知识与资讯
专业词汇
 
物理词汇(1)
发布时间:2011-7-16 22:08:00||  点击:2860次||  文章分类:专业词汇||  发布人:翻译家(Fanyijia.com)


  A   
  a.c. generator 交流发电机 
  aberration 光行差,像差 
  absolute index of refraction 绝对折射率 
  absolute refractive index 绝对折射率 
  absolute temperature scale 绝对温标 
  absolute zero 绝对零度 
  absorber 吸收体 
  absorbing power 吸收能力,吸收本领 
  absorptance 吸收比 
  absorption 吸收 
  absorption coefficient 吸收系数 
  absorption line 吸收谱线  
  absorption spectrum 吸收光谱,吸收谱 
  accelerate 加速 
  acceleration 加速度 
  acceleration due to gravity 重力加速度 
  acceleration-time graph 加速度—时间关系线图 
  accelerator 加速器 
  acceptor 接受体 
  acceptor doping 受体掺杂 
  acceptor impurity 受体杂质 
  accommodation 调节,视觉调节 
  accumulator 蓄电池 
  accuracy 准确度 
  acetate strip 醋酸酯条片 
  achromatic 消色差的 
  achromatic aberration 消色差 
  achromatic condenser 消色差聚光透镜 
  achromatic light 消色差光,白光 
  acoustic blur 声响模糊 
  acoustic board 吸音板,吸声板 
  acoustic navigation 声响导航 
  acoustic pressure 声压 
  acoustics 声学 
  act on 施于 
  action 作用量,作用,作用力 
  action of point 尖端作用 
  activation 激活,活化 
  activation energy 激活能,活化能 
  active nucleus 活性核,放射性核 
  activity 放射强度,放射性 
  adapter 接合器 
  adder 加法器 
  adhesion 附着力,附着,黏附 
  adhesive force 附着力 
  adiabatic 绝热的 
  adiabatic expansion 绝热膨胀 
  adiabatic process 绝热过程 
  aerial 天线  
  aerial induction 天线调谐电感 
  aerial network 天线网络 
  aerodynamic force 气动力,空气动力 
  aerodynamics 气体动力学,空气动力学 
  aerofoil 机翼 
  agent 剂 
  air blower 吹风器 
  air column 空气柱,气柱 
  air cushion 气垫 
  air damping 空气阻尼 
  air film 气膜 
  air track 气垫导航 
  air wedge 气楔 
  alignment 对准,校整 
  alpha decay α衰变 
  alpha particle α粒子 
  alpha particle scattering analogue α粒子放射模拟 
  alternating current 交流电 
  alternating voltage 交变电压,交流电压 
  alternator 交流发电机 
  altimeter 高度计,测高仪 
  americium  
  ammeter 安培计 
  amorphous 非结晶的,无定形的 
  ampere 安培,安 
  ampere-hour 安培小时,安时 
  amplification 放大,放大率 
  amplifier 放大器 
  amplify 放大 
  amplitude 振幅 
  amplitude modulation 调幅,振幅调剂 
  amyl acetate 醋酸戊酯 
  anaemia 贫血 
  analogue 模拟 
  analogue experiment 模拟实验 
  analogue signal 仿真讯号,非数字讯号 
  analogue-to-digital conversion 模拟转换 
  analyser 检偏振器 
  AND gate 「与」门 
  anemometer 风速计 
  aneroid barometer 无液气压计,空盒气压计 
  angle of contact 接触角 
  angle of deviation 偏向角 
  angle of diffraction 衍射角,绕射角 
  angle of dip 倾角 
  angle of elevation 仰角 
  angle of emergence 出射角 
  angle of incidence 入射角 
  angle of inclination 倾角 
  angle of minimum deviation 最小偏向角 
  angle of projection 投射角 
  angle of reflection 反射角 
  angle of refraction 折射角 
  angle of twist 扭转角 
  angstrom 埃 
  angular acceleration 角加速度 
  angular aperture 孔径张角 
  angular displacement 角位移 
  angular frequency 角频率 
  angular impulse 角冲量 
  angular magnification 角度放大,角放大率 
  angular momentum 角动量,动量矩 
  angular motion 角向运动,角运动 
  angular seed 角速率 
  angular velocity 角速度 
  angular width 角宽度 
  annealing 退火,韧化 
  anode 阳极,正极 
  anomalous expansion 反常膨胀 
  antenna 天线  
  anticlockwise moment 逆时针力矩 
  antifreeze 防冻剂 
  antinodal line 腹线  
  antinode 波腹 
  antiparticle 反粒子 
  antiphase 反相,逆相 
  aperture 孔径,口径,孔 
  apparent depth 视深 
  apparent expansion 表观膨胀,视膨胀 
  apparent frequency 表观频率,视频率 
  apparent loss in weight 表观失重 
  apparent weight 表观重量 
  Appleton layer 阿普顿层,F电离层 
  aqueous layer 水层 
  Archimedes' principle 阿基米得原理 
  area 面积 
  argon 氩 
  armature 电枢 
  artificial disintegration 人工蜕变 
  artificial radioactivity 人工放射 
  astable 非稳态的 
  astable circuit 非稳态电路 
  astable multivibrator 非态多谐振荡器 
  astigmatism 像散,散光 
  astronomical telescope 天文望远镜 
  at infinity 在无穷远处 
  at rest 静止 
  atmosphere 大气,大气层,大气压 
  atmospheric pressure 大气压强 
  atom 原子 
  atomic bomb 原子弹 
  atomic bond 原子键 
  atomic density 原子密度 
  atomic diameter 原子直径 
  atomic energy 原子能 
  atomic mass 原子质量 
  atomic mass unit 原子质量单位 
  atomic model 原子模型 
  atomic nucleus 原子核 
  atomic number 原子序数 
  atomic radius 原子半径 
  atomic separation 原子间距 
  atomic spacing 原子间距 
  atomic structure 原子结构 
  atomic theory 原子论 
  atomizer 喷雾器 
  attenuation 衰减 
  attraction 吸引 
  attractive force 吸力 
  audible frequency range 听频范围 
  audible signal 可听讯号 
  audio frequency 声频 
  autofocus 自动聚焦,自动对焦 
  avalanche 电子雪崩 
  average acceleration 平均加速度 
  average power 平均功率 
  average speed 平均速率 
  average velocity 平均速度 
  Avogadro constant 阿佛加德罗常数,阿佛加德罗常量 
  Avogadro number 阿佛加德罗数 
  Avogadro's law 阿佛加德罗定律 
  axial 轴向的,沿轴的 
  axial field 轴向场 
  axial search coil 轴向探察线图 
  axis 轴 
  axis of rotation 转轴 
      
