferreros formula

  02.029 施赖伯全组合测角法Schreiber method in all combinations

  02.030 方向观测法method of direction observation,method by series

  02.031 测 回observation set

  02.032 归心元素elements of centring

  02.033 归心改正correction for centring

  02.034 水平折光差(又称“旁折光差”) horizontal refraction error

  02.035 基线测量base measurement

  02.036 基线baseline

  02.037 基线网base network

  02.038 精密导线测量precise traversing

  02.039 三角高程测量trigonometric leveling

  02.040 三角高程网trigonometric leveling network

  02.041 铅垂线plumb line

  02.042 天顶距zenith distance

  02.043 高度角elevation angle, altitude angle

  02.044 垂直折光差vertical refraction error

  02.045 垂直折光系数vertical refraction coefficient

  02.046 国家水准网national leveling network

  02.047 精密水准测量Precise leveling

  02.048 水准面level surface

  02.049 高程height

  02.050 正高orthometric height

  02.051 正常高normal height

  02.052 力高 dynamic height

  02.053 地球位数geopotential number

  02.054 水准点benchmark

  02.055 水准路线leveling line

  02.056 跨河水准测量river-crossing leveling

  02.057 椭球长半径major radius of ellipsoid

  02.058 椭球扁率flattening of ellipsoid

  02.059 椭球偏心率eccentricity of ellipsoid

  02.060 子午面meridian plane

  02.061 子午圈meridian

  02.062 卯酉圈prime vertical

  02.063 平行圈parallel circle

  02.064 法截面normal section

  02.065 子午圈曲率半径radius of curvature in meridian

  02.066 卯酉圈曲率半径radius of curvature in prime vertical

  02.067 平均曲率半径mean radius of curvature

  02.068 大地线geodesic

  02.069 大地线微分方程differential equation of geodesic

  02.070 大地坐标geodetic coordinate

  02.071 大地经度geodetic longitude

  02.072 大地纬度geodetic latitude

  02.073 大地高geodetic height,ellipsoidal height

  02.074 大地方位角geodetic azimuth

  02.075 天文大地垂线偏差astro—geodetic deflection of the vertical

  02.076 垂线偏差改正correction for deflection of the vertical

  02.077 标高差改正correction for skew normals

  02.078 截面差改正correction from normal section to geodetic

  02.079 大地主题正解direct solution of geodetic problem

  02.080 大地主题反解 inverse solution of geodetic problem

  02.081 高斯中纬度公式Gauss mid—latitude formula

  02.082 贝塞尔大地主题解算公式Bessel formula for solution of geodetic problem

  02.083 高斯一克吕格投影Gauss-Kruger projection又称“高斯投影”。

  02.084 归化纬度reduced latitude

  02.085 等量纬度isometric latitude

  02.086 中央子午线central meridian

  02.087 分带子午线zone dividing meridian

  02.088 高斯平面子午线收敛角Gauss grid convergence

  02.089 高斯投影距离改正distance correction In Gauss projection

  02.090 高斯投影方向改正arc-to-chord correction In Gauss projection

  02.091 底点纬度latitude of pedal

  02.092 高斯平面坐标Gauss plane coordinate

  02.093 坐标方位角grid bearing

  02.094 天文点astronomical point

  02.095 基本天文点fundamental astronomical point

  02.096 本初子午线prime meridian

  02.097 经度起算点origin of longitude

  02.098 极移polar motion

  02.099 瞬时极instantaneous pole

  02.100 平极mean pole

  02.101 固定平极fixed mean pole

  02.102 历元平极mean pole of the epoch

  02.103 国际协议原点Conventional International Origin,CIO

  02.104 地极坐标coordinates of the pole

  02.105 地球自转参数earth rotation parameter,ERP

  02.106 恒星时Sidereal time

  02.107 世界时universal tim ,UT

  02.108 协调世界时coordinated universal time,UTC

  02.109 天文年历astronomical ephemeris,astronomical almanac

  02.110 FK4星表Fourth Fundamental Catalogue, FK4

  02.111 FK5星表Fifth Fundamental Catalogue, FK5

  02.112 天文坐标astronomical coordinate

  02.113 天文经度astronomical longitude

  02.114 天文纬度astronomical latitude

  02.115 天文方位角astronomical azimuth

  02.116 津格尔[星对]测时法(又称“东西星等高测时法”)method of time detemination by Zinger star—pair

  02.117 中天法transit method

  02.118 恒星中天测时法method of time determination by star transit

  02.119 塔尔科特测纬度法Talcott method of latitude determination

  02.120 多星等高法equal—altitude method of multi-star

  02.121 北极星任意时角法method by hour angle of Polaris

  02.122 时号time signal

  02.123 平时式时号mean—time signal

  02.124 协调世界时时号time signal in UTC

  02.125 收时time receiving

  02.126 时号改正数correction to time signal

  02.127 电波传播[时延]改正correction for radio wave propagation of time signal

  02.128 轴颈误差error of pivot

  02.129 人仪差personal and instrumental equation

  02.130 星径曲率改正correction for curvature of star image path

  02.131 重力位gravity potential

  02.132 重力gravity

  02.133 引力gravitation

  02.134 离心力centrifugal force

  02.135 引力位gravitational potential

  02.136 离心力位potential of centrifugal force

  02.137 正常引力位normal gravitational potential

  02.138 正常重力位normal gravity potential

