知识与资讯
专业词汇
 
物理词汇(2)
发布时间:2011-7-16 22:07:00||  点击:3266次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


  K   
      
  Kaleidoscope 万花筒 
  Kelvin 开尔文,开 
  Kelvin temperature scale 开氏温标 
  Kepler's law 开普勒定律 
  key 电键 
  kilogram 千克 
  kilowatt 千瓦特,千瓦 
  kilowatt-hour 千瓦小时,千瓦时 
  kilowatt-hour meter 电表,千瓦时计 
  kinematics 运动学 
  kinetic energy 动能 
  kinetic friction 动摩擦 
  kinetic theory 分子运动论 
  kinetic theory model 分子运动模型 
  kinetic theory of gases 气体分子运动论 
  Kirchhoff's law 基尔霍夫定律 
  kit 套件 
  knife-edge 刃形支承,刀刃,刀边 
  kryton 氪 
  Kundt's tube 孔脱管 
      
  L   
      
  lagging 保温套 
  laminar flow 层流 
  laminated 分层的,迭片的 
  laser 激光,激光器 
  laser beam 激光束 
  laser material 激光材料 
  latch 闩锁 
  latent heat 潜热 
  lateral 横向,侧向,旁向 
  lateral inversion 横向倒置 
  lateral magnification 横向放大,横向放大率 
  lateral search coil 横向探察线圈 
  lattice 点阵,晶格 
  lattice spacing 点阵间隔,点阵间距 
  law 定律 
  law of conservation of momentum 动量守恒定律 
  law of reflection 反射定律 
  law of refraction 折射定律 
  lead 导线,铅 
  lead-acid accumulator 铅酸蓄电池 
  leakage current 漏泄电流 
  least distance of distinct vision 最小明视距离 
  Leclanche cell 勒克朗谢电池 
  length 长度 
  lens 透镜,晶体,晶状体 
  lens formula 透镜公式 
  lens holder 透镜座 
  lens marker's formula 透镜制造者公式 
  Lenz's law 楞次定律 
  leukaemia 白血病 
  lever 杠杆 
  light 光,光学 
  light beam 光束,光柱 
  light dependent resistor 光敏电阻器 
  light emitting diode 发光二极管 
  light guide 光导 
  light pipe 光导管 
  light ray 光线 
  light sensitive resistor 光敏电阻器 
  light source 光源 
  lightning 闪电 
  lightning conductor 避雷针 
  limiting angle 极限角 
  limiting friction 极限摩擦 
  line of action 作用线  
  line of force 力线  
  line spectrum 线状光谱,线状谱 
  linear air track 线性气垫导航 
  linear electronics 线性电子学 
  linear expansivity 线性膨胀系数,线性胀率 
  linear flow 线流 
  linear momentum 线动量 
  linear voltage amplification 线性电压放大率 
  linearly polarized wave 线偏振波 
  liquefaction 液化 
  liquid 液体 
  liquid crystal 液晶体 
  liquid phase 液相 
  liquid pressure 液体压强 
  liquid-in-glass thermometer 玻管液体温度计 
  Lissajous figure 利萨如图形 
  live 载电,活线,火线 
  Lloyd's mirror 洛埃镜 
  load 负荷 
  lodestone 磁石 
  logic gate 逻辑门 
  logic level 逻辑电平,逻辑级 
  logic level indicator 逻辑电平指示器,逻辑级指示器 
  logic value 逻辑值 
  long sight 远视 
  long wave 长波 
  longitudinal magnification 纵向放大,纵向放大率 
  longitudinal wave 纵波 
  loop 回路,圈 
  Lorentz force 洛兰兹力 
  Lorentz rotating disc 洛兰兹旋转盘 
  loudness 响度 
  loudspeaker 扬声器 
  low frequency a.c. generator 低频交流发电机 
  low voltage 低电压 
  low voltage immersion heater 低压浸没式电热器 
  lower limit 下限 
  lycopodium powder 石松粉 
  Lyman series 赖曼系,赖曼光谱 
      