  B   
      
  back e.m.f. 反电动势 
  background radiation 本底辐射 
  Bainbridge mass spectrometer 班布里奇质谱仪 
  balance 天平,秤,平衡 
  balance arm 秤杆,平衡臂 
  balance point 平衡点 
  balance bridge 平衡电桥 
  balanced force 平衡力 
  ball bearing 球轴承,滚珠轴承 
  ballistic galvanometer 冲击电流计,冲击检流计 
  ballistic pendulum 冲击摆 
  Balmer series 巴耳末系,巴耳末光谱 
  band spectrum 带状光谱,带状谱 
  bandwidth 带宽 
  bar code 条形码 
  bar magnet 磁棒 
  bare wire 裸线  
  barium 钡 
  barometer 气压计 
  barrier 障碍物 
  barrier layer 阻档层,耗尽层 
  barrier potential difference 阻档层电势差,阻档层电位差 
  Barton's pendulums 巴尔通摆 
  base 基极 
  base current 基极电流 
  battery 电池组 
  battery charger 电池充电器 
  battery holder 电池座 
  beaker 烧杯 
  beam splitter 分束器,射束分离器 
  beat 拍 
  beat frequency 拍频 
  becquerel 贝克勒耳,贝克 
  bel 贝尔,贝 
  bell jar 钟形罩 
  bench mat 实验台垫 
  Bernoulli's theorem 伯努利定律 
  beryllium 铍 
  beta decay β衰变 
  beta particle β粒子 
  biasing circuit 偏压电路 
  biasing voltage 偏压 
  biconcave lens 双凹透镜 
  biconvex lens 双凸透镜 
  bicycle dynamo 自行车发电机,脚踏车发电机 
  bifilar pendulum 双线摆 
  bifocal lens 双焦距透镜 
  big bang model 大爆炸模型 
  bimetallic strip 双层金属片,双金属片 
  binary adder 二进加法器 
  binary system 二进制 
  binding 结合 
  binding energy 结合能 
  binoculars 双筒望远镜 
  Biot-Savart law 毕奥—萨伐尔定律 
  bipolar 双极的 
  birefraction 双折射 
  bistable 双稳态的,双稳器 
  bistable circuit 双稳电路 
  bistable multivibrator 双稳态多谐振荡器 
  bit 二进制制,位 
  black body radiation 黑体辐射 
  block and tackle 滑轮组 
  block diagram 方框图 
  blocking capacitor 隔直流电器容 
  blooming 敷霜,表面加膜 
  Bohr atom 玻尔原子 
  Bohr radius 玻尔半径 
  Bohr theory 玻尔理论 
  boil 沸腾,煮沸 
  boiler 锅炉 
  boiling point 沸点 
  bolometer 辐射热计 
  Boltzmann constant 玻耳兹曼常数,玻耳兹曼常量 
  bombardment 轰击 
  bond energy 键能 
  bonding 键合 
  Bourdon gauge 布尔登气压计 
  bow wave 弓形波,舷波 
  Boyle's law 博伊尔定律 
  Brackett series 布喇开系,布喇开光谱 
  Bragg angle 布喇格角 
  Bragg diffraction 布喇格衍射,布喇格绕射 
  Bragg plane 布喇格平面 
  Bragg's law 布喇格定律 
  brake 制动器 
  breakdown potential 击穿电势,击穿电位 
  breaking point 断点 
  breaking strength 抗断强度 
  breaking stress 致断应力 
  breeder reactor 增殖反应堆 
  bremsstrahlung 轫致辐射 
  Brewster's law 布鲁斯特定律 
  bridge circuit 桥式电路 
  bridge rectifier 桥式整流器 
  bright fringe 亮纹 
  brightness 亮度 
  brittle 脆的,易碎的 
  bromine 溴 
  Brownian movement 布朗运动 
  brush 电刷 
  bubble chamber 气泡室 
  bubble raft model 泡筏模型 
  buffer 缓冲器 
  buffer circuit 缓冲电路 
  bulk modulus 体积弹性模量 
  Bunsen burner 本生灯 
  buoyancy 浮力 
  burette 滴定管 
  burette stand 滴定管架 
  burglar alarm 防盗警报器,防盗警钟 
  buzzer 蜂鸣器 
  by-pass 旁路 
  byte 二进制组,字节 
  C   
      