  02.139 地球位geopotential又称“大地位”。

  02.140 扰动位disturbing potential

  02.141 正常重力normal gravity

  02.142 正常重力线normal gravity line

  02.143 正常重力公式normal gravity formula

  02.144 扰动重力disturbing gravity

  02.145 平均地球椭球mean earth ellipsoid

  02.146 正常椭球normal ellipsoid

  02.147 水准椭球level ellipsoid

  02.148 大地测量参考系geodetic reference system

  02.149 地心引力常数geocentric gravitational constant

  02.150 地球长半径major semi—axis of the earth

  02.151 地球扁率flattening factor for the earth,oblateness of the earth

  02.152 地球自转角速度rotational angular velocity of the earth

  02.153 地球重力模型earth gravity model

  02.154 地球位系数potential coefficient of the earth

  02.155 带谐系数coefficient of zonal harmonics

  02.156 扇谐系数coefficient of sectorial harmonics

  02.157 田谐系数coefficient of tesseral harmonics

  02.158 克莱罗定理Clairaut theorem

  02.159 大地测量边值问题geodetic boundary value problem

  02.160 斯托克斯理论Stokes theory

  02.161 斯托克斯公式Stokes formula

  02.162 莫洛坚斯基理论Molodensky tneory

  02.163 莫洛竖斯基公式Molodensky formula

  02.164 布耶哈马问题Bjerhammar problem

  02.165 布隆斯公式Bruns formula

  02.166 费宁—梅内斯公式Vening—Meinesz formula 曾用名“维宁曼乃兹公式”。

  02.167 大地水准面geoid

  02.168 调整大地水准面co—geoid又称“共大地水准面”。

  02.169 似大地水准面quasi—geoid

  02.170 近似地形面telluroid

  02.17I 大地水准面起伏geoldal undulation

  02.172 大地水准面高geoldal height

  02.173 高程异常height anomaly

  02.174 天文水准astronomical leveling

  02.175 天文重力水准astro—gravimetric leveling

  02.176 垂线偏差deflection of the vertical

  02.177 绝对垂线偏差absolute deflection of the vertical

  02.178 重力垂线偏差gravimetric deflection of the vertical

  02.179 重力测量gravity measurement,gravimetry

  02.180 微重力测量microgravimetry

  02.181 绝对重力测量absolute gravity measurement

  02.182 相对重力测量relative gravity measurement

  02.183 航空重力测量airborne gravity measurement

  02.184 重力梯度测量gravity gradient measurement, gradiometry

  02.185 重力基线gravimetric baseline

  02.186 重力点gravimetric point

  02.187 基本重力点basic gravimetric point

  02.188 世界重力基点worldwide gravimetric basic point

  02.189 波茨坦重力系统Potsdam absolute gravimetric system

  02.190 零漂改正correction of zero drift

  02.191 重力潮汐改正correction of gravity measurement for tide

  02.192 重力归算gravity reduction

  02.193 空间改正 free—air correction

  02.194 地形改正topographic correction

  02.195 法伊改正Faye correction

  02.196 庞加莱改正Poincar correction

  02.197 地壳均衡改正isostatic correction

  02.198 布格改正Bouguer correction

  02.199 重力异常gravity anomaly

  02.200 布格异常Bouguer anomaly

  02.201 空间异常free-air anomaly

  02.202 混合重力异常mixed gravity anomaly

  02.203 纯重力异常pure gravity anomaly

  02.204 重力垂直梯度vertical gradient of gravity

  02.205 重力水平梯度horizontal gradient of gravity

  02.206 重力异常阶方差degree variance of gravity anomaly

  02.207 协方差函数covariance function

  02.208 固体潮 [solid] Earth tide

  02.209 固体潮观测observation of Earth tide

  02.210 地倾斜观测ground tilt measurement

  02.211 地壳形变测量crust deformation measurement

  02.212 监测网monitoring network

  02.213 引潮位tide—generating potential

  02.214 引潮力tide—generating force

  02.215 平衡潮equilibrium tide

  02.216 载荷潮load tide

  02.217 附加位additional potential

  02.218 潮汐波tidal wave

  02.219 潮汐频谱tidal spectrum

  02.220 杜德森常数Doodson constant

  02.221 勒夫数Love’s number

  02.222 志田数Shida’s number

  02.223 潮汐因子tidal factor

  02.224 相位滞后phase lag

  02.225 地球液核动力效应dynamic effect of liquid core of the earth

  02.226 地球动力扁率dynamic ellipticity of the earth

  02.227 地球动力因子dynamic factor of the earth

  02.228 地壳均衡说isostasy hypothesis

  02.229 地壳均衡isostasy

  02.230 大陆漂移continental drift

  02.231 板块运动plate movement

  02.232 卫星大地测量几何法geometrical method of satellite geodesy

  02.233 卫星大地测量动力法dynamical method of satellite geodesy

  02.234 惯性坐标系inertial coordinate system

  02.235 天球坐标系celestial coordinate system

  02.236 轨道坐标系orbital coordinate system

  02.237 地固坐标系body-fixed coordinate System,earth—fixed coordinate System

  02.238 站心坐标系topocentric terrestrial coordinate system

  02.239 地心直角坐标geocentric rectangular coordinate

  02.240 地心经度geocentric longitude

  02.241 地心纬度geocentric latitude

  02.242 平移参数translation parameters

  02.243 旋转参数rotation parameters

  02.244 尺度参数scale parameter

  02.245 大地测量卫星geodetic satellite

  02.246 卫星轨道satellite orbit

  02.247 受摄轨道disturbed orbit

  02.248 卫星轨道升交点ascending node of satellite orbit

  02.249 卫星轨道近地点perigee of satellite orbit