  M   
      
  Mach number 马赫数 
  machine 机械 
  macroscopic 宏观的 
  magnadur magnet 玛格纳多尔磁铁 
  magnet 磁铁,磁体 
  magnet keeper 永久磁铁衔铁 
  magnetic domain 磁畴,磁域 
  magnetic effect 磁效应 
  magnetic field 磁场 
  magnetic field board 磁场板 
  magnetic field intensity 磁场强度 
  magnetic field strength 磁场强度 
  magnetic flux 磁通量 
  magnetic flux density 磁通量密度 
  magnetic flux linkage 磁链,磁键,磁通匝数 
  magnetic force 磁力 
  magnetic hysteresis 磁滞 
  magnetic induction 磁感应强度,磁感应 
  magnetic line of force 磁力线  
  magnetic material 磁性材料 
  magnetic meridian 磁子午线  
  magnetic moment 磁矩 
  magnetic north pole 磁北极 
  magnetic permeability 磁导率 
  magnetic pole 磁极 
  magnetic screen 磁屏 
  magnetic shield 磁屏 
  magnetic south pole 磁南极 
  magnetic susceptibility 磁化率 
  magnetic tape 磁带 
  magnetic tape recorder 磁带录音机 
  magnetic torque 磁矩 
  magnetic track 磁迹 
  magnetism 磁学,磁性 
  magnetization 起磁,磁化作用 
  magnetize 磁化 
  magnetizing current 磁化电流 
  magnification 放大,放大率 
  magnified 放大的 
  magnifying glass 放大镜 
  magnifying power 放大率 
  magnitude 量,量值 
  mains frequency 市电频率 
  mains immersion heater 市电浸没式热器 
  mains supply 市电电源 
  majority carriers 多数载流子 
  malleable 展性的,韧性的 
  Maltese cross tube 马尔塔十字管 
  manometer 流体压强计 
  mass 质量 
  mass defect 质量亏损 
  mass number 质量数 
  mass spectrometer 质谱仪 
  mass-energy relation 质能关系 
  matter wave 物质波 
  maximum error 最大误差 
  mean free path 平均自由程 
  measurement 测量 
  mechanical advantage 机械利益 
  mechanical efficiency 机械效率 
  mechanical energy 机械能 
  mechanical oscillation 机械振荡 
  mechanical wave 机械波 
  mechanism 机制,机理 
  medium 介质 
  medium wave 中波 
  Melde's experiment 迈尔德实验 
  melt 熔化 
  melting point 熔点 
  meniscus 弯液面,弯月面 
  meniscus lens 凹凸透镜,弯月形透镜 
  mercury 汞,水银 
  metal fatigue 金属疲劳 
  fetal grid 金属珊 
  metallic bond 金属键 
  metastable 亚稳态的,介稳态的 
  method of dimensions 维量法,因次法 
  method of no-parallax 无视差法 
  metre 米 
  metre bridge 滑线电桥,米尺电桥 
  metre rule 米尺 
  mica 云母 
  mica capacitor 云母电容器 
  microammeter 微安培计,微安计 
  microelectronics 微电子学 
  micrometer 测微计 
  micrometer screw gauge 螺旋测微计 
  microphone 微音器,传声器 
  microscope 显微镜 
  microscopic 微观的 
  microwave 微波 
  microwave apparatus 微波仪器 
  microwave receiver 微波接收器 
  microwave transmitter 微波发送器 
  milliammeter 毫安计,毫安计 
  Millikan experiment 密立根实验 
  millimetre 毫米 
  minimum deviation 最小偏向 
  minority carrier 少数载流子 
  minute 分,分钟 
  mirage 海市蜃楼,蜃景 
  mirror 镜 
  mirror formula 球面镜公式 
  mobility 动性,迁移率 
  mode 模式 
  model eye 眼球模型 
  model power line 输电线模型 
  moderator 减速剂,缓和剂 
  modulation 调制,调节 
  module 组件 
  modulus of elasticity 弹性模量 
  modulus of rigidity 刚性模量 
  molar gas constant 摩尔气体常数,摩尔气体常量 
  molar heat capacity 摩尔热容量 
  molar volume 摩尔体积 
  mole 摩尔 
  molecular bombardment 分子撞击 
  molecular force 分子力 
  molecular motion 分子运动 
  molecular polarization 分子极化 
  molecular separation 分子间距 
  molecular structure 分子结构 
  molecule 分子 
  moment 矩 
  moment arm 矩臂,力臂 
  moment of couple 力偶矩 
  moment of dipole 偶极矩 
  moment of force 力矩 
  moment of inertia 转动惯量 
  moment of momentum 动量矩 
  momentum 动量 
  monatomic molecule 单原子分子 
  monochromatic light 单色光 
  motion 运动 
  motor 电动机 
  motor rule 电动机法则 
  movable pulley 动滑轮 
  moving-coil galvanometer 动圈式电流计,动圈式检流计 
  moving-coil loudspeaker 动圈式扬声器 
  moving-coil meter 动圈式电表 
  multiflash photography 多闪照相法 
  multimeter 万用电表,多用电表 
  multiple image 复像 
  multiple reflection 多次反射 
  multiplication process 倍增过程 
  multiplier 倍加器 
  multivibrator 多谐振荡器 
  musical instrument 乐器 
  mutation 突变 
  multiple-slit interference 多缝干涉 
  mutual inductance 互感 
  mutual induction 互感应 
  mutually perpendicular 互相垂直的 
      
  N   
      
  n-type semiconductor n型半导体 
  NAND gate 「与非」门,「非与」门 
  naphthalene ? 
  natural frequency 固有频率,自然频率 
  nature 本质 
  near point 近点 
  necking 颈缩 
  negater 反相器,倒换器 
  negative charge 负电荷 
  negative feedback 负反馈 
  negative ion 负离子 
  negative supply rail 负供电轨 
  negative terminal 负端钮,负接线柱 
  net force 净力 
  network 网络,网络 
  neutral 中性,中线  
  neutral equilibrium 中性平衡,随遇平衡 
  neutral point 中和点 
  neutrino 中微子 
  neutron 中子 
  neutron number 中子数 
  newton 牛顿 
  Newton's first law of motion 牛顿运动第一定律 
  Newton's law of gravitation 牛顿万有引力定律 
  Newton's ring 牛顿环 
  Newton's second law of motion 牛顿运动第二定律 
  Newton's third law of motion 牛顿运动第三定律 
  Newtonian fluid 牛顿流体 
  Newtonian mechanics 牛顿力学 
  nichrome wire 镍铬线,镍铬合金线  
  Nicol prism 尼科尔棱镜 
  nitrogen 氮 
  no-parallax 无视差 
  nodal line 节线  
  node 节点,波节 
  noise 噪音 
  noise level 噪音级 
  noise pollution 噪音污染 
  non-conservative force 非守恒力,非保守力 
  non-inertial frame 非惯性坐标系,非惯性系 
  non-inverting input 非反相输入 
  non-Newtonian fluid 非牛顿流体 
  non-ohmic conductor 非奥姆导体 
  non-ohmic resistor 非奥姆电阻器 
  NOR gate 「或非」门,「非或」门 
  normal 法线  
  normal incidence 正入射 
  normal reaction 法向反作用力 
  normal stress 法向应力 
  north pole 北极 
  NOT gate 「非」门 
  note 音,乐音,律音 
  nozzle 喷嘴 
  nuclear 原子核的 
  nuclear energy 核能 
  nuclear energy level 核能级 
  nuclear fission 核裂变 
  nuclear force 核力 
  nuclear fusion 核聚变 
  nuclear pile 核反应堆 
  nuclear radiation 核辐射 
  nuclear reaction 核反应 
  nuclear rector 核反应堆 
  nuclear waste 核废料 
  nuclear weapon 核武器 
  nucleon 核子 
  nucleon number 核子数,质量数 
  nucleus 原子核 
  nuclide 核素 
      