  cable 电缆 
  cadmium sulphide 硫化镉 
  caesium 铯 
  calcite 方解石 
  calibrate 校准,标上刻度 
  calipers 测径器,卡钳 
  calorie 卡路里,卡 
  calorimeter 量热器 
  camera 照相机 
  cancer cell 癌细胞 
  candela 坎德拉 
  cantilever 悬臂 
  capacitance 电容 
  capacitance substitution box 换值电容箱 
  capacitive circuit 电容电路 
  capacitive component 电容性分量 
  capacitive coupling 电容耦合 
  capacitive discharge 电容性放电 
  capacitive reactance 容抗 
  capacitor 电容器 
  capacitor-input filter 电容输入滤波器 
  capacity 容量,载量 
  capillarity 毛细现象,毛细作用 
  capillary depression 毛细下降 
  capillary rise 毛细上升 
  capillary tube 毛细管 
  capsule 囊 
  capture 俘获 
  carbon 碳 
  carbon granule 碳颗粒 
  carbon paper disc 圆形碳纸 
  carbon-14 dating 碳14年代测定法 
  carburettor 化油器,汽化器 
  carrier wave 载波 
  carry 进位 
  castor oil 蓖麻油 
  cataract 白内障 
  cathode 阴极,负极 
  cathode ray 阴极射线  
  cathode ray deflection tube 阴极射线偏转管 
  cathode-ray oscilloscope 阴极射线示波器,示波器 
  cathode-ray tube 阴极射线管 
  cavity resonator 空腔共振器 
  celestial telescope 天体望远镜 
  cell 电池,细胞 
  Celsius temperature scale 摄氏温标 
  centimetre 厘米 
  centralized low voltage power supply unit 中央控制低压电源箱 
  centre of curvature 曲率中心 
  centre of gravity 重心 
  centre of mass 质心 
  centre of oscillation 振荡中心 
  centre-tapped transformer 中心抽头变压器 
  centrifugal force 离心力 
  centrifuge 离心机 
  centripetal acceleration 向心加速度 
  centripetal force 向心力 
  Chadwick 查德威克 
  chain reaction 连锁反应 
  change of state 物态变化 
  change-over switch 换向开关 
  characteristic 特性,特征 
  characteristic curve 特性曲线  
  characteristic line 特征线,特征谱 
  characteristic spectrum 特征光谱,特征谱 
  charge 电荷,充电,起电 
  charge carrier 载荷子 
  charge conservation 电荷守恒 
  charge density 电荷密度 
  charge distribution 电荷分布 
  charge to mass ratio 荷质比 
  charged particle 带电粒子 
  charging by contact 接触起电 
  charging by friction 摩擦生电 
  charging by induction 感应起电 
  charging by sharing 授受起电 
  charging time constant 充电时间常数,充电时间常量 
  Charles's law 查理定律 
  choke 扼流,抗流,扼流圈,抗流圈 
  choke circuit 扼流电路,抗流电路 
  chromatic aberration 色差 
  chromatic dispersion 色散 
  cinefilm soundtrack 电影胶片声迹 
  circle of least confusion 最少模糊圈,明晰圈 
  circuit 电路 
  circuit board 电路板 
  circuit breaker 断路器 
  circuit symbol 电路符号 
  circular coil 环形线圈 
  circular motion 圆周运动 
  circular orbit 圆周轨道 
  circular pulse 圆形脉冲 
  circular wave 圆形波 
  circular wavefront 圆形波阵面,圆形波前 
  clamp 夹钳,夹紧 
  clap-echo method 「拍掌—回声」法 
  cleave 裂开 
  clinical thermometer 体温计 
  clip 夹子 
  clockwise moment 顺时针力矩 
  closed circuit 闭合电路 
  closed pipe 闭管 
  closed tube 闭管 
  closed-loop control system 死循环控制系统 
  closed-loop gain 死循环增益 
  closed-loop voltage gain 死循环电压增益 
  closely packed 密堆积的 
  cloud chamber 云室 
  cloud chamber track 云室径迹 
  coaxial 共轴,同轴 
  coaxial cable 同轴电缆,同轴 
  cobalt 钴 
  code 编码 
  coder 编码器 
  coefficient of dynamic friction 动摩擦系数 
  coefficient of friction 摩擦系数 
  coefficient of restitution 恢复系数 
  coefficient of static friction 静摩擦系数 
  coefficient of viscosity 黏滞系数 
  coherent 相干的 
  cohesion 内聚力,内聚 
  cohesive force 内聚力 
  coil 线圈 
  collector 集电极,集极 
  collector current 集电极电流,集极电流 
  collimator 准直管,准直仪 
  collision 碰撞 
  colour 颜色 
  colour code 色码,色标 
  combinational logic 组合逻辑 
  common emitter 共发射极 
  common-mode voltage 共模电压 
  commutator 换向器 
  compass 指南针,罗盘 