  02.250 卫星轨道根数(又称“卫星轨道参数”)orbit elements of satellite

  02.251 卫星轨道长半径semi-major axis of satellite orbit

  02.252 卫星轨道偏心率eccentricity of satellite orbit

  02.253 卫星轨道倾角inclination of satellite orbit

  02.254 卫星升交点赤经right ascension of satellite ascending node

  02.255 卫星轨道近地点幅角argument of perigee of satellite orbit

  02.256 卫星过近地点时刻time of satellite perigee passing

  02.257 平均运动mean motion

  02.258 卫星高度satellite altitude

  02.259 近地点高度altitude of perigee

  02.260 卫星星下点sub-satellite point

  02.261 真近点角true anomaly

  02.262 偏近点角eccentric anomaly

  02.263 平近点角mean anomaly

  02.264 轨道周期orbital period

  02.265 卫星运动方程equation of satellite motion

  02.266 摄动力disturbing force

  02.267 摄动函数disturbing function

  02.268 地球引力摄动terrestrial gravitational perturbation

  02.269 日月引力摄动lunisolar gravitational perturbation

  02.270 大气阻力摄动atmospheric drag perturbation

  02.271 太阳光压摄动solar radiation pressure perturbation

  02.272 潮汐摄动tidal perturbation

  02.273 运动方程分析解analytical solution of motion equation

  02.274 运动方程数值解numerical solution of motion equation

  02.275 状态向量state vector

  02.276 一阶摄动first order perturbation

  02.277 二阶摄动second order perturbation

  02.278 卫星共振分析analysis of satellite resonance

  02.279 卫星轨道改进improvement of satellite orbit

  02.280 照相观测camera observation, photographic satellite observation

  02.281 卫星激光测距satellite laser ranging,SLR

  02.282 卫星多普勒[频移]测量satellite Doppler shift measurement

  02.283 卫星测高satellite altimetry

  02.284 卫星射电干涉测量satellite radio interferometry

  02.285 卫星跟踪卫星技术satellite-to-satellite tracking

  02.286 卫星跟踪站tracking station of satellite

  02.287 卫星重力梯度测量satellite gradiometry

  02.288 卫星三角测量satellite triangulation

  02.289 同步观测simultaneous observation

  02.290 同步平面synchronous plane

  02.291 史密森[天文台]星表 SAO Star catalogue

  02.292 底片常数法method of plate constant

  02.293 底片方位元素法method of plate orientation elements

  02.294 闪烁误差error of scintillation

  02.295 卫星相位差phase error of satellite

  02.296 卫星光行差satellite aberration

  02.297 卫星多普勒定位satellite Doppler positioning

  02.298 多普勒单点定位Doppler point positioning

  02.299 多普勒联测定位Doppler translocation

  02.300 多普勒短弧法定位Doppler positioning by the short arc method

  02.301 伪距测量pseudo—range measurement

  02.302 载波[差频]相位测量carrier[beat] phase measurement

  02.303 钟差clock offset,clock correction

  02.304 钟速clock rate

  02.305 双频信标double frequency beacon

  02.306 粗码Coarse/ Acquisition Code,C/ A Code

  02.307 精码Precise Code, P Code

  02.308 频偏frequency offset

  02.309 频漂frequency drift

  02.310 多普勒计数Doppler count

  02.311 广播星历broadcast ephemeris

  02.312 精密星历precise ephemeris

  02.313 吉尔平面Guier plane

  02.314 电离层折射改正ionospheric refraction correction

  02.315 对流层折射改正tropospheric refraction correction

  02.316 相对论改正relativistic correction

  02.317 甚长基线干涉测量very long baseline interferometry , VLBI

  02.318 激光测月lunar laser ranging, LLR

  02.319 整体大地测量integrated geodesy

  02.320 误差理论theory of errors

  02.321 测量误差observation error

  02.322 真误差true error

  02.323 随机误差random error

  02.324 平均误差average error

  02.325 慨然误差(又称“或然误差”)probable error

  02.326 极限误差limit error

  02.327 容许误差allowable error

  02.328 截断误差truncation error

  02.329 权weight

  02.330 单位权unit weight

  02.331 仅函数weight function

  02.332 权系数weight coefficient

  02.333 单位权方差(又称“方差因子”)variance of unit weight

  02.334 权矩阵weight matrix

  02.335 权逆阵Inverse of weight matrix

  02.336 方差一协方差阵(又称“积差阵”)variance —covarlance matrix

  02.337 方差一协方差传播律variance—covarlance propagation law

  02.338 误差放大因子dilution of precision ,DOP

  02.339 误差检验error test

  02.340 抗差估计 (又称“稳健估计”)robust estimation

  02.341 最小二乘法least squares method

  02.342 参数千差 (又称“间接平差”)parameter adjustment

  02.343 附条件参数平差(又称“附条件的间接手差”)parameter adjustment with constraint

  02.344 观测方程(又称“误差方程”)observation equation

  02.345 条件平差condition adjustment

  02.346 附参数条件平差condition adjustment with parameters

  02.347 条件方程condition equation

  02.348 联系数correlate

  02.349 法方程normal equation

  02.350 高斯约化法Gauss method of reduction

  02.351 序贯平差successive adjustment

  02.352 秩亏网平差rank defect network adjustment

  02.353 拟稳平差quasi-stable adjustment

  02.354 天文大地网平差adjustment of astro-geodetic network

  02.355 最小二乘配置法(又称“最小二乘拟合推估法”)least squares collocation

  02.356 相关平差adjustment of correlated observation

  02.357 平差值adjusted value

  