  O   
      
  object 物,物体 
  object distance 物距 
  objective 接物镜,物镜 
  obstacle 障碍物 
  octave 八音度,倍频程 
  Oersted 奥斯特 
  ohm 奥姆 
  Ohm's law 奥姆定律 
  ohmic conductor 奥姆导体 
  ohmic resistor 奥姆电阻器 
  ohmmeter 奥姆计 
  oil film 油膜 
  opaque 不透明的 
  open circuit 断路,开路 
  open pipe 开管 
  open tube 开管 
  open-loop control system 开环控制系统 
  open-loop voltage gain 开环电压增益 
  operating voltage 操作电压 
  operational amplifier 运算放大器 
  opposite phase 反相 
  optical centre 光心 
  optical density 光学密度 
  optical fibre 光导纤维,光纤 
  optical flatness 光学平度 
  optical illusion 光幻象,视错觉 
  optical instrument 光学仪器 
  optical path 光程 
  optical path difference 光程差 
  optical system 光学系统,光具组 
  optical thickness 光学厚度 
  optically anisotropic 光学各向异性的 
  optically denser medium 光密介质 
  optically isotropic 光学各向同性的 
  optically less dense medium 光疏介质 
  optics 光学 
  OR gate 「或」门 
  orbit 轨道 
  orbital electron 轨道电子 
  order of magnitude 数量级 
  ordinary ray 寻常光线  
  orientation 取向,定向 
  oscillation 振荡 
  oscillator 振荡器 
  oscillatory circuit 振荡电路 
  oscilloscope 示波器 
  Ostwald's viscometer 奥氏黏度计 
  out of focus 离焦 
  out of phase 异相 
  output 输出 
  output characteristic 输出特性 
  output current 输出电流 
  output power 输出功率 
  output voltage 输出电压 
  overload 超负荷,超载 
  overtone 泛音 
      