  complete circuit 完整电路 
  component 组件,分量,组分 
  component of force 分力 
  compound microscope 复式显微镜 
  compound pendulum 复摆 
  compressed gas 压缩气体 
  compressibility 可压缩性,压缩系数,压缩率 
  compressible fluid 可压缩性流体 
  compression 密部,压缩 
  compression spring balance 压缩弹簧天平 
  concave 凹 
  concave lens 凹透镜 
  concave mirror 凹镜,凹面镜 
  concentric capacitor 同心电容器 
  condensation 凝结,凝聚 
  condensation nucleus 凝结核,凝聚核 
  condensation point 凝点,凝结点 
  condenser 聚光器,电容器,冷凝器 
  conductance 电导 
  conductivity 传导性,传导率 
  conductor 导体 
  conical pendulum 锥摆 
  conjugate foci 共轭焦点 
  conservation of angular momentum 角动量守恒 
  conversation of charge 电荷守恒 
  conservation of energy 能量守恒 
  conservation of mechanical energy 机械能守恒 
  conservation of momentum 动量守恒 
  conservative force 守恒力,保守力 
  conserved 守恒 
  constant acceleration 恒加速度 
  constant angular acceleration 恒角加速度 
  constant angular velocity 恒角速度 
  constant force 恒力 
  constant motion 恒速运动 
  constant pressure 定压 
  constant speed 恒速率 
  constant temperature 定温 
  constant velocity 恒速度 
  constant volume 定容 
  constant volume gas thermometer 定容气体温度计 
  constantan 康铜 
  constriction 颈缩 
  constructive interference 相长干涉 
  contact angle 接触角 
  contact area 接触面积 
  contact force 接触力 
  continuity equation 连续性方程 
  continuous spectrum 连续光谱,连续谱 
  continuous wave 连续波 
  contract 收缩 
  control experiment 对照实验,比对实验 
  control grid 控制栅极 
  control rod 控制棒 
  control system 控制系统 
  convection 对流 
  converge 会聚 
  converging lens 会聚透镜 
  converging mirror 会聚镜 
  convex 凸 
  convex lens 凸透镜 
  convex mirror 凸镜,凸面镜 
  coolant 冷却剂 
  cooling by evaporation 蒸发致冷 
  cooling correction 冷却修正 
  cooling curve 冷却曲线 
  cooling effect 冷却效应 
  cooling system 冷却系统,散热系统 
  coplanar forces 共面力 
  core 心,核心 
  Coriolis force 科里奥利力 
  corkscrew rule 螺旋法则 
  cornea 角膜 
  corona discharge 电晕放电 
  corpuscular theory of light 光的微粒学说 
  correction 矫正,修正 
  cosmic radiation 宇宙辐射 
  coulomb 库伦 
  Coulomb's law 库伦定律 
  count rate 计数率 
  counter 计数器 
  counter weight 平衡锤,配重 
  couple 力偶 
  coupled oscillation 耦合振荡 
  coupling 耦合 
  covalent bond 共价键 
  crane magnet 起重磁铁 
  creep 蠕变 
  crest 波峰 
  critical angle 临界角 
  critical damping 临界阻尼 
  critical mass 临界质量 
  critical point 临界点 
  critical temperature 临界温度 
  critical velocity 临界速度 
  crocodile clip 鳄鱼夹 
  cross hairs 十字丝,叉丝 
  cross-sectional area 截面积 
  Crova's disc 克罗瓦盘 
  crystal 晶体 
  crystal diffraction 晶体衍射,晶体绕射 
  crystal lattice 晶体点阵,晶体格子,晶格 
  crystal planes 晶面 
  crystalline 结晶的 
  crystallization 结晶 
  crystallography 晶体学 
  cubical expansivity 体积膨胀系数,体积膨胀率 
  curie 居里 
  current 电流 
  current amplification 电流放大 
  current amplification factor 电流放大因素 
  current amplifier 电流放大器 
  current balance 电流天平 
  current density 电流密度 
  current gain 电流增益 
  current intensity 电流强度 
  current pulse 电流脉冲 
  current sensitivity 电流灵敏度 
  current stabilizer 稳流器 
  current transfer characteristic 电流转移特性 
  current-carrying conductor 载电流导体 
  current-voltage characteristic curve 电流—电压特性曲线  
  curved mirror 曲面镜 
  cyclotron 回旋加速器 
  cylindrical concave lens 柱面凹透镜 
  cylindrical concave mirror 柱面凹镜 
  cylindrical convex lens 柱面凸透镜 
  cylindrical convex mirror 柱面凸镜 
  cylindrical lens 柱面透镜 
  cylindrical mirror 柱面镜 
      