  Chapter 3 03.摄影测量与遥感学

  03.001摄影测量学photogrammetry

  03.002卫星摄影测量satellite photogrammetry

  03.003摄影学photography

  03.004航天摄影space photography

  03.005航空摄影aerial photography

  03.006航空摄影机aerial camera

  03.007立体摄影机stereocamera, stereometric camera

  03.008非量测摄影机non-metric camera

  03.009量测摄影机metric camera

  03.010全景摄影机panoramic camera, panorama camera

  03.011框幅摄影机frame camera

  03.012条幅[航带]摄影机continuous strip camera, strip camera

  03.013阵列摄影机array camera

  03.014电荷耦合器件摄影机(简称“CCD摄影机”)charge-coupled device camera

  03.015多谱段摄影机multispectral camera

  03.016地面摄影机terrestrial camera

  03.017弹道摄影机ballistic camera

  03.018水下摄影机underwater camera

  03.019大象幅摄影机large format camera,LFC

  03.020恒星摄影机stellar camera

  03.021地平线摄影机horizon camera

  03.022反束光导管摄象机return beam vidicon camera, RBV

  03.023象幅picture format

  03.024框标fiducial mark

  03.025象移补偿image motion compensation,IMC, forward motion compensation, FMC

  03.026焦距focal length

  03.027快门shutter

  03.028中心快门between-the-lens shutter, lens shutter

  03.029帘幕快门(又称“焦面快门)focal plane shutter, curtain shutter

  03.030景深depth of field

  03.031超焦点距离hyperfocal distance

  03.032孔径(又称“光圈”)aperture

  03.033光圈号数f-number, stop-number

  03.034象场角objective angle of image field, angular field of view

  03.035瞬时现场(又称“空间分解力”,其值为地面分解力2.5~2.8倍)instantaneous field-of-view, IFOV

  03.036畸变[差]distortion

  03.037全景畸变panoramic distortion

  03.038几何畸变geometric distortion

  03.039径向畸变radial distortion

  03.040切向畸变tangential distortion, tangential lens distortion

  03.041物镜分辨率resolving power of lens

  03.042影象分辨率resolving power of image (注:一毫米内能分辨线对条数)

  03.043正片positive

  03.044负片negative

  03.045透明负片dianegative

  03.046透明正片diapositive, transparent positive

  03.047反转片reversal film

  03.048盲色片achromatic film

  03.049正色片orthochromatic film

  03.050全色片panchromatic film

  03.051红外片infrared film

  03.052黑白片black-and-white film

  03.053彩色片color film

  03.054全色红外片panchromatic infrared film

  03.055彩色红外片(又称“假彩色片”)color infrared film, false color film

  03.056航摄软片aerial film

  03.057感光度sensitivity

  03.058感光材料sensitive material

  03.059彩色感光材料color sensitive material

  03.060感光测定sensitometry

  03.061感光特性曲线characteristic curve of photographic emulsion

  03.062光谱感光度(又称“光谱灵敏度”)spectral sensitivity

  03.063黑白摄影black-and-white photography

  03.064彩色摄影color photography

  03.065假彩色摄影false color photography

  03.066红外摄影infrared photography

  03.067全息摄影hologram photography, holography

  03.068缩微摄影microphotography, microcopying

  03.069低倍放大摄影pnotomacrography

  03.070显微摄影photomicrography

  03.071多谱段摄影multispectral photography

  03.072全景摄影panoramic photography

  03.073竖直摄影vertical photography

  03.074倾斜摄影oblique photography

  03.075小象幅航空摄影small format aerial photography, SFAP

  03.076摄站camera station, exposure station

  03.077摄影航线flight line of aerial photography

  03.078摄影分区flight block

  03.079摄影比例尺photographic scale

  03.080摄影基线photographic baseline, air base

  03.081摄影质量photographic quality

  03.082航摄领航navigation of aerial photography

  03.083航摄计划flight plan of aerial photography

  03.084航摄漏洞aerial photographic gap

  03.085航高flying height, flight height

  03.086相对航高relative flying height

  03.087绝对航高absolute flying height

  03.088基一高比base-height ratio

  03.089航向重叠longitudinal overlap end overlap, forward overlap, fore-and-aft overlap