  P   
      
  p-type semiconductor p型半导体 
  pair production 偶的产生,对的产生 
  paraffin 石蜡 
  parallax 视差 
  parallel axis theorem 平行轴定理 
  parallel beam projector 平行光束投射器 
  parallel circuit 并联电路 
  parallel forces 平行力 
  parallel rays 平行光线  
  parallel resonance 并联共振 
  parallel resonance circuit 并联共振电路 
  parallel-plate capacitor 平行板电容器 
  parallelogram of forces 力平行四边形 
  paramagnetism 顺磁性 
  parameter 参量,参数 
  paraxial ray 傍轴光线  
  parent nucleus 母核 
  parent nuclide 母核素 
  parking orbit 驻留轨道 
  partial polarization 部分偏振 
  partial pressure 分压强 
  partially polarized wave 部分偏振波 
  particle 粒子 
  particle movement 粒子运动,质点运动 
  pascal 帕斯卡 
  Paschen series 帕邢系,帕邢光谱 
  path 路程 
  path difference 程差 
  peak value 峰值 
  peak voltage 峰值电压 
  peak-to-peak current 峰至峰电流 
  peak-to-peak voltage 峰至峰电压 
  pendulum 摆 
  penetrating power 贯穿能力,贯穿本领,穿透能力,穿透本领 
  penetration depth 贯穿深度,穿透深度 
  percentage error 百分误差 
  perfectly elastic 完全弹性的 
  perfectly inelastic 完全非弹性的 
  perigee 近地点 
  perihelion 近日点 
  period 周期 
  periodic fading 周期性衰退 
  periodic motion 周期运动 
  periodic table 周期表 
  periscope 潜望镜 
  permanent magnet 永久磁铁,永磁体 
  permeability 磁导率 
  permeability of free space 真空磁导率 
  permittivity 电容率,介电常数 
  permittivity of free space 真空电容率 
  perpendicular axis theorem 垂直轴定理,正交轴定理 
  perpendicular distance 垂直距离 
  Perrin tube 佩林管 
  perspex 有机玻璃 
  phase 相,相位 
  phase angle 相角 
  phase constant 相位常数,相位常量 
  phase difference 相差,相位差 
  phase lag 相位滞后 
  phase lead 相位超前 
  phasor 相矢量,相向量 
  phon 方 
  photo-timing gate 光控计时门 
  photo-transistor 光敏晶体管 
  photocell 光电池 
  photodiode 光电二极管 
  photoelasticity 光测弹性 
  photoelectric cell 光电池 
  photoelectric current 光电流 
  photoelectric effect 光电效应 
  photoelectric threshold 光电阈 
  photoelectron 光电子 
  photographic negative 照相底片 
  photographic plate 照相底片,感光片 
  photon 光子 
  photosensitive 光敏的 
  photosensitive surface 光敏面 
  physical optics 物理光学 
  physical property 物理性质 
  physical quantity 物理量 
  pick-up 拾音器,拾音 
  piston 活塞 
  pitch 螺距,音高,音调高度,音调 
  Pitot tube 皮托管 
  pivot 支点,支枢 
  Planck constant 普朗克常数,普朗克常量 
  plane mirror 平面镜 
  plane of polarization 偏振面 
  plane polarization 平面偏振 
  plane polarized wave 面偏振波 
  plane wave 平面波 
  planetary motion 行星运动 
  plano-concave lens 平凹透镜 
  plano-convex lens 平凸透镜 
  plastic deformation 塑性形变 
  platinum resistance thermometer 铂阻温度计 
  plug 插硕 
  plutonium ? 
  point action 尖端作用 
  point charge 点电荷 
  point mass 点质量 
  point of application of force 施力点 
  point of incidence 入射点 
  point source 点源 
  pointer 指针 
  Poiseuille's formula 泊肃叶公式 
  Poisson's ratio 泊松比 
  polar 极性 
  polarity 极性 
  polarization 偏振,极化 
  polarization grille 偏振栅 
  polarized light 偏振光 
  polarized wave 偏振波 
  polarizer 起偏振器,偏振器 
  polarizing angle 起偏振角,偏振角 
  polarizing filter 起偏振滤波器,偏振滤波器 
  polaroid 偏振片 
  pole 极 
  polonium 钋 
  polyatomic molecule 多原子分子 
  polyethylene 聚乙烯 
  polygon of forces 力多边形 
  polystyrene bead 聚苯乙烯珠 
  polystyrene cup 聚苯乙烯杯 
  polythene strip 聚乙烯片 
  positive charge 正电荷 
  positive feedback 正反馈 
  positive ion 正离子 
  positive supply rail 正供电轨 
  positive terminal 正端钮,正接线柱 
  potential barrier 势垒,位垒 
  potential difference 电势差,电位差 
  potential divider 分压器 
  potential energy 势能,位能 
  potential gradient 势梯度,位梯度 
  potentiometer 分压器,电势差计,电位差计 
  power 功率 
  power amplifier 功率放大器 
  power distribution 配电 
  power factor 功率因子 
  power generation 发电 
  power loss 功率损失 
  power pack 电源箱 
  power rating 电功率额定值 
  power station 电力站,发电厂 
  power supply 电源,供电 
  power supply unit 供电设备,电源箱 
  power transistor 功率晶体管 
  power transmission 输电 
  pressure 压强 
  pressure cooker 高压锅,加压蒸煮器 
  pressure gauge 压强计 
  pressure law 气压定律 
  pressurised water reactor 压水式反应堆 
  primary coil 原线圈 
  primary current 原电流 
  primary voltage 原电压 
  primary winding 原绕组 
  principal axis 主轴 
  principal focus 主焦点 
  principle 原理 
  principle of flotation 浮体原理 
  principle of moments 力矩原理 
  principle of superposition 迭加原理 
  prism 棱镜 
  prismatic periscope 棱镜潜望镜 
  probe 深测器 
  progressive wave 前进波 
  projectile 抛体,抛射体 
  projectile motion 抛体运动 
  projection 投影,投射,抛射 
  projector 投影机,放映机,投射器 
  prong 音叉臂 
  proof plane 验电板 
  propagation 传播 
  propeller 推进器 
  property 性质 
  proportionality constant 比例常数,比例常量 
  protactinium 镤 
  protective screen 防护屏 
  proton 质子 
  proton number 质子数 
  pseudo-force 假力,伪力 
  pulley 滑轮 
  pulse 脉冲 
  pump 泵 
  pupil 瞳孔 
  pure note 纯音 
  push-button switch 按钮开关 
  pyrometer 高温计 
      
  Q   
      
  Q-factor Q因素 
  quality of note 音品,音质 
  quantity of electricity 电量 
  quantization 量子化 
  quantum 量子 
  quantum number 量子数 
  quarter-wave aerial 四分之一波长天线  
  quartz 石英 
  quenching agent 猝灭剂 
  quiescent condition 静止状态 
      
  R   
      
  radial acceleration 径向加速度 
  radial component 径向分量 
  radial field 辐向场,径向场 
  radiation 辐射,放射 
  radiation hazard 辐射危害性 
  radiation protection 辐射防护 
  radiator 散热器,辐射器,辐射体 
  radio frequency 射频,无线电广播频率 
  radio telescope 射电望远镜 
  radio wave 无线电波 
  radioactive 放射性 
  radioactive decay 放射衰变 
  radioactive disintegration 放射性蜕变 
  radioactive fall-out 放射尘 
  radioactive isotope 放射性同位素 
  radioactive nucleus 放射性核 
  radioactive series 放射系 
  radioactive source 放射源 
  radioactive waste 放射性废料 
  radioactivity 放射现象,放射学 
  radioisotope 放射性同位素 
  radiometer 辐射计 
  radionuclide 放射性核素 
  radiotherapy 放射疗法 
  radium 镭 
  radius of curvature 曲率半径 
  radius of gyration 回转半径,回旋半径 
  radon 氡 
  rail 路轨 
  random 无规,随机 
  random error 随机误差 
  random motion 无规运动,随机运动 
  random nature 无规性,随机性 
  random walk 无规行走,随机游动 
  range 范围,射程,量程 
  rarefaction 疏部,稀疏 
  rate of decay 衰变率 
  rate of disintegration 蜕变率 
  ratemeter 定率计 
  rating 额定值 
  ray 光线  
  ray box 光线箱 
  ray diagram 光线图 
  Rayleigh's criterion 瑞利判据 
  reactance 电抗 
  reaction 反作用,反作用力 
  reactive component 抗性分量,无功分量 
  reactor 反应堆 
  reactor core 反应堆堆芯 
  reading error 读数误差 
  real depth 实深 
  real expansion 实膨胀,真膨胀 
  real focus 实焦点 
  real gas 真实气体 
  real image 实像 
  real object 实物,实物体 
  real-is-positive convention 实正虚负法则 
  recoil 反冲,弹回 
  rectification 整流 
  rectifier 整流器 
  rectilinear motion 直线运动 
  rectilinear propagation 直线传播 
  red shift 红移 
  reed 簧片 
  reed relay 簧片继电器 
  reed witch 簧片开关 
  reference frame 参考坐标系,参考系 
  reference level 参考级 
  reflectance 反射比 
  reflected ray 反射线  
  reflected wavefront 反射波阵面,反射波前 
  reflecting telescope 反射望远镜 
  reflection 反射 
  reflection grating 反射光栅 
  refracted ray 折射线  
  refracted wavefront 折射波阵面,折射波前 
  refracting angle 折射棱角 
  refracting telescope 折射望远镜 
  refraction 折射 
  refractive index 折射率 
  refrigerator 冰箱 
  regular reflection 单向反射 
  relative density 相对密度 
  relative motion 相对运动 
  relative permeability 相对磁导率 
  relative permittivity 相对电容率,相对介电常数 
  relative velocity 相对速度 