      
  D   
      
  d.c. generator 直流发电机 
  d.c. motor 直流电动机 
  Dalton's law of partial pressures 道尔顿分压定律 
  damped harmonic motion 阻尼谐动 
  damped harmonic oscillation 阻尼谐振 
  damped oscillation 阻尼振荡 
  damping 阻尼 
  damping force 阻尼力 
  dark fringe 暗纹 
  data 数据 
  dating 年代测定 
  daughter nucleus 子核 
  daughter nuclide 子核素 
  de Broglie relation 德布罗意关系式 
  de Broglie wave 德布罗意波 
  dead time 失效时间 
  decade capacitance box 十进电容箱 
  decade resistance box 十进电阻箱 
  decay 衰变 
  decay analogue 衰变模拟 
  decay constant 衰变常数,衰变常量 
  decay curve 衰变曲线  
  decay law 衰变定律 
  decay product 衰变产物 
  decelerate 减速 
  deceleration 减速度 
  decibel 分贝 
  decode 译码,解码 
  decoder 译码器,译码器 
  deflection 偏转 
  deflection plate 偏转板 
  deflection system 偏转系统 
  deflection tube 偏转管 
  deformation 形变 
  degradation of energy 能量退降,能量递降 
  degree 度 
  degree Celsius 摄氏度 
  degree of freedom 自由度 
  demagnetization 去磁,退磁 
  demonstration diode 演示用二极管 
  demonstration meter 演示用电表 
  density 密度 
  depletion layer 耗尽层,阻挡层 
  depth of field 景深 
  derived quantity 导出量 
  derived unit 导出单位 
  destructive interference 相消干涉 
  detection 探测 
  detector 探测器 
  detector of radiation 辐射探测器 
  deuterium 氘,重氢 
  deuteron 氘核,重氢核 
  deviation 偏向,偏差 
  device 装置,设计,器件 
  diamagnetism 抗磁性 
  diaphragm 光阑,膜片 
  diatomic molecule 双原子分子 
  dielectric 电介质,介电的 
  dielectric constant 介电常数,介电常量,电容率 
  dielectric polarization 电介质极化 
  dielectric strength 电介质强度 
  differential equation 微分方程 
  differential input voltage 差动输入电压 
  diffracted ray 衍射线,绕射线 
  diffraction 衍射,绕射 
  diffraction grating 衍射光栅,绕射光栅 
  diffuse reflection 漫反射 
  diffusion 扩散,漫射 
  diffusion cloud chamber 扩散云室 
  digital 数字的 
  digital display 数字显示 
  digital signal 数字讯号 
  digital-to-analogue conversion 数模转换 
  dimension 量纲,因次,维,大小 
  dimensional analysis 量纲分析,因次分析 
  diminished 缩小 
  diode 二极管 
  diode probe 二极管微波探测器 
  dioptre 屈光度,焦度 
  dipole 偶极子 
  direct current 直流电 
  direction 方向,方位 
  direction of propagation 传播方向 
  directly heated cathode 直热式阴极 
  discharge 放电 
  disintegration 蜕变 
  dislocation 位错 
  dispersion 色散 
  dispersive power 色散能力,色散本领,色散率 
  displacement 位移,排量 
  displacement can 排水罐 
  displacement-time graph 位移—时间关系线图 
  dissipative force 耗散力 
  distance 距离 
  distance-time graph 距离—时间关系线图 
  distortion 失真,扭曲,畸变 
  disturbance 干扰 
  diverge 发散 
  diverging lens 发散透镜 
  diverging mirror 发散镜 
  division of amplitude 振幅分割 
  division of wavefront 波阵面分割,波前分割 
  domain 畴,域 
  domestic circuit 家居电路 
  donor 给予体 
  doped semiconductor 掺杂半导体 
  doping 掺杂 
  Doppler broadening 多普勒谱线增宽 
  Doppler effect 多普勒效应 
  Doppler shift 多普勒频移 
  dosage 剂量 
  dose 剂量 
  dose rate 剂量率 
  double pulley 双滑轮 
  double refraction 双折射 
  double slit 双缝 
  double-pole-double-throw switch 双刀双掷开关 
  doublet 双重线 
  drag force 阻力,曳力 
  drift velocity 漂移速度 
  driver circuit 驱动电路 
  driver frequency 驱动频率 
  driving cell 驱动电池 
  driving force 驱动力 
  driving mirror 行车后视镜 
  dry battery 干电池组 
  dry cell 干电池 
  dual trace oscilloscope 双迹示波器 
  ductile 延性的 
  Dulong-Petit law 杜隆—珀替定律 
  dynamic equilibrium 动态平衡 
  dynamic friction 动摩擦 
  dynamic resistance 动态电阻 
  dynamics 动力学 
  dynamo 发电机 
      