  03.090旁向重叠lateral overlap, side overlap, side laP

  03.091骨架航线(又称“构架航线”)control strip

  03.092曝光exposure

  03.093摄影处理photographic processing

  03.094显影developing

  03.095定影fixing

  03.096感光sensitising

  03.097接触晒印contact printing

  03.098投影晒印projection printing

  03.099反差contrast

  03.100反差系数contrast coefficient

  03.101景物反差object contrast

  03.102地面照度illuminance of ground

  03.103影象质量image quality

  03.104影象分辨力(又称“象元地面分辨力”。指象元地面尺寸。)image resolution ,ground resolution

  03.105像片photo,photograph

  03.106竖直摄影像片vertical photograph

  03.107倾斜摄影像片oblique photograph

  03.108航摄像片aerial photograph

  03.109地平线像片horizon photograph

  03.110像片比例尺photo scale

  03.111数字影象(又称“数字图象”)digital image

  03.112数字化影象digitized image

  03.113光学密度optical density

  03.114密度计densitometer

  03.115测微密度计microdensitometer

  03.116光学传递函数optical transfer function, OTF

  03.117相位传递函数phase transfer function, PTF

  03.118调制传递函数modulation transfer function, MTF

  03.119维纳频谱Winer spectrum

  03.120透光率transmittance

  03.121灰楔grey wedge, optical wedae

  03.122密度density

  03.123灰度grey level

  03.124象元pixel, picture element

  03.125密度分割density slicing

  03.126象主点principal point of photograph

  03.127象底点photo nadir point

  03.128地底点ground nadir point

  03.129象等角点isocenter of photogrgaph

  03.130等比线ipometric parallel

  03.131像片基线photo base

  03.132象主纵线principal line[of photograph]

  03.133主垂面principal plane[of photograph], principal vertical plane

  03.134真地平线true horizon

  03.135视地平线apparent horizon

  03.136象地平线(又称“合线”、“真水平线”)image horizon, horizon trace, vanishing line

  03.137象点位移displacement of image

  03.138投影差relief displacement,height displacement

  03.139倾斜位移tilt displacement

  03.140主合点principal vanishing point

  03.141核点epipole

  03.142核面epipolar plane

  03.143核线epipolar line, epipolar ray

  03.144主核线principal epipolar line

  03.145主核面principal epipolar plane

  03.146垂核面vertical epipolar plane

  03.147垂核线vertical epipolar line

  03.148同名核线corresponding epipolar line

  03.149像片方位角azimuth of photograph

  03.150像片内方位元素elements of interior orientation

  03.151像片外方位元素elements of exterior orientation

  03.152像片方位元素photo orientation elements

  03.153姿态attitude

  03.154姿态参数attitude parameter

  03.155像片倾角tilt angle of photograph

  03.156航向倾角longitudinal tilt, pitch

  03.157旁向倾角lateral tilt, roll

  03.158像片旋角swing angle, yaw

  03.159立体象对stereopair

  03.160立体观测stereoscopic observation

  03.161互补色立体观察anaglyphical stereoscopic viewing

  03.162偏振光立体观察vectograph method of stereoscopic viewing

  03.163立体视觉stereocopic vision

  03.164正立体orthostereoscopy

  03.165反立体pseudostereoscopy

  03.166左右视差horizontal parallax, x-parallax

  03.167上下视差vertical parallax, y-parallax

  03.168同名象点corresponding image points,homologous image points

  03.169标准配置点Gruber point

  03.170定向点orientation point

  03.171内部定向interior orientation

  03.172外部定向exterior orientation

  03.173相对走向relative orientation

  03.174绝对定向absolute orientation

  03.175相对定向元素elements of relative orientation

  03.176绝对定向元素elements of absolute orientation

  03.177几何反转原理principle of geometric reverse(注:根据光路可逆性,建立所摄对象模型的原理)

  03.178同名光线corresponding image rays

  03.179全能法测图universal method of photogrammetric mapping, yнивepcaльн-ый  метод 

  аэрофотограмметрической  сьёмки(俄)

  03.180分工法测图(又称“微分法测图”)differential method of photogrammetric mapping,

  дифференцированный метод  аэрофотограмметрической  сьёмки(俄)

  03.181综合法测图photo planimetric method of photogrammetric mapping, комбинированный

  метод  аэрофотограмметрической  сьёмки(俄)

  03.182纠正rectification

  03.183像片纠正photo rectification

  03.184像片平面图photoplan

  03.185光学纠正optical rectification

  03.186光学机械纠正optical-mechanical rectification

  03.187图解纠正graphical rectification

  03.188光学图解纠正optical graphical rectification

  03.189仿射纠正affine rectification

  03.190分带纠正zonal rectification

  03.191多级纠正multistage rectification

  03.192纠正图底basis for rectification

  03.193光学条件optical condition(注:保证纠正仪上物、象平面光学共轭的条件)

  03.194几何条件geometric condition(注:保证纠正仪上正确投影关系的条件)

  03.195纠正元素element of rectification

  03.196合点控制vanishing point control

  03.197交线条件 (又称“向甫鲁条件”、“恰普斯基条件”)condition of intersection,

  Scheimpflug condition, Czapski condition

  03.198透视旋转定律(又称“沙尔定律”)rotation axiom of the perspective, rotational theorem, Chasles theorem

  03.199像片镶嵌photo mosaic

  03.200光学镶嵌optical mosaic

  03.201镶嵌索引图index mosaic

  03.202调绘annotation

  03.203像片判读photo interpretation

  03.204目视判读visual interpretation

  03.205明显地物点outstanding point.