  relativity 相对论,相对性 
  relay 继电器 
  relay coil 继电器线圈 
  relay contact 继电器触点 
  rem 雷姆 
  remote control 遥控 
  repulsion 相斥 
  repulsive force 斥力 
  reservoir capacitor 存储电容器 
  reset switch 复位开关 
  resistance 电阻 
  resistance coil 电阻线圈 
  resistance substitution box 换值电阻箱 
  resistance thermometer 电阻温度计 
  resistive component 电阻分量,有功分量 
  resistivity 电阻率 
  resistor 电阻器 
  resolution 分解,分辨,分辨率 
  resolution of force 力的分解 
  resolution of vector 矢量的分解,向量的分解 
  resolving power 解像能力,分辨率 
  resonance 共振,共鸣 
  resonance tube 共鸣管 
  resonant frequency 共振频率 
  resonator 共振器 
  response time 响应时间 
  restoring couple 回复力偶 
  restoring force 回复力 
  restoring torque 回复转矩 
  resultant 合量 
  resultant displacement 合位移 
  resultant force 合力 
  resultant of vector 合矢量,合向量 
  resultant velocity 合速度 
  retard 减速 
  retardation 减速度 
  retina 视网膜 
  retort stand 铁支架,铁架 
  reverberation 混响 
  reverberation time 混响时间 
  reverse biased 反向偏压 
  reverse current 反向电流 
  reversibility of light 光的可逆性 
  reversible process 可逆过程 
  reversing switch 换向开关 
  revolution 绕转,旋转,转数 
  Reynolds number 雷诺数 
  rheostat 变阻器,可变电阻 
  right-angled fork track 直角分叉径迹 
  right-hand grip rule 右手握拳定则 
  right-hand screw rule 右手螺旋定则 
  rigid body 刚体 
  rigidity 刚性,刚度,刚度系数 
  ring circuit 环形电路 
  ripple 水波 
  ripple tank 水波槽 
  rocket 火箭 
  rolling 滚动 
  rolling friction 滚动摩擦 
  root-mean-square value 方均根值 
  rotary thermometer 转动式温度计 
  rotary-type potentiometer 旋转分压器,旋转电势差计,旋转电位差计 
  rotating platform 旋转台 
  rotating vector 转动矢量,转动向量 
  rotation 旋转,自转,转动 
  rotational energy 转动能 
  rotational motion 旋转运动 
  rotor 转子 
  rubber tubing 橡胶管 
  rule 定则,法则 
  ruling 刻度,划线  
  runway 跑道 
  Rutherford scattering 卢瑟福散射 
  Rutherford's atomic model 卢瑟福原子模型 
  Rydberg constant 里德伯常数,里德伯常量 
      