  E   
      
  earth 接地,地线 
  earthquake waves 地震波 
  ebonite 硬橡胶,硬质胶 
  ebonite rod 硬橡胶棒,硬质胶棒 
  echo 回声,回波 
  eddy current 涡电流,涡流 
  eddy current damping 涡流阻尼 
  eddy current loss 涡流损耗 
  effective mass 有效质量 
  efficiency 效率 
  effort 施力 
  Einstein's mass-energy relation 爱因斯坦质能关系式 
  elastic collision 弹性碰撞 
  elastic constant 弹性常数,弹性常量 
  elastic deformation 弹性形变 
  elastic hysteresis 弹性滞后 
  elastic limit 弹性极限 
  elastic strain energy 弹性应变能 
  elasticity 弹性 
  electric bell 电铃 
  electric charge 电荷 
  electric current 电流 
  electric field 电场 
  electric field intensity 电场强度 
  electric field pattern 电场图形 
  electric fire 电暖炉 
  electric line of force 电力线 
  electric motor 电动机 
  electric potential 电势,电位 
  electric power 电功率 
  electric shock 电震 
  electrical appliance 电器 
  electrical conductivity 导电率 
  electrical energy 电能 
  electrical oscillation 电振荡 
  electrical potential energy 电势能,电位能 
  electrical resonance 电共振 
  electricity 电,电学 
  electrode 电极 
  electrolysis 电解 
  electrolyte 电解质 
  electrolytic 电解质的,电解的 
  electrolytic capacitor 电解质电容器 
  electromagnet 电磁铁,电磁体 
  electromagnetic coil 电磁感应圈 
  electromagnetic contact 电磁触点 
  electromagnetic force 电磁力 
  electromagnetic induction 电磁感应 
  electromagnetic moment 电磁矩 
  electromagnetic oscillation 电磁振荡 
  electromagnetic radiation 电磁辐射 
  electromagnetic spectrum 电磁波谱 
  electromagnetic wave 电磁波 
  electromagnetism 电磁学 
  electrometer 静电计 
  electromotive force 电动势 
  electron 电子 
  electron beam 电子束 
  electron cloud 电子云 
  electron diffraction 电子衍射,电子绕射 
  electron drift 电子漂移 
  electron energy level 电子能级 
  electron gun 电子枪 
  electron transition 电子跃迁 
  electron tube 电子管 
  electron-volt 电子伏特,电子伏 
  electronics 电子学 
  electrophorus 起电盘 
  electroscope 验电器 
  electrostatic bond 静电键 
  electrostatic field apparatus 静电场仪器 
  electrostatic precipitation 静电沉淀法 
  electrostatics 静电学 
  element 元素,组件 
  elliptic orbit 椭圆轨道 
  elongation 伸长度 
  emergent ray 出射线  
  emission 发射 
  emission line 发射谱线  
  emission spectrum 发射光谱,发射谱 
  emissivity 发射率,比辐射率 
  emit 发射 
  emitter 发射极,射极 
  emitter current 发射极电流,射极电流 
  enamelled wire 漆包线  
  encode 编码 
  encoder 编码器 
  end-correction 端部修正,管口校正量 
  end-on collision 同向碰撞,尾追碰撞 
  energetic particle 高能粒子 
  energy 能量,能 
  energy band 能带 
  energy conversion 能量转换 
  energy conversion efficiency 能量转换效率 
  energy input 能量输入 
  energy level 能级 
  energy output 能量输出 
  energy transfer 能量转移 
  enriched uranium 浓缩铀 
  equation of continuity 连续性方程 
  equation of state 物态方程 
  equation of uniformly accelerated motion 匀加速运动方程 
  equatorial orbit 赤道轨道 
  equilibrium 平衡 
  equilibrium condition 平衡条件 
  equilibrium spacing 平衡间距 
  equipartition of energy 能量均分 
  equipotential 等势的,等位的 
  equipotential line 等势线,等位线  
  equipotential surface 等势面,等位面 
  equivalent capacitance 等效电容 
  equivalent inductance 等效电感 
  equivalent resistance 等效电阻 
  erect 正立 
  escape velocity 逃逸速度 
  ether 以太,醚 
  evacuation 抽成真空 
  evaporation 蒸发 
  excess pressure 超压,逾电压 
  excitation 激发 
  excitation energy 激发能 
  excitation potential 激发电势,激发电位 
  excitation voltage 激发电压 
  excited 受激 
  excited energy level 受激能级 
  excited state 受激态 
  expansion 膨胀 
  expansivity 膨胀系数,膨胀率 
  exponential change 指数式改变 
  exponential decay 指数式衰变 
  exposure 曝光量,照射 
  extension 伸长 
  external force 外力 
  external work 外功 
  extra high tension 超高电压 
  extra-nuclear structure 核外结构 
  extraordinary ray 非常光线  
  extrapolation 外推,外推法 
  extrinsic semiconductor 含杂质半导体 
  eyepiece 接目镜,目镜 
      
  F   
      
  f-number f数,光圈数 
  f-stop f制光圈 
  far point 远点 
  farad 法拉 
  Faraday constant 法拉第常数,法拉第常量 
  Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction 法拉第电磁感应定律 
  fast breeder reactor 快中子增殖反应堆 
  feedback 反馈 
  feedback amplifier 反馈放大器 
  feedback resistance 反馈电阻 
  ferromagnetic substance 铁磁性物质 
  ferromagnetism 铁磁性 
  fictitious force 假力,伪力 
  fidelity 保真性,保真度 
  field coil 场线圈 
  field effect transistor 场效应晶体管 
  field intensity 场强 
  field lines 场力线  
  field magnet 场磁铁,场磁体 
  field of view 视场,视野 
  field strength 场强 
  figure of merit 优值,灵敏值 
  filament 灯丝,丝极 
  filter capacitor 滤波电容器 
  filter circuit 滤波电路 
  filter pump 滤泵 
  final state 终态,末态 
  final velocity 末速度 
  fine-adjustment 微调,细调 
  fire alarm 火警警报器,火警钟 
  first law of thermodynamics 热力学第一定律 
  first order spectrum 第一级光谱,第一级谱 
  fission 裂变 
  fission reactor 裂变反应堆 
  fixed point 定点 
  fixed pulley 定滑轮 
  fixed resistor 定值电阻器 
  flat coil 扁平线圈 
  flat solenoid 扁平螺线管 
  flat-bottomed flask 平底烧瓶 
  Fleming's left hand rule 弗林明左手定则 
  Fleming's right hand rule 弗林明右手定则 
  floating body 浮体 
  fluid 流体 
  fluid dynamics 流体动力学 
  fluorescence 荧光 
  fluorescent screen 荧光屏,荧光幕 
  flux 通量 
  flux density 通量密度 
  fly-back 回扫 
  flywheel 飞轮 
  focal length 焦距 
  focal plane 焦平面 
  focus 焦点,聚焦,对焦 
  focus control 聚焦控制 
  follower circuit 跟随电路 
  foot pump 脚踏泵 
  force 力 
  force constant 力常数,力常量 
  force polygon 力多边形 
  force resolution 力的分解 
  force triangle 力三角形 
  force-extension curve 施力—伸长关系曲线  
  forced oscillation 受迫振荡 
  former 框 
  forward biased 正向偏压 
  forward current 正向电流 
  fossil fuel 化石燃料 
  Foucault's rotating mirror method 傅科旋转镜法 
  frame of reference 参考坐标系,参考系 
  Franck-Hertz experiment 弗兰克—赫兹实验 
  Fraunhofer diffraction 夫琅和费衍射,夫琅和费绕射 
  Fraunhofer lines 夫琅和费谱线  
  free electron 自由电子 
  free fall 自由下坠,自由下落 
  free falling body 自由落体 
  free oscillation 自由振荡 
  free path 自由程 
  free space 自由空间 
  freeze 凝固 
  freezing point 凝固点 
  freon 氟利昂,二氯二氟甲烷 
  frequency 频率 
  frequency modulation 调频,频率调制 
  frequency response 频率响应 
  Fresnel diffraction 菲涅耳衍射,菲涅耳绕射 
  Fresnel's biprism 菲涅耳双棱镜 
  friction 摩擦,摩擦力 
  friction compensated 补偿摩擦作用 
  frictionless motion 无摩擦运动 
  fringe 条纹 
  fringe pattern 条纹图形 
  fuel rod 燃料棒 
  fulcrum 支点 
  full adder 全加法器 
  full-scale deflection 满标偏转 
  full-wave rectification 全波整流 
  full-wave rectifier 全波整流器 
  fundamental frequency 基频 
  fundamental mode of vibration 基谐振动模式 
  fundamental note 基音 
  fundamental quantity 基本量 
  fundamental unit 基本单位 
  fuse 保险丝 
  fuse rating 保险丝额定值 
  fusion 熔解,聚变 
  fusion point 熔点 
  fusion reactor 聚变反应堆 
      