  03.206人工标志【点】artificial target

  03.207辐射三角测量radial triangulation

  03.208立体摄影测量stereophotogrammetry, twoimage photogrammetry

  03.209模拟法测图analog photogrammetric plotting

  03.210变换光束测图affine plotting

  03.211光学投影optical projection

  03.212机械投影mechanical projection

  03.213光学机械投影optical-mechanlcal projection

  03.214像片主距principal distance of photo

  03.215摄影机主距principal distance of camera

  03.216投影器主距principal distance of projector

  03.217立体模型stereoscopic model

  03.218几何模型geometric model

  03.219视模型perceived model

  03.220模型缩放scaling of model

  03.221模型置平leveling of model

  03.222模型连接bridging of model

  03.223空中三角测量aerotriangulation

  03.224空中水准测量aeroleveling

  03.225空中导线测量aeropolygonometry

  03.226模拟空中三角测量analog aerotriangulation

  03.227阿贝比长原理Abbe comparator principle

  03.228波罗一科普原理Porro-Koppe principle

  03.229空间后方交会Space resection

  03.230空间前方交会space intersection

  03.231摄影测量坐标系photogrammetric coordinate system

  03.232象平面坐标系photo coordinate system

  03.233象空间坐标系image space coordinate system

  03.234物空间坐标系object space coordinate system

  03.235罗德里格斯矩阵Rodrigues matrix

  03.236构象方程imaging equation

  03.237共线方程collinearity equation

  03.238共面方程coplanarity equation

  03.239投影方程projection equation

  03.240加密点pass point

  03.241连接点tie point

  03.242解析空中三角测量(俗称“电算加密”)analytical aerotriangulation

  03.243航带法空中三角测量strip aerial triangulation

  03.244独立模型法空中三角测量independent model aerial triangulation, aerotriangulation by independent model

  03.245光束法空中三角测量bundle aerial triangulation

  03.246联机空中三角测量on—line aerophotogrammetric triangulation

  03.247区域网平差block adjustment

  03.248自检校self-calibration

  03.249联合平差combined adjustment

  03.250数据探测法data snooping

  03.251粗差检测gross error detection

  03.252选权迭代法iteration method with variable weights

  03.253解析纠正analytical rectification

  03.254解析定向analytical orientation

  03.255解析测图analytical mapping

  03.256数控绘图桌digital tracing table

  03.257机助测图computer-assisted mapping, computer-aided mapping

  03.258正射投影技术orthophoto technique

  03.259微分纠正differential rectification

  03.260正射像片orthophoto

  03.261立体正射像片orthophoto stereo-mate

  03.262正射影象图orthophotoquad(注:不带等高线影象图)

  03.263正射影象地图orthophoto map(注:带等高线影象图)

  03.264量化quantizing, quantization

  03.265采样sampling

  03.266重采样resampling

  03.267采样间隔sampling interval

  03.268数字测图digital mapping

  03.269数字纠正digital rectification

  03.270数字镶嵌digital mosaic

  03.271影象匹配image matching

  03.272影象相关image correlation

  03.273光学相关optical correlation

  03.274电子相关electronic correlation

  03.275数字相关digital correlation

  03.276核线相关epipolar correlation

  03.277最小二乘相关least squares correlation

  03.278目标区target area

  03.279搜索区searching area

  03.280邻元法neighborhood method

  03.281数字高程模型digital elevation model, DEM

  03.282数字表面模型digital surface model,DSM

  03.283摄影测量内插photogrammetric interpolation

  03.284多项式法polynomial method

  03.285双线性内插bi-linear interpolation method

  03.286双三次卷积bi-cubic convolution

  03.287样条函数法splines method

  03.288有限元法finite elements method

  03.289移动拟合法moving average method

  03.290地面摄影测量terrestrial photogrammetry

  03.291正直摄影normal case photography

  03.292等偏摄影parallel—averted photography

  03.293交向摄影convergent photography

  03.294等倾摄影equally tilted photography

  03.295全息摄影测量hologrammetry

  03.296显微摄影测量microphotogrammetry

  03.297电子显微摄影测量nanophotogrammetry

  03.298双介质摄影测量two-medium photogrammetry

  03.299近景摄影测量close-range photogrammetry

  03.300超近摄影测量macrophotogrammetry (注:物距在0.l~0.0lm的摄影测量)