  S   
      
  safety device 安全装置 
  satellite 卫星 
  satellite communication 卫星通讯 
  saturated vapour 饱和蒸气,饱和汽 
  saturated vapour pressure 饱和蒸气压,饱和汽压 
  saturation 饱和 
  saturation current 饱和电流 
  sawtooth voltage 锯齿波电压 
  scalar 标量,无向量 
  scalar product 标积,无向积 
  scale 标度,比例尺,音阶 
  scaler 脉冲计数器 
  scan 扫描 
  scattering 散射 
  scattering analogue 散射模拟 
  scattering angle 散射角 
  scintillation 闪烁 
  screen 屏,幕 
  screened lead 屏蔽导线  
  screw 螺旋,螺丝钉 
  screw driver 螺钉起子,螺丝批 
  screw jack 螺旋起重器 
  sealed radioactive source 密封放射源 
  search coil 探察线圈 
  second 秒 
  second law of thermodynamics 热力学第二定律 
  second order spectrum 第二级光谱,第二级谱 
  secondary coil 副线圈 
  secondary current 副电流 
  secondary emission 次级发射 
  secondary voltage 副电压 
  secondary winding 副绕组 
  Seebeck effect 塞贝克效应 
  selective absorption 选择吸收 
  self inductance 自感 
  self induction 自感应 
  semicircular glass block 半圆玻璃块 
  semiconductor 半导体 
  semiconductor diode 半导体二极管 
  semolina 粗粒麦粉 
  sensitivity 灵敏度 
  sensor 感应器,传感器 
  sequential logic 顺序逻辑 
  series circuit 串联电路 
  series resonance circuit 串联共振电路 
  series-wound motor 串激电动机,串绕电动机 
  set switch 设定开关 
  shaft 轴 
  shear force 切力,剪力 
  shear modulus 切变模量,剪模量,剪切模量 
  shear strength 切变强度,剪切强度 
  shear stress 切应力,剪应力 
  shock waves 冲击波,震波 
  short circuit 短路 
  short sight 近视 
  short wave 短波 
  shunt 分流器,分流,分路 
  shunt-wound motor 并激电动机,并绕电动机 
  shutter 快门,光闸 
  sievert 希沃特 
  sign convention 符号法则 
  signal generator 讯号产生器 
  significant figure 有效数字 
  silicon 硅,硅 
  simple harmonic motion 简谐运动 
  simple pendulum 单摆 
  simulation 模拟 
  single phase a.c. generator 单相交流发电机 
  single pulley 单滑轮 
  single slit 单缝 
  single trace oscilloscope 单迹示波器 
  single-pole double-throw switch 单刀双掷开关 
  sinusoidal wave 正弦波 
  slab-shaped magnet 平板形磁铁 
  slide projector 幻灯片放映机 
  slide-wire potentiometer 滑线分压器,滑线电势差计,滑线电位差计 
  sliding contact 滑动接触 
  sliding friction 滑动摩擦 
  slinky spring 软弹簧 
  slip ring 汇电环 
  slit 缝,狭缝 
  slope 斜率 
  slotted weight 有槽砝码 
  smoke cell 烟雾盒 
  smoothing 滤波,平流 
  smoothing capacitor 滤波电容器,平流电容器 
  smoothing choke 滤波扼流圈,平流扼流圈 
  smoothing circuit 滤波电路,平流电路 
  Snell's law 斯涅耳定律 
  socket 插座 
  sodium lamp 钠灯 
  soft iron 软铁 
  soft iron core 软铁心 
  solar cell 太阳能电池 
  solar energy 太阳能 
  soldering iron 烙铁 
  solenoid 螺线管 
  solid 固体 
  solid phase 固相 
  solid state 固态 
  solidification 凝固 
  solidifying point 凝固点 
  somatic effect 体细胞效应 
  sonar 声纳 
  sonic boom 声爆 
  sonometer 弦音计 
  sound 声音 
  sound intensity 声强度 
  sound intensity level 声强级 
  sound proofing 隔声 
  sound track 声迹,声道 
  sound wave 声波 
  south pole 南极 
  spark 火花 
  spark counter 火花计数器 
  specific charge 荷质比,比电荷,比荷 
  specific heat capacity 比热容量,比热容 
  specific heat capacity at constant pressure 定压比热容量 
  specific heat capacity at constant volume 定容比热容量 
  specific latent heat 比潜热 
  specific latent heat of fusion 熔解比潜热 
  specific latent heat of vaporization 汽化比潜热 
  spectacles 眼镜 
  spectral analysis 光谱分析 
  spectral line 光谱线  
  spectral order 光谱级 
  spectrometer 光谱仪,分光计 
  spectroscopy 光谱学 
  spectrum 谱,光谱,波谱 
  spectrum tube 光谱管 
  specular reflection 镜面反射 
  speed 速率 
  speed of light 光速 
  speed of sound 声速,音速 
  speed-time graph 速率—时间关系线图 
  spherical aberration 球面像差 
  spherical lens 球面透镜 
  spherical mirror 球面镜 
  spherical wave 球面波 
  spherically symmetric 球对称的 
  spin 自旋 
  spiral 螺线,螺旋形 
  spiral spring 螺旋弹簧 
  spirit level 气泡水平仪 
  spontaneous 自发的 
  spontaneous disintegration 自发蜕变 
  spontaneous emission 自发发射 
  spring 弹簧,簧片,发条 
  spring balance 弹簧秤 
  square wave 方波 
  squarer 方波产生器 
  stable equilibrium 稳定平衡 
  stable state 稳定态 
  stackable plug 迭加式插头 
  standard atmospheric pressure 标准大气压强,标准大气压 
  standard cell 标准电池 
  standard deviation 标准偏差,标准差 
  standard error 标准误差 
  standing wave 驻波 
  starter 起动器 
  starting resistance 起动电阻 
  starting voltage 起动电压 
  state 态 
  states of matter 物态 
  static equilibrium 静态平衡 
  static friction 静摩擦 
  static resistance 静态电阻 
  statics 静力学 
  stationary wave 驻波,定态波 
  stator 定子 
  steady flow 稳流,定常流动 
  steady state 稳态,定态 
  steam 水蒸汽,蒸汽 
  steam engine 蒸汽机 
  steam point 汽化点,汽点 
  steam turbine 蒸汽涡轮机 
  steel yoke 钢轭 
  step-down transformer 降压器 
  step-up transformer 升压器 
  stereophonic sound 立体声 
  stiffness 硬挺度,抗挠性 
  stimulated absorption 受激吸收 
  stimulated emission 受激发射 
  Stoke's law 斯托克斯定律 
  stop watch 秒表 
  stop clock 秒钟 
  stopping potential 遏止电势,遏止电位 
  storage battery 蓄电池组 
  storage capacitor 存储电容器 
  stored energy 储能 
  straight pulse 直线脉冲 
  straight wave 直线波 
  straight wavefront 直线波阵面,直线波前 
  strain 应变 
  strain gauge 应变计,应变规 
  stray capacitance 杂散电容 
  streamline 流线 
  stress 应力 
  stress-strain curve 应力—应变关系曲线  
  stretch 伸长,紧张 
  strobe frequency 闪频 
  stroboscope 频闪观测器,频闪仪 
  stroboscopic photography 频闪照相法 
  strontium 锶 
  stylus 唱针 
  sub-station 电力分站 
  sublimation 升华 
  submerge 浸没 
  subsonic speed 亚声速,亚音速 
  summing amplifier 加法放大器 
  superconductivity 超导电性 
  superconductor 超导体 
  supercooling 过冷 
  superficial expansivity 面膨胀系数,面膨胀率 
  superposition 迭加 
  supersaturation 过饱和 
  supersonic speed 超声速,超音速 
  surface charge density 表面电荷密度 
  surface energy 表面能 
  surface tension 表面张力 
  susceptibility 磁化率 
  sweep 扫描,扫掠 
  sweep rate 扫描速度 
  switch 开关,电键 
  switch off 截断,关闭 
  switch on 接通,开启 
  symbol 符号 
  synchronization 同步 
  syringe 针筒 
  system 系统 
  systematic error 规律性误差,系统误差 
      