  G   
      
  G - clamp G-形钳 
  gain 增益 
  gain control 增益控制 
  galaxy 星系 
  Galilean telescope 伽利略望远镜 
  Galileo's thought experiment 伽利略假想实验 
  galvanometer 电流计,检流计 
  gamma radiation 伽玛辐射 
  gamma ray 伽玛射线  
  gap 隙 
  gas 气,气体 
  gas pressure 气体强压,气压 
  gaseous phase 气相 
  gaseous state 气态 
  gauge 规,计 
  Gauss theorem 高斯定理 
  Geiger counter 盖革计数器 
  Geiger-Marsden scattering experiment 盖革—马斯登散射实验 
  Geiger-Muller counter 盖革—弥勒计数器 
  Geiger-Muller tube 盖革—弥勒管 
  general gas equation 普适气体方程 
  general gas law 普适气体定律 
  generator 发电机 
  genetic effect 遗传效应 
  geometrical optics 几何光学 
  germanium 锗 
  ghost effect 迭影效应 
  glancing angle 掠射角 
  glass fibre 玻璃纤维 
  glycerine 甘油 
  gold foil 金箔 
  fold leaf electroscope 金箔验电器 
  gradient 斜率,梯度 
  graduated cylinder 量筒 
  Graham's law of diffusion 格拉哈姆散定律 
  grain 粒,晶粒 
  gramophone record 唱片,唱碟 
  graph 图,线图,图表 
  graphical method 图解法 
  grating 光栅 
  grating spectrometer 光栅光谱仪,光栅分光计 
  gravitational acceleration 重力加速度 
  gravitational attraction 引力,重力 
  gravitational constant 引力常数,引力常量 
  gravitational field 引力场,重力场 
  gravitational force 引力,重力 
  gravitational mass 引力质量 
  gravitational potential 引力势,重力势 
  gravitational potential difference 引力势差,重力势差 
  gravitational potential energy 引力势能,重力势能 
  gravity 重力 
  grazing incidence 掠入射,切入射 
  greenhouse effect 温室效应 
  grid 栅极 
  grid control 栅极控制 
  grid system 电力网 
  groove 纹道,针槽,开槽 
  ground 接地 
  ground state 基态 
  guinea and feather experiment 「硬币与羽毛」实验 
      
  H   
      
  hair spring 游丝 
  half adder 半加法器 
  half-life 半衰期 
  half-silvered mirror 半镀银镜 
  half-wave rectification 半波整流 
  half-wave rectifier 半波整流器 
  Hall effect 霍耳效应 
  Hall probe 霍耳探测器 
  Hall voltage 霍耳电压 
  hand stroboscope 手动式频闪观测器 
  harmonic 谐音 
  harmonic motion 谐运动 
  harmonic oscillation 谐振荡 
  head-on collision 对正碰撞,正碰 
  heat 热,热量,加热,热学 
  heat absorbent 吸热剂 
  heat absorber 吸热器 
  heat absorption 吸热,热吸收 
  heat capacity 热容量 
  heat conduction 热传导 
  heat exchange 热交换 
  heat flow 热流 
  heat gain 热增益,得热 
  heat insulation 热绝缘,隔热 
  heat loss 热损耗,失热 
  heat proof 耐热的,隔热的 
  heat pump 热泵 
  heat radiation 热辐射 
  heat reservoir 热库,储热器 
  heat sink 热壑 
  heat transfer 热传递,热转移 
  heater 发热器,加热器 
  heating effect 热效应 
  heating element 发热组件 
  Helmholtz coils 亥姆霍兹线圈 
  henry 亨利,亨 
  hertz 赫兹,赫 
  high dispersion prism 高色散棱镜 
  high tension 高电压 
  hole 空穴,空子 
  hollow plastic lens 空心塑料透镜 
  hollow plastic prism 空心塑料棱镜 
  hologram 全息图 
  holography 全息术,全息学 
  Hooke's law 虎克定律 
  horizontal 水平 
  horizontal component 水平分量 
  horizontal deflection 水平偏转 
  horseshoe magnet 蹄形磁铁 
  hot cathode 热阴极 
  hour 小时 
  Huygens' principle 惠更斯原理 
  hydraulic press 水压机 
  hydroelectric power 水力发电 
  hydrogen bomb 氢弹 
  hygrometer 湿度计 
  hyperbolic orbit 双曲线轨道 
  hypodermic needle 皮下注射针头 
  hypodermic syringe 皮下注射针筒 
  hypothesis 假说,假设 
  hysteresis 滞后现象 
      