  03.301直接线性变换direct linear transformation, DLT

  03.302穆瓦条纹图(曾用名“莫尔条纹图”)moire topography

  03.303弹道摄影测量ballistic photogrammetry

  03.304工程摄影测量engineering photogrammetry

  03.305工业摄影测量industrial photogrammetry

  03.306建筑摄影测量architectural photogrammetry

  03.307考古摄影测量archaeological photogrammetry

  03.308生物医学摄影测量biomedical photogrammetry

  03.309X射线摄影测量X-ray photogrammetry

  03.310实时摄影测量real-time photogrammetry

  03.311计算机视觉computer vision

  03.312遥感remote sensing

  03.313资源与环境遥感remote sensing of natural resources and environment

  03.314主动式遥感active remote sensing

  03.315被动式遥感passive remote sensing

  03.316多谱段遥感multispectral remote sensing

  03.317多时相遥感multitemporal remote sensing

  03.318红外遥感infrared remote sensing

  03.319微波遥感microwave remote sensing

  03.320太阳辐射波谱solar radiation spectrum

  03.321大气窗atmospheric window

  03.322大气透过率atmospheric transmissivity

  03.323大气噪声atmospheric noise

  03.324大气传输特性characteristic of atmospheric transmission

  03.325波谱特征曲线spectrum character curve

  03.326波谱响应曲线spectrum response curve

  03.327波谱特征空间spectrum feature space

  03.328波谱集群spectrum cluster

  03.329红外波谱infrared spectrum

  03.330反射波谱reflectance spectrum

  03.331电磁波谱electro-magnetic spectrum

  03.332功率谱power spectrum

  03.333地物波谱特性object spectrum characteristic

  03.334热辐射thermal radiation

  03.335微波辐射microwave radiation

  03.336数据获取data acquisition

  03.337数据传输data transmission

  03.338数据处理data processing

  03.339地面接收站ground receiving station

  03.340数字磁带digital tape

  03.341模拟磁带analog tape

  03.342计算机兼容磁带computer compatible tape,CCT

  03.343高密度数字磁带high density digital tape, HDDT

  03.344图象复原image restoration

  03.345模糊影象fuzzy image

  03.346卫星像片图satellite photo map

  03.347红外图象infrared imagery

  03.348热红外图象thermal infrared imagery, thermal IR imagery

  03.349微波图象microwave imagery

  03.350成象雷达imaging radar

  03.351熵编码entropy coding

  03.352冗余码redundant code

  03.353冗余信息redundant information

  03.354信息量contents of information

  03.355信息提取information extraction

  03.356月球轨道飞行器lunar orbiter

  03.357空间实验室Spacelab

  03.358航天飞机space shuttle

  03.359陆地卫星Landsat

  03.360海洋卫星Seasat

  03.361测图卫星Mapsat

  03.362立体卫星Stereosat

  03.363礼炮号航天站Salyut space station,op6иTaльная станция “Caлют”(俄)

  03.364联盟号宇宙飞船Soyuz spacecraft, KOPa6ль“Coюз”(俄)

  03.365SPOT卫星SPOT satellite,systeme probatoire d’observation de la terse(法)

  03.366地球资源卫星earth resources technology satellite, ERTS

  03.367环境探测卫星environmental survey satellite

  03.368地球同步卫星geo-synchronous satellite

  03.369太阳同步卫星sun-synchronous satellite

  03.370卫星姿态satellite attitude

  03.371遥感平台remote sensing platform

  03.372主动式传感器active sensor

  03.373被动式传感器passive sensor

  03.374推扫式传感器push-broom sensor

  03.375静态传感器static sensor

  03.376动态传感器dynamic sensor

  03.377光学传感器optical sensor

  03.378微波传感器microwave remote sensor

  03.379光电传感器photoelectric sensor

  03.380辐射传感器radiation sensor

  03.381星载传感器satellite-borne sensor

  03.382机载传感器airborne sensor

  03.383姿态测量传感器attitude-measuring sensor

  03.384探测器detector

  03.385摄谱仪spectrograph

  03.386航空摄谱仪aerial spectrograph

  03.387波谱测定仪spectrometer

  03.388地面摄谱仪terrestrial spectrograPh

  03.389测距雷达range-only radar

  03.390微波辐射计microwave radiometer

  03.391红外辐射计infrared radiometer

  03.392侧视雷达side-looking radar, SLR

  03.393真实孔径雷达real-aperture radar

  03.394合成孔径雷达synthetic aperture radar, SAR

  03.395专题测图传感器thematic mapper, TM

  03.396红外扫描仪infrared scanner

  03.397多谱段扫描仪multispectral scanner. M SS

  03.398数字图象处理digital image processing

  03.399光学图象处理optical image processing

  03.400实时处理real-time processing

  03.401地面实况ground truth

  03.402几何校正geometric correction

  03.403辐射校正radiometric correction

  03.404数字滤波digital filtering

  03.405图象几何配准geometric registration of imagery

  03.406图象几何纠正geometric rectification of imagery

  03.407图象镶嵌image mosaic

  03.408图象数字化image digitisation

  03.409彩色合成仪additive colir viewer

  03.410假彩色合成false color composite

  03.411直接法纠正direct scheme of digital rectification

  03.412间接法纠正indirect scheme of digital rectification

  03.413图象识别image recognition

  03.414图象编码image coding

  03.415彩色编码color coding

  03.416多时相分析multitemporal analysis

  03.417彩色坐标系color coordinate system

  03.418图象分割image segmentation

  03.419图象复合image overlaying

  03.420图象描述image description

  03.421二值图象binary image

  03.422直方图均衡histogram equalization

  03.423直方图规格化histogram specification

  03.424图象变换image transformation

  03.425彩色变换color transformation

  03.426伪彩色pseudo-color

  03.427假彩色false color

  03.428主分量变换principal component transformation

  03.429阿达马变换Hadamard transformation

  03.430沃尔什变换Walsh transformation

  03.431比值变换ratio transformation

  03.432生物量指标变换biomass index transformation

  03.433穗帽变换tesseled cap transformation

  03.434参照数据reference data

  03.435图象增强image enhancement

  03.436边缘增强edge enhancement

  03.437边缘检测edge detection

  03.438反差增强contrast enhancement

  03.439纹理增强texture enhancement

  03.440比例增强ratio enhancement

  03.441纹理分析texture analysis

  03.442彩色增强color enhancement

  03.443模式识别pattern recognition

  03.444特征feature

  03.445特征提取feature extraction

  03.446特征选择feature selection

  03.447特征编码feature coding

  03.448距离判决函数distance decision function

  03.449概率判决函数probability decision function

  03.450模式分析pattern analysis

  03.451分类器classifier

  03.452监督分类supervised classification

  03.453非监督分类unsupervised, classification

  03.454盒式分类法box classifier method

  03.455模糊分类法fuzzy classifier method

  03.456最大似然分类maximum likelihood classification

  03.457最小距离分类minimum distance classification

  03.458贝叶斯分类Bayesian classification

  03.459机助分类computer-assisted classification

  03.460图象分析image analysis

  