  T   
      
  tangential acceleration 切向加速度 
  tangential component 切向分量 
  tape chart 纸带图表 
  tapping key 簧片按键 
  telephone receiver 电话听筒 
  telescope 望远镜 
  telescope mount 望远镜座 
  television 电视 
  temperature 温度 
  temperature coefficient of resistance 电阻温度系数 
  temperature difference 温差 
  temperature gradient 温度梯度 
  temperature scale 温标 
  tempering 回火 
  temporary magnet 暂时磁铁,暂时磁体 
  tensile force 张力 
  tensile strain 张应变,拉伸应变 
  tensile strength 抗张强度 
  tensile stress 张应力,拉伸应力 
  tension 张力 
  terminal 端钮,接线柱 
  terminal speed 终端速率 
  terminal velocity 终端速度 
  terrestrial telescope 正像望远镜 
  tesla 忒斯拉 
  test charge 检验电荷 
  test tube 试管 
  theory 理论 
  thermal capacity 热容量 
  thermal conductivity 导热率 
  thermal equilibrium 热平衡 
  thermal radiation 热辐射 
  thermal reactor 热中子反应堆 
  thermal transmission 热传递 
  thermionic diode 热离子二极管 
  thermionic emission 热离子发射 
  thermistor 热敏电阻器 
  thermistor thermometer 热敏电阻温度计 
  thermo-electromotive force 温差电动势,热电动势 
  thermocouple 温差电偶,热电偶 
  thermocouple thermometer 温差电偶温度计,热电偶温度计 
  thermodynamic temperature 热力学温度 
  thermoelectric effect 温差电效应,热电效应 
  thermometer 温度计 
  thermometer bulb 温度计泡 
  thermometric property 测温性质 
  thermometry 测温学 
  thermonuclear reaction 热核反应 
  thermopile 温差电堆,热电堆 
  thermostat 恒温器 
  thin film 薄膜 
  Thomson's atomic model 汤姆生原子模型 
  thorium 钍 
  three-pin plug 三脚插头 
  threshold frequency 临阈频率 
  threshold intensity 临阈强度 
  threshold of hearing 听觉阈 
  threshold voltage 临阈电压 
  thrust 推力 
  thyratron tube 闸流管 
  ticker-tape 纸带 
  ticker-tape timer 纸带打点定时器 
  tidal energy 潮汐能 
  timbre 音品,音色 
  time 时间 
  time base 时基 
  time base control 时基控制 
  time constant 时间常数,时间常量 
  time interval 时距 
  time switch 定时开关 
  timer 定时器 
  timer-scaler 计时—计数器 
  toroid 环状线圈 
  toroidal coil 环状线圈 
  toroidal rheostat 环形变阻器,环形可变电阻 
  torque 转矩 
  Torricelli's theorem 托里拆利定理 
  Torricellian vacuum 托里拆利真空 
  torsion 扭转 
  torsion constant 扭转常数,扭转常量 
  torsional force 扭力 
  torsional moment 扭矩 
  torsional oscillation 扭转振荡 
  torsional pendulum 扭摆 
  torsional strength 抗扭强度 
  torsional stress 扭应力 
  total internal reflection 全反射,全内反射 
  trace 迹线,描迹,示踪 
  tracer 示踪物 
  track 径迹 
  train of waves 波列 
  trajectory 轨道,轨迹 
  transducer 换能器,传感器 
  transformation 变换 
  transformer 变压器 
  transient current 瞬变电流 
  transient state 瞬态 
  transient voltage 瞬变电压 
  transistor 晶体管,晶体三极管 
  transition 跃迁,转变,过渡 
  transition energy 跃迁能 
  translation 平移 
  translational energy 平移动能 
  translucent screen 半透明屏,半透明幕 
  transmission 输送,传递,透射 
  transmission cable 输电缆 
  transmission grating 透射光栅 
  transmittance 透射比 
  transmitted ray 透射光线 
  transmutation 嬗变 
  transparent 透明 
  transverse 横向的 
  transverse magnification 横向放大,横向放大率 
  transverse wave 横波 
  travelling microscope 移测显微镜 
  travelling wave 行波 
  triangle of force 力三角形 
  triangular prism 三棱镜,三角棱镜 
  trigger 触发,触发器 
  trigger input 触发输入 
  triode 三极管 
  triple beam balance 三杆式天平 
  triple point 三相点,三态点 
  tripod stand 三脚架 
  tritium 氚 
  trolley 小车 
  trough 波谷 
  truth table 真值表 
  tune 调谐 
  tungsten filament 钨丝 
  tuning fork 音叉 
  turbine 涡轮机 
  turbulent flow 湍流 
  turn 匝,转,转动 
  turn off 截断,关闭 
  turn on 接通,开启 
  turns ratio 匝数比 
  turntable 转盘 
  twist 扭转 
  two-way switch 双向开关 
      