  I   
      
  ideal gas 理想气体 
  ideal gas equation 理想气体方程 
  ideal gas temperature scale 理想气体温标 
  ideal machine 理想机械 
  illuminate 照明,照亮 
  image 像 
  image distance 像距 
  immerse 浸没 
  immersion heater 浸没式电热器 
  impact 碰撞 
  impedance 阻抗 
  impulse 冲量 
  impurity 杂质 
  in focus 焦点对准 
  in parallel 并联 
  in phase 同相 
  in series 串联 
  incident ray 入射线  
  incident wavefront 入射波阵面,入射波前 
  inclined plane 斜面 
  incoherent 不相干的 
  incompressible fluid 非压缩性流体 
  indicator 指示器 
  indirectly heated cathode 旁热式阴极 
  induced charge 感生电荷 
  induced current 感生电流 
  induced e.m.f. 感生电动势 
  induced voltage 感生电压 
  inducing charge 施感电荷 
  inducing current 施感电流 
  inductance 电感 
  inductance capacitance coupled circuit 感容耦合电路 
  inductance coil 电感线圈 
  induction 感应 
  induction heating 感应生热 
  inductive circuit 电感电路 
  inductive component 电感性分量 
  inductive reactance 感抗 
  inductor 电感器,感应器 
  inelastic collision 非弹性碰撞 
  inert gas 惰性气体 
  inertia 惯性,惯量 
  inertia balance 惯性秤 
  inertial frame 惯性坐标系,惯性系 
  inertial mass 惯性质量 
  infra-red detector 红外线探测器 
  infra-red radiation 红外辐射 
  infra-red ray 红外线  
  initial state 初态 
  initial velocity 初速度 
  input 输入 
  input bias current 输入偏压电流 
  input characteristic 输入特性 
  input current 输入电流 
  input offset current 输入补偿电流 
  input power 输入功率 
  input resistance 输入电阻 
  input voltage 输入电压 
  input-output voltage characteristic 输入—输出电压特性 
  instantaneous acceleration 瞬时加速度 
  instantaneous angular velocity 瞬时角速度 
  instantaneous current 瞬时电流 
  instantaneous power 瞬时功率 
  instantaneous speed 瞬时速率 
  instantaneous velocity 瞬时速度 
  instantaneous voltage 瞬时电压 
  insulation 绝缘 
  insulator 绝缘体 
  integrated circuit 集成电路 
  intensity 强度 
  intensity control 强度控制 
  intensity of current 电流强度 
  interaction 相互作用 
  interatomic force 原子间力 
  interatomic potential 原子间势,原子间位 
  interatomic separation 原子间距 
  intercept 截距,截段 
  interconversion 互换 
  interference 干涉 
  interference pattern 干涉图形 
  internal energy 内能 
  internal force 内力 
  internal resistance 内电阻 
  internal work 内功 
  international system of units 国际单位制,公制,十进制 
  interval 间隔 
  intrinsic semiconductor 纯半导体,本征半导体 
  inverse-square law 平方反比定律 
  inverted 倒立的 
  inverter 反相器,倒换器 
  inverting input 反相输入 
  ion 离子 
  ion-pair 离子偶,离子对 
  ionic bond 离子键 
  ionic structure 离子结构 
  ionization 电离作用 
  ionization chamber 电离室 
  ionization current 电离电流 
  ionization energy 电离能 
  ionization potential 电离电势,电离电位 
  ionization voltage 电离电压 
  ionize 电离 
  ionized atom 离子 
  ionized layer 电离层 
  ionizing power 致电离能力,致电离本领 
  ionizing radiation 致电离辐射 
  ionosphere 电离层 
  iris 虹膜,可变光阑 
  iron core 铁心 
  iron filings 铁粉 
  irreversible process 不可逆过程 
  isobar 等压线,同质异序素 
  isobaric expansion 等压膨胀 
  isobaric process 等压过程 
  isochronous oscillation 等时振荡 
  isotherm 等温线  
  isothermal process 等温过程 
  isotope 同位素 
  isovolumetric process 等容过程 
      
  J   
      
  Jaegers method 耶格法 
  jet propulsion 喷气推进 
  jockey 滑动触头 
  joule 焦耳 
  joulemeter 焦耳计 
  junction 连接,接头 
  junction diode 面结型二极管 
  junction transistor 面结型晶体管


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