  Chapter 4 04.地图制图学

  04.001理论地图学theoretical cartography

  04.002应用地图学applied cartography

  04.003数学地图学mathematical cartography

  04.004比较地图学comparative cartography

  04.005元地图学metacartography(一个探讨地图表现的抽象规律的学派用语。)

  04.006专题地图学thematic cartography

  04.007地图信息cartographic Information

  04.008地图传输cartographic communication

  04.009地图模型cartographic model

  04.010地图符号学cartographic semiology

  04.011地图分析cartographic analysis

  04.012地图评价cartographic evaluation

  04.013地图判读map Interpretation

  04.014地图更新map revision

  04.015地图制图map making, mapping

  04.016认知制图cognitive mapping(人脑收集、记录、存储和处理周围地理环境信息的能力和过程。)

  04.017野外制图field mapping

  04.018城市制图urban mapping

  04.019地籍制图cadastral mapping

  04.020动画制图animated mapping

  04.021宇宙制图cosmic mapping

  04.022空间制图space mapping

  04.023地图分类(又称“制图分类”)cartographic classification

  04.024地理图geographical map

  04.025专用地图special use map

  04.026特种地图special map

  04.027军用地图military map

  04.028人文地图human map

  04.029政治地图political map

  04.030经济地图economic map

  04.031人口地图population map

  04.032历史地图historic map

  04.033古地图ancient man

  04.034文化地图cultural map

  04.035行政区划图administrative map

  04.036自然地图physical map

  04.037地势图hysometric map

  04.038地貌图geomorphological map

  04.039地貌形态示量图morphometric map

  04.040景观地图landscape map

  04.041环境地图environmental map

  04.042等值线地图isoline map

  04.043伪等值线地图pseudo-isoline map

  04.044等值区域图(又称“分区量值地图”)choroplethic map

  04.045分区密度地图dasymetric map

  04.046类型地图typal map

  04.047统计地图statistic map

  04.048区划地图regionalization map

  04.049分析地图analytical map

  04.050综合地图comprehensive map

  04.051合成地图synthetic map

  04.052派生地图derivative map

  04.053规划地图planning map

  04.054预报地图prognostic map

  04.055教学地图school map

  04.056现势地图up-to-date map

  04.057态势地图military posture map

  04.058旅游地图tollf1St th3p

  04.059定向运动地图orienteering map

  04.060心象地图(又称“意境地图” 根据人记忆中有关地理环境的印象所描绘的地图。)mental map

  04.061瞬间地图twinkling map

  04.062动态地图dynamic map

  04.063触觉地图tactual map

  04.064填充地图outline map[for filling](为教学等专项业务填充用的轮廓线地图)

  04.065荧光地图fluorescent map

  04.066缩微地图microfilm map

  04.067鸟瞰图birdˊs eye view map

  04.068数字地图digital map

  04.069电子地图electronic map

  04.070三维地图three-dimension map

  04.071视觉立体地图stereoscopic map

  04.072互补色地图anaglyphic map

  04.073浮雕影象地图picto-line map

  04.074拓扑地图topological map

  04.075航空图aeronautical chart

  04.076世界地图集world atlas

  04.077国家地图集national atlas

  04.078区域地图集regional atlas

  04.079普通地图集general atlas

  04.080专题地图集thematic atlas

  04.081综合地图集comprehensive atlas

  04.082地图设计map design

  04.083地图整饰map decoration

  04.084图面配置map layout

  04.085地图复杂性map complexity

  04.086地图清晰性map clarity

  04.087地图易读性map legibility

  04.088基本图形元素primary graphic elements

  04.089图形变量graphic variable

  04.090视觉变量visual variable

  04.091视觉对比visual contrast

  04.092视觉平衡visual balance

  04.093图形一背景辨别figure-ground discrimination,F-G

  04.094地图内容结构cartographic organization

  04.095等级结构hierarchical organization

  04.096整体结构extensional organization

  04.097再分结构subdivisional organization

  04.098多层结构stereogrammic organization

  04.099地图感受map perception

  04.100感受效果perceptual effect

  04.101绝对阈absolute threshold

  04.102差异阈difference threshold

  04.103恰可察觉差just noticeable difference,JND

  04.104动感autokinetic effect

  04.105整体感associative perception

  04.106等级感ordered perception

  04.107数量感quantitative perception

  04.108质量感qualitative perception

  04.109深度感depth perception

  04.110名义量表nominal scaling

  04.111顺序量表ordinal scaling

  04.112等距量表interval scaling

  04.113比例量表ratio scaling

  04.114地图语言cartographic language

  04.115图形记号graphic sign

  04.116图形符号graphic symbol

  04.117地图语法cartographic syntactics

  04.118地图语义cartographic semantics

  04.119地图谱用cartographic pragmatics

  04.120制图综合(又称“地图概括”)cartographic generalization

  04.121制图分级cartographic hierarchy

  04.122制图选取cartographic selection

  04.123制图简化cartographic simplification

  04.124制图夸大cartographic exaggeration

  04.125符号化symbolization

  04.126地图负载量map load

  04.127等角投影(又称“正形投影”)conformal projection

  04.128等积投影equivalent projection



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