  U   
      
  ultimate tensile stress 极限张应力 
  ultra high frequency 超高频 
  ultra-violet radiation 紫外辐射 
  ultra-violet ray 紫外线  
  ultrasonic 超声,超音 
  ultrasonic wave 超声波,超音波 
  unbalanced force 不平衡力 
  unidirectional circuit 单向电路 
  unidirectional current 单向电流 
  uniform 均匀 
  uniform acceleration 匀加速度 
  uniform electric field 匀强电场 
  uniform magnetic field 匀强磁场 
  uniform motion 匀速运动 
  uniform speed 匀速率 
  uniform velocity 匀速度 
  uniformly accelerated motion 匀加速运动 
  unit 单位,单元 
  unit mass 单位质量 
  unit temperature 单位温度 
  universal gas constant 普适气体常数,普适气体常量 
  universal gravitational constant 万有引力常数,万有引力常量 
  universal stand 普用支架 
  unpolarized light 非偏振光 
  unpolarized wave 非偏振波 
  unstable equilibrium 不稳定平衡 
  unsteady state 非稳态 
  unstretched length 原长 
  upper limit 上限 
  upthrust 浮力 
  uranium 铀 
  uranium ore 铀矿 
  uranyl nitrate 硝酸铀醯 
      
      
  V   
      
  vacuum 真空 
  vacuum discharge 真空放电 
  vacuum pump 真空泵 
  vacuum tube 真空管 
  valence electron 价电子 
  valve 电子管,阀,活门 
  Van de Graaff generator 范德格拉夫起电机 
  Van der Waals' force 范德华力 
  vaporization 汽化 
  vapour 蒸气,汽 
  vapour density 蒸气密度,汽密度 
  vapour pressure 蒸气压,汽压 
  variable gain 可变增益 
  variable motion 变速运动 
  variable resistor 变阻器,可变电阻 
  variable speed 可变速率 
  variable velocity 可变速度 
  variation 变化 
  vector 矢量,向量 
  vector addition 矢量加法,向量加法 
  vector product 矢积,向积 
  velocity 速度 
  velocity ratio 速度比 
  velocity-time graph 速度—时间关系线图 
  Venturi meter 文丘里流量计 
  vernier 游标尺 
  vernier microscope 游标显微镜 
  vertical 垂直 
  vertical component 垂直分量 
  vertical deflection 垂直偏转 
  very high frequency 甚高频 
  vibration 振动 
  vibration generator 振动产生器 
  vibrator 振动器 
  virtual earth 假接地 
  virtual focus 虚焦点 
  virtual image 虚像 
  virtual object 虚物,虚物体 
  viscosity 黏滞性,黏性 
  viscous 黏滞的 
  viscous flow 黏滞流动 
  viscous force 黏滞力,黏力 
  viscous resistance 黏滞阻力 
  visibility 可见度 
  visible light 可见光 
  visible spectrum 可见光谱 
  visual angle 视角 
  volt 伏特,伏 
  voltage 电压 
  voltage amplification 电压放大率 
  voltage comparator 电压比较器 
  voltage divider 分压器 
  voltage drop 电压降 
  voltage gain 电压增益 
  voltage rating 电压额定值 
  voltage regulator 电压调节器 
  voltage stabilizer 电压稳定器,稳压器 
  voltmeter 伏特计 
  volume 体积,容积 
  vortex 涡漩 
  vulcanization 硫化作用 
      
      
  W   
      
  water vapour 水蒸气,水汽 
  water wave 水波 
  watt 瓦特,瓦 
  watt-meter 瓦特计,功率计 
  wave 波 
  wave motion 波动 
  wave number 波数 
  wave pattern 波动图形 
  wave source 波源 
  wave speed 波速率 
  wave train 波列 
  wave velocity 波速度 
  wave-particle duality 波粒二象性,波粒二重性 
  waveform 波形 
  wavefront 波阵面,波前 
  waveguide 波导 
  wavelength 波长 
  wavelet 子波 
  weber 韦伯 
  wedge 楔 
  weight 重量,砝码,权重 
  weightlessness 无重状态,失重 
  Weston cadmium cell 韦斯顿镉电池 
  Wheatstone bridge 惠斯登电桥 
  wheel-and-axle 轮轴 
  white light 白光 
  wig-wag machine 摇摆机 
  Wilson cloud chamber 威尔逊云室 
  wind power 风力 
  wind tunnel 风洞 
  winding 绕组,绕 
  wire gauze 铁丝网 
  wiring 接线,布线  
  work 功 
  work function 逸出功,功函数 
      
  X   
      
  X-ray X射线  
  X-ray diffraction X射线衍射,X射线绕射 
  X-ray spectrum X射线谱 
  X-shift 水平移 
  xenon 氙 
  xenon stroboscope 氙光频闪观测器,氙光频闪仪 
  XOR gate 「异或」门 
      
      
  Y   
      
  Y-shift 垂直移 
  yield point 屈服点 
  yield strength 抗屈强度 
  Young modulus 杨氏模量 
  Young's double slit experiment 杨氏双缝实验 
  Young's interference fringes 杨氏干涉条纹 
      
      
  Z   
      
  zener diode 齐讷二极管 
  zero correction 零点校正 
  zeroth law of thermodynamics 热力学第零定律 
  zeroth order 零级


  更多文章